Efficiency (stage 1) strategies involve making minor changes to existing practices to help create an environment somewhat more conducive to the desired change. The changes would generally fit within current policy making activities, and would be the fastest to implement. However, change strategists must be careful not to choose strategies at this stage that reinforce existing problems.

Click on the Goal below if you'd like to see the Efficiency stage strategies associated with it.

Goal 1 Enough

Economic development strategies (including First Nations)

Income support and security architecture, policies and programmes (including First Nations)

Minimum wage increases
Adjustments to social assistance
Tax system changes
Changes to Canada's approach to Employment Insurance (EI)
Old Age Security adjustments

Housing (including First Nations)

Self- and community-provisioning (public and private spaces and supports for non-commercial food production, hunting and fishing, access to traditional foods for First Nations)

Municipal official plan statements regarding food production and food system function
Municipal by-laws regarding food production and food system function
Municipal program supports for gardening
Improving composting and urban soil fertility programs
Urban gleaning / foraging of fruit and nut trees
Enhanced skills training
Expanding community storage, canning, kitchens, and freezers
Better supports for country foods

Pre-natal nutrition and breastfeeding promotion

Improving lactation education for health care professionals
Grants to community organizations and processes for lactation consultant access for low-income women and courses
Workplace policies
Provincial/Territorial laws

Equitable access to the food distribution system, retail and alternative food projects
Restrictions on retail size
Eliminate restrictive covenants on grocery store properties
Amend Community Benefits provisions in urban planning legislation and practice
Improve access to Public Markets
Alternative currencies at alternative markets
Support food retail co-ops and buying clubs
Improve and diversify Northern Food Access
Supports for other alternative community food projects

Changing consumer information systems
Promoting health
Promoting sustainability

Goal 2 Supply

Goal 3 Service

Food as health promotion and primary care

Integrating food into educational processes

Integrating food into public institutions and spaces, including schools

Reducing corporate concentration and broadening ownership of food system resources (including land)

Public control of food resources

Goal 4 Safe

Food safety regimes to support local and sustainable production across multiple scales

Food system, processing and farm designs to optimize food quality and eliminate contaminants

Pesticide, fertilizer, veterinary product and genetic engineering approvals

Goal 5 Resources

Sustainable fisheries management

Aboriginal food production

Sustainable food and aquaculture production, processing and consumption

Agricultural land protection

Energy efficiency

Protecting genetic resources

Food waste reduction

Sustainable transportation

Municipal organic waste and sewage sludge management

Goal 6 Income

Farm market net income (including operating cost minimization)

Improve Business Risk Management (BRM) programmes

Support for small and medium enterprise (SME) processing in rural communities

Goal 7 Participation

Food citizenship

Structures and processes for regulatory pluralism and changes to the loci of decision making

Goal 8 Work

Intergenerational farm transfer

New farmer programmes and rural development

Labour force development

Goal 9 Culture

Work – life balance

Food and culture

Food and body image

Food and community building

Goal 10 International

Trade agreement modification and abrogation

Food aid and development assistance

International conventions and treaties