Note that citations have not yet been copy edited for consistent formatting. To open citation URLs in a new window, use right click on your mouse.
Abdulla, M., Martin, R.C., Gooch, M. and Jovel, E. 2013. The importance of quantifying food waste in Canada. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development 3(2):137–151.
Abeliotis, K., Costarelli, V., & Anagnostopoulos, K. (2016). The Effect of Different Types of Diet on Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Greece. International Journal on Food System Dynamics, 7(1), 36-49.
Abergel, E. 2000. Growing Uncertainty: the environmental risk assessment of genetically engineered herbicide tolerant canola in Canada. Ph.D. Dissertation. York University, Toronto.
Abergel, E. (2012). The Canadian Biotechnology Advisory Committee: legitimacy, participation, and attempts to improve GE regulation in Canada. In MacRae, R.J. and E. Abergel (eds). Health and sustainability in the Canadian food system: advocacy and opportunity for civil society, pp. 97-126. Vancouver: UBC Press.
Abergel, E. and Barrett, K. 2002. Putting the cart before the horse: a review of biotechnology policy in Canada. Journal of Canadian Studies 37(3):135-161.
Acampora, R. (Ed.), 2010 Metamorphoses of the Zoo: Animal Encounters after Noah. Plymouth, U.K.: Lexington.
Access to Seeds Foundation. 2018. The Rise of the Seed-producing Cooperative in Western and Central Africa. Amsterdam: Access to Seeds Foundation.
Acheson, James M., and James A. Wilson. 1996. “Order out of Chaos: The Case for Parametric Fisheries Management.” American Anthropologist 98 (3): 579–94.
Adams LG, Babiuk L, McGavin D, Nordgren R. Special Issues around Veterinary Vaccines. Vaccines for Biodefense and Emerging and Neglected Diseases. 2009;225-254.
Addison, J.B. 1984. Antibiotics in sediments and run-off waters from feedlots. Residue Rev. 92: 1–28.
Adidja, M. W., Mwine, J., Majaliwa, J. G. M., Ssekandi, J. (2019). The contribution of
agroecology as a solution to hunger in the world: a review. Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, 33(2), 1-22.
Agriculture and Agri-food Canada (aafc). (1998). Canada’s action plan on food security. Ottawa: Agriculture and Agri-food Canada.
Agriculture and Agri-food Canada (AAFC). 2001. Agriculture in harmony with nature: AAFC’s sustainable development strategy 2001–2004; Minister of Public Works and Government Services: Ottawa,
Agriculture and Agri-food Canada (AAFC). 2003, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016. An Overview of the Canadian Agriculture and Agri-food System. AAFC, Ottawa.
Agriculture and Agrifood Canada (AAFC). (2012). National renewal survey - business development program - quantitative and qualitative evaluation, final report. Ottawa: AAFC.
AAFC. (2013). Strategic issues survey wage 4, agricultural producers. Ottawa: AAFC.
AAFC Office of Audit and Evaluation. (2014). Evaluation of the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act Program. Ottawa: AAFC. http://www.agr.gc.ca/eng/about-us/offices-and-locations/office-of-audit-and-evaluation/audit-and-evaluation-reports/agriculture-and-agri-food-canada-evaluation-reports/evaluation-of-the-canadian-agricultural-loans-act-program/?id=1401475853238#a3.0
AAFC. 2014. Potato market information review, 2013-14,
Agriculture Canada. (1989). Nutrition policy statement. Rapport (Newsletter of the National Institute of Nutrition) 4(1), 7.
Agri-Food Analytics Lab. (2020). Home Food Gardening During COVID-19. Dalhousie University, Halifax.
Agudelo, E. & Overton, M. (2013). The farm incubator toolkit: Growing the next generation of farmers. Lowell, MA: New Entry Sustainable Farming Project.
Ahmed, R. 2019. Planning for Fisheries Co-Management in Canada's Northwest Coast: The case of Prince Rupert, B.C. MES Major Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Aiking, H., & de Boer, J. (2020). The next protein transition. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 105, 515–522.
Alaimo K, Packnett E, Miles RA, Kruger DJ. 2008. Fruit and vegetable intake among urban community gardeners. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 40, 94-101.
Alberdi, G., & Begiristain-Zubillaga, M. (2021). The Promotion of Sustainable Diets in the Healthcare System and Implications for Health Professionals: A Scoping Review. Nutrients, 13(3), 747. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030747
Alberta Policy Coalition for Cancer Prevention (APCCP). 2015. Combating Restrictive Covenants: Breaking Down Neighbourhood Barriers to Accessing Healthy Food
Albright, L., de Villiers, D. and the Cornell Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering. 2008. Energy Investments and CO2 Emissions for Fresh Produce Imported into New York State Compared to the Same Crops Grown Locally. New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY.
Albritton, R. 2009. Let Them Eat Junk: how capitalism creates hunger and obesity. Pluto Press, London.
Albury, D. and Schwartz, J. 1982. Partial Progress: the politics of science and technology. Pluto Press, London.
Aldana, S.G. 2001. Financial impact of health promotion programs: a comprehensive review of the literature. Am J Health Promot. 2001 May-Jun;15(5):296-320.
Aldy, J. & Stavins, R. (2012). “The Promise and Problems of Pricing Carbon: Theory and Experience”. Journal of Environment and Development. Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/stavins/files/aldy_stavins_pricing_carbon_in_jed.pdf
Alexander, C., Gregson, N., & Gille, Z. (2013). Food waste. In A. Murcott, W. Belasco, & P. Jackson (Eds.). The handbook of food research (pp. 471-484). London: Bloomsbury.
2021). Bridging Indigenous and Western sciences in freshwater research, monitoring, and management in Canada. Ecological Solutions and Evidence, 2, e12085., , , , , , , , , & (
Alford, L. and Berger Richardson, S. 2019. Right-to-Farm Legislation in Canada: Exceptional Protection for Standard Farm Practices. CanLIIDocs 18:131-164.
Alfred, E. (2013). Toronto resident’s guide to waste. Toronto: Toronto Environmental Alliance. http://www.torontoenvironment.org/sites/tea/files/TEA%20-%20Toronto%20Residents%27%20Guide%20to%20Waste%20-%202013%20-%20web.pdf
Alinsky, S. 1989(1969). Rules for Radicals. Vintage.
Alkon, A., & Agyeman , J. (2011). Cultivating Food Justice: Race, Class and Sustainability. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
Allen, P. 2008. Mining for justice in the food system: perceptions, practice and possibilities. Agriculture and Human Values 25(2):157–61.
Allen, Patricia and Carolyn Sachs. “Chapter 3: Women and Food Chains: The Gendered Politics of Food” in Williams-Forson, Psyche and Counihan, Carole Taking Food Public: Redefining Food Pathways in a Changing World. New York: Routledge (2012): 23-40.
Alternative Farming Task Force. 1983. Alternative farming task force report. University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
Altieri, M. A. Agroecology: the science of sustainable agriculture; Westview Press: Boulder, CO, 1987, 1995.
Amani, B. 2019. Eat This! Gender inequality, culture, and the politics of food. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp.409-430.
American Farmland Trust (2006). Differential Assessment and circuit breaker tax programs, FIC Fact Sheet and Technical Memo. AFT.
American Planning Association (APA). 2007. Policy Guide on Community and Regional Food Planning. APA, https://www.planning.org/policy/guides/adopted/food.htm
An Expert Panel Report on the Future of Food Biotechnology Prepared by the Royal Society of Canada at the request of Health Canada, Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Environment Canada. 2001. Elements of Precaution: Recommendations for the Regulation of Food Biotechnology in Canada. January.
Anderson, H. (2012). Invasive Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata): Best Management Practices in Ontario. Ontario Invasive Plant Council. Peterborough, ON. https://www.ontarioinvasiveplants.ca/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/OIPC_BMP_GarlicMustard.pdf
Anderson, W. P. 2008. Addressing the Potential for Increased Intermodal Freight Movements Through Canada-US Border Crossings. Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference. Fredricton, NB: Canadian Transportation Research Forum.
Anderson, S. (2014, October 10). High tipping fees driving business to United States: Regional district boasts high diversion rate. Nanaimo Daily News. http://www.nanaimodailynews.com/news/300471211.html?mobile=true
Anderson, K. and Croser, J. 2010. New indicators of how much agricultural policies restrict global trade. J. World Trade 44(5):1109-1126.
Andersen, R. and van de Werfhorst, H.G. (2010). Education and occupational status in 14 countries: The role of educational institutions and labour market coordination. The British Journal of Sociology, 61,2, 336-355.
Anderson, C.R. et al., 2019. From Transition to Domains of Transformation: Getting to Sustainable and Just Food Systems through Agroecology. Sustainability 2019, 11, 5272.
Andrée, P. 2002. The Biopolitics of Genetically Modified Organisms in Canada, J. Can. Stud. 37(3):163.
Andrée, P., Coulas, M., and Ballamingie, P. 2018. Governance recommendations from forty years of national food policy development in Canada and beyond. Canadian Food Studies 5(3):6-27.
Andrée, P., Coulas, M., and Ballamingie, P. 2019. Canada's National Food Policy: the political basis for co-ordination and integration In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 13-36.
Androich, A. (2011, Jan. 24). CGHRC names new executive director. Canadian Grocer Retrieved from: http://www.canadiangrocer.com/top-stories/cghrc-names-new-executive-director-3477
Anon. 1995. The Netherlands reduces trans fatty acids in foods. Nutrition Week 25(45), 3.
Anon., 2010. How to Leverage Rail/Intermodal for Refrigerated Freight. Inbound Logistics Nov. http://www.inboundlogistics.com/cms/article/how-to-leverage-rail-intermodal-for-refrigerated-freight/
Anon. (2020) Course correction. Nature Biotechnology (editorial) 38: 113.
Aponso MM et al. 2017. Emulsifiers as food additives: An overview on the impact to obesity and gut diseases. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 6:485-7.
Appleby, M.C., Cussen, V., Garcés, L., Lambert, L., and Turner, J. (eds). 2008. Long Distance Transport and Welfare of Farm Animals . CAB International, Wallingford.
Araki, H., Cooper, B, Blouin, M.S. 2009. Carry-over effect of captive breeding reduces reproductive fitness of wild-born descendants in the wild. Biol. Lett. 2009 5, 621-624.
Araral, E., and K. Hartley. 2013. Polycentric governance for a new environmental regime: Theoretical frontiers in policy reform and public administration. In Paper for panel: polycentric public policy and the environment, international conference on public policy, Grenoble, June 26–28, 2013.
Arbuthnott, K. and Schmutz, J. 2013. SaskNotes: PFRA Community Pastures Centre for Policy Alternatives. April 16.
Arche Noah, Seeds in the New EU Organic Regulation 2018/848, Information Note, October 2018,
Arnason, R. (2014, Nov. 27). Ag sector fears lack of action on labour front. Western Producer, p. 17.
Arnason, R. (2015, Feb. 12). Hours in the field grow with organics. Western Producer.
Arnason, R (2017, Feb. 23). Are retailers driving consumer demand? (citing data from Food Solutions Group). Western Producer.
Arnason, R. 2019. Time to get touch with rotations? Western Producer, Jan. 17, p. 1.
Arnason, R. 2019. Crop insurance says it needs direction on rotations. Western Producer, Jan. 17, p. 5.
Arnason, R. 2019. When trade loses its balance. Western Producer March 21, p. 1.
Arnason, R. 2019. CETA frustrates ag exporters. Western Producer, Oct. 10, p. 56.
Arnason, R. 2020. Winter camelina could fill prairie rotation gap. Western Producer, Jan. 2, 2020, p. 9.
Arnason, R. 2020. Quebec dominates growth in organic sector. Western Producer. Oct. 8. p. 37.
Arnason, R. 2020. Desperate hog farmers explore all options. Western Producer. Oct. 15, p. 1.
Arnason, R. 2020. Newfoundland strives for food self-sufficiency. Western Producer, May 21, p. 20.
Arnason, R. 2020. Transgenic crops: end of an era. Western Producer, June 4, p. 1.
Arnason, R. 2020. Protein seen as the future of canola. Western Producer, Dec. 17, p., 3.
Arnason, R. 2020. New foreign worker rules worry farmers. Western Producer, Dec. 17, p. 1.
Arnason, R. 2020. Organic sector wants certification crackdown. Western Producer, Dec. 10, p. 14.
Arnason, R. 2021. Beef fat exports reveal biofuel gaps. Western Producer, April 1, p, 3.
Arnason, R. 2021. 'We're being taken advantage of'. Western Producer, June 17, p. 1
Arnason, R. 2021. Canadian beef sector targets German market. Western Producer, July 1, p. 15.
Arnason, R. 2021. Permanent status eludes foreign workers. Western Producer, Sept. 16, p. 14.
Arnason, R. 2021. America commits to sustainble fuel for planes. Western Producer, Oct. 7, p. 52.
Arnason, R. 2021. NFU and Wheat Growers want changes to contracts. Western Producer, Nov. 11, p. 4.
Arnason, R. 2021. Push made for rural immigation focus. Western Producer Nov. 18, p. 4.
Arnold, J. 2019. Extended Producer Responsibility in Canada. Clean Economy Working Paper Series 19-06, Martin Prosperity Institute, Toronto.
Arora, A. 2021. Seeing inequality: the figures are in, COVID-19 is disproportionately harming visible-minority communities in Canada. Globe and Mail. Feb. 20, O3.
Arsenijevich, N. 2014. THE AMERICAN WOMEN’S MOVEMENT AND THE RISE OF INDUSTRIAL FOOD PRODUCTION: A SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP. MES Major Paper, FES, York University.
Asami, D., Y-J Hong, D.M. Barrett and A.E. Mitchel. 2003. Comparison of the total phenolic and ascorbic acid content of freeze-dried and air-dried marionberry, strawberry, and corn grown using conventional, organic, and sustainable agricultural practices. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 51:1237-1241.
Aschim, R. A., & Brook, R. K. (2019). Evaluating Cost-Effective Methods for Rapid and Repeatable National Scale Detection and Mapping of Invasive Species Spread. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 7254.
Ashley, K., Cordell, D., and Mavinic D. (2011). A brief history of phosphorus: From the philosopher’s stone to nutrient recovery and reuse. Chemosphere, 84(6), 737-746.
Atkins, E. 2014. Locomotive shortage hurts railways. Globe and Mail. Oct. 30, 2014. B5.
Atkinson, M. 1993. Governing Canada: institutions and public policy. Harcourt Brace & Co., Toronto.
(2016) Shifting Power Relations in Sustainability Transitions: A Multi-actor Perspective, Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 18:5, 628-649.
Bäckstrand, K. (2006). Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships for Sustainable Development: Rethinking Legitimacy, Accountability and Effectiveness. European Environment 16(5), 290-306.
Badelt, B. 2021. Give us a break: a four-day work week could do wonders. Globe and Mail. Feb. 20, O8.
Badgley, C., Jeremy Moghtader, Eileen Quintero, Emily Zakem, M. Jahi Chappell,
Katia Avile ́s-Va ́zquez, Andrea Samulon and Ivette Perfecto. 2007. Organic agriculture and the global food supply. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems: 22(2); 86–108.
Badgley, C. and I. Perfecto. 2007. Can organic agriculture feed the world? Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 22 (2): 80–85.
Bahm, A.J. 1979. The Philolopher's World Model. Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.
Bailis, R and J. Baka. 2010. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Land Use Change from Jatropha Curcas-Based Jet Fuel in Brazil Environ. Sci. Technol. 44, 8684–8691.
Bajželj, B., Keith S. Richards, Julian M. Allwood, Pete Smith, John S. Dennis, Elizabeth Curmi and Christopher A. Gilligan. 2014. Importance of food-demand management for climate mitigation. Nature Climate Change 4:924-929.
Bajželj, B. Laguzzi, F., and Röös, E. 2021. The role of fats in the transition to sustainable diets. The Lancet Planetary Health Review 5,9, e644-e653.
Baker, B. C. M. Benbrook, E. Groth and K. Lutz Benbrook. 2002. Pesticide residues in conventional, IPM-grown and organic foods: Insights from three data sets. Food Additives and Contaminants 19:427-446.
Baker, J. Lobley, M., & Whitehead, I. (2013). Intergenerational farm transfer research: policy implications. Vol. 2, 19th International Farm Management Congress (pp.238-243). SGGW, Warsaw, Poland.. http://www.ifmaonline.org/pdf/congress/13_NPR_Baker_etal_P238-243v2.pdf
Baker, L. and Thomassin, P.J. 1988. Farm ownership and financial stress. J. Agricultural Economics 36:799-811.
Ballamingie, P., Poitevin-DesRivières, C., & Knezevic, I. (2019). Hidden Harvest’s transformative potential: An example of ‘community economy.’ Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(Suppl. 1), 125–139
Bancerz, M. 2019. LESSONS FROM DEVELOPING FOOD POLICY THROUGH A MULTISTAKEHOLDER GOVERNANCE NETWORK: A CASE STUDY OF THE CANADIAN FOOD STRATEGY. PhD Dissertation, Ryerson University.
Barber, M. 2008. Instruction to Deliver: Fighting to Transform Britain's Public Services. Methuen, London.
Barham, E. Towards a theory of value-based labeling. Agriculture and Human Values 2002, 19(4), 349–360.
Barham, J. et al., 2012. Regional food hub resource guide[online]. Washington, DC: AgriculturalMarketing Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. http://www.ams.usda.gov/AMSv1.0/getfile?dDocName=STELPRDC5097957
Barker, S.J. “Feeding the Hungry Allies: Canadian Food and Agriculture during the Second World War” (Ph.D. thesis, University of Ottawa, 2008).
Barling, D., Lang, T., and Caraher, M. 2002. Joined-up food policy? The trials of governance, public policy and the food system. Social Policy and Administration 36:556-574.
Barndt, D. 2008. Tangled Routes: women, work and globalization on the tomato trail. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Lanham.
Barrett, S. E. (2013). Becoming an activist science teacher: A Longitudinal study of an induction intervention. Electronic Journal of Science Education, 17(4).
Barrett, K.J. Canadian Agricultural Biotechnology: Risk Assessment and the Precautionary Principle (PhD Dissertation, University of British Columbia, 1999)
Barrett, K. and Abergel, E. 2000. Breeding familiarity: environmental risk assessment for genetically engineered crops in Canada. Science and Public Policy 27:2-12
Barrett, K. and Raffensberger, C. 2002. From Principle to Action: Applying the precautionary principle to agricultural biotechnology. International Journal of Biotechnology (IJBT), 4(1):4-17.
Barichello, Richard (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic: Anticipating its effects on Canada’s agricultural trade. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d’agroeconomie, 682), 219–224.
2021. Revisiting the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on Canada's agricultural trade: The surprising case of an agricultural export boom. Can J Agr Econ. 69: 251– 260..
Baruchisci, M.K. 2017. Trump, Canada and the future of NAFTA. Globe and Mail, April 13
Bas, J.A. 2018. The Impact of School Eating Environments on the Wellbeing of Children Transitioning from Full-Day Childcare to Full-Day Kindergarten. PhD Dissertation, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto.
Bascarmurty, D. 2021. 'You are exposed to everything" Pandemic poses challenges for long-haul truckers wary of catching coronavirus. Globe and Mail., Jan. 25, A1.
Bastien, Gabrielle. 2016. Permaculture-Inspired Farms in Quebec: An Economic and Social Overview. Master's thesis, Harvard Extension School.
Batsell, W.R., A.S. Brown, M.E. Ansfield and G.Y. Paschall. 2002. “You Will Eat All of That!” A retrospective analysis of forced consumption episodes. Appetite 38(3):211-219.
Batstone, Chris J, and Basil M.H Sharp. 1999. “New Zealand’s Quota Management System: The First Ten Years.” Marine Policy 23 (2): 177–90.
Baumgartner, F.R. and Jones, B. 1993. Agendas and Instability in American Politics. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Baur, P. When farmers are pulled in too many directions: comparing institutional drivers of food safety and environmental sustainability in California agriculture. Agriculture and Human Values (2020) 37:1175–1194.
Bauta Initiative on Canadian Seed Security, “Discussion Paper: Seed Policy in Canada,” (Canada: USC Canada, 2014):2,
Bavington, Dean. 2010. Managed Annihilation: An Unnatural History of the Newfoundland Cod Collapse. Nature, History, Society. Vancouver: UBC Press.
Bawa, A. S., & Anilakumar, K. R. (2013). Genetically modified foods: safety, risks and public concerns-a review. Journal of food science and technology, 50(6), 1035–1046. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13197-012-0899-1
Baxter, G., A.B. Graham, J.R. Lawrence, D. Wiles and J.R. Paterson. 2001. Salicylic acid in soups prepared from organically and non-organically grown vegetables. Journal of Nutrition 40:289-292.
Baxter, J. and Rose, J. 2019. Cities in a time of uncertainty: food and Canadian municipal law. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 73-92.
Beagan, B., and Chapman, G. 2017. Constructing "Healthy Eating" / Constructing Self. In: Koc, M. Sumner, J. and Winson, A. (eds). Critical Perspectives in Food Studies. Oxford University Press, Don Mill, ON. pp. 64-78.
Beaudin-Reimer, B. 2020. Perspectives from Métis Harvesters in Manitoba on Concerns and Challenges to Sustaining Traditional Harvesting Practices and Knowledge: A Distinctions-Based Approach to Indigenous Food Sovereignty. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 229-250.
Beck, L. 2019. Read between the ingredients. Globe and Mail, Jan. 14, A12.
Bednar, V. ad Shaban, R. 2020. Competition Bureau signals worker welfare is not a priority in Canada. Globe and Mail., Dec. 7, p. B4.
Bedore M. Geographies of capital formation and rescaling:A historical‐geographical approach to the food desert problem. The Canadian Geographer/Le Géographe canadien [serial on the Internet]. 2013; 57(2).
Beers, P. J., Hermans, F., Veldkamp, T., & Hinssen, J. (2014). Social learning inside and outside transition projects: Playing free jazz for a heavy metal audience. NJAS - Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences,69, 5–13.
Bell-Pasht, K.2013. Possibilities for local food procurement in Ontario: Trade agreement restrictions and how other jurisdictions have avoided them. Policies From the Field Series. Sustain Ontario, Toronto. http://sustainontario.com/wp2011/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/PFTF-Kyra-Bell-Pasht-Local-Food-Procurement-Feb.2013-FINAL.pdf.
Bellon, S. and Tranchant, J.-P. 1981. Elements of analysis of biological husbandry methods on four farms in south-eastern France. In: B. Stonehouse (ed.). Biological Husbandry: a scientific approach to organic faraing. Butterworths, London, UK. Pp. 319-326.
Benbrook, C. M. 2008. Simplifying the Pesticide Risk Equation: The Organic Option. Boulder, CO: The Organic Centre. http://www.organic-center.org
Benbrook, C. X. Zhao, J. Yáñez, N. Davies and P. Andrews. 2008. State of Science Review: Nutritional Superiority of Organic Foods. Boulder, CO: The Organic Centre. http://www.organic-center.org
Benbrook CM. Impacts of genetically engineered crops on pesticide use in the U.S. – the first sixteen years. Environ Sci Eur (2012) 24:24.
Benbrook C. Trends in the use of glyphosate herbicide in the U.S. and globally. Environ Sci Eur (2016) 28:3.
Enhancing the fatty acid profile of milk through forage-based rations, with nutrition modeling of diet outcomes. Food Sci Nutr. 2018; 6: 681– 700., , , et al.
Bendavid-Val, A. 1991. Regional and Local Economic Analysis for Practitioners. 4th edition. Praeger, New York.
Bengtsson, B. and Wierup, M. 2006. “Antimicrobial Resistance in Scandinavia after a Ban of Antimicrobial Growth Promoters.” Animal Biotechnology, 17:2
Bennett, J. W. 1986. Research on farmer behaviour and social organization. In: K. Dahlberg (ed.). New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research: neglected dimensions and emerging alternatives. Rowman and Allanheld, Totowa, NJ. Pp. 367--402.
Bennett, N. J., Di Franco, A., Calò, A., Nethery, E., Niccolini, F., Milazzo, M., & Guidetti, P. (2019). Local support for conservation is associated with perceptions of good governance, social impacts, and ecological effectiveness. Conservation Letters, 12(4), e12640.
Bentley, S. Fighting global warming at the farmers’ market. Foodshare Toronto: Toronto, 2004.
Berendsen B, Stolker L, de Jong J, et al. Evidence of natural occurrence of the banned antibiotic chloramphenicol in herbs and grass. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2010;397(5):1955-1963.
Bergen, B. Canada needs a tech strategy to call its own. Globe and Mail. Dec. 11, B4.
Berger Richardson, S. 2019. Food safety in Canada: regulatory approaches to public health. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 201-220.
Berger Richardson, S. 2019a. Workshop: What sciene? Questioning the regulatory frame for food safety. Presentation to From Microbes to Multinationals: the many scales of food law and policy. Canadian Association for Food Law and Policy, University of Toronto. Nov. 7-9, 2019.
Berger Richardson, S. and Lambek, N. 2018. Federalism and fragmentation: Addressing the possibiliti8es of a food policy for Canada. Canadian Food Studies 5(3):28-48.
Bergner, P. 1997. The Healing Power of Minerals, Special Nutrients and Trace Elements. Rocklin, CA: Prima Publishing Co.
Berkes, Fikret. 2009. “Evolution of Co-Management: Role of Knowledge Generation, Bridging Organizations and Social Learning.” Journal of Environmental Management 90 (5): 1692–1702.
Berkes, Fikret. 2010. “Shifting Perspectives on Resource Management: Resilience and the Reconceptualization of ‘Natural Resources’ and 'management'." MAST 9(1) 13-40.
Berkhout, F. 2002. Technological regimes, path dependency and the environment. Global Environmental Change 12(1):1–4.
Berman, M. 1981. The Reenchantment of the World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
Bernstein, J.T.; Schermel, A.; Mills, C.M.; L’Abbé, M.R. Total and free sugar content of Canadian prepackagedfoods and beverages.Nutrients2016,8, 582.
Berquist, M., Bird, A., Dean, M.G., Law, R.B., Lee, S., Panesar H. (2012). Towards a New Approach to Urban Beekeeping Policy in Ontario. Sustain Ontario, Toronto.
Berry, W. The Unsettling of America: culture and agriculture. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco.
Berstein, H. 2010. Class Dynamics of Agrarian Change. Fernwood, Halifax.
Berthold-Bond, A. 1995. Shattering a myth. Organic packaged food can be the cheapest way. The green guide for everyday life 9: 1-3. New York: Mothers and Others for a Livable Planet.
Bhat, S., Daisy H Coyle, Kathy Trieu, Bruce Neal, Dariush Mozaffarian, Matti Marklund, Jason H Y Wu, Healthy Food Prescription Programs and their Impact on Dietary Behavior and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Advances in Nutrition, 2021;, nmab039.
Biçer, I., Tarakci, M. and Kuzu, A. 2022. Using Uncertainty Modeling to Better Predict Demand. Harvard Business Review, Jan. 6.
Binnema, T. T. & Niemi, M. (2006). Let the Line Be Drawn Now: Wilderness, Conservation, and the Exclusion of Aboriginal People from Banff National Park in Canada. Environmental History, 11(4), 724–750. JSTOR.
Birkby, J. (2016). Agrihoods: Development-Supported Agriculture.
Bittman, M. 2011. How to save a trillion dollars. New York Times. 12 April, 2011.
Black, R., Robinson, M. and MacDonald-Dewhurst, P. 2020. COVID-19 exposed the urgent need for an agri-food labour strategy. Policy Options Sept. 30.
Blais, P. 2010. Perverse Cities, Hidden Subsidies, Wonky Policy, and Urban Sprawl. UBC Press, Vancouver.
Blair, D. 2009. The child in the garden: An evaluative review of the benefits of school gardening. The Journal of Environmental Education, 40(2), 15-38.
Blake, F. 1987. The Handbook of Organic Husbandry. Crowood Press,
Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK.
Blank, S. and Prentice, B. 2012. Widening competition in North American freight transport: the impact of cabotage. The Macdonald-Laurier Institute, Ottawa, ON. http://www.macdonaldlaurier.ca/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Cabotage-Commentary-April-2012.pdf
Blas, E.,; Gilson, L.; Kelly, MP.; Labonté, R.; Lapitan, J.; Muntaner, C.; Ostlin, P.; Popay, J.; Sadana, R.; Sen, G.; Schrecker, T.; Vagri, Z. Addressing social determinants of health inequities: what can the state and civil society do? The Lancet 2008, 372(9650), 1684-1689.
Blay-Palmer, A. Food Fears: from industrial to sustainable food systems; Ashgate: Burlington, VT, 2008.
Blay-Palmer, A. et al., 2013. Constructing resilient, transformative communities throughsustainable “food hubs”. Local Environment 18(5):521-528.
Blenkarn, D. 1988. Corporate power and political influence. In: R.S. Khemani, D.M. Shapiro and W.T. Stanbury (eds). Mergers, Corporate Concentration and Power in Canada. Institute for Research in Public Policy, Halifax. Pp. 513-519.
Blokhuis, H.J. et. al. Animal welfare's impact on the food chain. Trends in Food Science & Technology 19 (2008) S79eS87
Bloom, J. (2010). American wasteland: How America throws away nearly half of its food and what we can do about it. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press.
Bloom, M. (2014). From opportunity to achievement: Canadian food strategy. Ottawa: Conference Board of Canada.
Bloom, J.D. and Hinrichs, C.C. 2011. Moving local food through conventional food system infrastructure: value chain framework comparisons and insights. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 26:13-23.
Blythman, J, (2013, January 16). Can vegans stomach the unpalatable truth about quinoa ? https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jan/16/vegans-stomach-unpalatable-truth-quinoa
Bocci, R. (2009). ‘Seed Legislation and Agrobiodiversity: Conservation Varieties’, Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development 1/2 (2009) 35.
Bogueva, D., Marinova, D. and Raphaely, T. (2017). Red Meat Consumption and Social Marketing Interventions Promoting Appetite for Change. ETP International Journal of Food Engineering. 3(2):154-158.
Bollier, David. 2014. The commons as a template for transformation. Great Transformation Initiative.
Boltanski, L., and Chiapello, E. 2005. The new spirit of capitalism. International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society 18:161-88.
Bonanno, A. and Constance, D. 2008. Stories of Globalization: Transational corporations, resistance and the state. Penn State University Press, University Park, PA.
Bonanno A, Russo C, Menapace L. Market power and bargaining in agrifood markets: A review of emerging topics and tools. Agribusiness. 2018;34:6–23
Bonnell, J. 2021. Early Insecticide Controversies and Beekeeper Advocacy in the Great Lakes Region, Environmental History, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 79–101,
Booth, A. and Halseth, G. “Why the Public Thinks Natural Resources Public Participation Processes Fail: A Case Study of British Columbia Communities,” Land Use Policy 28, no. 4 (2011): 899,
Borad, S.G., Kumar, A., and Singh, A.K. (2017) Effect of processing on nutritive values of milk protein, Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 57:17, 3690-3702
Borras, S.M., and J.C. Franco. 2012. A ‘land sovereignty’ alternative? Towards a peoples’ counter-enclosure. Discussion paper, Transnational Institute (TNI). https://www.tni.org/en/paper/land-sovereignty-alternative.
Bourn, D. and J.Prescott. 2002. A comparison of the nutritional value, sensory qualities, and food safety of organically and conventionally produced foods. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 42:1-34.
Bradley, A. and MacRae. R. 2010. Legitimacy and Canadian farm animal welfare standards development: the case of the National Farm Animal Care Council. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24:19-47.
Brady, J. 2019. Naming Nutrition Injustice: How Might Dietitians Articulate a Socially Just Dietetic Practice? Journal of Critical Dietetics 4(2):6-17.
Brady, J., Power, E., Szabo, M., and Gingras, J. 2017. Still hungry for a feminist food studies. In: Koc, M. Sumner, J. and Winson, A. (eds). Critical Perspectives in Food Studies. Oxford University Press, Don Mill, ON. pp. 81-94
Brander, J.A. 1988. Mergers, competition policy, and the international environment. In: R.S. Khemani, D.M. Shapiro and W.T. Stanbury (eds). Mergers, Corporate Concentration and Power in Canada. Institute for Research in Public Policy, Halifax. Pp. 109-131.
Brandt, K. and J.P. Mølgaard. 2001. Organic agriculture: Does it enhance or reduce the nutritional value of plant foods? Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 81:924–931;
Brandt, Sylvia, and Ning Ding. 2008. “Impact of Property Rights on Labor Contracts in Commercial Fisheries.” Ocean & Coastal Management 51 (11): 740–48.
Braunbeck, T., Melanie Böttcher, Henner Hollert, Thomas Kosmehl, Eva Lammer, Erik Leist, Mark Rudolf and Nadja Seitz. 2005. Towards an Alternative for the Acute Fish LC50 Test in Chemical Assessment: The Fish Embryo Toxicity Test Goes Multi-species – an Update. ALTEX 22:87-102.
Bray, C.E. 1980. Agricultural land regulation in several Canadian provinces. Canadian Public Policy 6(4):591-604.
Brenner, N. and Theodore, N. 2002. From the “New Localism” to the spaces of neoliberalism. Antipode 34(3):341–348.
Brethour, C., Sparling, B., Cortus, B., Klimas, M., Moore, T.-L., and Richards, J. S. (2007). An Economic Evaluation of Beneficial Management Practices for Crop Nutrients in Canadian Agriculture Final Report Prepared for: Crop Nutrients Council, George Morris Centre, Guelph, ON. http://www.georgemorris.org/publications/BMP_Final_Report.pdf
Brethour, P. 2019. Ottawa aims for June start of new carbon trading system. Globe and Mail, 27 December, B1
Brethour, P. 2021. Why Newfoundland's new sugar tax will weigh more heavily on poorer households, but be helpful. Globe and Mail, June 4, B1.
Bricker, D. and Ibbitson, J. 2020. Empty Planet: the shock of global population decline. Penguin Random House.
Bridger, R. 2009. Air Freight: the impacts. Air Watch, London UK.
Briere, K. 2020. Foreign farmland buyers a concern. Western Producer July 2, p. 2.
Briere, K. 2020. Worries raised over food export future at West Coast. Western Producer, Dec. 10, p. 4.
Briere, K. 2021. Program designed to recruit more rural vets. Western Producer, Feb. 25, p. 58.
Briere, K. 2021. Pandemic boosted beef consumption. Western Producer July1, p. 45.
Briere, K. 2021. Producers call for processor incentives. WP July1, p. 46
Brink, L. 2009. WTO constraints on domestic support in agriculture: Past and future. Canadian J. Agricultural Economics 57:1-21.
Bristow, D. N., & Kennedy, C. A. (2013). Urban metabolism and the energy stored in cities: Implications for resilience. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 17(5), 656-667.
BC Ministry of Agriculture and Lands (BCMAL). 2006. BC’s Food Self-reliance: Can BC’s farmers feed our growing population? BCMAL, Victoria, BC.
Britnell, G.E. and Fowke, V.C. 1962. Canadian Agriculture in War and Peace: 1935-1950. Stanford U. Press, Stanford, CA.
Broad, G. and Nadjiwon-Smith, J. 2017. B.I.G. and First Nations: cautions for implementation. Basic Income Guarantee Paper Series, Research Paper 19, Northern Policy Institute, Thunder Bay, ON.
Brombacher, J. and U. Hamm. 1990. Expenses for nutrition with food from organic agriculture. Ecology and Farming 1: 13-15.
Brons, A., Oosterveer, P. and Wertheim‑Heck, S. 2020. Feeding the melting pot: inclusive strategies for the multi‑ethnic city. Agriculture and Human Values 37:1027–1040.
Brook, R. K. (2009). Historical review of elk–agriculture conflicts in and around Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba, Canada. Human-Wildlife Conflicts, 3(1), 72–87.
Brown, E.M. and Tarasuk, V. 2019. Money speaks: Reductions in severe food insecurity follow the Canada Child Benefit. Preventative Medicine 129.
Brown, I. 2021. Reopeining gambit. Globe and Mail. June 12, B1.
Brown, J., Pompa, E., and Watson, K. 2019. ENVS 6331: Food Planning Workshop Course Paper, FES, York University, Toronto.
Brown, T., Macdonald, R.W., Muir, D., and Letcher, R.J. 2018. The distribution and trends of persistent organic pollutants and mercury in marine mammals from Canada's Eastern Arctic. Science of The Total Environment 618:500-517.
Brusko, M., DeVault, G., Zahradnik, F., Cramer, C. and Ayers, L. 1985. Profitable farming Now! Regenerative Agriculture Association, Emmaus, PA.
Bryant, C. R., Russwarm, L.H. and McLellan, A.G.1982. The City’s Countryside. Longman, Harlow UK.
Buchan, R., Denise S. Cloutier, Avi Friedman. 2019. Transformative incrementalism: Planning for transformative change in localfood systems. Progress in Planning 134, 100424.
Buckingham, D. (2014a). Halsbury’s laws of Canada – Agriculture. Markham, ON: LexisNexis.
Buckingham, D. (2014b). Halsbury’s laws of Canada – Food. Markham, ON: LexisNexis.
Buckingham, D. 2019. It's complicated: food and federalism in Canada. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp.55-72.
Bujaczek, T., Sheldon Kolter, David Locky, and Matthew S. Ross. 2020. Characterization of microplastics and anthropogenic fibers in surface waters of the North Saskatchewan River, Alberta, Canada. FACETS. 6(): 26-43.
Bull, T. 2021. COVID's bear market. Corporate Knights April, p. 38.
Bunce, M. 1982. Rural settlement in an urban world. New York : St. Martin's Press,
Bunce, M. 1985. Agricultural land as a real estate commodity: implications for farmland preservation in the North American urban fringe. Landscape Planning 12:177-192.
Bundale, B. 2021. Plastic-resin pellets caught in pandemic supply chain crunch. Globe and Mail, Sept. 27, B7.
Burch D., & Lawrence, G. (2009).Towards a third food regime: Behind the transformation. Agriculture and Human Values, 26, 267-279.
Burelli, T. 2019. Access and valorization of aboriginal seeds in Canada: opportunities and limits of existing legal frameworks to frame collaborations between aboriginal peoples and researchers. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 499-529.
Burnett, K. and Murphy, S. 2013. What place for international trade in food sovereignty? Food Sovereignty: A Critical Dialogue. September 14–15, 2013 Yale University, New Haven, CT. http://www.yale.edu/agrarianstudies/foodsovereignty/pprs/2_Burnett_Murphy_2013.pdf.
Burawoy, Michael. “Toward a Marxist Theory of the Labor Process: Braverman and Beyond.” Politics & Society 8.3-4 (1978): 247-312.
Burt, M. (2014 Oct. 30). Labour market trends: Structural shifts and agriculture specific issues. Presentation to Alberta Labour Summit: Addressing Labour Shortages in the Agriculture and Agri-food Industry. Edmonton, Alberta.
Burton, M., Rigby, D.,Young, T., 2003. Modelling the adoption of organic horticultural technology in the UK using duration analysis. Austral. J. Agric. Res. Econ. 47, 29–54.
Burton, R.J.F., Kuczera, C., Schwarz, G., 2008. Exploring farmers' cultural resistance to voluntary agri-environmental schemes. Sociol. Rur. 48, 16-37.
Busch, L. 1984. Science, technology, agriculture and everyday life. ln: H.K. Schwarzweller (ed.). Research in Rural Sociology and Development: focus on agriculture. JAl Press, Greenwich, CT. Pp. 289-318.
Busch, L. Performing the economy, performing science: from neoclassical to supply chain models in the agrifood sector. Economy and Society 2007, 36, 437-466.
Busch, L. and Lacy, W.B. 1983. Sciene., Agriculture and the Politics of Research. Westview Press, Boulder, Co.
Bush, S.R. et al. 2013. Certify sustainable aquaculture? Science Magazine 341(6150), 1067-1068.
Business for Social Responsibility (BSR). (2013). Analysis of U.S. food waste among food manufacturers, retailers, and wholesalers. Washington, DC: Food Waste Reduction Alliance.
Business Green. (2012, January 9). Could long-lasting M&S strawberries reduce food waste? http://www.businessgreen.com/bg/news/2135806/-lasting-strawberries-reduce-food-waste
Butler Jones, D. 2008. Report of the State of Public Health in Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, MB.
Buttel. F.H. 1980. Agriculture, environment, and social change: some emergent issues. ln: F.H. Buttel and B. Newby (eds.). Tbe Rural Sociology of the Advanced Societies. Allanheld, Osmun, Totowa, NJ. Pp 453-488.
Buttel, F. Gillespie, G., Janke, R., Caldwell, B. and Sarrantonio, M. 1986. Reduced-input agricultural systems: rationale and prospects. American J. Altern.tive Agriculture 1:58-64.
Buttel, F.H., Larson, O.F., Gillespie, G.W. 1990. The Sociology of Agriculture. Greenwood, New York.
Buxton, R. T., Bennett, J. R., Reid, A. J., Shulman, C., Cooke, S. J., Francis, C. M., Nyboer, E. A., Pritchard, G., Binley, A. D., Avery-Gomm, S., Ban, N. C., Beazley, K. F., Bennett, E., Blight, L. K., Bortolotti, L. E., Camfield, A. F., Gadallah, F., Jacob, A. L., Naujokaitis-Lewis, I., … Smith, P. A. (2021). Key information needs to move from knowledge to action for biodiversity conservation in Canada. Biological Conservation, 256, 108983.
Buzby, J.C., & Hyman, J. (2012). Total and per capita value of food loss in the United States. Food Policy, 37, 561-570.
Cabannes, Y., & Marocchino, C. (Eds.). (2018). Integrating Food into Urban Planning. UCL Press.
Cacek, T. and Langner, L. 1986. The economic implications of organic farming.
American J. Alternative Agriculture 1:25-29.
Cadieux, V. and Slocum, R. 2015. What does it mean to do food justice? Journal of Political Ecology, 22.
Caldwell, V.B. 1982. Fifty years of Minnesota corn production: sources of yield incroase. Agronomy J. 74:984-990.
Calvo-Porral, C., A. Faiña Medín, and C. Losada-López. 2016. Can Marketing Help in Tackling Food Waste?: Proposals in Developed Countries. Journal of Food Products Marketing 23 (1):42–60.
Cameron N, Amrhein CG, Smoyer-Tomic KE, Raine KD, Chong LY. Cornering the market: restriction of retail supermarket locations. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy [serial on the Internet]. 2010; 28(5)
Campbell, H. (2002). The rise and rise of Eurep-GAP: European re(invention) of colonial food relations? International J. Sociology of Food and Agriculture, 13(2), 1-19.
Campbell, H. (2009). Breaking new ground in food regime theory: Corporate environmentalism, ecological feedbacks and the food from somewhere regime? Agriculture and Human Values, 26, 309-319.
Campbell, H., Lawrence, G., & Smith, K. (2006). Audit cultures and the Antipodes: The implications of EurepGAP for New Zealand and Australian agri-food industries. In T. Marsden & J. Murdoch (Eds.), Between the local and the global: confronting complexity in the contemporary agri-food sector (Research in rural sociology and development: Vol. 12). (pp. 69-93). Amsterdam: Elsevier
Campbell, A.M. and MacRae, R.J. 2013. Local Food Plus: the connective tissue in local/sustainable food systems. Local Environment 18(5):557-566.
Campbell, T.C. and Campbell, T. 2005. The China Study. BenBella Books, Dallas.
Campigotto, R. 2019. The experiences of Ontario activist teacher candidates who care about food and the environment: changing pre-service learning. PhD Dissertation, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Canada, Government of and Government of British Columbia. 1996. "Tangled Lines: A Federal-Provincial Review of the Mifflin Plan." A report of the Pacific Salmon Revitalization Plan Review Panel. December 1996. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/199880.pdf
Canada against Poverty and Citizens for Public Justice (2016). Dignity for all: a national ant-poverty strategy for Canada. CAP and CPJ.
Canada Press. 2014. Fuel tax hike will likely push airfares higher, officials say. July 20. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/fuel-tax-hike-will-likely-push-airfares-higher-officials-say-1.2712843
Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council (CAHRC). (2009). Labour market information on recruitment and retention in primary agriculture. Ottawa: CAHRC.
Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council (CAHRC). (2011). Labour market information, focus on small farms in Canada, 2011. Ottawa: CAHRC.
Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council (CAHRC). (2012). On-Farm Work Experience Program, feasibility study. Ottawa: CAHRC.
Canadian Agri-Food Policy Institute. (2011). Canada’s agri-food destination: a new strategic approach. Ottawa: Canadian Agri-Food Policy Institute.
CAPI, 2012. Canada’s Beef Food System, CAPI, Ottawa. http://capi-icpa.ca/pdfs/2012/CAPI_Beef-Food-System_2012.pdf
CBC news online. 2007, May 9. Food labels: The facts about what's in your food. http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/food-supply/index.html.
CBC News. ‘Made in Canada' rules under review. CBC News Online, May 22, 2010. http://www.cbc.ca/news/story/2010/05/21/made-in-canada.html,
CBC News. 2011. 'Buy local' food policies not at risk in EU deal: Ritz. Public institutions will still be able to favour local food suppliers, agriculture minister says. CBC. Oct. 12, 2011.
Canadian Cancer Society (2015).Nutrition and fitness. https://www.cancer.ca/en/prevention-and-screening/live-well/nutrition-and-fitness/?region=on
Cancer Research UK (2014).Statistics on preventable cancers. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-info/cancerstats/causes/preventable/#Preventable;
Canadian Community Health Survey – Nutrition 2004, http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/surveill/nutrition/commun/cchs_guide_escc-eng.php. Accessed May 11, 2013.
Canadian Co-operative Association. 2009. The Lay of the Land: Local food initiatives in Canada. Canadian Co-operative Association, Ottawa. http://www.coopscanada.coop/public_html/assets/firefly/files/files/The_Lay_of_the_Land_Final_June_16_2009.pdf.
Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME). 2019. Canada - wide Action Plan on Zero Plastic Waste.
Canadian Council on Invasive Species. (2021). Invasive Species. Canadian Council on Invasive Species. https://canadainvasives.ca/invasive-species/
Canadian Diabetes Association (2010). Diabetes: Canada at the Tipping Point – Charting a New Path. https://www.diabetes.ca/CDA/media/documents/publications-and-newsletters/advocacy-reports/canada-at-the-tipping-point-english.pdf
Canadian Federation of Agriculture. (2011). Toward a national food strategy: securing the future of food. Ottawa: Canadian Federation of Agriculture.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). (undated). Food labelling and advertising. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/food/labelling/eng/1299879892810/1299879939872
Canadian Food Inspection Agency. (2008). Invasive Alien Plants in Canada. CFIA. Ottawa, ON.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). (2014a). Chapter 3 - specific registration information by feed type. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/animals/feeds/regulatory-guidance/rg-1/chapter-3/eng/1329319549692/1329439126197?chap=19
Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB). Organic production systems: general principles and management standards, CAN/CGSB-32.310-2006; CGSB: Gatineau, QC, 2006.
Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy (CIELAP). 2002. Citizen's Guide to Biotechnology, CIELAP, Toronto.
Canadian Institutes for Health Information (CIHI). 2011. Analysis in Brief: Seniors and the Health Care Systems: what is the impact of multiple chronic conditions? CIHI.
Canadian Obesity Network (n.d.).Obesity in Canada. http://www.obesitynetwork.ca/obesity-in-canada
Canadian Organic Growers (GOG). 2007. Local and Regional Food Economies in Canada: Status report. Report to Agriculture and Agrifood Canada. COG, Ottawa.
Canadian Organic Producers Marketing Cooperative. 1984. Testimony to the Royal commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada. Saskatoon, SK.
Canadian Press (CP). 2021. Government body sets deadline for grocery code of conduct. July 19.
Canadian Press (CP). 2021. Pandemic forces increase in food prices, decrease in food options in Northern remote Ontario. July 23.
Canadian Press (CP). 2022. Food manufacturers cut capacity amid labour shortages, supply chain issues. Canadian Grocer, Jan. 19.
Canadian Roundtable for Sustainable Beef (CRSB). (2016). National Beef Sustainability Assessment and Strategy summary report. Calgary, AB: CRSB.
Canadian War Museum. The War Economy and Controls: Wage and Price Controls. http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/newspapers/canadawar/wageprice_e.shtml
Candel, J. & Daugbjerg, C.2019. Overcoming the dependent variable problem in studying food policy. Food Security: On-line first:1-10.
Canfora, I. (2016). Is the short food supply chain an efficient solution for sustainability in the food market? Agriculture and agricultural science procedia 8, 402-407.
Canter, L.W. Environmental Impact Assessment (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996), p. 660.
Capra, F. 1982. The Turning Point: science, society and the rising culture. Simon and Shuster, New York.
Carey, R., M. Caraher, M. Lawrence, & S. Friel, 2015. Opportunities and Challenges in developing a Whole-of-Government National Food and Nutrition Policy: Lessons from Australia’s National Food Plan, 19 Pub. Health Nutrition 1. 1-12.
Carins, J., & Rundle-Thiele, S. (2014). Eating for the better: A social marketing review (2000–2012). Public Health Nutrition, 17(7), 1628-1639.
Carothers, Courtney, and Catherine Chambers. 2012. “Fisheries Privatization and the Remaking of Fishery Systems.” Environment and Society 3 (1): 39–59.<
Carter, J. 2015. Ontario Soil more phosphorus rich than previously thought. Western Producer March 12.
Carter-Whitney, M. 2008. Bringing Local Food Home: Legal, regulatory and institutional barriers to local food. Friends of the Greenbelt Foundation, Toronto. http://greenbelt.ca/sites/default/files/research/bringing_local_food_home_-_legal_regulatory_and_institutional_barriers_to_local_food.pdf.
Carus, M. and Dammer, L. 2013. Food or non-food: which agricultural feedstocks are best for industrial uses? Industrial Biotechnology 9(4). August. http://www.bio-based.eu/policy/en
Casey, Keith E., Christopher M. Dewees, Bruce R. Turris, and James E. Wilen. 1995. “The Effects of Individual Vessel Quotas in the British Columbia Halibut Fishery.” Marine Resource Economics 10 (3): 211–30.
Cashore, B., Auld, G., & Newsom, D. (2004). Governing through markets: Forest certification and the emergence of non-state authority. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Castrelli, J.F. and Vigod, T. 1987. Pesticides in Canada: an examination of federal law and policy. Law Reform Commission of Canada, Ottawa.
Castro, Alfonso Peter, and Erik Nielsen. 2001. “Indigenous People and Co-Management: Implications for Conflict Management.” Environmental Science & Policy 4 (4–5): 229–39.
Catalyst Centre. 1999.
Cavicchioli, D. Detecting Market Power Along Food Supply Chains: Evidence and Methodological Insights from the Fluid Milk Sector in Italy. Agriculture 2018, 8, 191.
CB Insights. (2014 May 15). How essential skills-training unlocks business value. Canadian Business. http://www.canadianbusiness.com/insights/literacy/
Cech, P. (2016, Feb. 17-18). Presentation to Building a research agenda for food waste in Ontario. Guelph, ON https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z8WGl29p2YY
Center for Disease Control (CDC). (n.d.) Making health easier. Atlanta: CDC. http://www.cdc.gov/makinghealtheasier/
Center for Rural Affairs. 1980. Barriers to Conversion of Small Farms to Ecological Methods. Report to the National Center for Appropriate Teehnology. Center for Rural Affairs, Walthill, NE.
Center for Rural Affairs. 1982. The Path Not Taken: a case study of agricultural research decision-making at the Animal Science Departaent of State University of Nebraska. Center for Rural Affairs, Walthill, NE.
Centre for Rural Economics Research, Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, 2002. Economic evaluation of the Organic Farming Scheme: final report. DEFRA, UK.
CGIAR. 2014. Increasing homogeneity of world food supplies warns of serious implications for farming and nutrition. ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/03/140303154102.htm.
Chaleunsouk, L. & Kutsyuruba, B. 2014. Ontario Schools’ Readiness for School Food and Beverage Policy Implementation. Educational Policies and Current Practices , 2014- Volume 1- Issue 1- pp.13-29.
Chalifour, N. and Collin, J. R. 2019. Cultivating healthier, more sustainable food choices through taxation. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 305-324.
Chalifour, N. and Elgie, S. 2017. Wall's carbon pricing fight is constitutional hot air. Globe and Mail. June 14, A13.
Chalifour, N and McLeod-Kilmurray, H. 2016. The Carrots and Sticks of Sustainable Farming in Canada. University of Ottawa Law School Working Paper, WP2016-45.
Chamberlain, J.L., Dietrich Darr and Kathrin Meinhold. 2020. Rediscovering the Contributions of Forests and Trees to Transition Global Food Systems. Forests 11, 1098.
Chandler, D. 2004. New Growth in Older Communities. Center for Neighbourhood Technology, Chicago.
Chapman, S. 2019. Wasted. Hakai Magazine. July 23, 2019.
Chassaing B et al. 2015. Dietary emulsifiers impact the mouse gut microbiota promoting colitis and metabolic syndrome. Nature 519:92.
Chawla, L., Keena, K., Pevec, I., and Stanley, E. 2014. Green schoolyards as havens from stress and resources for resilience in childhood and adolescence. Health & Place, 28, 1-13.
Cheater, G. (2012). Untitled web page. Ottawa: Farm Management Canada. http://www.fmc-gac.com/content/opening-doors-young-farmers#sthash.EZtERpRL.dpuf
Che, J. and Chen, J. 2001. Food insecurity in Canadian households. Health Reports, 12(4), August 15, 2001 Catalogue No: 82-003-XIE Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
Cheffins, B. (1989). The Development of Competition Policy 1890-1940: A Re-Evaluation of a Canadian and American Tradition. Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 449-490.
Chen, A., & Natcher, D. (2019). Greening Canada’s Arctic food system: Local food procurement strategies for combating food insecurity. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 6(1), 140-154.
Chenell, C. 2010. Improving Cooking and Food Preparation Skills: A Synthesis of the Evidence to Inform Program and Policy Development. Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada.
Chhabra, R. S. Kolli and J.H. Bauer. 2013Organically grown food provides health benefits to Drosophila melanogaster. PLoS ONE 8 (1): e52988
Chilcote, M., Goodson, K.W. and Falcy, M.R.. 2011. Reduced recruitment performance in natural populations of anadromous salmonids associated with hatchery-reared fish. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 68: 511–522
Chou, S-Y., Rashad, I., & Grossman, M. (2008). Fast‐food restaurant advertising on television and its influence on childhood obesity. Journal of Law and Economics, 51(4), 599-618.
Chrisafis, A. (2016, Feb. 4). French law forbids food waste by supermarkets. Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/04/french-law-forbids-food-waste-by-supermarkets
Christianson, R. & Morgan, M.L. (2007). Organic food strategy for Ontario: Value-added processing. Prepared for World Wildlife Fund. Toronto, ON: WWF-Canada . http://www.organicagcentre.ca/Docs/GrowLocalOrganic_wwf_Oct-07.pdf
Christie, M.R., Marine, M.L., French, R.A. Blouin, M.S. 2012. Effective size of a wild salmonid population is greatly reduced by hatchery supplementation. Heredity (2012) 00, 1–7.
Christie, M.R., Ford, M.M. and Blouin, M.S. 2014. On the reproductive success of early-generation hatchery fish in the wild. Evolutionary Applications ISSN 1752-4571.
City of Charlotte, NC, 2003. Transit oriented development Districts. Chapter 12, Charlotte Code. Charlotte, NC. http://www.reconnectingamerica.org/assets/Uploads/CharlotteZoningOrdTOD.pdf
City of Toronto. (2017). Supporting a National School Food Program. Toronto. Oct. 2, 2017.
City of Vancouver. (2018). Policy report: Zero waste 2040. https://council.vancouver.ca/20180516/documents/pspc2a.pdf
Ciuriak, Dan, Ali Dadkhah and Jingliang Xiao. 2017. “Quantifying the TPP Without the United States,” Ciuriak Consulting Research Report to the Canada West Foundation.
Clapp, J. 2021. The impacts of COVID-19: Presentation to the 2021 Conference of the Canadian Association of Food Law and Policy, Vancouver. May 15.
Clapp, Jennifer, and Doris A. Fuchs. 2009. Corporate power in global agrifood governance. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Clark, P. 2011. The role of sustainable public procurement policies and non-governmental certification schemes in the European Union and Canada in the context of trade rules. Policy Brief. Department of Political Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON.
Clark, K.H., Nicholas, K.A. 2013. Introducing urban food forestry: a multifunctional approach to increase food security and provide ecosystem services. Landscape Ecol 28, 1649–1669
Clark, B., & York, R. (2008). Rifts and shifts: Getting to the root of environmental crisis. Monthly Review, 60(6). http://monthlyreview.org/2008/11/01/rifts-and-shifts-getting-to-the-root-of-environmental-crises/
Clark, C., Cousineau, S., Morrow, A. and Waldie, P. 2013. Provinces back proposed free-trade deal with EU. Globe and Mail. Oct. 18, 2013.
Clark, J.K., Lowitt, K., Levkoe, C.Z. et al. The power to convene: making sense of the power of food movement organizations in governance processes in the Global North. Agric Hum Values 38, 175–191 (2021)
Claassen, Roger and Richard D. Horan, 2000. Environmental Payments To Farmers: Issues of Program Design. Ag Outlook, June-July 2000.
Clark, E.A. 1999. The faulty assumptions of field crop genetic engineering. Presentation to “Is Your Food Safe?” sponsored by the Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada. 7/8 May.
Clark, E.A. and Lehman, H. 2001. Assessment of GM crops in commercial agriculture. J. Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14:3-28.
Clause, C.J. 2020. Vegetables and Viruses: How COVID-19 is Exposing the Information Barrier Within the Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program. FLEdGE
Clay PM, et al. Measuring the social and economic performance of catch share programs: Definition of metrics and application to the U.S. Northeast Region ground fishery. Mar. Policy (2013)
Clearwater, R. L., T. Martin and T. Hoppe (eds.) 2016. Environmental sustainability of Canadian agriculture: Agri-environmental indicator report series – Report #4. Ottawa, ON: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
(2021) Paths of least resilience: advancing a methodology to assess the sustainability of food system innovations - the case of CRISPR. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 45:5, 637-653.
Cliff, M. 2014. Forgot the ugly fruit, meet the ugly fruit bowl! Daily Mail Online July 16. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/food/article-2693000/Forget-ugli-fruit-meet-ugly-fruit-bowl-French-supermarket-introduces-lumpy-misshapen-fruit-vegetables-sold-30-discount-combat-food-waste.html
Clifton - Mobility Strategies and Food Shopping for Low-Income Families: A Case Study Journal of Planning Education and Research 2004 23: 402-413.
Cloke, P., J. May, and A. Williams. 2017. The geographies of food banks in the meantime. Progress in Human Geography 41: 703–726.
Coalition for Healthy School Food. (2020). Written Submission for the Pre-Budget Consultations in Advance of the 2021 Budget.
CoDyre, M., Fraser, E. and Landman, K. 2015. How does your garden grow? An empirical evaluation of the costs and potential of urban gardening. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 14, 1, 72 – 79.
Cohen, J.F., Richardson, S., Parker, E., Catalano, P.J. & Rimm, E.B. (2014). Impact of the new U.S. Department of Agriculture school meal standards on food selection, consumption, and waste. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 46(4), 388-94.
Colborn, T. D. Dumanoski and J, P. Myer. 1996. Our Stolen Future: Are We Threatening Our Fertility, Intelligence, and Survival? A Scientific Detective Story. Penguin, NY.
Coleman, W.D., Grant, W. and Josling T. 2004. Agriculture in the New Global Economy. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK.
Coleman, William D. 2008. Agricultural trade and the World Trade Organization. In: L. W. Pauly and W. D. Coleman (eds.), Global Ordering: Institutions and autonomy in a changing world. University of British Columbia Press,Vancouver, BC. pp. 64-84. http://www.globalautonomy.ca/global1/servlet/Summary2pdf?fn=RS_Coleman_AOA.
Collet, P. Spinelli, D., Lardon, L., Hélias, A., Steyer, J.P., and Bernard, O. 2013. Life Cycle Assessment of microalgal based biofuel. In: Biofuels from algae Elsevier (Ed.) pp. 287-31.
Collier, D. 1993. The comparative method. In: A.W. Finifter (ed.), Political Science: the state of the discipline II. APSA, Washington. pp. 105-119.
Collingham, L. The Taste of War: World War II and the Battle for Food. New York: Penguin, 2011.
Collins L, and Sossin L. 2019. Approach to constitutional principles and environmental discretion in Canada. UBC Law Review, 52(1): 293–343.
Commission of the European Communities. 2001. The 2001 White Paper on European transport policy. Commission of the European Communities (2001). Brussels. COM(2001) 370 final.
Commission on animal genetic resources for food and agriculture. 2007. GLOBAL PLAN OF ACTION FOR ANIMAL GENETIC RESOURCESand the INTERLAKEN DECLARATION, adopted by the International Technical Conference on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Interlaken, Switzerland, 3–7 September 2007. FAO, Rome
COSEWIC, (2011). COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Black-tailed Prairie Dog Cynomys ludovicianus in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. Ottawa. xiii + 58 pp. (www.registrelep-sararegistry.gc.ca/default_e.cfm).
COSEWIC Secretariat (2021). COSEWIC Status Reports. https://www.cosewic.ca/index.php/en-ca/status-reports.html
Competition Bureau. (2017). Competition Bureau statement regarding its inquiry into alleged anti-competitive conduct by Loblaw Companies Limited. Retrieved from http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/04310.html
Competition Bureau Canada. (2018, February 19). Competition Bureau Canada. Retrieved from Government of Canada: http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/home
Competition Bureau Canada. (2018, February 22). Abuse of Market Power. Retrieved from Government of Canada: http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/04258.html
Competition Bureau of Canada. (2018, February 22). Abuse of Dominance. Retrieved from Government of Canada: http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/h_00511.html
Competition Tribunal. (2018, 04 10). Welcome to the Competition Tribunal. Retrieved from Competition Tribunal: http://www.ct-tc.gc.ca/Home.asp
Conacher H, Mes J., 1993, Assessment of Human Exposure to Chemical Contaminants in Food., Food Additives and Contaminants; 10: 5–15.
Conacher, H.B.S., Graham, R.A., Newsome, W.H., Graham, G.F., and Verdier, P., 1989, The Health Protection Branch Total Diet Program: An Overview., Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology Journal, 22: 322-326.
Conference Board of Canada. 2021. Understanding the effects of COVID-19 on Canada's Agricultural Workforce. Report to the Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council, Ottawa.
Congressional Research Service. RS20310: Science Behind the Regulation of Food Safety: Risk Assessment and the Precautionary Principle, Mickey Parish Congressional Science Fellow Domestic Social Policy Division Updated August 27, 1999. National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington.
Connell, D. 2020. Evaluating the Strength of Local Legislative Frameworks to Protect Farmland: City of Richmond and Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, Journal of Planning Education and Research (online first).
Connell, D. et al., 2019. Protecting farmland in Canada: provincial legislative frameworks. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp 113-150.
Connor, John and William Schiek. Food Processing: An Industrial Powerhouse in Transition. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1997
Consumer and Corporate Affairs Canada. Guide for Food Manufacturers and Advertisers, Revised Edition; Consumer Products Branch, Consumer and Corporate Affairs Canada: Ottawa, 1988.
Constance, D., Choi, J., 2010. Overcoming the barriers to organic adoption in the United States: a look at pragmatic conventional producers in Texas. Sustain. 2, 163-188.
Conway, G.R. 1985. Agroecosystem analysis. Agricultural Administration 20:31-55.
Cooke, S.J. and Murchie, K.J. 2013. Status of aboriginal, commercial and recreationalinlandfisheries in North America: past, present and future. Fisheries Management and Ecology p. 1-13.
Cooke, D., Stanley, C. Carter, H., & Whitehead, P. (2014). Resource efficient and sustainable buying in grocery supply chains (PAD102-309). London: WRAP U.K. http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/Research%20report_Resource%20efficient%20and%20sustainable%20buying%20in%20grocery%20supply%20chains.pdf
Cooper, K. et al. 2000. Environmental Standard Setting and Children’s Health. A Report by the Children’s Health Project — a joint effort of the Canadian Environmental Law Association and the Ontario College of Family Physicians Environmental Health Committee. May 2000
Copes, Parzival. 1986. “A Critical Review of the Individual Quota as a Device in Fisheries Management.” Land Economics 62 (3): 278–91.
Cordain, L., Eaton, S.B., Sebastian, A., Mann, N., Lindeberg, S., Watkins, B.A., O’Keefe, J. H. and Brand-Miller, J. 2005. Origins and evolution of the Western diet: health implications for the 21st century. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 81(2):341-354. http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/81/2/341.full
Cordell, D., Rosemarin, A., Schröder, J.J., & Smit, A.L. (2011). Towards global phosphorus security: A systems framework for phosphorus recovery and reuse options. Chemosphere, 84(6), 747-758.
Corkal, V. 2021. Pipelines or Progress: Government support for oil and gas pipelines
in Canada. IISD, Winnipeg.
Cornucopia Project. 1984. Jobs for Americans: the untapped petential for
employing more people in America's largest industry. Cornucopia
Project, Emmaus, PA.
Coristine, L. E., Jacob, A. L., Schuster, R., Otto, S. P., Baron, N. E., Bennett, N. J., Bittick, S. J., Dey, C., Favaro, B., Ford, A., Nowlan, L., Orihel, D., Palen, W. J., Polfus, J. L., Shiffman, D. S., Venter, O., & Woodley, S. (2018). Informing Canada’s commitment to biodiversity conservation: A science-based framework to help guide protected areas designation through Target 1 and beyond. FACETS, 3(1), 531–562.
Costanza, R. 1989. What is ecological economics? J. Ecological Economics 1(1):J-7.
Costa- Pierce, B. 2010. Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture Systems: The Need for a New Social Contract for Aquaculture Development. Marine Technology Society Journal 44(3):88-112.
Coughenour. C.M. 2003. Innovating conservation agriculture: the case of no-till cropping. Rur. Sociol. 68, 278-304.
Coulthard, G. (2014). Red skin, white masks: Rejecting the colonial politics of recognition. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Council on Agricultural Science and Teehnology (CAST). 1980. Organic and
conventional farming compared. Report #84. CAST, Ames, IA.
Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST), 2003. Integrated Pest Management: current and future strategies. CAST, Ames, IA.
Council of Canadians, http://www.canadians.org/action/2012/CETA-resolution.html.
Counihan, C. and Van Esterik, P. 2013. Food and Culture, 3rd edition. Routledge, London.
Courchene, T., and C.R. Telmer. 1998. From Heartland to North American Regional State: the social, fiscal and federal evolution of Ontario. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Courtoreille v. Canada (Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development), 2014 FC 1244 (CanLII).https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/fct/doc/2014/2014fc1244/2014fc1244.html?searchUrlHash=AAAAAQAjTWlraXNldyBDcmVlIEZpcnN0IE5hdGlvbiB2LiBDYW5hZGEAAAAAAQ
Cowe, J. 2018. Beyond “An Apple A Day”: Advancing Education for Critical Food Literacy in Ontario’s School System. MES Major Paper, York University, Toronto.
Cox, S. 2020. Fish out of water: How B.C.’s salmon farmers fell behind the curve of sustainable, land-based aquaculture. The Narwhal, Dec. 28
Cranfield, J., Henson, S., Holiday, J., 2010. The motives, benefits, and problems of conversion to organic production. Agric. Hum. Values 27, 291–306.
Creamer, S., and Jessup, E. (2008). Washington State industry outlook and freight transportation forecast: Apple industry. Pullman, WA: Transportation Research Group School of Economic Sciences Washington State University. Retrieved from the Washington State Department of Transportation website: http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Freight/publications/RegionalandIndustryStudies.htm
Crespin, S. J., & Simonetti, J. A. (2019). Reconciling farming and wild nature: Integrating human–wildlife coexistence into the land-sharing and land-sparing framework. Ambio, 48(2), 131–138.
Creutzig, F., Niamir, L., Bai, X. et al. Demand-side solutions to climate change mitigation consistent with high levels of well-being. Nat. Clim. Chang. (2021)
Crew, T.E., & Peoples, M.B. (2004). Legume versus fertilizer sources of nitrogen: Ecological tradeoffs and human needs. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 102, 279-297.
Crippa, M., Solazzo, E., Guizzardi, D. et al. Food systems are responsible for a third of global anthropogenic GHG emissions. Nat Food 2, 198–209 (2021).
Crompton, J.L. 2014. Potential negative outcomes from sponsorship fora sport property. Managing Leisure 19:420-441.
Crosby, D. (2009, April 20). Deadstock change deadly to little guy. Today’s Farmer. http://www.todaysfarmer.ca/2009/04/20/deadstock-change-deadly-to-little-guys
Crosby, T., Jennifer Astone and Rex Raimond. 2021. Investing in the True Value of
Sustainable Food Systems. In: True Cost Accounting for Food: Balancing the Scale. Routledge. Pp. 221-231.
Cross, B. 2014. CP sues Ottawa over rail regulations. WP Sept. 28
Cross, B. 2015. Small shippers want big changes. WP Jan. 29, p. 71
Cross, B. 2015. Gov’t rail car fleet to retire. Western Producer. April 4, p. 29.
Cross, B. 2019. Grain transportation consolidation hiked carbon footprint. WP April 11, p. 3.
Cross, B. 2019. Alberta short line improvements should aid local economy. Western Producer. Sept. 5, 2019, p. 3.
Cross, B. 2020. Popular wheat varieties removed from royalty pilot. Western Producer, Oct. 8, p. 1.
Cross, B. 2020. Carbon tax hike sparks outrage. Western Producer, Dec. 17, p.1.
Cross, B. 2021. No credit for no-till. Western Producer, March 25, p. 1.
Cross, B. 2021. Container crisis hits farmers' wallets: shipper. Western Producer, March 25, p.5.
Cross, B. 2021. Nutrien expands on program to extract value from carbon. Western Producer, July 1, p.48.
CTV News. 2020. “McDonald’s Canada to start using imported beef amid Canadian supply concerns.” April 28.
Curl, C.L., R.A. Fenske and K. Elgethun. 2003. Organophosphorus pesticide exposure of urban and suburban preschool children with organic and conventional diets. Environmental Health Perspectives 111:377-382.
Curran, D. 2019. Foodlands protection in Canada: indigenous ad colonial foodscapes in law. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 151-174.
Cuéllar, A. & Webber, M. (2010).Wasted food, wasted energy: The embedded energy in food waste in the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 6464–6469.
Curry, B. (2015 Feb. 11). Provinces take on Ottawa over funding for job training. Globe and Mail, A1
Dagevos, H., & Reinders, M. J. (2018). Flexitarianism and Social Marketing: Reflections on Eating Meat in Moderation. In D. Bogueva, D. Marinova, & T. Raphaely (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Social Marketing and Its Influence on Animal Origin Food Product Consumption (pp. 105-120).
Dahlberg, K.A. 1986a. Introduction: changing contexts and goals and the need for new evaluative approaches. In: K.A. Dahlberg (ed.). New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research: neglected dimensions and emerging alternatives. Rowman and Allanheld, Totowa, NJ. Pp. 1-30.
Dahlberg, K. 1993. Government policies that encourage pesticide use in the United States. In: D. Pimentel and H. Lehman (eds.). The Pesticide Question: environment, economics and ethics. Chapman and Hall, New York. pp. 281-306.
Dale, B. 2017. Food sovereignty struggles in Quebec: co-optation and
resistance. In: Desmarais, A.A. Claeys, P. and Trauger, A. (eds). Public Policies for Food Sovereignty: social movements and the state. Routledge, London and New York. pp. 126-144.
Dale, B. 2019 (online first). Alliances for agroecology: from climate change to food system change. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems.
Daly, H. E. (1987). The economic growth debate: What some economists have learned but many have not. Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 14(4), 323-336.
Daly, H.E. and Cobb, J.B. 1989. For the Common Good. Beacon Press, Boston.
Danbom, D.B. 1986. Publicly sponsored agricultural research in the United States from an historical perspective. In: K.A. Dahlberg (ed.). New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research: neglected dimensions and emerging alternatives. Rowman and Allanhe1d, Totowa, NJ. Pp. 107-131.
Dangour, A.D., K. Lock, A. Hayter, A. Aikenhead, E. Allen, et al. 2010. Nutrition-related health effects of organic foods: a systematic review. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 92: 203–210.
Danyluk, M. (2021): Supply-Chain Urbanism: Constructing and Contesting the Logistics City, Annals of the American Association of Geographers.
Darnhofer, I., Schneeberger, W.,Freyer, B. 2005. Converting or not converting to organic farming in Austria: farmer types and their rationale. Agric. Hum. Values 22, 39–52.
Darrell, B. (2008). What is Food Urbanism. http://foodurbanism.blogspot.com/2007/01/what-is-food-urbanism.html
Daugbjerg, C. 2012. The World Trade Organization and organic food trade: Potential for restricting protectionism? Organic Agriculture 2(1):55-66.
Daugbjerg, Carsten, and Kim Mannemar Sønderskov. 2012. Environmental Policy Performance Revisited: Designing Effective Policies for Green Markets. Political Studies 60 (2):399-418.
Daugbjerg, C., Tranter, R., Hattam, C., Holloway, G. 2011. Modelling the impacts of policy on entry into organic farming: evidence from Danish–UK comparisons, 1989–2007. Land Use Policy 28(2), 413-422.
DAVIES RWD, et al. Defining and estimating global marine fisheriesbycatch. Marine Policy (2009),
Davies Transportation Consulting. 2020. Food flows in Metro Vancouver: final report. April 30. Davies Transportation Consulting.
Davis, B. and Carpenter C. 2009. Proximity of Fast-Food Restaurants to Schools and Adolescent Obesity. Am J Public Health. 2009 March; 99(3): 505–510.
Dawson, L. 2020. “Food Will Be What Brings the People Together”: Constructing Counter-Narratives from the Perspective of Indigenous Foodways. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 83-99.
Day, R. 2005. Gramscii is Dead. Pluto Press, London.
D’Annolfo, R., Gemmill-Herren, B., Graeub, B.E., and Garibaldi, L. (2017). A review of social and economic performance of agroecology. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 15, 632 - 644.
Food security and Canada's agricultural system challenged by COVID-19: One year later. Can J Agr Econ. 2021; 69: 161– 166., .
Deffuant, G., Huet, S., Bousset, J. P., Henriot, J., Amon, G., Weisbuch, G., 2002. Agent-based simulation of organic farming conversion in Allier department, in: Janssen, M. A. (Ed.), Complexity and Ecosystem Management: the theory and practice of multi-agent systems. Edward Elgar Publishers, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 158-187.
Dear, M., & Scott, A. J. (Eds.). (2018). Urbanization and urban planning in capitalist society (Vol. 7). Routledge.
Dechow, C.D., W.S. Liu, J.S. Idun, B. Maness, Short communication: Two dominant paternal lineages for North American Jersey artificial insemination sires, Journal of Dairy Science, Volume 101, Issue 3, 2018, Pages 2281-2284.
Dekay, W. 2020. Pandemic changes public's perception of food. Western Producer April 30 p. 39.
Dekay, W. 2020. Hot demand keeps regional abattoirs hopping. Western Producer, June. 11, p.50.
Dekay, W. 2021. Farmers embrace treaty land sharing process. Western Producer July 29, p.3.
de la Salle, J. (2019). Great food streets: Planning and design for urban magnetism in post-agricultural cities. Urban Design International, 24(2), 118-128.
de la Salle, J. and Holland, M. 2010. Agricultural Urbanism: Handbook for Building Sustainable Food Systems in 21st Century Cities. Libri Publishing.
Delphi Group, 2017. Jurisdictional Scan for Circular Economy. Report to the BC Ministry of the Environment, Victoria. March.
Dempsey, G. 2013. Farmland preservation and Protected Area Management: lessons from the Cuyahoga Valley National Park. MES Major Paper, York University, Toronto, ON.
Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO). 2003a. "Preserving the Independence of the Inshore Fleet in Canada's Atlantic Fisheries." Accessed July 26, 2019. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/library/279610e.pdf
Department of Fisheries and Oceans. 2015. Survey of recreational fishing in Canada. DFO, Ottawa. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/stats/rec/can/2015/doc/2015-rec-fish-eng.pdf
de Rosnay, J. 1979. The Macroscope: a new world ac!entific system. Harper
and Row, New York.
De Schutter, “Agroecology and the Right to Food”, Report presented at the 16th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council [A/HRC/16/49], 2010. http://www.srfood.org/en/report-agroecology-and-the-right-to-food
De Schutter, O., Mattei, U. Vivero, Pol, J.L. and Ferrando, T. 2019. FOOD AS COMMONS: Towards a new relationship between the public, the civic and the private. In J. L. Vivero Pol, T. Ferrando, O. De Schutter, & U. Mattei (Eds.), Routledge handbook of food as a commons. Routledge
Derksen, B. 2021. Gram-negative vaccines need caution. Western Producer July 1, p. 46
Desmarais, A. et al., 2017. Investor ownership or social investment? Changing farmland ownership in Saskatchewan, Canada. Agriculture and Human Values 34:149–166.
Desmarais, A.A. Claeys, P. and Trauger, A. (eds). 2017. Public Policies for Food Sovereignty: social movements and the state. Routledge, London and New York.
Desjardins, E., MacRae, R.J., and Schumilas, T. 2010. Meeting future population food needs with local production in Waterloo Region: linking food availability and optimal nutrition requirements. Agriculture and Human Values 27:129-140.
Desjardins, E. Lubcynski, J. and Xuereb, M. 2011. Incorporating policies for a healthy food system into land use planning: The case of Waterloo Region, Canada. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development.2(1): 127–140.
Desmarais, A. 2007. La Vía Campesina: globalization and the power of peasants. Fernwood Books, Halifax.
DesRivieres, C., R. Chuenpagdee, C. Mather, Reconnecting people, place, and nature: examining alternative food networks in Newfoundland's fisheries, Agric. Food Secur. 6 (2017) 33,
DeVault, M. 2008. Conflict and deference. In C. Counihan and P. Van Esterik, Food and Culture: A Reader, 2nd edition (pp. 240-258). London: Routledge.
Dewees, Christopher M. 1998. “Effects of Individual Quota Systems on New Zealand and British Columbia Fisheries.” Ecological Applications 8 (1): S133–38.
de Wit, Y. (2012). Nourishing Young Minds | Toronto Public Health. Toronto.
Dey, A. Robyn McLean, Carla Hick, Shauna MacKinnon, Ilana Marder-Eppstein, Chris Thoreau, Alexandra Lyon. 2018. CANADIAN ORGANIC AND ECOLOGICAL PLANT BREEDING PRIORITIES FOR VEGETABLE CROPS: 2018 Survey Report. The Bauta Family Initiative on Canadian Seed Security.
Dhar, T., & Baylis, K. (2011). Fast-food consumption and the ban on advertising targeting children: The Québec experience. Journal of Marketing Research, 68, 799-813.
Dhunna, S., Tarasuk, V. Black–white racial disparities in household food insecurity from 2005 to 2014, Canada. Can J Public Health 112, 888–902 (2021).
Diane McAmmond and Associates. 2000. Food and Nutrition Surveillance in Canada: an environmental scan. Report to health Canada, Ottawa. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/surveill/environmental_scan-eng.php
Dickinson, R.; Carsky, M. L.. The consumer as economic voter. In The Ethical Consumer; Harrison, R.; Newholm, T.; Shaw, D. Eds.: Sage: London, 2005; pp. 25-38.
Dickson, J. and Ibbitson, J. 2021. Ottawa to grant residency to 90,000 workers, students. Globe and Mail, April 15, A3.
Diesing, P. 1972. Patterns of Discovery in the Social Sciences. Routledge
and Kegan Paul, London
Dietitians of Canada. 2016. Prevalence, Severity and Impact of Household Food Insecurity: A Serious Public Health Issue. Background Paper, Position Statement and Recommendations Dietitians of Canada, Ottawa.
Dings, J. (ed.). 2010. Grounded: How ICAO failed to tackle aviation and climate change and what should happen now. Transport and Environment, Brussels. http://www.transportenvironment.org/sites/te/files/media/2010_09_icao_grounded.pdf
Dirks, A. 2021. A Community Compost Exchange Manual: reconnecting municipal organic waste and soil management. MES Major Project, Faculty of Environmental and Urban Change, York University, Toronto.
Dixon, G. (2014 Nov. 10). Will Canada Job Grant skills-training funding do the trick? Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/education/will-canada-job-grant-skills-training-funding-do-the-trick/article21510469/
Doberstein, C. 2014, Metagovernance of urban governance networks in Canada: In pursuit of legitimacy and accountability. Canadian Public Administration 56: 584–609.
Dobson, Andrew. 2006. Ecological citizenship: A defense. Environmental Politics 15 (3): 447–451.
Doern, G.B. 1996. The evolution of Canadian Policy Studies as art, craft and science. In: L. Dobuzinskis, M. Howlett and D. Laycock (eds.). Policy Studies in Canada: the state of the art. University of Toronto Press, Toronto. pp. 15-26.
Doern, B. and MacDonald, M. 1999. Free - Trade Federalism: Negotiating the Canadian Agreement on Internal Trade. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Doern, G. B. and Toner, G. 1985. The Politics of Energy: the development and implementation of the National Energy Program. Methune, Toronto.
Dombkins, D.H. 2014. Realizing Complex Policy: using a systems-of-systems approach to develop and implement policy. Policy and Complex Systems 1(I):22-60.
Domhoff, G. W. 1990. The Power Elite and the State: how policy is made in America. Aldine De Gruyter , New York.
Döring, T.F.; Knapp, S.; Kovacs, G.; Murphy, K.; Wolfe, M.S. Evolutionary Plant Breeding in Cereals—Into a New Era. Sustainability 2011, 3, 1944-1971.
Douglas, M. 2008. Deciphering a meal. In C. Counihan and P. Van Esterik, Food and Culture: A Reader, 2nd edition (pp. 44-53). London: Routledge.
Douglas, G. and Klaenhammer, T.R. 2010. Genomic Evolution of Domesticated Microorganisms. Annu. Rev. Food Sci. Technol. 2010. 1:397–41
Downes, C.M., and Collins, B.T. 2003. The Canadian Breeding Bird Survey, 1967–2000. Catalogue No. CW69-9/219E. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa.
Drewnoski, A. and Barratt-Fornell, A. 2004. Do healthier diets cost more? Nutrition Today 39:161-168.
Driscoll, John, Carrie Robb, and Karin Bodtker. 2009. “Bycatch in Canada's Pacific Groundfish Bottom Trawl Fishery: Trends and Ecosystem Perspectives.” A Report by Living Oceans Society. Living Oceans Society, Sointula, BC
Drost, D., Long, G., Wilson, D., Miller, B., Campbell, W., 1996. Barriers to adopting sustainable agricultural practices. J. Ext. [on line serial], 34(6). Available at http://www.joe.org december 1996 feature 1.(accessed June 1, 2012)
Dryzek, J. 2013 The Politics of the Earth: environmental discourses. Oxford, New York.
Du M, Griecci CF, Kim DD, et al. Cost-Effectiveness of a National Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax to Reduce Cancer Burdens and Disparities in the United States. JNCI Cancer Spectrum. 2020 Dec;4(6):pkaa073.
Duchemin, E and N. McClintock, 2020, L’apport alimentaire de l’agriculture urbaine sociale aux villes, en temps de crise : le cas de Montréal, Carnet de Recherche AULAB, AgriUrbain : https://agriurbain.hypotheses.org/4739
Dudley, N., Jonas, H., Nelson, F., Parrish, J., Pyhälä, A., Stolton, S., & Watson, J. E. M. (2018). The essential role of other effective area-based conservation measures in achieving big bold conservation targets. Global Ecology and Conservation, 15, e00424.
Dunbar, R. (2017). Breaking bread: the functions of social eating. Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology, 3(3), 198-211.
Duncan, C. A. M. 1996. The Centrality of Agriculture: Between Humankind and the Rest of Nature. McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal and Kingston.
Duncan, K. 2021. Canada's First Nation's peoples were Canada's first farmers. Western Producer, June 17, p 42.
Dunham-Jones, E. and Williamson, J. 2009. Retrofitting Suburbia: Urban Design Solutions for Redesigning Suburbs. Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
Dunklin, Thomas B. 2005. "Over-Escapement: Is there a Problem?" A report for the Wild Salmon Center, Portland, Oregan.
Dunkling, B. et al 2004. Accessibility Versus Scale: Examining the Tradeoffs in Grocery Stores. Journal of Planning Education and Research 23: 387-401
Dutescu, I.A. (2020 online first). The Antimicrobial Resistance Crisis: How Neoliberalism Helps Microbes Dodge Our Drugs. International Journal of Health Services.
Dutton, D.J, Pierre-Gerlier Forest , Ronald D. Kneebone , Jennifer D. Zwicker. 2018. Effect of provincial spending on social services and health care on health outcomes in Canada: an observational longitudinal study. CMAJ 2018 January 22;190:E66-71.
DuPuis, E. M., Harrison, J. L., & Goodman, D. (2011). Just food? In A.H. Alkon & J.Agyeman (Eds.). Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability (pp. 283-‐307). Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Duru M., Fares M., Therond O., A conceptual framework for thinking now (and organising tomorrow) the agroecological transition at the level of the territory. Cah. Agric., 2014, 23, 84–95.
Dyment, J.E. and Bell, A.C. (2008a). Grounds for movement: Green school grounds as sites for promoting physical activity. Health Education Research, 23(6), 952-962.
Eagle, A. J., Rude, J., and Boxall, P. C. (2016). Agricultural support policy in Canada: What are the environmental consequences? Environmental Reviews, Vol. 24: 13-24.
Eamer, J., 2006. Keep it simple and be relevant: the first ten years of the Arctic Borderlands Ecological Knowledge Co-op. In: Reid,W.V., Berkes, F., Wilbanks, T., Capistrano, D. (Eds.), Bridging Scales and Knowledge Systems. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and Island Press, Washington DC, pp. 185–206.
Ecofiscal Commission, Canada. 2019. Bridging the Gap: real options for meeting Canada's 2030 GHG reduction targets.
Econometric Research Limited, HCA and MacRae, R.J. (2015). Dollars & sense: opportunities to strengthen Southern Ontario's food system. Toronto and Montreal: Friends of the Greenbelt Foundation, Metcalf Foundation and McConnell Foundation.
Economic Research Service (ERS). (2011). Loss-adjusted food availability data. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Ecotrust Canada and the T. Buck Suzuki Foundation. 2015. "Caught up in Catch Shares." A report by Ecotrust Canada and the T. Buck Suzuki Foundation. http://ecotrust.ca/report/caught-up-in-catch-shares/.
Ecotrust Canada and the T. Buck Suzuki Foundation. 2018. "Just Transactions, Just Transitions: Towards Truly Sustainable Fisheries in British Colombia." A report by Ecotrust Canada and the T. Buck Suzuki Foundation. http://ecotrust.ca/project/just-transactions-just-transitions-towards-truly-sustainable-fisheries-in-british-columbia-2018
Edwards, D. 2021. Food-cost hikes add to restauranteurs' woes. Globe and Mail. June 21, B5.
Edwards, F. Overcoming the social stigma of consuming food waste by dining at the Open Table. Agric Hum Values 38, 397–409 (2021).
Edwards-Jones, G. L. Mila‘ i Canals, N. Hounsome, M. Truninger, G. Koerber, B. Hounsome, P. Cross, E.H. York, A. Hospido, K. Plassmann, I.M. Harris, R.T. Edwards, .A.S. Day, A.D. Tomos, S.J. Cowell and D.L. Jones. 2008. Testing the assertion that “local food is best’: the challenges of an evidence-based approach. Trends in Food Science and Technology 19:265–274.
Egri, C.P., 1999. Attitudes, backgrounds and information preferences of Canadian organic and conventional farmers: implications for organic farming advocacy and extension. J. Sustain. Agric. 13,3,45–72.
Eilers, W., MacKay, R., Graham, L. and Lefebvre, A. (eds). 2010. Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Agri-environmental Indicator Report Series. Report #3. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario
EKOS Research Associates, “Survey of Voluntary Sector Organizations for Human Resources and Social Development Canada,” (Ottawa: EKOS Research Associates Inc, 2008): 58
El Bilali, H. 2019. Innovation-Sustainability Nexus in Agriculture Transition: Case of Agroecology. Open Agriculture 4: 1–16.
El Bilali, H. Transition heuristic frameworks in research on agro-food sustainability transitions. Environ Dev Sustain 22, 1693–1728 (2020).
Eliadis, P., Hill, M. and Howlett, M. (eds.). 2005. Designing Government: from instruments to governance. McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal and Kingston.
Elkington, J. (1994). Towards the sustainable corporation: Win–win-win business strategies for sustainable development. California Management Review, 90–100.
Elliott, C. (2021). Food marketing and the regulation of children’s taste:: On packaged foods, paratexts, and prohibitions. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur l’alimentation, 8(1).
Elzen, B., Geels, F.W., Leeuwis, C.S. and Van Mierlo, B., 2011. Normative contestation in transitions ‘in the making’: animal welfare concerns and system innovation in pig husbandry (1970–2008). Research Policy 40:263–275.i
Ekins, P. (ed.). 1986a. The Living Economy: a new economics in the making. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, UK.
Emerson, K., Nabatchi, T., & Balogh, S. (2011). An Integrative Framework for Collaborative Governance. Journal of Public Administration Research, 1-29.
Emery, J.H.,. V. Fleisch, L. McIntyre How a guaranteed annual income could put food banks out of business SPP Res. Pap., 6 (2013), pp. 1-20
Employment and Skills Development Canada (ESDC), Strategic Policy and Research Branch. (2010). Summative evaluation of the Sector Council Program. Ottawa: ESDC. http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/publications/evaluations/skills_and_employment/2010/march.shtml
ENCLOSE, 2014. Electric fleets in urban logistics. AustriaTech – Gesellschaft des Bundes für technologiepolitische Maßnahmen GmbH, Raimundgasse 1, A-1020 Vienna, Austria. http://ev-observatory.eu/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/AustriaTech_ElectricFleets_Broshure.pdf
Engelhard, G.; Garson, A.; Dorn, S. Reducing Obesity: policy strategies from the tobacco wars; University of Virginia and Urban Institute: Washington, 2009; p. 41 http://www.urban.org/uploadedpdf/411926_reducing_obesity.pdf Accessed June 19, 2012.
Enniss, J .L. 1985. The likely inter-industry effects of organic farming adoption in the United St:\tes. M.S. Thesis. Ohio State University, Columbus.
Entz, Martin H., Anne P. Kirk, Iris Vaisman, Stephen L. Fox, Jennifer Mitchell Fetch, David Hobson, Helen R. Jensen, and Jane Rabinowicz. 2015. “Farmer Participation in Plant Breeding for Canadian Organic Crop Production: Implications for Adaptation to Climate Uncertainty.” Procedia Environmental Sciences, Agri-culture and Climate Change - Adapting Crops to Increased Uncertainty (AGRI 2015), 29: 238–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2015.07.291
ECCC. (2020). Canada’s conserved areas: ecological areas [Research]. https://www.canada.ca/en/environment-climate-change/services/environmental-indicators/conserved-areas.html
Environment and Climate Change Canada. (2021). National Inventory Report 1990 – 2019. Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Canada: Canada’s Submission to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. https://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2021/eccc/En81-4-1-2019-eng.pdf
Environmental Defence Canada. 2003. Metallic Lunch: an analysis of heavy metals in the Canadian Diet. EDC, Toronto.
Environmental Protection Agency undated. Airplane emissions. http://www.epa.gov/otaq/aviation.htm#regs
Epstein, D., Nonnecke, B. (2016). Multistakeholderism in Praxis: The Case of the Regional and National Internet Governance Forum (IGF) Initiatives. Policy & Internet 8(2), 148-173.
Ercsey-Ravasz M, Toroczkai Z, Lakner Z, Baranyi J. Complexity of the international agro-food trade network and its impact on food safety. PLoS ONE. 2012;7(5):e37810. pmid:22701535
Erisman J.W., Sutton M.A., Galloway J.N., Klimont Z., Winiwarter W. How a century of ammonia synthesis changed the world. Nature Geoscience. 2008;1:636–639.
Erlanger, S. and Sengupta, S. 2021. Europe unveils sweeping climate plan. Globe and Mail, July 15. A1.
Ernstson, Henrik, Sander E. Van Der Leeuw, Charles L. Redman, Douglas J. Meffert, George Davis, Christine Alfsen, and Thomas Elmqvist. "Urban Transitions: On Urban Resilience and Human-Dominated Ecosystems." Ambio 39, no. 8 (2010): 531–45.
Escobar, T. 2010. McDonald’s looks for new spuds. Columbia Basin Herald Feb. 5. http://www.columbiabasinherald.com/news/local_business/article_f39d4673-f21f-569e-96de-04adf82615ea.html?mode=print
Erisman, J.W., Sutton, M.A., Galloway, J., Klimont, Z., & Winiwarter, W. (2008). How a century of ammonia synthesis changed the world. Nature GeoScience, 1(28 Sept), 636–639.
ETC Group. 2015. Monsanto/Syngenta: From Gene Giants to Agribehemoths, ETC Group, May 14, 2015
European Commission. 2006. Environmental impact of products: Analysis of the life cycle environmental impacts related to the final consumption of the EU-25. Technical Report EUR 22284 EN. Spain: European Commission, Joint Research
Centre, Institute of Prospective Technological Studies.
European Commission (2011). Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area - Towards a Competitive and Resource Efficient Transport System. Directorate - General for Mobility and Transport. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union.
European Commission (EC). (2012). Directive 2008/98/EC on waste. Brussels: Waste Framework Directive, EC. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/framework/.
European Commission.Closing the Loop—An EU Action Plan for the Circular Economy; European Commission:Brussels, Belgium, 2015.
European Commission.Circular Economy: New Rules Will Make EU the Global Front-Runner in Waste Management and Recycling; European Commission: Brussels, Belgium, 2018.
European Union. 2011. Opinion of the Committee of the Regions on ‘local food systems’. Official Journal of the European Union. 88th plenary session held on 27 and 28 January, p. 104/5. http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2011:104:0001:0006:EN:PDF.
Evans, D. (2011). Blaming the consumer - once again: The social and material contexts of everyday food waste practices in some English households. Critical Public Health, 21(4), 429-440.
Evans, D. (2012). Beyond the throwaway society to ordinary domestic practice: What can sociology say about food waste? Sociology, 46(1), 41-56.
Evans, D., Campbell, H., & Murcott, A. (2013). A brief pre-history of food waste and the social sciences. The Sociological Review, 60(S2), 5-26.
Evans, C.E., Christian, M.S., Cleghorn, C.L., Greenwood, D.C. and Cade,J.E. 2012.“Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of School-based Interventions to Improve Daily Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Children Aged 5 to 12 y.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 96(4):889–901.
Everitt, T., Engler-Stringer, R., & Martin, W. (2020). Determining promising practices for Canadian school food programs: A scoping review. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition, 1–20.
Evola, J. 2018. Developments in climate change policy: Is trade regulation the next step? MES Major Paper, FES, York University, Toronto.
Ewins, A. 1997. Land bank still a good idea says former official. Western Producer January, 2. https://www.producer.com/1997/01/land-bank-still-a-good-idea-says-former-official/
Exner, R. 1990. On-farm research: using the skills of farmers and scientists. Practical Farmers of Iowa and Iowa state University. In: Extending Sustainable Systems. Minnesota State Department of Agriculture, Minneapolis, MN. Pp. 59-68.
Fairbairn, M. (2020). Fields of gold: Financing the global land rush. Cornell University Press.
Falcone P.M., Sustainability Transitions: A Survey of an Emerging Field of Research. Environ. Manag. Sustain. Dev. 2014, 3, 61.
Faludi, R., 1992. Emerging Retail Development Trends in Canada. Plan Canada. Nov.1992.
Faraday, F. 2016. Canada’s Choice: Decent Work or Entrenched Exploitation for Canada’s Migrant Workers? Metcalf Foundation, Toronto.
FarmStart. 2010. New Farmers and Alternative Markets within the Supply-Managed System. Metcalf Foundation, Toronto. http://www.georgemorris.org/publications/Metcalf_Food_Solutions_Report.pdf
FarmStart. 2016. National Farm Renewal Initiative: policy recommendations. FarmStart. Aug. https://foodsecurecanada.org/sites/foodsecurecanada.org/files/national_farm_renewal_init_oct_20161.pdf
Featherstone, M. and Juanita Rogers. 2008. "The evolution of co-management in the British Columbia red sea urchin fishery" In Case studies in fisheries self-governance. Edited by Ralph E. Townsend, Ross Shotton and Hirotsuga Uchida, 383-396. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 504. Rome, FAO. 2008.
Felstead, A., Kevin Thwaites and James Simpson. 2019. A Conceptual Framework for Urban Commoning in Shared Residential Landscapes in the UK. Sustainability, 11, 6119.
Feola, G. 2020. Capitalism in sustainability transitions research: Time for a critical turn? Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 35, 241-250.
Ferguson, D. 2020. 'Heat Highway": opportunity or danger. Western Producer, Nov. 26, p. 1.
Ferguson, D. 2020. Union decries agriculture cuts. Western Producer, Oct. 29.
Ferguson, D. 2021. Farmers demand say in design of carbon offset systems. Western Producer. April 8, p.3.
Ferguson, D. 2021. Rural finances remain precarious: unpaid rural taxes still drag on municipalities. Western Producer, Oct. 21, p. 1.
Ferguson, M. and Lavery, T. 2012. Seaway Underutilization: are regulations to blame? McMaster Institute for Transportation and Logistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON. http://mitl.mcmaster.ca/research/documents/marine_regulatory_final.pdf
Ferguson, S., H. Furtan, and J. Carlberg. 2006. The political economy of farmland ownership regulations and land prices. Agricultural Economics 35:59-65.
Ferguson, B.G., Miriam Aldasoro Maya, Omar Giraldo, Mateo Mier y Terán
Giménez Cacho, Helda Morales & Peter Rosset (2019) Special issue editorial: What do we mean by agroecological scaling?, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 43:7-8, 722-723,
Fess, T.L.; Kotcon, J.B.; Benedito, V.A. Crop Breeding for Low Input Agriculture: A Sustainable Response to Feed a Growing World Population. Sustainability 2011, 3, 1742-1772.
Finkelstein, M. W., Fong, L., Coschi, N. (2015). Banff National Park | The Canadian Encyclopedia. https://thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/banff-national-park
Finley, Carmel, and Naomi Oreskes. 2013. “Maximum Sustained Yield: A Policy Disguised as Science.” ICES Journal of Marine Science 70 (2): 245–50.
(2018) Does organic farming present greater opportunities for employment and community development than conventional farming? A survey-based investigation in California and Washington, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 42:5, 552-572,
Finlayson, A. 2004. Political science, political ideas and rhetoric. Economy and Society 33(4):528-549.
Fischer, J., Abson, D. J., Butsic, V., Chappell, M. J., Ekroos, J., Hanspach, J., Kuemmerle, T., Smith, H. G., & von Wehrden, H. (2014). Land Sparing Versus Land Sharing: Moving Forward. Conservation Letters, 7(3), 149–157.
Fischer, L.-B.; Newig, J. 2016. Importance of actors and agency in sustainability transitions: A systematic exploration of the literature. Sustainability, 8.
Fischer-Kowalski, M. and J. Rotmans. 2009. Conceptualizing, observing and influencing social-ecological transitions. Ecology and Society 14(2): 3.
Fisher, A. 2017. Big Hunger: The Unholy Alliance Between Corporate America and Anti-hunger Groups. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2016. Canada Country Report Supporting the Preparation of the First Report on The State of the World's Aquatic Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. FAO, Rome.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2017. Sustainability survey for fisheries. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/reports-rapports/regs/sff-cpd/survey-sondage/index-en.html
Fisheries and Oceans Canada, DFO (2021). Zebra Mussel. https://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/species-especes/profiles-profils/zebramussel-moulezebree-eng.html
Fitzpatrick, D. 2011. Small Format Grocery Stores Combating Food Deserts. http://reurbanist.com/2011/11/small-format-grocery-stores-combating-food-deserts/
Fletcher, J., Branen, L., & Price, E. (2005). Building Mealtime Environments and Relationships: An Inventory for Feeding Young Children in Group Settings. Life Sciences, 24.
Foley, J. A., N. Ramankutty, K. A. Brauman, E. S. Cassidy, J. S., Gerber, M. Johnston, N. D. Mueller, C. O’Connell, et al. 2011. Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature 478:337–342.
FAO. 2000. Food safety and quality as affected by organic farming. Twenty Second FAO Regional Conference for Europe, Porto, Portugal, July 2000.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2001. "Utilization and trade." Fisheries and Aquaculture topics. Topics Fact Sheets. In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online]. Rome.
FAO. 2004. Uses of Food Consumption and Anthropometric Surveys in the Caribbean. FAO, Rome. http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y5825e/y5825e07.htm
FAO. 2006. Quality Declared Seed System . FAO Plant Production and Pro-tection Paper No. 185. United National Food and Agricultural Organization(FAO). Rome, Italy.
FAO. 2007. The State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, edited by Barbara Rischkowsky & Dafydd Pilling. Rome
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). (2013). Food wastage footprint: Impacts on natural resources. Rome: FAO. http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3347e/i3347e.pdf
FAO. 2011. State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture
FAO. 2015. The Second Report on the State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, edited by B.D. Scherf & D. Pilling. FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Assessments. Rome
FAO. Status of Animal Genetic Resources–2016; Intergovernmental Technical Working Group on Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture; FAO: Rome, Italy, 2016.
FAO. 2018. The 10 elements of agroecology: guiding the transition to sustainable food and agricultural systems. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
FAO. 2019. The State of the World’s Aquatic Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture assessments. Rome.
Food and Drug Administration Task Force on the Use of Antibiotics in Animal Feeds. FDA Bureau of Veterinary Medicine 72-6012. February, 1972.
Food Banks Canada (2019). HungerCount 2019. Mississauga: Food Banks Canada.
Food Ethics Council. 2008. Flying Food: workshop report. Food Ethics Council, London, UK. http://www.foodethicscouncil.org/uploads/publications/airfreightworkshopreport.pdf
Food for LIfe Report. 2019. School Food Nutrition under the Microscope .... at least. Vol 6: 22-23.
Food Processing Human Resource Council (FPHRC). (2011). Who is processing your food? Food and beverage labour market information study. Ottawa: FPHRC.
FoodShare Toronto. (2013). Focus on Food: Pathways to youth employment. Toronto, ON: FoodShare Toronto. http://www.foodshare.net/files/www/FoodSharePublications/FoodShare_Focus_on_Food_Manual_2013.pdf.
FoodShare. (2019). Community Compost Exchange and School Grown Markets 2019 Report.
Foran, T. et. al. 2014. Taking Complexity in Food Systems Seriously: An
Interdisciplinary Analysis. World Development Vol. 61, pp. 85–101.
Forbes, J. D. (1985). Institutions and influence groups in Canadian farm and food policy. Monographs on Canadian Public Administration #6, Institute of Public Administration #10. Toronto: Institute of Public Administration of Canada.
Forbes, T. L. and V. E. Forbes. 1993. A Critique of the Use of Distribution-Based Extrapolation Models in Ecotoxicology.Functional Ecology 7(3):249-254.
Forget, E. “The Town with No Poverty: The Health Effects of a Canadian Guaranteed Annual Income Field Experiment,” Canadian Public Policy 37, 3 (2011): 283-305.
Forget, E. and Regehr, S. 2020. People with disabilities deserve basic income. Globe and Mail. Oct. 26. A13.
Forkes J. (2011). Measuring the shape and size of the foodshed (unpublished PhD thesis), Dept. Geography, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
Fortin, P-O. (2014, June 28). Des legumes moches, bons, pas chers. Le Soleil. http://www.lapresse.ca/le-soleil/affaires/agro-alimentaire/201406/27/01-4779518-des-legumes-moches-bons-pas-chers.php
Foster, B. (1999). Marx’s theory of metabolic rift: Classical foundations for environmental sociology. American Journal of Sociology, 105(2), 366-405.
Foster B., & Magdoff, F. (1998). Liebig, Marx, and the depletion of soil fertility: Relevance for today's agriculture. Monthly Review, 50(3), 32.
Foucault, M. 1979. Discipline and Punish: the birth of a prison. Random House, New York.
Fowke V.C. 1946. Canadian Agricultural Policy. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Fram, M. (2009). Greenhouse Toronto, once upon a time. In C. Palassio and A. Wilcox (Eds.), The Edible City: Toronto’s Food from Farm to Fork (pp. 140–147).
Toronto: Coach House Press.
Francis, C.A. and Sahs. W. 1988. Research for sustainable agriculture by U.S. universities. In: P. Allen and D. Van Dusen (eds). Global Perspectives on Agroecology and Sustainable Agricultural Systems. Agroecology Program, University of California, Santa Cruz. Pp. 113-
Francis, Charles A., Twyla E. Hansen, Allison A. Fox, Paula J. Hesje, Hana E. Nelson, Andrea E. Lawseth, and Alexandra English. 2012. . Farmland conversion to non-agricultural uses in the US and Canada: current impacts and concerns for the future. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability Vol. 10 , Iss. 1
Francis, D. 1986. Controlling Interest: who owns Canada? Seal Books, Toronto.
Franco-Arellano, B., Kim, M.A., Vandevijvere, S., Bernstein, J.T., Labonté, M-E., Mulligan, C. and L’Abbé, M. R. 2019. Assessment of Packaged Foods and Beverages Carrying Nutrition Marketing against Canada’s Food Guide Recommendations. Nutrients,11, 411-427.
Frank, R. In the real world of work and wages, trickle-down theories don’t hold up. The New York Times, 12 April 2007. Available online: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/12/business/12scene.html?_r=1 (accessed on 14 June 2012).
Franks, P., & Small, R. (2016) Understanding the social impacts of protected areas: a community perspective. IIED Research Report. IIED, London. https://pubs.iied.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/migrate/14661IIED.pdf
Fraser, D. (2004). Applying science to animal welfare standards. In Proceedings from: Global conference on animal welfare: An OIE initiative, February 23–24, 2004 (pp. 121–125). Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
Fraser, D. 2020. Chicken producers tell MPs pandemic has taken its toll. Western Producer June 11, p. 3.
Fraser, D., Koralesky, K. E., & Urton, G. (2018). Toward a harmonized approach to animal welfare law in Canada. The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 59(3), 293.
Fraser, K. and Brady, J. 2019. Exploring Social Justice Advocacy in Dietetic Education: A Content Analysis. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research 80:2-7.
Freed, K. (1985, February 25). Mulroney's Stance Contrasts With Trudeau's : Canada Woos U.S. Investors--Without Immediate Success. Retrieved March 2018, from Los Angeles Times: http://articles.latimes.com/1985-02-25/business/fi-33517_1_brian-mulroney/2
Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Publishing Inc
Frémont, A., and Franc, P. 2010. Hinterland Transportation in Europe: Combined Transport versus Road Transport. Journal of Transport Geography, 18, 548-556.
Friedland, W.H. and Kappel, T. 1979. Production or perish: changing the inequalities of agricultural research priorities. project on Social Impact Assessment and values, University of California, Santa Cruz.
Friedmann, H. (2000). What on earth is the modern world-system? Foodgetting and territory in the modern era and beyond. Journal of World-Systems Research, 6, 480-515.
Friedmann, H. (2005). From colonialism to green capitalism: Social movements and the emergence of food regimes. In F. Buttel & P. McMichael (Eds.). New directions in the sociology of global development (pp. 227-264). Research in rural sociology and development, Volumen 11. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Friedmann, H. 2007. Scaling up: Bringing public institutions and food service corporations into the project for a local, sustainable food system in Ontario. Agriculture and Human Values 24:389-398.
Friedmann, H. (2009). Discussion: Moving food regimes forward: reflections on symposium essays. Agriculture and Human Values, 26, 335-344.
Friedmann, H. and McMichael, P. 1989. Agriculture and the state system: The rise and fall of national agricultures, 1870 to the present. Sociologia Ruralis 19:93-117.
Friel, S., Barosh, L. J., & Lawrence, M. (2013). Towards healthy and sustainable food consumption: an Australian case study. Public Health Nutr, 1-11.
Fries, J. 2020. Labour shortage hampers BC fruit harvest. Western Producer Sept. 3, p. 36.
Fries, JF. 1983. The compression of morbidity. Millbank Memorial Fund Quarterly.
Fries, T. 2018. Alarm sounded over Churchill deal. Sept. 13, p.3.
Friesen, B. (2000, January 1). Landfill ban stimulates composting programs in Nova Scotia. Biocycle. http://www.environmental-expert.com/articles/landfill-ban-stimulates-composting-programs-in-nova-scotia-1117
Froy, F. & Giguere, S. (2010). Putting in place jobs that last: A guide to rebuilding quality employment at the local level. OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Working Papers. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Fujimoto, 1. 1977. The communities of the San Joaquin Valley: the relation between scale of farming, water use and the quality of life. Testimony before the Federal Task Force on Westlands, Sacramento, CA. 4 Aug.
Gabriel, Y.; Lang, T. A Brief History of Consumer Activism. In The Ethical Consumer; Harrison, R., Newholm, T., Shaw, D., Eds.; Sage: London, UK, 2005.
Galli, F., & Brunori, G. (eds.) (2013). Short food supply chains as drivers of sustainable development . Evidence document. https://orgprints.org/28858/1/evidence-document-sfsc-cop.pdf
Galliot, L. 2014. The latest French fashion: eating ugly fruits and vegetables. Grist July 29 http://grist.org/food/the-latest-french-fashion-eating-ugly-fruits-and-veggies/?utm_source=New+HEN+distribution+list&utm_campaign=d2e388cd4a-HEN_E_Bulletin_140820&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_2682faca70-d2e388cd4a-100598217
Gardow, K. (2017) Elk Row: Golf Course to Farm. http://gardowconsulting.com/tag/agri-hood/
Gari, S.R., Newton, A., Icely, J.D. and Delgado-Serrano, M.M. An Analysis of the Global Applicability of Ostrom’s Design Principles to Diagnose the Functionality of Common-Pool Resource Institutions. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1287.
Garnett, K . & Parsons D. J. (2017) Multi-Case Review of the Application of the Precautionary Principle in European Union Law and Case Law. Risk Analysis, 37: 502–516.
Garnett, T. (2006). Fruit and vegetables and U.K. Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Exploring the relationship. Sussex, U.K.: Centre for Environmental Strategy, University of Sussex.
Garnett. T. 2011. Where are the best opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas
emissions in the food system (including the food chain)? Food Policy 36:S23–S32
Garriguet, D. 2006. Overview of Canadians Eating Habits, 2004. Statistics Canada, Ottawa.
Garriguet, D. 2007. Sodium intake. Health Reports 18(3) May
Gaventa, John. 2005. Reflections on the uses of the ‘power cube’approach for analyzing the spaces, places and dynamics of civil society participation and engagement. Participatory Methods. https://www.participatorymethods.org/sites/participatorymethods.org/files/reflections_on_uses_powercube.pdf
Geerts, H. (2016). Guidelines on Permitted Uses in Ontario's Prime Agricultural Areas. Retrieved February 21, 2017, from http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/landuse/permitteduses.htm
General Accounting Office (GAO), 2001. Agricultural Pesticides: management improvements needed to further promote Integrated Pest Management, GAO 01-815, Washington, DC.
German, Peter M., Adam Ross, Archie Alafriz, Calvin Chrustie, Dale Lysak, Don Panchuk, Doug LePard, Jafer Aftab, Jerome Malysh, Michael Blanchflower and Trevor Dusterhoft. 2019. “Turning the Tide - An Independent Review of Money Laundering in B.C. Real Estate, Luxury Vehicle Sales & Horse Racing," A report produced for the Attorney General of British Columbia. March 16, 2019.
Geels, F.W. 2007. Feelings of discontent and the promise of middle range theory for STS: examples from technology dynamics. Science, Technology & Human Values 32:627–651.
Geels, F.W. 2011. The multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions: responses to seven criticisms Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions 1:24–40.
German, M. 2013. Assessing Food Access Interventions in an Urban Setting; Looking at Mobile Produce Vending Models in Toronto and Chicago. MES Major Paper, FES, York University, Toronto.
Ghaffari, A., Bunch, M., MacRae, R., & Zhao, J. (2015). Socio-economic support optimization for transition from conventional to organic farming using a spatiotemporal Agent-based Model. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies, 8(3-4), 13-25.
Ghaly AE, Ramakrishnan VV, Brooks MS, Budge SM, Dave D (2013) Fish Processing Wastes as a Potential Source of Proteins, Amino Acids and Oils: A Critical Review. J Microb Biochem Technol 5: 107-129.
Gibb, N and Wittman, H. 2013. Parallel alternatives: Chinese-Canadian farmers and the Metro Vancouver local food movement. Local Environment 18: 1–19.
Gibson, G., K. Gould, and The Firelight Group. 2020. Indigenous Conservation Agreements in Canada: A Review of Best Practices, Challenges, and Implications for the Future. The Firelight Group, West Vancouver, BC.
Gibson, R. (ed.) 2017. Sustainability Assessment: applications and opportunities. Earthscan.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. (2008). Diverse economies: Performative practices for 'other worlds'. Progress in Human Geography,32(5): 613–632.
Gibson-Graham, J.K. (2014). Rethinking the economy with thick description and weak theory. Current Anthropology,55(S9), S147-S153.
Gibson-Graham, J.K., Cameron, J. and Healy, S. 2013. Take back the economy: an ethical guide for transforming our communities. U. Minnesota Press.
Gidwani, V., & Reddy, R.N. (2011). The afterlives of “waste”: Notes from India for a minor history of capitalist surplus. Antipode, 43(5), 1625-1658.
Giest,S., Howlett,M., Understanding the preconditions of commons governance: The role of network management. Environ. Sci. Policy (2013)
Gille, Z. 2013. From risk to waste: global food waste regimes. The Sociological Review 60(S2):27–46.
Gilpin, E. M. and Hayes, M. 2020. A Collection of Voices: Land-Based Leadership, Community Wellness, and Food Knowledge Revitalization of the WJOLELP Tsartlip First Nation Garden Project. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 101-118.
Gingras, J., Asada, Y., Brady, J. and Aphramor, L. 2017. Critical Dietetics: challenging the profession from within. In: Koc, M., Summers, J. and Winson, A. (Eds.). Critical Perspectives in Food Studies, 2nd edition. Oxford University Press, Don Mills, ON.
Gjerris, M., Gamborg, C. & Saxe, H. What to Buy? On the Complexity of Being a Critical Consumer. J Agric Environ Ethics 29, 81–102 (2016)
Glazier, R. 2012. Do physician compensation reforms affect patient care and outcomes? lessons from the Ontario primary care experience. ICES, Presentation to Accelerating Primary Care, Nov. 20, 2012. http://www.albertapci.ca/NewsEvents/Events/APCC/2012/Documents/024-Glazier.pdf
Glen, B. (2015a Feb. 5). Ag groups pushing for labour changes. Western Producer, p. 46.
Glen, B. (2015b March 26). Truck drivers urgently needed. Western Producer, p. 1.
Glen, B. 2017. New rules will ban own use veterinary drug imports. Western Producer, January 19.
Glen, B. 2019. Egg sector touts animal welfare gains. Western Producer, Dec. 12, p. 2.
Glen, B. 2020. Surplus potatoes head to feedlots this spring. Western Producer, June 11, p. 51.
Glen, B. 2020. Farmland trust gains supported. Western Producer, Nov. 19, p. 12.
Glen, B. 2020. NCC buys native grassland in southern Saskatchewan. Western Producer, Sept. 23, p. 16.
Glen, B. 2020. Loose sow housing plans delayed. WP Oct. 1, p. 1
Glen, B. 2020. Alta. hog producers ask for orderly marketing. Western Producer, Dec. 3, p. 13.
Glen, B. 2020. Covid-19 trade tensions continue to worsen. WP Dec. 10, p.9.
Glen, B. 2021. Efforts continue on Alberta's orphan wells. Western Producer Feb. 18, p. 15.
Glen, B. 2021. Flight cancellations threaten bee supplies. Western Producer, April 1, p. 13.
Glen, B. 2021. Feedlot growth overtakes herd size. Western Producer, april 8, p. 61.
Gliessman, S.R. Ed. Agroecology: researching the ecological basis for sustainable agriculture, Ecological Studies Series no. 78; Springer-Verlag: New York, 1990.
Goddek, S., Delaide, B., Mankasingh, U., Ragnarsdottir, K. V., Jijakli, H., & Thorarinsdottir, R. (2015). Challenges of Sustainable and Commercial Aquaponics. Sustainability, 7(4), 4199–4224. https://doi.org/10.3390/su7044199
Goldenberg, M. P., & Meter, K. (2019). Building economic multipliers, rather than measuring them: Community-minded ways to develop economic impacts. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 8(Suppl. 3), 153–164.
Goldstein, J., Hazy, J.K., and Lichtenstein, B.B., 2010.Complexity and the nexus of leadership: lever-aging nonlinear science to create ecologies of innovation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Goldstein, N. (2013). Community composting in New York City. Biocycle, 54(11). http://www.biocycle.net/2013/11/18/community-composting-in-new-york-city/
González de Molina, M., Petersen, P., and Garrido Peña, F. 2019. Political Agroecology: Advancing the Transition to Sustainable Food Systems. CRC Press.
Gooch, M., Felfel, A.,& Marenick, N. (2010). Food waste in Canada: Opportunities to increase the competitiveness of Canada’s agri-food sector, while simultaneously improving the environment. Guelph, ON: Value Chain Management Centre.
Gooch, M. & Felfel, A. (2014). The cost of Canada’s annual food waste. Guelph, ON: Value Chain Management International. http://vcm-international.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Food-Waste-in-Canada-27-Billion-Revisited-Dec-10-2014.pdf
Goodwin, E. (2014). Extending our global impact on waste. London: WRAP U.K.
Gorgolewski, M., Komisar, J. and Nasr, J. 2009. Carrot City: designing for urban agriculture.
Gosslau, A. 2016. Assessment of food toxicology. Food Science and Human Wellness 5(3):103-115.
Gottlieb, R. and Joshi, A. (2010). Food Justice. MIT Press, Cambridge.
Gouvernement du Québec. 1979. Toward. a Scientific Research Policy for Québec. Editeur Officiel, Québec.
Govender et al (2016). Taking Stock: Sustainable Seafood in Canadian Markets. Sea Choice. http://www.seachoice.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Taking-Stock-FINAL-Report.pdf
Government of Canada. (2013). Competition Law in a Global and Innovative Economy—A Canadian Perspective. 3rd BRICS International Competition Conference. New Delhi: Government of Canada.
Government of Canada (2013). Preparing an Integrated Fisheries Management Plan (IFMP). https://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/fisheries-peches/ifmp-gmp/guidance-guide/preparing-ifmp-pgip-elaboration-eng.html#a2
Grafton, R. Quentin. 1996. “Individual Transferable Quotas: Theory and Practice.” Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 6 (1): 5–20.
Gramscii, A. 1992. J.A. Buttigieg (ed.). Prison notebooks. Columbia University Press, New York.
Grant, T. (2013 June 3). The continuing decline of the ‘middle-skill’ worker. Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/economy/jobs/the-continuing-decline-of-the-middle-skill-worker/article12303799/
Green, M. & Maynard, R. (2006). The employment benefits of organic farming. In C. Atkinson, B. Ball, D. H. K. Davies, R. Rees, G. Russell, E. A. Stockdale, C. A. Watson, R. Walker, & D. Younie (Eds.). Aspects of applied biology 79. What will organic farming deliver? (pp. 51-55).
Green, D., Jonathan Rhys Kesselman and Lindsay Tedds. 2020. CONSIDERATIONS FOR BASIC INCOME AS A COVID-19 RESPONSE. SPP Briefing Paper 13:11, University of Calgary.
Green, R.E., Cornell, S.J., Scharlemann, J.P.W. & Balmford, A. (2005). Farming and the fate of wild nature. Science, 307, 550-555.
Greenberg, D.H., Michalopoulos, C., & Robins, P.K. (2003). A meta-analysis of government-sponsored training programs. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 57, 31.
Greenstone, M. & Looney, A. (2011). Building America’s job skills with effective workforce programs: A training strategy to raise wages and increase work opportunities. The Hamilton Project Strategy Paper. Washington: Brookings. http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/papers/2011/11/training%20greenstone%20looney/11_training_greenstone_looney.pdf
Greer, A. 2012. Commons and Enclosure in the Colonization of North America. The American Historical Review, Volume 117, Issue 2, April 2012, Pages 365–386 .
Gregorich, L.J. and D.R. Coote, 2000. The Health of Our Water: Toward Sustainable Agriculture in Canada (Ottawa: Agriculture and Agri-food Canada, May.
Grewal, S,& Grewal, P. (2012). Can Cities become self-reliant on food? Cities, 29(1)1-11.
Griffin, M., Sobal, J., & Lyson, T. (2009). An analysis of a community food waste stream. Agriculture and Human Values, 26(1), 67-81.
Grin, J. et al., 2010. Transitions to sustainable development: new directions in the study of long-term transformative change. Routledge, London.
Grinder- Pedersen, L., S.E. Rasmussen, S. Bügel, L.V. Jørgensen, L.O. Dragsted, V. Gundersen and B. Sandström. 2003. Effect of diets based on foods from conventional versus organic production on intake and excretion of flavonoids and markers of antioxidative defense in humans. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 51:5671 -5676.
Gruenewald, D.A. 2003. The best of both worlds: A critical pedagogy of place. Educational Researcher, 32(4), 3-12.
Grunwald, A. 2000. Technology policy between long-term planning requirements and short-ranged acceptance problems: new challenges for technology assessment. In: J. Grin and A. Grunwald (eds.), Vision Assessment: shaping technology in the 21st century society: towards a repertoire for technology assessment. Springer, Berlin. pp. 99–148.
GSGislason and Associates Ltd. 2017. "Linkages between Seafood Harvesting and Processing," A report prepared for Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Accessed July 29, 2019. https://waves-vagues.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/40652816.pdf.
Guàrdia Bassols, Manuel, José Luis Oyón Bañales, and Nadia Fava. "The Barcelona Market System." (2015): 261-296.
Guàrdia Bassols, Manuel, Nadia Fava, and José Luis Oyón Bañales. "The compact City and Public Markets in Barcelona, Spain." Sustainable Architecture and Urban Development. The Center for the Study of Architecture in the Arab Region, 2009
Guelph Food Waste Project (GFWP). (2014). Guelph Food Waste Project research update. https://guelphfoodwaste.com/
Guest, 2003. The emergence of social security in Canada. UBC Press
Guillard Valérie, Gaucel Sébastien, Fornaciari Claudio, Angellier-Coussy Hélène, Buche Patrice, Gontard Nathalie. 2018. The Next Generation of Sustainable Food Packaging to Preserve Our Environment in a Circular Economy Context. Frontiers in Nutrition 5:121.
Guion, D. (2017). Urban agriculture: a beautiful day in the agrihood.
Guillotte, C.A., Merrien, A.M., Charbonneau, J. & Fouquet, E. (2021). La succession d’entreprise : une occasion de coopérer. Canadian Journal of Nonprofit and Social Economy Research 12(2):23-26.
Gunders, D. (2012). Wasted: How America is losing up to 40 percent of its food from farm to fork to landfill (Natural Resources Defense Council Issue Paper). Washington: NRDC.
Gunderson, L.H. and Holling, C.S., eds., 2002. Panarchy: understanding transformations in humanand natural systems. Washington, DC: Island Press
Gunningham, N. Reconfiguring environmental regulation. In Designing Government: from instruments to governance; Eliadis P.; Hill M.; Howlett, M, Eds..; McGill Queen’s University Press: Montreal and Kingston; 2005; pp. 333–352.
Gunther, M. 2014. Why are major beverage companies refusing to use a 90% recycled can? The Guardian 30 Oct.
Gura, S. (2007): Livestock Genetics Companies. Concentration and proprietary strategies of an emerging power in the global food economy. League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development, Ober-Ramstadt, Germany
Gussow, J.D., Clancy, K.L. Dietary guidelines for sustainability. Journal of Nutrition Education. 1986;18:1–5.
Gustavsson, J., Cederberg, C., Sonesson, U., van Otterdijk, R., & Meybeck, A. (2011). Global food losses and food waste. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). http://www.fao.org/docrep/014/mb060e/mb060e00.pdf.
Guthman, J. 2008. Neoliberalism and the making of food politics in California. Geoforum 39(3):1171–1183.
Guthman, J. (2008). Bringing good food to others: Investigating the subjects of alternative food practice. Cultural Geographies, 431-447.
Haas, Andrea R., Danielle N. Edwards, and U. Rashid Sumaila. 2016. “Corporate Concentration and Processor Control: Insights from the Salmon and Herring Fisheries in British Columbia.” Marine Policy 68 (June): 83–90.
Haddow, R. (2002). The changing landscape of Canadian labour market policy. Canadian Policy Research Networks. http://cprn.org/documents/28849_en.pdf
Hadwiger, D.P. 1982. The Politics of Agricultural Research. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.
Hager, M. 2018. Cities grapple with rules for keeping cannabis stores away from schools. Globe and Mail Nov. 13, A6.
Haggan, N, Neis, B. and Baird, I. (eds). 2007. Fishers' Knowledge in Fisheries Science and Management. UNESCO Publishing, Paris.
Haines, J., & Ruetz, A.T. (2020). Comprehensive, integrated food and nutrition programs in Canadian schools: A healthy and sustainable approach. Arrell Food Institute.
Hajer, M. 2003. Policy without polity: Policy analysis and the institutional void. Policy Science 36:175-195.
Haliwell, B. 2007. Still No Free Lunch: Nutrient Levels in U.S. Food Supply Eroded by Pursuit of High Yields. Boulder, CO: The Organic Centre. http://www.organic-center.org
Hallmann, E. 2012. The influence of organic and conventional cultivation systems on the nutritional value and content of bioactive compounds in selected tomato types. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 92 (14): 2840–2848.
Hallmann, E. and E. Rembialkowska. 2012. Characterisation of antioxidant compounds in sweet bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) under organic and conventional growing systems. Journal of the Science of Food and Agric 92 (12): 2409–2415.
Hallström, E., Carlsson-Kanyama, A., & Börjesson, P. (2015). Environmental impact of dietary change: a systematic review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 91, 1-11.
Hamilton, B. (2005). Agricultural Land Trusts: preserving small farm heritage. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Winnipeg, MB.
Haman, F., Fontaine-Bisson, B., Batal, M., Imbeault, P., Blais, J. M., & Robidoux, M. A. (2010). Obesity and type 2 diabetes in Northern Canada’s remote First Nations com- munities: the dietary dilemma. International Journal of Obesity,34(S2), S24–S31.
Hannay, C. 2021. An open-and-shut bind. Globe and Mail., April 8, B1.
Hannay, C. 2021. Ottawa sees few cliams for residency under Agri-Food Pilot program. Globe and Mail, Oct. 27, B1.
Hansen Sterne, R., & van Duren, E. (2019). Supply management and the business activities of Ontario meat processors. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur l’alimentation, 6(2), 26–50.
Hanway, 1978. Agricultural experiment stations and the Variety Protection Act, Part 2. Crop. add Soil. 30:5-7.
Hansen, B., H.F. Alrøe, E.S. Kristensen and M. Wier. 2002. Assessment of food safety in organic farming. DARCOF Working Papers no. 52. Copenhagen, DK: DARCOF
Hanson, N. 2019. “California’s Food Deserts, Insecurity Can Worsen after Wildfires.”
Times-Herald . https://www.timesheraldonline.com/2019/09/03/californias-food-deserts-insecurity-can-worsen-after-wildfires/
Harari, Y. N. (2014). Sapiens: A brief history of humankind . Random House
Hardy R.W. (1992) Fish Processing By-Products and their Reclamation. In: Pearson A.M., Dutson T.R. (eds) Inedible Meat by-Products. Advances in Meat Research Series, vol 8. Springer, Dordrecht
Harris, J. Bargh, J., & Brownell, K. (2009). Priming effects of television food advertising on eating behavior. Health Psychology, 28(4), 404-413.
Harris, M. 2008. The abominable pig. In C. Counihan and P. Van Esterik, Food and Culture: A Reader, 2nd edition (pp. 54-66). London: Routledge.
Harrison, G., Rathje, W, & Huges, W. (1975). Waste behavior in an urban population. Journal of Nutrition Education, 7(1), 3-16.
Harrison, R., Newholm, T., Shaw, D., Eds.; The Ethical Consumer; SAGE: London, UK, 2005.
Harrison, S. 2014. Kids Growing: Implementing School-Community Gardens in Ontario. MES Major Paper, FES, York University, Toronto.
Harry Cummings and Associates, 2005. Region of Waterloo Food Flow Analysis study. Regional Municipality of Waterloo, Waterloo.
Harvey, D. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press. 2005.
Harvey, D. (2010). Social justice and the city (Vol. 1). University of Georgia Press.
Harvey, D. Rebel cities: From the Right to the City to the Right to the Urban Revolution; Verso: London, UK, 2012
Harwood, R.R. and Madden, J.P. 1982. Research agenda for the transition to a regenerative food system. Cornucopia Project, Emmaus, PA.
Hatanaka, M., Konefal, J. and Constance, D.H. 2012. A tripartite standards regime analysis of the contested development of a sustainable agriculture standard. Agriculture and Human Values 29:65–78.
Hatchery Scientific Review Group (HSRG). 2014. Report on the Science of Hatcheries; Fisheries 39(11)
Hauser, R. (2019). Agrihoods: The sustainable communities of the future.
Havemann, T., Negra, C. & Werneck, F. Blended finance for agriculture: exploring the constraints and possibilities of combining financial instruments for sustainable transitions. Agric Hum Values 37, 1281–1292 (2020).
Havlicek, J. and Edwarjs, C.A. 1989. The potential of lower input sustainable agriculture for increasing farm profits. Dept. of Agricultural Economies and Rural Sociology, Ohio State University, Columbus.
Hawkins, R.A. 2010. Boycotts, buycotts and consumer activism in a global context: An overview. MANAGEMENT & ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY Vol 5(2): 12.
Hawkins, T. R., B. Singh, G. Majeau-Bettez, and A. H. Strømman. 2012. Comparative environmental life cycle assessment of conventional and electric vehicles. Journal of Industrial Ecology Vol. 17, Issue 1, 53-64 and Corrigium, 158–160.
Hawthorne, M. and Richards, A. 2014. EPA finds rail yards transfer pollutants as well as freight. Chicago Tribune June 27. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2014-06-27/news/ct-railyard-diesel-pollution-met-20140627_1_diesel-soot-diesel-pollution-freight
Hay, D. (2000). School-based Feeding Programs: A good choice for children? Victoria. Retrieved from https://foodsecurecanada.org/sites/foodsecurecanada.org/files/hay_-_2000.pdf
Hayden, A. (1999). Sharing the work, sparing the planet: Time, consumption and ecology. Toronto: Between the Lines.
Hayman, K., Wen, M., Khan, F., Mann, T., Pinto, A. D., & Ng, S. L. (2020). What knowledge is needed? Teaching undergraduate medical students to “go upstream” and advocate on social determinants of health . Canadian Medical Education Journal, 11(1), e57-e61.
Hazledine, T. 1998. Rationalism rebuffed? Lessons from modern Canadian and New Zealand Competition policy. Review of Industrial Organization 13(1/2): 243-264,
Management”, Administration & Society Vol. 47 No. 6, pp. 711-739.
Health Canada. (1976). Report of the Committee on Diet and Cardiovascular Disease. Ottawa: Health Canada.
Health Canada, 2003. Health Canada announces new mandatory nutrition labelling to help Canadians make informed choices for healthy eating" [news release] (Ottawa: Health Canada, January 2, 2003)
Health Canada website. 2008. Food and Nutrition: Nutrition Labeling. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/label-etiquet/nutrition/index-eng.php.
Healthy Kids Panel (2013). No Time To Wait: The Healthy Kids Strategy. Report to the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. Ontario Ministry of Health, Toronto.
Heckman, J.J. (2000). Policies to foster human capital. Research in Economics, 54, 3–56.
Hedley D.D. 2006. Why is there no Canadian food policy in place? Canadian Issues Winter:20–27.
Hedley, D.D. 2017. Governance in Canadian agriculture. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Econonics 65(4):523-541.
Heffernan, W.D. 1986. Review and evaluation of social externalities. In: K. Dahlberg (ed.). New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research: neglected dimensions and emerging alternatives. Rowman and Allanheld, Totowa, NJ, Pp. 199-220.
Heinemann, J.A., Sarah Zanon Agapito-Tenfen, Judy A. Carman. 2013. A comparative evaluation of the regulation of GM crops or products containing dsRNA and suggested improvements to risk assessments, Environment International, 55:43-55.
Heldke, L. (2008). Let's Cook Thai: Recipes for Colonialism. In C. Counihan and P. Van Esterik, Food and Culture: A Reader, 2nd edition (pp. 327-341). London: Routledge.
Heller, M. C., Keoleian, G. A., & Willett, W. C. (2013). Toward a Life Cycle-Based, Diet-level Framework for Food Environmental Impact and Nutritional Quality Assessment: A Critical
Heller, M.C.; Selke, S.E.M.; Keoleian, G.A. Mapping the Influence of Food Waste in Food Packaging Environmental Performance Assessments. J. Ind. Ecol. 2018, 5, 134.
Hendrickson, M.K and W.D. Heffernan. 2002. Opening Spaces through Relocalization: Locating Potential Resistance in the Weakness of the Global Food System. Sociologia Ruralis 42(4):347-369.
Hendrickson, Mary K., and Harvey S. James. 2005. The ethics of constrained choice: How the industrialization of agriculture impacts farming and famer behavior. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18: 269–291.
Hendrickson, Mary K., and Harvey S. James. 2016. Power, fairness and constrained choice in agricultural markets: A synthesizing framework. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29: 945–967.
Hendrix, P.F. 1987. Strategies for research and management in reduced input agroecosystems. American J. of Alternative Agriculture 2: 166-172.
Hennebry, J. & Preibisch, K. (2010). A model for managed migration? Re-examining best practices in Canada's Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program. International Migration, 50, s1, e19-e40.
Weaving Indigenous knowledge systems and Western sciences in terrestrial research, monitoring, and management in Canada: A protocol for a systematic map. Ecol Solut Evidence. 2021; 2: e12057., , , et al.
Henry, Carol J; Allison, Derek J and Gracia, Alicia C. 2003. “Child Nutrition Programs in Canada and the United States: A Comparative Approach.” Journal of School Health. Vol. 73. No. 2. Pp. 83-85.
Hepburn, P. et al., 2008. The application of post-market monitoring to novel foods. Food and Chemical Toxicology 46:9–33.
Herman, L. 2020. Carbon border taxes will change WTO outdated provisions. Globe and Mail. Dec. 22, B.4.
Hernandez, K., Engler-Stringer, R., Kirk, S., Wittman, H. and McNicholl, S. 2018. The case for a Canadian national school food program. Canadian Food Studies 5(3): 208-229.
Herrin, M. and Gussow, J.D. 1989. Designing a sustainable diet. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behaviour 21:270-275.
Hessing, M. Howlett, M. and Summerville, T. 2005. Canadian Natural Resource and Environmental Policy: political economy and public policy, 2nd edition. UBC Press, Vancouver.
Hickel, J. 2020. Less is more: how degrowth will save the world. Penguin.
Higgins, C. and Ferguson, M. 2011. An exploration of the freight village concept and its applicability to Ontario. McMaster Institute for Transportation and Logistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON. http://mitl.mcmaster.ca/research/documents/MITL_Freight_Villages_January.pdf.
Hightower, J. 1972. Hard Tomatoes, Bard Times: tbe failure of tbe land-qrant complex. Agribusiness Accountabi1ity Project, Washington.
Hilbeck, A., Binimelis, R., Defarge, N. et al. 2015. No scientific consensus on GMO safety. Environ Sci Eur 27, 4.
Hill, J. 2013. Life Cycle Analysis of Biofuels. (In: Editor: Simon A Levin), Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition). Academic Press, pp. 627-630,
Hill, M. 1994. The Choice of Mode for Regulation: a case study of the Federal Pesticide Registration Review, 1988-1992. PhD Dissertation. Carleton University, Ottawa.
Hill, S.B. 1978. Agricultural chemicals and the soil. ln: Canadian Plains Research Centre (ed.). Cbemical. and Agriculture: problems and alternatives. University of Regin~, Regina, SK. Pp. 18-53.
Hill, S.B. 1982. A global food and agriculture policy for western countries: laying the foundation. Nutrition and Health 1:108-117.
Hill, S.B. 1984a. Organic farming in Canada. Ecological Agriculture Projects Research Paper #4. Ste-Anne de Bellevue, QC.
Hill, S.B. (1985). Redesigning the food system for sustainability. Alternatives, 12(3/4),32-36.
Hill, S.B. 1986b. Sustainable human development: driving and restraining forces in the food system: a submission to the world commission on environment and development. Regional Priorities 1(2):2-6.
Hill SB 2001. Transformative outdoor education for healthy communities within sustainable environments. Pp. 7-19 in 12thNational Outdoor Education Conference: Education Outdoors – Our Sense of Place - Conference Proceedings. Victorian Outdoor Education Association, Carlton, VIC.
Hill SB 2003, Autonomy, mutualistic relationships, sense of place and conscious caring: a hopeful view of the present and future. Pp. 180-196 in JI Cameron (ed.), Changing Places: Re-imagining Australia, Longueville, Sydney, NSW.
Hill, SB 2011. Social ecology: an Australian perspective. Pp. 17-30 in D Wright, C Camden-Pratt & SB Hill (eds.), Social Ecology: Applying Ecological Understanding to our Lives and our Planet. Hawthorn, Stroud, UK.
Hill, SB 2012. Education to change the world: learning for realising one’s personal, social & ecological potential. 21st Century Learning [Blog], School of Education, Western Sydney University, 3pp.
Hill, SB 2014. Considerations for enabling the ecological redesign of organic and conventional agriculture: a social ecology and psychological perspective, Ch. 22 (Pp. 401-422) in: S Bellon & S Penvern (eds.). Organic Farming: Prototype for Sustainable Agricultures. Springer, London.
Hill, S.B. 2020. Transformative learning priorities. In: Wright, D. and Hill, S.B. (eds). SOCIAL ECOLOGY: TRANSFORMING WORLDVIEWS and PRACTICES. Routledge, pp. 28-41.
Hill, S.B. & MacRae, R.J. (1988). Developing sustainable agriculture education in Canada. Agriculture and Human Values, 5,4, 92-94.
Hill, S.B. and R.J. MacRae. 1995. Conceptual framework for the transition from conventional to sustainable agriculture. J. Sustainable Agriculture 7:81-87.
Hine, R. and Pretty, J. 2008. Organic agriculture and food security in Africa. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP): Geneva and New York.
Hingston, S.T. and T.J. Noseworthy, 2020. On the epidemic of food waste: Idealized prototypes and the aversion to misshapen fruits and vegetables. Food Quality and Preference, 86, 103999.
Hinrichs, C.C.. The practice and politics of food system localization. Journal of Rural Studies 2003, 19, 33–45, p. 37.
Hinrichs, C.C. 2014. Transitions to sustainability: a change in thinking about food systems change? Agric Hum Values 31:143–155.
Hjalmarson, E., Bunn, R., Cohen, A., Terbasket, E., & Gahman, L. (2015). Race, Food, and Borders: Situating Migrant Struggle in the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 5(4), 77-82.
Hobæk, B. and Lie, AK. Less is more: Norwegian drug regulation, antibiotic policy, and the “need clause.” Milbank Q. 2019; 97(3):762–795.
2021). Food supply chain resilience and the COVID-19 pandemic: What have we learned?. Can J Agr Econ. 2021; 69: 189– 196.(
Hobin E, Bollinger B, Sacco J, Liebman E, Vanderlee L, Zuo F, Rosella L, L’Abbe MR, Manson H, Hammond D. Consumers’ Response to an On-Shelf Nutrition Labelling System in Supermarkets: Evidence to Inform Policy and Practice. The Milbank Quarterly 2017; 95(3):494-534
Hodges, R.O. and Schofield, A.M. 1983. Agricologenic disease: a review of the negative impacts of agricultural systems. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 1:269-325.
Hodges, R.J., Buzby, J.C., & Bennett, B. (2011). Postharvest losses and waste in developed and less developed countries: Opportunities to improve resource use. Journal of Agricultural Science, 149, 37-45.
Hoelzer, K., Bielke, L., Blake, D.P. et al. Vaccines as alternatives to antibiotics for food producing animals. Part 1: challenges and needs. Vet Res 49, 64 (2018a).
Hoelzer, K., Bielke, L., Blake, D.P. et al. Vaccines as alternatives to antibiotics for food producing animals. Part 2: new approaches and potential solutions. Vet Res 49, 70 (2018b).
Hoffman, J. 2013. Theorizing power in transition studies: the role of creativity and novel practices in structural change. Policy Sciences 46:257-275.
Holden, M., 2005. Canada's Domestic Agricultural Supports and the WTO. Library of Parliament, Ottawa.
Holling, C.S., 1973. Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4, 1–23.
Holling, C.S., 2001. Understanding the complexity of economic, ecological, and social systems.Ecosystems, 4 (5), 390–405.
Holmberg, S.D. et al. 1984. Animal-to-man transmission of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella: investigations of US outbreaks, 1971-1983. Science 225:833-835.
Holmes, Peter, Tom Reilly & Jim Rollo, Border carbon adjustments and the potential for protectionism" (2011) 11:2 Climate Policy 883 at 885.
Homer-Dixon, T., 2006.The upside of down: catastrophe, creativity, and the renewal of civilization.Toronto: Vintage Canada.
Homer-Dixon, T., B. Walker, R. Biggs, A.-S. Crépin, C. Folke, E. F. Lambin, G. D. Peterson, J. Rockström, M. Scheffer, W. Steffen, and M. Troell. 2015. Synchronous failure: the emerging causal architecture of global crisis. Ecology and Society 20(3): 6.
Honeyman, M.S. 2005. Extensive bedded indoor and outdoor pig production systems in USA: current trends and effects on animal care and product quality. Livestock Production Science 94:15-24.
Honeyman, M.S., & Lammers, P. (2011). Energy use and nutrient cycling in pig production systems. Ames, IA: Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture. http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1386&context=leopold_grantreports
Hooker, C. A. (1994). “Notes toward the definition of agriculture,” Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Supplement 7(1): 62–63.
Hopewell J, Dvorak R, Kosior E. Plastics recycling: challenges and opportunities. (2009). Philos. Trans. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci. 364:2115–2126
Hopkins, T. and Wallerstein, I. (1986). Commodity Chains in the World-Economy Prior to 1800. Review (Fernand Braudel Center), (10)1, 157-170.
House of Commons Standing Committee on Agriculture and Agrifood. 2017. Next Agricultural Policy Framework. 42nd Parliament, 1st Session. March.
House of Commons Standing Committee on Health. 2018. A study on the status of antimicrobial resistance in Canada and related recommendations. https://www.ourcommons.ca.
Howard, A. An Agricultural Testament; Oxford University Press: New York and London, 1943.
Howard, A. The Soil and Health: a study of organic agriculture; Devin-Adair: New York, 1947.
Howard, P. 2007. Organic Industry Structure. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. Available at Web site http://www.msu.edu/~howardp/.
Howard, P.H.; Allen, P. Beyond organic: Consumer interest in new labeling schemes in the central coast of California. International Journal of Consumer Studies 2006, 30, 439–451: 439.
Howe, K. 2017. France’s ‘Double Performance’ Agricultural Policy: Insights for Ontario? Or ‘Don’t mention agroecology or France’. MES Major Paper, FES, York University.
Howlett M. What is a policy instrument? policy tools, policy mixes and policy styles. In Designing Government: from instruments to governance; Eliadis P,; Hill M,; Howlett M, Eds.; McGill Queen’s University Press: Montreal and Kingston, 2005; pp.31–50.
Howlett, M. 2009a. Governance modes, policy regimes and operational plans: A multi-level nested model of policy instrument choice and policy design. Policy Sciences 42 (1):73-89.
Howlett, M. 2009b. Government Communication as a Policy Tool: A Framework for Analysis. The Canadian Political Science Review 3(2) June. http://ojs.unbc.ca/index.php/cpsr/article/viewFile/134/184
Howlett, M., Ramesh, M. and Perl, A. 2010. Studying Public Policy: policy cycles and policy subsystems. Oxford, Toronto.
Huber, M., M.H. Bakker, W. Dijk, H.A.B. Prins and F.A.C. Wiegant. 2012. The challenge of evaluating health effects of organic food; operationalisation of a dynamic concept of health. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 92 (14): 2766-2773.
Hudek, R.E. 2000. “Like product”: The differences in meaning in GATT Articles I and III. In T. Cottier and P. Mavroidis (eds.). Regulatory Barriers and the Principle of Non-discrimination in World Trade Law. University of Michigan Press, Lansing, MI. p. 101-123.
Hui, A., Krashinsky Robertson, S. and Atkins, E. 2022. Supply chain reaction: why our fragile food system is being disrupted. Globe and Mail, Jan. 21, A1.
Hume, M. 2021. Something fishy. Globe and Mail, June 12, O1.
Hutchings, J.A. and Post (2013). Gutting Canada’s Fisheries Act: No Fishery, No Fish Habitat Protection. Fisheries 33(11): 497-501.
Hutchings, J.A., Côté, I.M., Dodson, J.J., Fleming, I.A., Jennings, S., Mantua, N.J., Peterman, R.M., Riddell, B.E., Weaver, A.J. and VanderZwaag, D.L. 2012. Sustaining Canadian marine biodiversity: responding to the challenges posed by climate change, fisheries, and aquaculture. Expert panel report prepared for the Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa
Ibbitson, J. 2021. Ontario looks to remove Catch-22 stifling immigrant workers. Globe and Mail Oct. 21, A5.
Ihle, R., Rubin, O.D., Bar-Nahum, Z. et al. Imperfect food markets in times of crisis: economic consequences of supply chain disruptions and fragmentation for local market power and urban vulnerability. Food Sec. 12, 727–734 (2020).
Imhof, J. G., Lapointe, N. W., Metikosh, S., & Hasler, C. T. (2021). Regaining Lost Protections: Status of the Revisions to the Canadian Fisheries Act. Fisheries, 46(7), 329–334.
Institute for Community Economics. 1982. The Community Land Trust Handbook. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA.
Institute for Local Self-Reliance. 2003. Physical size caps on retail businesses. http://www.newrules.org/retail/size.html
Interdepartmental Steering Group on Food Policy. (1978). Recent developments in Food Strategy. 13 December. Ottawa: Government of Canada.
Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK). (2017). An Inuit-specific approach for the Canadian Food Policy. Ottawa: Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami.
Ionescu-Ittu, R., Glymour, M. and Kaufman, J.S. 2015. A difference-in-differences approach to estimate the effect of income-supplementation on food insecurity. Preventive Medicine 70:108-116.
Ipsos Public Affairs (2017, April). Community Food Centres Canada: Canadian attitudes towards issues of food access, food insecurity and health.
Ishdorj, Ariun; Crepinsek, Mary Kay and Jensen, Helen H. 2013. “Children’s Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables: Do School Environment and Policies Affect Choices at School and Away from School.” Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy. Vol. 35. No. 2. Pp. 341-359.
Ives, C.D., Freeth, R. & Fischer, J. Inside-out sustainability: The neglect of inner worlds. Ambio 49, 208–217 (2020).
Jackman, M. 2000. Constitutional jurisdiction over health in Canada. Health Law Journal 8:95-117. http://www.hli.ualberta.ca/HealthLawJournals/~/media/hli/Publications/HLJ/HLJ8-jackmanfrm.pdf
Jackson, P. 2010. Families and food: beyond the cultural turn? Social Geography 6:51-74.
Jackson, P., Ward, N., & Russell, P. (2006). Mobilising the commodity chain concept in the politics of food and farming. Journal of Rural Studies, 22, 129‐141.
Jackson, W. 1980. New Roots for Agriculture. Unviversity of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Neb.
Jackson, W., Berry, W. and Coulman, B. (eds.). 1984. Meeting the Expectations of the Land. Northpoint Press Book., San Francisco.
Jacobsen, E.; Dulsrud, A. Will consumers save the world? The framing of political consumerism.Agric. Environ. Ethics 2007, 20, 469–482.
Jacobson, S. K., McDuff, M. D., & Monroe, M. C. (2015). Conservation Education and Outreach Techniques. Oxford University Press.
Jacquet, J. Conserving wild fish in a sea of market-based efforts. Oryx (January 2010), 44 (1), pg. 45-5.
Jaenichen, U. & Stephan, G. (2007). The effectiveness of targeted wage subsidies for hard to place workers. IAB Discussion Paper No 16. Nimberg, Germany: German Federal Employment Agency. Retrieved from: http://doku.iab.de/discussionpapers/2007/dp1607.pdf
Jaffe, J. and Gertler, M. 2006. Victual vicissitudes: consumer deskilling and the (gendered) transformation of food systems. Agriculture and Human Values 23:143-162.
Jambeck, J. et al. 2015. Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science 13 Feb 2015: Vol. 347, Issue 6223, pp. 768-771
Jameson, G. 2021. Advertising, Labeling and Marketing: updates in Canadian food law and policy. Presentation to the 2021 Conference of the Canadian Association of Food Law and Policy, Vancouver. May 13.
Jankielsohn, A. (2018) The Importance of Insects in Agricultural Ecosystems. Advances in Entomology, 6, 62-73.
Jansen, K. (2000). Labour, livelihoods and the quality of life in organic agriculture in Europe.Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 17, 247-278.
Jarvis, D.L. et al. 2011. An Heuristic Framework for Identifying Multiple Ways of Supporting the Conservation and Use of Traditional CropVarieties within the Agricultural Production System. Critical Reviews in Plant Science 30(1/2): 125-176
Javed, N. 2021. Who will be the last farmer left? Toronto Star Aug. 29, A1
Jayawickreme, E. Forgeard, M.J.C., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2012). The engine of well-being. Review of General Psychology, 16,4, 327-342.
Jeffery, B. 2019a. Finding concordance between nutrition law reform and epidemiological estimates of public health impact. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp 221-236.
Jeffery, B. 2019b. A recipe for effective nutrition front-of-pack labeling: lessons from Canada, Codex and the WHO. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp 237-262.
Jeffery, B. 2019c. Re-thinking food taxes. Food for Life Report 6:20.
Jeffery, B. 2019d. Eating the Planet. Food for Life Report 6:18-19.
Jeffrey, S. R., Trautman, D. E., & Unterschultz, J. R. (2017). Canadian agricultural business risk management programs: Implications for farm wealth and environmental stewardship. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, 65(4), 543-565.
Jessop, B. (2012), “Metagovernance”. Bevir, M. (Ed.), The SAGE Handbook of
Governance. SAGE Publications Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 106-123.
Jochim, A. E., & May, P. J. (2010). Beyond subsystems: Policy regimes and governance. Policy Studies Journal, 38(2), 303–327.
Johal, S. and Hartmann, E. 2019. Facilitating the future of work through a modernized EI system. Public Policy Forum, The Mowat Centre, Ottawa.
Johns, T. 1990. With Bitter Herbs they Shall Eat It. University of Arizona Press
Johnson, L. (2009). Revisiting victory: Gardens past, gardens future. In C. Palassio and A. Wilcox (Eds.), The Edible City: Toronto’s Food from Farm to Fork (pp. 58–65). Toronto: Coach House Press.
Johnston, J. The citizen-consumer hybrid: Ideological tensions and the case of Whole Foods Market. Theory Soc. 2008, 37, 229–270.
Johnston, J. (2008). Counter-hegemony or bourgeois piggery? Food politics and the case of FoodShare. The fight over food: producers, consumers, and activists challenge the global food system . University Park: Pennsylvania State University, 93-120.
Johnston, J. & Baker, L. (2005). Eating outside the box: FoodShare’s Good Food Box and the challenge of scale. Agriculture and Human Values, 22, 313-325.
Johnston, J. and Cappeliez, S. 2017. You are what you eat: enjoying (and transforming) food culture. In: Koc, M. et al. (eds). Critical Perspectives in Food Studies, 2nd Ed. Oxford University Press, Don Mills, pp. 34-48.
Johnstone, P. and Newell, P. 2018. Sustainability transitions and the state. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions 27:72–82.
Jolly, Clara. (2015). Institutionaliser L’Agro-ecologie: Tragectoire d’une Politique d’Ecologisation de l’Agriculture. [Memoire de Master 2 Recherche en science politique, Universite Lille II]. Unpublished.
Jones, A., J Lennert Veerman and David Hammon. 2015. HEALTH AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF SUGARY DRINKS IN CANADA. Canadian Cancer Society,Canadian Diabetes Association,Childhood Obesity Foundation, Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada, and Heart & Stroke. https://www.heartandstroke.ca/-/media/pdf-files/canada/2017-heart-month/health-and-economic-impacts-of-sugary-drinks-research.ashx?la=en
Jones, J. 2021. European Union's sweeping climate plan serves notice to the world. Globe and Mail. July 15, B1.
Juncos, M. 2021. Assessing agroecological principles at the Intervale, Burlington, Vermont: A case study and multimethod research with a participatory approach in a peri-urban socioecological system. PhD Dissertation, Faculty of Environmental and Urban Change, York University, Toronto.
Jungbluth, N., Tietje, O., & Scholz, R. (2000). Food purchases: Impacts from the consumers’ point of view investigated with a modular LCA. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 5(3), 134-142.
Junge, R., König, B., Villarroel, M., Komives, T., Jijakli, M., Junge, R., … Jijakli, M. H. (2017). Strategic Points in Aquaponics. Water, 9(3), 182. https://doi.org/10.3390/w9030182
Jussaume, R., Glenna, L,.2009. Considering structural, individual and social network explanations for ecologically sustainable agriculture: an example drawn from Washington State Wheat Growers. Sustain. 1, 120-132.
Just, F., Heinz, I., 2000. Do ‘soft’ regulations matter? in: Brouwer F., Lowe P. (Eds.), CAP Regimes and the European Countryside: prospects for integration between agricultural, regional, and environmental policies. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, pp. 241-255.
Justicia for Migrant Workers. (2006). The Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program. Retrieved from: http://justicia4migrantworkers.org/saw_new.htm
Kaiser, M., Goldson, S., Buklijas, T. et al. Towards Post-Pandemic Sustainable and Ethical Food Systems. Food ethics 6, 4 (2021).
Kamal, A.G. and Ithinto Mechisowin Program Committee. 2020. Cultivating Resurgence from the Indigenous Food Sovereignty Lens: A Case Study from Northern Manitoba. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 119-134.
Karolefski, J. (2015, Nov. 15). The future of demand forecasting: Usage by grocers is lagging. Progressive Grocer. Retrieved from http://www.progressivegrocer.com/departments/technology/future-demand-forcasting.
Kassie, M. (2019). Grow small, think big: Designing a local food system for london, ontario. Urban Design International, 24(2), 142-155.
Kaufman, J. (2009). Food systems planning: Moving up the planner’s ladder. Plan Canada. 49(2),12–16.
Keith, I. and Matthei, C. 1983. New developments in social investing. Community Economics 1.
Kelling, K.A. and Klenne, R.M. 1990. Results of the UW "Listening Sessions" on Sustainable agriculture. ln: Extending Sustainable Systems. Minnesota State Department of Agriculture, Minneapolis, MN. Pp. 195-202.
Kelton, Stephanie, The Deficit Myth, PublicAffairs. June 2020.
Kemp R., van Lente H., The dual challenge of sustainability transitions. Environ. Innov. Soc. Transitions, 2011, 1, 121–124.
Kemp, R., Loorbach, D., & Rotmans, J. (2007). Transition management as a model for managing processes of co-evolution towards sustainable development. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 14, 78–91.
Kenny, T.-A., Wesche, S., Fillion, M., MacLean, J., & Chan, H. M. (2018). Supporting Inuit food security: A synthesis of initiatives in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region, Northwest Territories. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 5(2), 73-110.
Kent, George. 2003. “Fish Trade, Food Security and the Human Right to Adequate Food." Report of the Expert Consultation on International Fish Trade and Food Security. Casablanca, Morocco, 27 – 30 January 2003. FAO Fisheries Report. No. 708. Rome, FAO.
Kepkiewicz, L. 2017. Understanding food sovereignty in Canada: settler colonialism and Indigenous–settler alliances. In: Desmarais, A.A. Claeys, P. and Trauger, A. (eds). Public Policies for Food Sovereignty: social movements and the state. Routledge, London and New York. pp. 164-180.
Kepkiewicz, L. and Dale, B. 2019. Keeping "our" Land: Property, Agriculture and Tensions between Indigenous and Settler Visions of Food Sovereignty in Canada/ Journal of Peasant Studies 46 (5), 983-1002.
Kepkiewicz, L., & Rotz, S. (2018). Toward anti-colonial food policy in Canada? (Im)possibilities within the settler state. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 5(2), 13-24.
Kern, F. and Rogge, K.S. 2018. Harnessing theories of the policy process for analysing the politics of sustainability transitions: A critical survey. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions 27:102–117.
Kerr, J. 2021. Canadian laws need U.S.-style makeover: competition regulator. Globe and Mail Nov. 8, B1.
Kerr, W.A. and Gaisford, J.D. (eds.). 2007. Handbook of International Trade Policy. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.
Kettunen, L. 1986. Self-sufficiency of agriculture in Finland in 1970-83. J. Agric. Sci. Finland 58(4):143-150.
Kierans, E. and Stewart, W. 1988. Wrong end of the rainbow: the collapse of free entreprise in Canada. Collins, Toronto.
King, F.H. Farmers of Forty Centuries: permanent agriculture in China, Korea and Japan; Rodale Press: Emmaus, PA, 1911 (reissued 1990).
King, R., Rollins, T.J., 1995. Factors influencing the adoption of a nitrogen testing program. J. Ext. [On-line serial], 33(4)
Kingdon, J.W. 1984. Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies. Little Brown, Boston.
Kingdon, John W. 1995. Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies, 2nd ed. Harper Collins College, New York.
Kiran T, Pinto AD. Swimming 'upstream' to tackle the social determinants of health. BMJQualSaf 2016;25:138–140.
Kirschenmann, F. L., Stevenson, G. W., Buttel, F., Lyson, T. A., & Duffy, M. (2008). Why worry about the agriculture of the middle? In Food and the mid-level farm: renewing an agriculture of the middle (pp. 3–22). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Kiselbach, D. 2013. Steering Through Canada Cabotage Laws. 2012/2013 Lexpert® CCCA/ACCJE Corporate Counsel Directory and Yearbook. Miller Thompson, Toronto. http://www.millerthomson.com/assets/files/article_attachments2/DLK_2012-07_LexpertCCC.pdf
Kissinger, M. 2012. International trade related food miles – The case of Canada. Food Policy 37 171–178.
Klein, B. P. 1987. Nutritional consequences of minimal processing of fruits and vegetables. J. Food Quality 10:179-193.
Klein, S. 2020. A Good War: moblizing Canada for the climate emergency. ECW Press, Toronto.
Kloppenburg, J.; Stevenson, G.W.; Hendrickson, J. Coming into the foodshed. Agriculture and Human Values 1996,13(1), 33–42.
Kneen, B. 1992. Feeding the family, trading the leftovers. The Ram's Horn 91:1-4.
Kneen, B. (1992). The rape of canola. Toronto: Dundurn.
Kneen, B. (1995). From land to mouth: Second helping: Understanding the food system. Toronto: NC Press. http://www.ramshorn.ca/sites/default/files/LandToMouth.pdf
Kneen, B. and Kneen, C. 1987. Towards the 'decommodification' of land and food. The Ram's Horn 42:1-7.
Knibb, Helen, Pat Learmonth, and Monique Gatt. 2012. “Learning to Become a Farmer: Findings from a FarmON Alliance Survey of New Farmers in Ontario”.
Knowler, D., Bradshaw, B., 2007. Farmers’ adoption of conservation agriculture: a review of synthesis of recent research. Food Pol. 32, 25-48.
Koc, M. and Bas, J.A. 2012. Canada’s Action Plan for Food Security: the interactions between civil society and the state to advance food security in Canada. In: MacRae, R.J. and Abergel, E. (eds). Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: advocacy and opportunity for civil society. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC. Pp. 173-203.
Koc, M., & Koc, H. (1999). From Staple Store to Supermarket: The Case of TAIUSAS in Izmir, Turkey. For Hunger-proof Cities, 115.
Koc, M., MacRae, R., Desjardins, E. and Roberts, W. 2008. Getting civil about food: the interactions between civil society and the state to advance food security in Canada. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition 3(2):122-144.
Koç, M., R. MacRae, A. Noack and O. Guclu-Ustundag.2012. What is food studies? Characterizing an emerging academic field through the eyes of Canadian scholars. In: M. Koc, J. Sumner and T. Winson. (eds). Critical Perspectives in Food Studies. Oxford University Press, Don Mills, ON. Pp. 4-15.
Koc, M., A. Noack, R. MacRae, O. Guclu-Ustundag, P. Williams and A.M. Hamelin. 2010. Capturing the outcomes and impacts of SSHRC funding in food studies: 1998–2007. Report submitted to SSHRC, Corporate Performance and Evaluation section
Koch, H. (2009, August). Canada’s enhanced feed ban – 2 years later. Render Magazine. http://www.rendermagazine.com/articles/2009-issues/2009-august/2009-08-international-report/
Koen, E. L. (2018). Reproductive Ecology of Recently Established Wild Pigs in Canada. The American Midland Naturalist, 179(2), 275–286
Koenig, H. 1985. Session summary. ln: T. Edens, C. Fridgen, and S. Battenfield (eds.). Sustainable Agriculture and Integrated Farming Systems. Michigan State University, East Lansing. pp. 43-48.
Koh, E., S. Kaffka and A.E. Mitchell. 2013. A long‐term comparison of the influence of organic and conventional crop management practices on the content of the glycoalkaloid α‐tomatine in tomatoes. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 93 (7): 1537-1542.
Köhler, J., Frank W. Geels, Florian Kern, Jochen Markard, Elsie Onsongo, Anna Wieczorek, Floortje Alkemade, Flor Avelino, Anna Bergek, Frank Boons, Lea Fünfschilling, David Hess, Georg Holtz, Sampsa Hyysalo, Kirsten Jenkins, Paula Kivimaa, Mari Martiskainen, Andrew McMeekin, Marie Susan Mühlemeier, Bjorn Nykvist, Bonno Pel, Rob Raven, Harald Rohracher, Björn Sandén, Johan Schot, Benjamin Sovacool, Bruno Turnheim, Dan Welch, Peter Wells. 2019. An agenda for sustainability transitions research: State of the art and future directions. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 31, 1-32.
Kohn, M. (2011). The generation of food waste from supermarkets in Ontario & impacts on the food system (Unpublished master’s thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, ON.
Koistinen, K.; Teerikangas, S. 2021. The Debate If Agents Matter vs. the System Matters in Sustainability Transitions—A Review of the Literature. Sustainability 13,
Kolbert, E.The Sixth Extinction: An Unnatural History (Henry Holt and Company, 2014)
Kollenda, E., Baldock, D., Hiller, N. and Lorant A. (2020) Transitioning towards cage-free farming in the EU: Assessment of environmental and socio-economic impacts of increased animal welfare standards. Policy report by the Institute for European Environmental Policy, Brussels & London.
Konar, M., Lin, X., Ruddell, B., & Sivapalan, M. (2018). Scaling properties of food flow networks. PLOS One, 13(7), Article e0199498
Konforti, L. 2010. International Trade Law and Local Food Policy in Canada. Equiterre, Montreal. http://www.org/en/publication/international-trade-law-and-lfs-policy-in-canada-2010.
Koont, S. “Food Security in Cuba.” Monthly Review, January 1, 2004.
Koricanac, A. et al. 2019. The Effect of ULO and NA Storage on Changes in the Quality of Apple Fruit (Malus domestica Borkh.) during Shelf Life. Agronomy 2020, 10, 25.
Kostakis,V. and Bauwens. M. 2014. Network Society and Future Scenarios for a Collaborative Economy. London: Palgrave MacMillan.
Kouba, M. 2003. Quality of organic animal products. Livestock Production Science 80:33-40;
Kouri, L., Engler-Stringer, R., Thomson, T., and Wood, M. 2020. Food Justice in the Inner City: Reflections from a Program of Public Health Nutrition Research in Saskatchewan. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 173-193.
Kovach, J., Petzoldt, C., Degni, J., and Tette, J. 1992. A method to measure the environmental impact of pesticides. New York’s Food and Life Sciences Bulletin 139:1–8.
Kramer, K. J. (2000). Food matters: On reducing energy use and greenhouse gas emissions from household food consumption (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Groningen, The Netherlands: Universal Press.
Krashinsky Robertson, S. 2019. Food industry outcry recasts ad rules for kids. Globe and Mail, January 14, B.1.
Krashinsky Robertson, S. 2021. Empire calls for grocery code of condust Globe and Mail, March 26, B5.
Krashinsky Robertson, S.2022. Parkland Corp. buys M&M Food Market. Globe and Mail, January 19, B4.
Kremen, C. (2015). Reframing the land-sparing/land-sharing debate for biodiversity conservation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1355(1), 52–76.
Kroma, M.M., 2006. Organic farmer networks: facilitating learning and innovation for sustainable agriculture. J. Sustain. Agric. 28,4, 5-28.
Krome, M. 1988. The Sourthwest Wisconsin Farmers' Research Network 1986-1987. Wisonconsin Rural Development Center, Black Earth, Wi.
Kuhn, T. 1970. The Structure of Scientific Revolution. 2nd edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicaqo.
Kumar, A., & Smith, S. (2018). Understanding local food consumers: Theory of planned behavior and segmentation approach. Journal of food products marketing , 24(2), 196-215.
Kuminoff, N., Wossink. A., 2010. Why isn’t more US cropland organic? J. Agric. Econ. 61, 240–258.
Kuo, F. E., & Taylor, A. F. (2004). A potential natural treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Evidence from a national study. American Journal of Public Health, 94(9), 1580–1586.
Kuczyńska, B., K. Puppel, M. Gołȩbiewski, E. Metera, T. Sakowski and K. Słoniewski. 2012. Differences in whey protein content between cow's milk collected in late pasture and early indoor feeding season from conventional and organic farms in Poland. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 92 (14): 2899-2904.
Kuyek, D. 2004. Stolen Seeds: The Privatization of Canada’s Agricultural Biodiversity (British Columbia: The Ram’s Horn, 2004), Part 1, https://foodsecurecanada.org/sites/foodsecurecanada.org/files/stolen_seeds.pdf.
Labour Task Force, CAHRC. (2013). Addressing labour shortages in the agriculture & agri-food industry through a national labour action plan. Ottawa: Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council. Retrieved from: http://www.cahrc-ccrha.ca/sites/default/files/LTF%20Labour%20Action%20Plan%20-%20Oct%2011%202013.pdf
Lachman D.A., A survey and review of approaches to study transitions. Energy Policy, 2013, 58, 269–276.
Laforge, J.M.L & Levkoe, C.Z. (2018). Seeding agroecology through new farmer training in Canada: knowledge, practice, and relational identities. Local Environment, 23(10), 991-1007.
Laforge, J., Fenton, A., Lavalée-Picard, V., & McLachlan, S. (2018). New farmers and food policies in Canada. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des Études Sur l’alimentation, 5(3), 128–152.
Laidley, J. 2016. The devil's in the details. In: Himmelfarb, A and Hennessy, T. (eds.). Basic Income: rethinking social policy. CCPA-ON, p. 28-33.
Laing, RD 1971. The Politics of the Family, Penguin, New York.
Lairon D. 2010. Nutritional quality and safety of organic food: a review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 30:33–41
Lalonde, M. 1974. A new perspective on the health of Canadians. Ottawa: Ministry of Supply and Services Canada.
Lammam, C. & MacIntyre, H. (2015). The practical challenges of creating a guaranteed annual income in Canada. Fraser Institute.
Lamondin, L. 2019. Updates in Canadian food law and policy: food safety. Presentation to From Microbes to Multinationals: the many scales of food law and policy. Canadian Association for Food Law and Policy, University of Toronto. Nov. 7-9, 2019.
Lampkin, N., 1996. Impact of EC Regulation 2078/92 on the development of organic farming in the European Union, Working Paper #7. Welsh Institute of Rural Studies, University of Aberystwyth, Aberystwyth, Wales.
Landis, J. and Cervero, R. 1999. Middle Age Sprawl: BART and Urban Development . ACCESS 14:2-9. http://www.uctc.net/access/access14.pdf
Landrigan, P.J. and Benbrook, C. 2015. GMOs, Herbicides, and Public Health. NEJM 373(8):693-5.
Langelaan, H.C. Pereira da Silva, F. Thoden van Velzen, U. Broeze, J. Matser, A.M. Vollebregt, M. Schroën, K. 2013. Options for sustainable food processing'as part of the project Technology options for feeding 10 billion people. European Parliament, Brussels http://www.europarl.europa.eu/stoa/webdav/site/cms/shared/STOA%20State%20of%20the%20art%20report%20%27Options%20for%20sustainable%20food%20processing%27.pdf
Langley, J., Olsen, K. and Heady, E.O. 1983. The macro implications of a complete transformation of U.S. agriculture to organic farming practicss. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 10:323-333.
Lantham, J, & Wilson, A. (2013) Regulators Discover a Hidden Viral Gene in Commercial GMO Crops. Independent Science News. January 21. Retrieved from: http://www.independentsciencenews.org/commentaries/regulators-discover-a-hidden-viral-gene-in-commercial-gmo-crops
Lappé, F.M. and Collins, J. 1986. World Hunger: 12 myths. Grove Press.
Larkin, Peter. A. 1977. “An Epitaph for the Concept of Maximum Sustained Yield.” Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 106 (1): 1–11.
Larsen, K. & Gilliland, J. 2008. Mapping the evolution of ‘food deserts’ in a Canadian city: Supermarket accessibility in London, Ontario, 1961-2005. International Journal of Health Geographics, 7, 1-16.
Larsen, K. and Gilliland, J. 2009. A farmer’s market in a food desert: Evaluation impacts on the availability of healthy food. Health and Place, 15, 1158-1162.
Latuskie, K.A. and Shelley, J.J. 2019. Food Safety. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp 175-200.
Lavergne, M.R. 2017. Financial incentives for physicians to improve health care..
Lecocq, T. 2019. Insects: The Disregarded Domestication Histories. In: F. Teletchea (ed.). Animal Domestication. Intechopen, https://www.intechopen.com/books/animal-domestication
Lee, Maria & Abbot, Carolyn. “The Usual Suspects? Public Participation Under the Aarhus Convention.” The Modern Law Review 66, no. 1 (2003): 80,
Lee Y, Mozaffarian D, Sy S, Liu J, Wilde PE, Marklund M, Abrahams-Gessel S, Gaziano TA, Micha R. Health Impact and Cost-Effectiveness of Volume, Tiered, and Absolute Sugar Content Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax Policies in the United States: A Microsimulation Study. Circulation. 2020 Aug 11;142(6):523-534. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.119.042956. Epub 2020 Jun 22.
Lee-Anderson, S. 2021. Animal law: updates in Canadian food law and policy. Presentation to the 2021 Conference of the Canadian Association of Food Law and Policy, Vancouver. May 13.
Lees, V. W., Copeland, S., & Rousseau, P. (2003). Bovine tuberculosis in elk (Cervus elaphus manitobensis) near Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba, from 1992 to 2002. The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 44(10), 830–831.
Leinberger, C. 2009. The Option of Urbanism, Investing in a New American Dream. Island Press.
Leiss, W. 1972. The Domination of Nature. George Braziller, New York.
Lemieux, C. J., & Gray, P. A. (2020). How Canada “hamburger manufactured” its way to marine protected area success and a more effective and equitable way forward for the post-2020 conservation agenda. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences.
Leo, A. (2007). Are Schools Making the Grade? School Nutrition Policies Across Canada. CSPI.
Leopold, A. 1949. Sand County Almanac. Ballantyne Books, New York.
Lessig, L. The New Chicago School, 27 J. LEGAL STUD. 661, 662 (1998).
Lester, G.E. and R.A. Saftner. 2011. Organically versus conventionally grown produce: common production inputs, nutritional quality, and nitrogen delivery between the two systems. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 59: 10401–10406.
Levenstein, Harvey. Paradox of Plenty: A Social History of Eating in Modern America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
Leverington, F., Costa, K. L., Pavese, H., Lisle, A., & Hockings, M. (2010). A Global Analysis of Protected Area Management Effectiveness. Environmental Management, 46(5), 685–698.
Levi, E. 2020. Indigenous Philosophies and Perspectives on Traditional Food Systems Including Food as Cultural Identity: Maintaining Food Security in Elsipogtog First Nation, New Brunswick. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 39-56.
Levins, R. and Lewontin, R. 1985. The Dialectical Biologist. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
Levkoe, C. Z. (2014). The Food Movement in Canada: A Social Network Perspective. Journal of Peasant Studies, 41(3), 385-403.
Levkoe, Charles Z. 2018. “Engaging the Tensions of Ecological Internships: Considerations for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems Movements.”Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 42 (3): 242–263.
Levkoe, C., Lowitt, K. and Nelson, C. 2017. “Fish as food”: Exploring a food sovereignty approach to small-scale fisheries. Marine Policy 85:65-70.
Levkoe, C., Ray, L., & Mclaughlin, J. (2019). The Indigenous Food Circle: Reconciliation and Resurgence through Food in Northwestern Ontario. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(B), 101-114.
Lewin, K. 1947 (1982). Force field analysis. In: P. Harsey and K. Blanchard (eds.). Management of Organisational Behaviour. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliff., NJ. Pp. 115-117.
Lewis, J. and Hayes, M. 2019. Scrap heap: Canada's recycling industry in crisis mode. Globe and Mail. May 15, A9
Li, N. Dachner, N. and Tarasuk, V.. The impact of changes in social policies on household food insecurity in British Columbia, 2005-2012. Preventive Medicine 2016;93:151-8.
LI, Zhao-jun, Xiao-yu XIE, Shu-qing ZHANG, Yong-chao LIANG. 2011. Negative Effects of Oxytetracycline on Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Growth, Root Activity, Photosynthesis, and Chlorophyll Contents. Agricultural Sciences in China 10(10): 1545-1553.
Lieberman, G. A. and Hoody, L. L. (1998). Closing the achievement gap: Using the environment as an integrating context for learning. Poway, CA: Science Wizards.
Light L; Tenney J.; Portnoy B.; Kessler L.; Rodgers AB.; Patterson B.; Mathews O.; Katz E.; Blair JE.; Evans SK.; Tuckemanty, E. Eat for health: a nutrition and cancer control supermarket intervention. Public Health Reports 1989, 104(5), 443-450.
Lightman E, Mitchell A, Wilson B. Poverty is making us sick: A comprehensive survey of income and health in Canada. 2008. http://www.wellesleyinstitute.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/povertyismakingussick.pdf
Lin, X., Dang, Q.,& Konar. M. (2014).A network analysis of food flows within the United States of America. Environmental Science and Technology,48(10), 5439–5447.
Lin, X., Ruess, P.J., Marston, L., & Konar, M. (2019).Food flows between counties in the United States.Environmental Research Letters,14(8), Article 084011
Lincoln, Y.S. and Guba, E.G. 1985. Naturalistic Inquiry. Sage, Beverley Hillls, CA.
Lindberg, D. 2019. Transforming Buffalo: Plains Cree consitutionalism and food sovereignty. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp.37-54.
Lipasek, R. A; Taylor, L. S; Mauer, L. J (2011). "Effects of anticaking agents and relative humidity on the physical and chemical stability of powdered vitamin C". Journal of Food Science. 76 (7): C1062–74.
Lipinski, B. Hanson, C., Waite, J. Lomax, L., Kitinoja, R., & Searchinger, T. (2013). Reducing food loss and waste (Working paper, installment 2 of Creating a sustainable future). Washington, DC: World Resources Institute and the UN Environment Program,. http://www.worldresourcesreport.org
Litt, J. S., Mah-J. Soobader, Mark S. Turbin, James W. Hale, Michael Buchenau, and Julie A. Marshall. 2011. The Influence of Social Involvement, Neighborhood Aesthetics, and Community Garden Participation on Fruit and Vegetable Consumption. American Journal of Public Health: 101, 8, 1466-1473.
Liu, K. 2020. Restaurant industry looks to reset the table. Toronto Star June 21. p. 1
Liu, Y., Yang, W., Leon, L., Wong, I., McCrimmon, C., Dove, A., and Fong, P. (2016). Hydrologic modeling and evaluation of Best Management Practice scenarios for the Grand River watershed in Southern Ontario. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 42(6), 1289–1301.
Lloro-Bidart, T. & Valerie Banschbach (Eds.), 2019. Animals in Environmental Education: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Curriculum and Pedagogy. London, UK: Palgrave Publishers.
Lo, M. and D. Matthews. 2002. Results of routine testing of organic foods for agrochemical residues. In UK Organic Research 2002: Proceedings of the COR Conference, edited by J. Powell. 26-28th March 2002, Aberystwyth, pp. 61-64.
Lobley, M., Reed, M., & Butler, A. (2005). The impact of organic farming on the rural economy in England. Exeter, UK: Centre for Rural Research, University of Exeter. http://socialsciences.exeter.ac.uk/media/universityofexeter/research/centreforruralpolicyresearch/pdfs/researchreports/Organic_Impacts_final.pdf.
Local Prosperity (2015). Investing in Sustainable Food for Nova Scotians. Retrieved from http://www.localprosperity.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Linda-FarmWorks-Local-Prosperity-2015.pdf.
Lockie, S. Responsibility and agency within alternative food networks: Assembling the “citizen consumer”. Hum. Values 2009, 26.
Lohnes, J.D. Regulating surplus: charity and the legal geographies of food waste enclosure. Agric Hum Values 38, 351–363 (2021).
Loorbach, D. (2007). Transition management: New mode of governance for sustainable development. Utrecht: International Books.
Loorbach, D. (2010). Transition management for sustainable development: A prescriptive, complexitybased governance model. Governance: An International Journal of Policy, Administration, and Institutions, 23, 161–183.
Loorbach, D., & Rotmans, J. (2010b). The practice of transition management: examples and lessons from four distinct cases. Futures, 42, 237–246.
Loorbach D., Rotmans J., Transition Management and Strategic Niche Management. Dutch Research Institute for Transitions, Rotterdam, 2010a
Longacre, M.R., Drake, K.M., Titus, L.J., Peterson, K.E., Beach, M.L., Langeloh, G...Dalton, M.A. (2014). School food reduces household income disparities in adolescents’ frequency of fruit and vegetable intake. Preventive Medicine, 69, 202-07.
Loopstra et al. An exploration of the unprecedented decline in the prevalence of household food insecurity in Newfoundland and Labrador, 2007-2012. Canadian Public Policy 2015;41(3):191-206.
Lorek, S. et al. (2021): Equitable 1.5-Degree Lifestyles – How socially fair policies can support the implementation of the European Green Deal. Policy Brief #1. ZOE-Institute for future-fit economies.
Louden, F.N. and MacRae, R. 2010. Federal regulation of local and sustainable food labels in Canada: A case study of Local Food Plus. Agriculture and Human Values 27(2):177-188.
Loudenback, T. (2017). Rich Millennials Are Ditching the Golf Communities of Their Parents for a New Kind of Neighborhood. www.businessinsider.com/agrihoods-golfcommunities-millennial-homebuyers-2017-10
Lovell, S.T. et al., 2010. Integrating agroecology and landscape multifunctionality in Vermont: Anevolving framework to evaluate the design of agroecosystems. Agricultural Systems 103:327–341
Lowitt, K. et al. 2019. Indigenous self-determination and food sovereignty through fisheries governance in the Great Lakes region. In: P. Andree et al. Eds. Civil Society and Social Movements in Food System Governance. Routledge
Lowitt, K. 2021. Linking fisheries policy to sustainable diets: The case of Lake Superior. Canadian Food Studies, Vol. 8No.2, pp. 6–17.
Lu, C., K. Toepel, R. Irish, R.A. Fenske, D.B. Barr and R. Bravo. 2006. Organic diets significantly lower children’s dietary exposure to organophosphorus pesticides. Environmental Health Perspectives 114:260–263.
Lucas, A.R., & Cotton, R. (2013). Halsbury’s laws of Canada – Environment (2013 Reissue). , Markham, ON: LexisNexis.
Lund, Vonne and Bo Algers, Research on animal health and welfare in organic farming—a literature review, Livestock Production Science, Volume 80, Issues 1–2, 2003, Pages 55-68
Luppens, L., & Power, E. (2018). “Aboriginal isn’t just about what was before, it’s what’s happening now:” Perspectives of Indigenous peoples on the foods in their contemporary diets. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 5(2), 142-161.
Luyet, V., Schlaepfer, R., Parlange, M. B., & Buttler, A. (2012). A framework to implement Stakeholder participation in environmental projects. Journal of Environmental Management, 111, 213–219.
Lynch, A.J. et al. 2016. The social, economic, and environmental importance of inland fish and fisheries. Environmental Reviews, 2016, 24(2): 115-12.
Lynch, S., Greene, C., Kramer-Leblanc, C., (Eds.), 2001. Proceedings of the Third National IPM Symposium: broadening support for 21st century IPM, ERS Miscellaneous Publication 1542. USDA, Washington.
Lynch, D., MacRae, R. & Martin, R. C. 2011. The carbon and Global Warming Potential impacts of organic farming: does it have a significant role in an energy constrained world? Sustainability 3, 322-362.
Lyons, J.E., Randhawa, B.S., & Paulsen, N.A. (1991). The development of vocational education in Canada. Canadian Journal of Education, 16,2, 137-150. http://www.csse-scee.ca/CJE/Articles/FullText/CJE16-2/CJE16-2-02Lyons.pdf
Ma, M., & Lusk, J. L. (2021). Concentration and resiliency in the U.S. meat supply chains. Working paper.
Macarther, M. 2021. Alta farmer spends winters on the trapline. Western Producer, June 24, p. 17.
Macdiarmid, J. I., Kyle, J., Horgan, G. W., Loe, J., Fyfe, C., Johnstone, A., & McNeill, G. (2012). Sustainable diets for the future: can we contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by eating a healthy diet? The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 96(3),
Macdonald, D. 2007. Business and Environmental Politics in Canada. Broadview Press, Peterborough, ON.
MacDougall, H. 1990. Activists & Advocates: Toronto's Health Department, 1883-1983 (Toronto, 1990)
MacEwen, A., Mark Rowlinson, Andrew Jackson, and Katrina Miller. 2020. Basic Guaranteed Income: a social democratic framework. Broadbent Institute.
Macey, A. 2010. Certified Organic Production in Canada, 2004, 2009. Canadian Organic Growers, Ottawa
MacPhail, V.J., & Colla, S.R. (2020). Power of the people: A review of citizen science programs for conservation. Biological Conservation, 249, 108739.
MacRae, R.J. 2011. A joined up food policy for Canada. J. Hunger and Environmental Nutrition 6:424-457.
MacRae, R.J. 2014. Do trade agreements substantially limit development of local / sustainable food systems in Canada? Canadian Food Studies 1(1):103-125.
MacRae, R.J. and Abergel, E. (eds). 2012. Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: advocacy and opportunity for civil society. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC.
MacRae, R.J. and Abergel, E. 2017. Food policy in Canada. Food Safety Referenc Document, Elsevier.
MacRae, R. and Alden, J. 2002. A Review of Canadian Food Safety Policy, and its Effectiveness in Addressing Health Risks for Canadians. Pollution Probe, Toronto.
MacRae, R.J. and Donahue, K. 2013. Food policy and local governments: innovation from the bottom up. Toronto Food Policy Council and Canadian Agri-food Policy Institute, Toronto and Ottawa.
MacRae, R.J. and M. Winfield. 2016. A little regulatory pluralism with your counter-hegemonic advocacy? An approach to joined up food policy change in Canada. Canadian Food Studies 3(1):140-194.
MacRae, R.J. & the Toronto Food Policy Council. (1999). Not just what, but how: Creating agricultural sustainability and food security by changing Canada’s agricultural policy making process. Agriculture and Human Values, 16, 187-201.
MacRae, R., Frick, B., and Martin, R.C. 2007. Economic and social impacts of organic production systems. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 87(5):1037–1044.
MacRae, R.J., Henning, J. and Hill, S.B. 1993. Strategies to overcome barriers to the development of sustainable agriculture in Canada: the role of agribusiness. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6:21-53.
MacRae, R. et al. 2002. A Citizens’ Guide to Biotechnology. Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy, Toronto
MacRae, R., Lynch, D., & Martin, R.C. 2010. Improving energy efficiency and GHG mitigation potentials in Canadian organic farming systems. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 34, 549-580.
MacRae, R. J., Langer, J. and Cuddeford, V. 2012. Lessons from 20 years of CSO advocacy to advance sustainable pest management in Canada. In: R.J. MacRae and E. Abergel (eds). Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: advocacy and opportunity for civil society. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC. pp. 127-152.
MacRae, R.J., Lynch, D., & Martin, R.C. (2014a). Will more organic food and farming solve food system problems? Part II: Consumer, economic and community issues. In R.C. Martin & R. MacRae (Eds.). Managing energy, nutrients and pests in organic field crops (pp. 333-362)., Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
MacRae, R.J., Lynch, D. and Martin, R.C. 2014b. Will more organic food and farming solve food system problems? Part II: Consumer, Economic and Community Issues. In: R.C. Martin and R. MacRae (eds.). Managing Energy, Nutrients and Weeds in Organic Farming Systems. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Pp. 333-361.
MacRae, R., H. Penfound and C. Margulis. 2002. Against the Grain: The Threat of Genetically Engineered Wheat. Greenpeace. Nov.
MacRae, R.J., Hill, S.B., Henning, J., & Mehuys, G.R. (1989). Agricultural science and sustainable agriculture: A review of the main scientific barriers to sustainable food production and potential solutions. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 6, 173-219.
MacRae, R.J., Hill, S.B., Mehuys, G.R. and Henning, J. 1990a. Farm-scale agronomic and economic transition to sustainable agriculture. Advances in Agronomy 43:155-198.
MacRae, R.J., Hill, S.B., Henning, J. and Bentley, A.J. 1990b. Policies, programs and regulations to support the transition to sustainable agriculture in Canada. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 5(2):76-92.
MacRae, R.J., Martin, R.C., Langer, J., & Jusahz, M. 2009. Ten percent organic within 15 years: policy and programme initiatives to advance organic food and farming in Ontario, Canada. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 24, 120-136.
MacRae, R.J., V. Cuddeford, S.B. Young and M. Matsubuchi-Shaw. 2013. The food system and climate change: an exploration of emerging strategies to reduce GHG emissions in Canada. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 37(8):933-963.
MacRae, R.J, M. Bunch, A. Ghaffari, and S. Zhao (submitted). Supporting the transition to organic farming: quantifying drivers of organic adoption to support agent-based modelling of wholesale transition. Ecological Modeling
MacRae, R.J., A. Siu, M. Kohn, D. McCallum, M. Matsubuchi-Shaw, T. Hernandez Cervantes and D. Perreault. 2016. Making better use of what we’ve got: strategies to reduce food waste and resource inefficiency in the Canadian food system. Canadian Food Studies 3(2):145-215.
MacRae, R.J., Gallant, E., Patel, S., Michalak, M., Bunch, M., & Schaffner, S. (2010b). Could Toronto provide 10% of its fresh vegetable requirements from within its own boundaries? Matching consumption requirements with growing spaces. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems and Community Development, 2, 105–127.
MacRae, R.J., Szabo, M., Anderson, K., Louden F.N. and Trillo, S. 2012b. Empowering the citizen-consumer: re-regulating consumer information to support the transition to sustainable and health promoting food systems in Canada. Sustainability 4(9):2146-2175.
MacRae, R.J., Nasr, J., Kuhns, J., Baker, L., Christianson, R., Danyluk, M., Snider, A., Gallant, E., Kaill-Vinish, P., Michalak, M., Oswald, J., Patel S. and Wekerle, G. 2012c. Could Toronto provide 10% of its fresh vegetable requirements from within its own boundary? Part II: Policy supports and programme design. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems and Community Development 2(2):147–169.
Madden, J.P. and Tischbein, H. 1979. Toward an agenda for small farm research. American J. Agricultural Economics 61:940-946.
Madden, J.P. 1986. Beyond conventional economics: an examination of the values implicit in the neoclassical economic paradigm as applied to the evaluation of agricultural research. In: K.A. Dahlberg (ed.). New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research: neglected dimensions and emerging issues. Rowman and Allanheld, Totowa, NJ. Pp 221-258.
Madden, J.P. 1988. LISA research and education - challenges to the agricultural economics profession. American J. Agricultural Economics 70:1167-1172.
Madden, J.P. 1989. Research and education on LISA in the U.S. ln: Proceedings
of Conference on Research in Sustainable Agriculture. Agriculture Canada, St. Jean, QC.
Magid, J. Eilersen, A.M., Wrisberg, S. & Henze, M. (2006). Possibilities and barriers for recirculation of nutrients and organic matter from urban to rural areas: A technical theoretical framework applied to the medium-sized town Hillerød, Denmark. Ecological Engineering, 28, 44–54. Retrieved from http://cemusstudent.se/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Magid-Urban-Rural-Nutrients-2006.pdf
Magkos, F., F. Arvaniti and A. Zampelas. 2006. Organic food: buying more safety or just peace of mind? A critical review of the literature. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 46 (1):23-56.
Magnan, A. and Desmarais, A. 2017. Who is Buying the Farm?Farmland Investment Patterns In Saskatchewan, 2003 -14. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Regina.
Maguire, M. (2016). Wasted potential: A food waste reduction strategy for Toronto restaurants (Unpublished master’s thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, ON.
Mahoney, M.J. 1976. Scientist as Subject: the psychological imperative. Ballinger, Cambridge, MA.
Mannan, M. A. (2004). On Food and Nutrition Policy Activities in the USA, Australia, and Norway. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 22(2), 191-202.
Mansfield, Becky. 2004a. “Rules of Privatization: Contradictions in Neoliberal Regulation of North Pacific Fisheries.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 94 (3): 565–84.
Mansfield, Becky. 2004b. “Neoliberalism in the Oceans: ‘Rationalization,’ Property Rights, and the Commons Question.” Geoforum, Themed issue on “Neoliberal nature and the nature of neoliberalism,” 35 (3): 313–26.
Mansouri Kouhestani, F., Byrne, J., Johnson, D. et al. Evaluating solar energy technical and economic potential on rooftops in an urban setting: the city of Lethbridge, Canada. Int J Energy Environ Eng 10, 13–32 (2019
Markard, J., Raven, R. and Truffer, B. 2012. Sustainability transitions: an emerging field of research and its prospects. Research Policy 41: 955–967.
Marlow, H. J., Harwatt, H., Soret, S., & Sabaté, J. (2015). Comparing the water, energy, pesticide and fertilizer usage for the production of foods consumed by different dietary types in California. Public Health Nutrition, 18(13), 2425-2432.
Marr, A. (2016, Feb. 17-18). Presentation to Building a research agenda for food waste in Ontario. Guelph, ON. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gQSwyo4hMvs
Marschke, M., Vandergeest, P., Havice, E. et al. COVID-19, instability and migrant fish workers in Asia. Maritime Studies (2020)
Marsden, T., Banks, J., & Bristow, G. (2000). Food supply chain approaches: exploring their role in rural development. Sociologia ruralis , 40(4), 424-438.
Marsden, T., Murdoch, J., Morgan, K. (1999) Sustainable agriculture, food supply chains and regional development: Editorial introduction. International Planning Studies , 4:3, 295-301
Marsh, L. 1943. Report on Social Security for Canada. House of Commons Special Committee, Ottawa (also Uof T Press, 1974).
Marsh, K. and Bugusu, B. 2007. Food Packaging—Roles, Materials, and Environmental Issues. J. Food Science 72(3):R39-R55.
Marshman, J., & Scott, S. (2019). Gleaning in the 21st Century: Urban food recovery and community food security in Ontario, Canada. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 6(1), 100-119.
Martin, D. and Amos, M. 2017. What Constitutes Good food? Toward a critical indigenous perspective on food and health. In: Koc et al., (eds) Critical Perspectives in Food Studies. OUP, don Mill, p. 205-220.
Martin, B., Baker, C.M.A., Manwell, C. and Pugh, C. (eds.). 1986. Intellctual Suppression: Australian case histories, analysis and responses. Angus and Robertson, London.
Martin, J.-L., V. Maris, and D.S. Simberloff. 2016. The need to respect nature and its limits challenges society and conservation science. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113: 6105–6112
Martin Prosperity Institute, 2011. Food Deserts and Priority Neighbourhoods in Toronto http://martinprosperity.org/images/stories/jmc/cache/mpi-food-deserts-and-priority-neighbourhoods-in-toronto.pdf
Martinez-Alier, J. with Schüpmann, K. 1987. Ecological Economics: energy, environment, society. Basil Blackwell, Oxford, UK
Martorell, H. (2016). Innovative governance: Canada’s food policy landscape. Montreal: FLEDGE-FSC.
Martorell, H. and Andree, P 2019. The commoning of food governance in Canada. In: Vivero-Pol, J.L. et al. (eds.). Routledge Handbook of Food as a Commons. Routledge, New York. pp. 266-280.
Marvier M, van Acker RC: Can crop transgenes be kept on a leash? Front Ecol Environ 2005, 3: 92–100.
Marvin, G. and S. McHugh, (Eds.), 2014. Routledge Handbook of Human-Animal Studies. London: Routledge.
Maslow, A. 1966. The Psycbology of Science. Harper and Row, New York.
Mason, C. (2014). Spirits of the Rockies: Reasserting an Indigenous Presence in Banff National Park. Toronto; Buffalo; London: University of Toronto Press.
Mason, P. and Tim Lang. 2017 Sustainable Diets. Routledge.
Mathewson, F. and Winter, R. 1998. The law and econonics of resale price maintenance. Review of Industrial Organization. 13 (1/2):57-84.
Maxime, D., Arcand, Y., Landry, D., & Marotte, M. (2010). Water use. In W. Eilers, R. MacKay, L. Graham, & A. Lefebvre (Eds.). Environmental sSustainability of Canadian agriculture (Agri-environmental indicator report series — Report #3). Ottawa: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
May, David, Sara Arancibia, Karl Behrendt, John Adams. 2019. Preventing young farmers from leaving the farm: Investigating the effectiveness of the young farmer payment using a behavioural approach. Land Use Policy, 82, 317-327.
Mayer, A-M. 1997. Historical changes in the mineral content of fruits and vegetables: a cause for concern? British Food Journal 99:10-31.
Mayer, A. and Mayer, J. 1974. Agriculture, the island empire. Daedalu. 103:83-95.
Mayrand, K., Dionne, S., Paquin, M. and Pageot-Lebel, I. 2003. The Economic and Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Subsidies: An assessment of the 2002 US Farm Bill & Doha Round. Research conducted with the financial support of the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC). Unisféra International Centre, Montreal. http://ictsd.org/downloads/2008/04/usfarm.pdf.
McAleese, J.D. and Rankin, L.L. 2007. Garden-based nutrition education affects fruit and vegetable consumption in sixth-grade adolescents. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(4): 662-665.
McCallum, C., 2003. Identifying barriers to participation in agri-environmental programs in Ontario. Report to the Christian Farmers Federation of Ontario, Guelph, ON.
McCallum, D., A.M. Campbell and R.J. MacRae. 2014. Can large retailers localize supply chains? A case analysis of the challenges facing one Canadian retailer. Journal of Agriculture Food Systems and Community Development 4(2):163-176.
McCann, E., Sullivan, S. Erickson D. De Young R. 1997. Environmental awareness, economic orientation, and farming practices: a comparison of organic and conventional farmers. Envir. Manag. 21,5, 747–758.
McCarthy, D.D.P.,et al., 2011. A critical systems approach to social learning: building adaptivecapacity in social, ecological, epistemological (SEE) systems.Ecology and Society, [online],16 (3), 18. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol16/iss3/art18/2].
McClanahan, Timothy R., Juan Carlos Castilla, Alan T. White, and Omar Defeo. 2008. “Healing Small-Scale Fisheries by Facilitating Complex Socio-Ecological Systems.” Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries; Dordrecht 19 (1): 33–47.
McClatchy, D. and Abrahamse, D. 1982. The role of farm consolidation in Canadian rural population change, 1961-76. Canadian Farm Economics 16(2/3):7-16.
McClintock, N., and Cooper, J. (2010). Cultivating the Commons An Assessment of the Potential for Urban Agriculture on Oakland’s Public Land. Available at www.urbanfood.org.
McClintock, N, Cooper, J., and Khandeshi, S. 2013. Assessing the potential contribution of vacant land to vegetable production and consumption in Oakland, California. Landscape and Urban Planning 111:46-58.
McColl, S. et al. 2000. Environmental Health Risk Management: A Primer for Canadians. NERAM, Institute for Risk Research, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON
McConnell, A., (2010) “Policy Success, Policy Failure and Grey Areas In-Between,” Journal of Public Policy, Vol.30, No.3., (December 2010), 345-362.
McCune, J. L., Harrower, W. L., Avery-Gomm, S., Brogan, J. M., Csergő, A.-M., Davidson, L. N. K., Garani, A., Halpin, L. R., Lipsen, L. P. J., Lee, C., Nelson, J. C., Prugh, L. R., Stinson, C. M., Whitney, C. K., & Whitton, J. (2013). Threats to Canadian species at risk: An analysis of finalized recovery strategies. Biological Conservation, 166, 254–265.
McDevitt-Irwin, J. M., Fuller, S. D., Grant, C., & Baum, J. K. (2015). Missing the safety net: Evidence for inconsistent and insufficient management of at-risk marine fishes in Canada. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 72(10), 1596–1608.
McGill, R. et al., 2015. Are interventions to promote healthy eating equally effective for all? Systematic review of socioeconomic inequalities in impact. BMC Public Health201515:457.
McIsaac, J.L.D., Sim, S.M., Penney, T.L., Kirk, S.F.L., Veugelers, P.J. (2012). School Health Promotion Policy in Nova Scotia: A Case Study. PHEnex Journal, 4(2).
McIntyre, L., & Dayle, J. B. (1992). Exploratory analysis of children’s nutrition programs in Canada. Social Science and Medicine, 35(9), 1123–1129.
McIntyre, L., Travers, K., & Dayle, J. B. (1999). Children’s feeding programs in Atlantic Canada: Reducing or reproducing inequities? Canadian Journal of Public Health, 90(3), 196–200.
McIntyre, L. et al. Reduction of food insecurity in low-income Canadian seniors as a likely impact of a Guaranteed Annual Income. Canadian Public Policy 2016; 42(3):274-86.
McKay, Bonnie J., and James M. Acheson. 1987. The Question of the Commons: The Culture and Ecology of Communal Resources. Arizona Studies in Human Ecology. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
McKenna, M.L. (2010). Policy Options to Support Healthy Eating in Schools. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 101(2)
Mckenzie-Mohr, D. (2011). Fostering Sustainable Behavior: An Introduction to Community-Based Social Marketing. New Society Publishers.
McKeown, D. (2015). Student Nutrition Program: 2016 Operating Budget Request and Municipal Funding Plan to 2018. City of Toronto.
McKinley, W.P. 1980. Food safety in Canada: past present and future. Association of Official Analytical Chemist 63(2):158–162.
McKnight, C. (2014). Including farmers’ voices in the farm labour debate (unpublished MES Major Paper). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto.
McKnight, J. and Kretzmann, J. 1993. Building Communities From the Inside Out: A Path Toward Finding and Mobilizing a Community's Assets (3rd ed.). Chicago, IL: ACTA Publication.
McLain, R. J., Hurley, P. T., Emery, M. R., & Poe, M. R. (2014). Gathering “wild” food in the city: Rethinking the role offoraging in urban ecosystem planning and management. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 19(2), 220-240,
McLeod-Kilmurray, H. and Chalifour, N. 2019. Food systems and sustainability. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 93-112.
McMichael, P. (2005). Global development and the Corporate Food Regime. In F.H. Buttel & P. McMichael (Eds.). New directions in the sociology of international development (pp. 269-303). Research in Rural Sociology and Development, Vol. 11. Amsterdam: Elsevier..
McMichael, P. (2009). A food regime genealogy. Journal of Peasant Studies, 36(1), 139–169.
McNicoll, S. (2014). More voices at the table: The case for a national Food Policy Council for Canada (unpublished MES Major Paper). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto.
McQuaig, A. 2021. Cattle deal dealtt with 140 years later. Western Producer, Sept. 30, p. 37.
McQuaig, L. Behind Closed Doors: how the rich won control of Canada’s tax system - and ended up richer; Viking Press: Markham, ON., 1987.
McRae, T., C.A.S. Smith, and L.J. Gregorich (eds.). 2000. Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ont.
McRobert, D.S. and Ruby, G. (2008). LAW AND SUSTAINABILITY: THE CANADIAN CASE. In Introduction to Sustainable Development, [Eds. David V.J.Bell, Yuk-kuen Annie Cheung], in Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford ,UK.
Meadowcroft, J. 2009. What about the politics? Sustainable development, transition management, and long term energy transitions. Policy Sciences 42:323-340.
Medical Officer of Health. (2008). Proposal for Development of a Toronto Food Strategy. Toronto, ON: Toronto Public Health
Meeker-Lowry, S. 1988. Economics as if the Earth Really Mattered. New Society Publishers, Philadelphia.
Meier-Ploeger, A. 1992. Organic product quality. In Trade in Organic Foods, edited by B. Geier, C. Haest and A. Pons. Tholey-Theley, Germany: IFOAM. Pp. 65-68.
Meikle, B. 2018. Envisioning Ontario’s Food and Organic Waste Disposal Ban: A Comparative Case Analysis. MES Major Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Mellor, J.W. 1977. Relating research rosource allocation to multiple goals. !n: T.M. Arndt, D.G. Dalrymple and V.W. Ruttan (eds.). Resource Allocation and Productivity in National and International Agricultural Research. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. Pp. 478-497.
Melnychuk, Michael C., Emily Peterson, Matthew Elliott, and Ray Hilborn. 2017. “Fisheries Management Impacts on Target Species Status.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114 (1): 178–83.
Men, F., Gundersen, C., Urquia, M.L., & Tarasuk, V. (2020). Association between household food insecurity and mortality in Canada: A population-based retrospective cohort study. https://www.cmaj.ca/content/cmaj/192/3/E53.full.pd
Mena, C., Adenso-Diaz, B., & Yurt, O. (2011). The causes of food waste in the supplier–retailer interface: Evidences from the UK and Spain. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 55(6), 648-658.
Mendelson, M. & Zon, N. (2013). The training wheels are off: A closer look at the Canada Job Grant. Ottawa: The Caledon Institute. http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/1013ENG.pdf
Mendes, W., Nasr, J., with Beatley, T., Born, B., Bouris, K., Caton Campbell, M., Kaufman, J., Lynch, B., Pothukuchi, K., & Wekerle, G. (2011). Preparing future food system planning professionals and scholars: Reflections on teaching experiences. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 2,1, 15–52.
(2021) Take the money and run: how food banks became complicit with Walmart Canada’s hunger producing employment practices, Critical Public Health
Mercer, G. 2020. Second Mi'kmaq fishery launched in N.S. Globe and Mail. Oct. 2, 2020, A4.
Mergenthaler, M., Weinberger, K., & Qaim, M. (2009). Consumer valuation of food quality and food safety attributes in Vietnam. Review of Agricultural Economics, 31(2), 266-283.
Merton, R.K., 1968. Social Theory and Social Structure. The Free Press, New York.
Mesnil, Benoit. 2012. “The Hesitant Emergence of Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) in Fisheries Policies in Europe.” Marine Policy 36 (2): 473–80.
Messner, R., Richards, C. and Johnson, H. 2020. The “Prevention Paradox”: food waste prevention and the quandary of systemic surplus production. Agriculture and Human Values 37:805–817.
METRA; Prepared by Camiros Ltd. and Valerie S. Kretchmer Associates, Inc. (No Date). Strategies: Local Economic Benefits of Commuter Rail Stations for Communities and Businesses. Chicago, Illinois
Metrolinx. 2011. GTHA Urban Freight Study: final draft. Metrolinx, Toronto, ON. http://www.metrolinx.com/en/regionalplanning/goodsmovement/GTHA_Urban_Freight_Strategy.pdf
Metro Vancouver (n.d.). Love food hate waste, http://www.lovefoodhatewaste.ca/about/Pages/default.aspx
Mezirow, J. (2009). An overview on transformative learning. In Illeris, K. (Ed.). Contemporary Theories of Learning. New York, NY: Routledge (pp. 90 – 105.)
Michael, J.A. 2020. The disputed Mi'kmaw lobster fishery has the law on its side. Globe and Mail, Oct. 2, 2020, A13.
Micheletti, M. Political Virtue and Shopping: Individuals, Consumerism, and Collective Action, 1st ed.; Palgrave Macmillan: New York, NY, USA, 2003.
Micheletti, M. Why More Women? Issues of Gender and Political Consumerism. In Politics, Products, and Markets: Exploring Political Consumerism Past and Present; Micheletti, M., Follesdal A., Stolle, D., Eds.; Transaction: Piscataway, NJ, USA, 2004; pp. 245–264.
Michelsen, J., Lynggaard, K., Padel, S., and Foster, C. 2001. Organic Farming Development and Agricultural Institutions in Europe: A Study of 6 Countries. Organic Farming in Europe: Economics and Policy Volume 9. University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.
Midgley, J.L. (2013). The logics of surplus food redistribution. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57(12), 1872-1892.
Mie, A., Andersen, H.R., Gunnarsson, S. et al. Human health implications of organic food and organic agriculture: a comprehensive review. Environ Health 16, 111 (2017).
Mihevc, J. 2020. Report on Emergency Food Preparedness and Building Urban Food Resilience. Report to the City of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
Migrant Workers Alliance for Change, 2020. Unheeded warmings - COVID-19 and migrant workers in Canada. Migrant Workers Alliance for Change.
Milburn, L., S. Mulley, C. Kline. 2010. The End of the Beginning and the Beginning of theEnd: The Decline of Public Agricultural Extensionin Ontario. Journal of Extension v48-6a7.
Milio, N. 1988. An analysis of the Implementation of Norwegian Nutrition Policy, 1981-87. report prepared for the World Health Organization 1990 Conference on Food and Nutrition Policy. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Milio, N. (1991). Toward Healthy Longevity: Lessons in Food and Nutrition Policy Development from Finland and Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Soc Med, 19, 209-217.
Mill, J.S. 1965. Principles of Political Economy with Some of their Applications to Social Philosophy: the collected works of John Stuart Mill, Vol. 8. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Millar, Shannon, Kate Parizeau, and Evan D. G. Fraser. 2020. The Limitations of Using Wasted Food to “Feed Hungry People”. JOURNAL OF HUNGER & ENVIRONMENTAL NUTRITION15, 4, 574–584.
Miller, A. 1982. Tunnel vision in environmental management. The Environmentalist 2:223-231.
Miller, A. 1983a. The influence of personal biases on environmental problem-solving. J. Environmental Manageaent 17:133-142.
Miller. A. 1984. Professiona dissent and environmental management. The
Miller, A. 1985a. Technological thinking: its impact on environmental management. Environmental Management 9:179-190.
Miller, E., Robinson, R., McMaster, M.-L., Holloway, E., and Kapoor, A. (2021). Ontario’s Ecological Footprint and Biocapacity: Measures and trends from 2005 to 2015. Report submitted to the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry.
Miller, G. 2012. Losing our touch: Annual report 2011/2012, part 2. Toronto, ON: Environmental Commissioner of Ontario (ECO). http://docs.assets.eco.on.ca/reports/environmental-protection/2011-2012/2011-12-AR.2.pdf
Miller, J.H. and Oage, S.E., 2007.Complex adaptive systems: an introduction to computationalmodels of social life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Miller, M.(2021). Big data, information asymmetry, and food supply chain management for resilience.Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 11(1), 171–182.
Miller, Montserrat Feeding Barcelona, 1714-1975: Public Market Halls, Social Networks, and Consumer Culture Louisiana State University Press 2015
Miller, S. 2017. City Region Food Systems Project of Toronto and the Greater Golden Horseshoe. RUAF, Centre for Sustainable Food Systems and FAO
Miller, S. R., & Mann, J. T. (2020). Measuring the importance of local food in the Chicago foodshed. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(2), 101–122.
Mills, C. W. 2000. The Power Elite, rev. ed. Oxford University, New York.
Millstone, E. et al. 1999. Beyond substantial equivalence. Nature 401:525-526.
MMM Group Ltd. 2009. City of Toronto Loading Standards Review. MMM Group, Toronto. http://www1.toronto.ca/city_of_toronto/city_planning/zoning__environment/files/pdf/loading_standards21may09.pdf
Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MOECC). (2015). Draft strategy for a waste free Ontario: Building the circular economy. Toronto, ON: MOECC. http://www.downloads.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/env_reg/er/documents/2015/012-5834_DraftStrategy.pdf
MTO 2012. Building Competitiveness: A Proposed Multimodal Goods Movement Strategy for Ontario. MTO, Toronto. http://www.ebr.gov.on.ca/ERS-WEB-External/displaynoticecontent.do?noticeId=MTE3MTI3&statusId=MTc1MzE5
Mintz, C. (2016, May 11). Not up to scratch. Globe and Mail, L1,3.
Mintz, S. 1985. Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History. New York: Viking-Penguin.
Mintz, M. and Cohen, J.S. 1976. Power, Inc.: public and private rulers and how to make the. accountable. Viking, New York.
Mior, C.(2009). Strategies to reduce waste in patient food services. Toronto, ON: Aramark Healthcare. http://www.greenhealthcare.ca/images/publications/h2010102%20waste%20reduction%20research%20paper.pdf
Mirolla, M. 2004. The cost of chronic disease in Canada. The Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada.
Mitchell, M., 2009. Complexity a guided tour. Toronto: Oxford University Press.
Mitchell, S. 2000. The Hometown Advantage: How to defend your main street against chain stores and why it matters. Institute for Local Self-Reliance.
Mitchell, M. G. E., Schuster, R., Jacob, A. L., Hanna, D. E. L., Dallaire, C. O., Raudsepp-Hearne, C., Bennett, E. M., Lehner, B., & Chan, K. M. A. (2021). Identifying key ecosystem service providing areas to inform national-scale conservation planning. Environmental Research Letters, 16(1), 014038.
Mitrano, D.M., Wohlleben, W. Microplastic regulation should be more precise to incentivize both innovation and environmental safety. Nat Commun 11, 5324 (2020).
Mitroff, I.I., and T.T. Featheringham. 1974. On systemic problem solving and the erroir of the third kind. Behavioral Science, vol. 19: 383–393.
Molina-Besch, K., Wikström, F. & Williams, H. The environmental impact of packaging in food supply chains—does life cycle assessment of food provide the full picture?. Int J Life Cycle Assess 24, 37–50 (2019)
Mollison, B. 1997. Permaculture: A designer's manual. Tagari Books, Australia.
Monbiot, G. 2007. Heat. Penguin Books, London.
Montenegro de Wit, M. Can agroecology and CRISPR mix? The politics of complementarity and moving toward technology sovereignty. Agric Hum Values (2021).
Monterrosa EC, Frongillo EA, Drewnowski A, de Pee S, Vandevijvere S. Sociocultural Influences on Food Choices and Implications for Sustainable Healthy Diets. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2020;41(2_suppl):59S-73S.
Montpetit, E. and Coleman, W. 1999. Policy communities and policy divergence in Canada: agro-environmental policy development in Quebec and Ontario. Canadian Journal of Political Science 32(4):691-714.
Mooney, P.R. 1983. The Law of the Seed - Another Development and Plant Genetic Resources. 1-2(21):1-176.
Mooney, P.R. 2018. Blocking the Chain: industrial food chain concentration, big data platforms, and food sovereignty solutions. ETC Group, Val David QC.
Moore, J. (2000). Environmental crises and the metabolic rift in world-historical perspective. Organization and Environment, 13(2), 123–157.
Moore, J. (2011). Transcending the metabolic rift: Theory of crisis in the capitalist world-ecology. Journal of Peasant Studies, 38(1), 1-46.
Moore, O. 2006. What farmers’ markets say about the postorganic movement in Ireland. In G.C. Holt and M. Reed (eds). Sociological Perspectives of Organic Agriculture. CABI Publishing, Oxfordshire, UK. p. 18–36.
Moore, V., M.E. Zabik and M.J. Zabick. 2000. Evaluation of conventional and "organic" baby food brands for 8 organochlorine and 5 botanical pesticides. Food Chemistry 71:43-47.
Moragues-Faus A. and Marsden, T. 2017 The political ecology of food: carving ‘spaces of possibility’ in a new research agenda. Journal of Rural Studie.
Moran, Thomas and Ries, Nola M and Castle, David, A Cause of Action for Regulatory Negligence? The Regulatory Framework for Genetically Modified Crops in Canada and the Potential for Regulator Liability (2009). University of Ottawa Law & Technology Journal, Vol. 6, No. 1-2, 2009, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2034554
Morgan, S., 2011. Social learning among organic farmers and the application of the ‘communities of practice framework'. J. Agric. Ed. Ext. 17(1), 99 - 112.
Morgan, K. (2009) Feeding the City: The Challenge of Urban Food Planning, International Planning Studies. 14:4, 341-348,
Morgan, K. (2013). The Rise of Urban Food Planning. International Planning Studies, 18(1), 1–4.
Morgan, K., Marsden, T., Murdoch, J. (2008) Worlds of Food: Place, Power, and Provenance in the Food Chain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Morgan, K., & Sonnino, R. (2008). The school food revolution : public food and the challenge of sustainable development. London: Earthscan.
Morgan, K., & Sonnino, R. (2010). The urban foodscape: world cities and the new food equation. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society , 3 (2), 209-224.
Morley, A., Morgan, S., & Morgan, K. (2008). Food Hubs: the “missing middle” of local food infrastructure? BRASS Centre, Cardiff University.
Morris, J.L, and Zidenberg-Cherr, S. 2002. Garden-enhanced nutrition curriculum improves fourthgrade school children’s knowledge of nutrition and preferences for some vegetables. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 102(1), 91-93.
Morris, J., Matthews, S., & Morawski, C. (2011). Review of LCAs on organics management methods & development of an environmental hierarchy. Edmonton, AB: Alberta Environment, https://extranet.gov.ab.ca/env/infocentre/info/posting.asp?assetid=8350&categoryid=20
Morris, C., Potter, C., 1995. Recruiting the new conservationists: farmers’ adoption of agri-environmental schemes in the UK. J. Rur. Stud. 11, 51–63.
Morrison, D. (2011). Indigenous food sovereignty: A model for social learning.
In H. Wittman, A. Desmarais, & N. Wiebe (Eds.), Food sovereignty in Canada: Creating just and sustainable food systems (pp. 97–113). Halifax, Nova Scotia:
Morrison, D. 2020. Reflections and Realities: Expressions of Food Sovereignty in the Fourth World. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 17-38.
Morton, A. 2021. Troubled waters. Globe and Mail, April 3, O3.
Mosby, I. 2014. Food will win the war. UBC.
Moschitz H, Frick R (2021). City food flow analysis. A new method to study local consumption. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 36, 150 –162.
Moscovitch and Albert. 1987. The Benevolent State: the growth of welfare in Canada.
Moubarac JC, Martins AP, Claro RM, Levy RB, Cannon G, Monteiro CA (2013). Consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impact on human health. Evidence from Canada. Public Health Nutrition 12: 2240-8.
Mount, P., & Smithers, J. (2014). The conventionalization of local food: Farm reflections on local, alternative beef marketing groups. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 4(3), 101–119.
Mukhopadhya, K. and Thomassin, P. 2012. Economic impact of adopting a healthy diet in Canada. J Public Health 20:639–652.
Mullinix, K., Dorward, C., Shutzbank, M., Krishnan, P., Ageson, K., & Fallick, A. (2013). Beyond Protection: Delineating the Economic and Food Production Potential of Underutilized, Small-parcel Farmland in Metropolitan Surrey, British Columbia. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 4(1), 33–50.
Mullinix, K., C. Dorward, C. Sussmann, W. Polasub, S. Smukler, C. Chiu, A. Rallings, C. Feeney, and M. Kissinger. The Future of Our Food System: Report on the Southwest BC Bioregion Food System Design Project. Richmond, British Columbia: Institute for Sustainable Food Systems, Kwantlen Polytechnic University, 2016.
Mundler P., Ruiz J. 2015. Analyse des enjeux de la multifonctionnalité de l’agriculture québécoise dans les contextes d’agriculture dynamique et périurbaine. Rapport final de recherche remis au Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation du Québec. Québec et Trois-Rivières, Université Laval et Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières.
Mundler, P., Gouin, D.-M., Laughrea, S., & Ubertino, S (2020). Is Canada’s supply management system able to accommodate the growth of farm-direct marketing? A policy analysis. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(3), 261–279.
Muñoz, I., Milà i Canals, L., & Fernández-Alba, A. (2010). Life cycle assessment of the average Spanish diet including human excretion. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 15(8), 794-805.
Murphy, J. M., Pagano, M. E., Nachmani, J., Sperling, P., Kane, S., & Kleinman, R. E. (1998). The relationship of school breakfast to psychosocial and academic functioning: cross-sectional and longitudinal observations in an inner-city school sample. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 152(9), 899-907.
Myers, K., Smith Fowler, H., Leonard, D., Conte, N., & Gyarmati, D. (2011). Career development services and skills development programs: Gaps, innovations and opportunities. Ottawa: Social Research and Demonstration Corporation. http://www.srdc.org/media/8394/cds_report_en.pdf
Myers, N.J. and Raffensberger, C. 2006. Precautionary tools for reshaping environmental policy. MIT Press, Cambridge and London.
Nadasdy, P. (2005). The anti-politics of TEK: the institutionalization of co-management discourse and practice. Anthropologica, 215-232.
Nadar, R., Green, M. and Seligman, J. 1976. Taming the Giant Corporation. Norton, New York.
Nagendra, H., & Ostrom, E. (2012). Polycentric governance of multifunctional forested landscapes. International Journal of the Commons, 6(2).
Narloch, U., Drucker, A.G. & Pascual, U. 2011a. Payments for agrobiodiversity conservation services for sustained on-farm utilization of plant and animal ge-netic resources. Ecological Economics, 70: 1837–1845.
Nasr, J., MacRae, R., & Kuhns, J. (2010). Scaling up urban agriculture in Toronto: Building the infrastructure. Toronto: Metcalf Foundation.
National Association of Clean Water Agencies (NACWA), the Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF), & the Water Environment Federation (WEF). (2013). Water resources utility of the future . . . blueprint for action. Washington and Alexandria, VA: NACWA, WERF, WEF. http://www.nacwa.org/images/stories/public/2013-01-31waterresourcesutilityofthefuture-final.pdf
National Corn Growers Association, 2013. World of Corn: unlimited possibilities. http://www.ncga.com/upload/files/documents/pdf/WOC%202013.pdf
National Council of Welfare. 2011. The Dollars and Sense of Solving Poverty. Volume 130, Autumn 2011. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2011/cnb-ncw/HS54-2-2011-eng.pdf
National Farmers Union (NFU). 2005. The farm crisis and corporate profits. Saskatoon, SK: NFU. http://www.nfu.ca/briefs/2005/corporate_profits.pdf
National Farmers Union (NFU). 2016. Strengthening Supply Management. NFU Brief, Saskatoon, SK. Jan.
National Farmers Union and Darrin Qualman, Imagine If: A vision of a near-zero-
emission farm and food system for Canada (Saskatoon: NFU, 2021).
National Food Policy Framework: Overview. (2005). Draft—work in progress, 21 November 2005.
National Inventory Report 1990-2014, exec summ. Trends in Canadian GHG emissions by IPCC category
National Seafood Sector Council. (2005). Overview of the food processing industry. Ottawa: NSSC. http://www.fphrc.com/uploads/products/product-pdf/FoodreportEng%20-%20Executive%20Summary%202005.pdf
National Zero Waste Council. (2016). Reducing food waste & cutting Canada’s carbon emissions: Policies for reaping the environmental, economic and social benefits. Ottawa: NZWC. http://www.nzwc.ca/Documents/NZWCSubmissionOnPan-anadianFrameworkForCombattingClimateChange.pdf
Newbold, B. and Campos, S. 2011. Media and Social Media in Public Health Messages: A Systematic Review. McMaster Institute of Environment & Health, McMaster U, Hamilton. http://www.mcmaster.ca/mihe/documents/publications/Social%20Media%20Report.pdf
Newbold, T., Hudson, L., Hill, S. et al. Global effects of land use on local terrestrial biodiversity. Nature 520, 45–50 (2015).
New Democratic Party (NDP). (2014, March 3). It’s time for action to reduce food waste: NDP. Retrieved from http://www.ndp.ca/news/its-time-action-to-reduce-food-waste-ndp
New South Wales Food Authority, (2010). Shelf-life testing: ‘Use-by’ dates for food safety. Retrieved from http://ucfoodsafety.ucdavis.edu/files/49285.pdf
New Zealand Government. (2012). How to determine the shelf-life and date marking of food: A draft guidance document (MPI Discussion Paper No: 2012/27). Wellington, NZ: Government of New Zealand. Retrieved from http://www.foodsafety.govt.nz/elibrary/industry/determine-shelf-life-of-food/
Nielsen, S. J., & Popkin, B.M. (2003). Patterns and trends in food portion sizes, 1977-1998. Journal of the American Medical Association, 289(4), 450-453.
Niezova, D. 2015. AN EXAMINATION OF DENSITY BONUSING UNDER SECTION 37 OF THE PROVINCIAL PLANNICT ACT AS A TOOL FOR PROMOTING FOOD SECURITY IN TORONTO. MES Major Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Nikolopolous, H., Farmer, A. Fehderau, D.D., Campiou, J. and Willows, N. 2020. Learnings from a Food Security Action Group in Alexander First Nation. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 153-172.
Nishi, S.K.; Jessri, M.; L’Abbé, M. 2018. Assessing the dietary habits of Canadians by eating location and occasion:Findings from the Canadian community health survey, cycle 2.2.Nutrients,10, 682.
Nolan, L.K. et al. 1991. Comparison of phenotypic characteristics of Salmonella spp isolated from healthy and ill (infected) chickens. Am J Vet Res 52(9): 1512–1517.
Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture. 1975. On Norwegian Nutrition and Food Policy. Report #32 to the Storting, Oslo.
Nowak, P., Padgett, S., Hoban, T., 1996. Practical considerations in assessing barriers to IPM adoption, in: Lynch, S., Greene, C., Kramer-Leblanc, C.. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Third National IPM Symposium: broadening support for 21st century IPM. ERS Miscellaneous Publication 1542, USDA, Washington, pp. 93-114.
Nowatchin, E.A. (2014). Educational Food Landscapes: Developing Design Guidelines for School Gardens. Unpublished Masters Thesis, MLA, University of Guelph.
Nshimyumukiza, L., Lieffers, J. R. L., Ekwaru, J. P., Ohinmaa, A., & Veugelers, P. J. (2018). Temporal changes in diet quality and the associated economic burden in Canada. PloS One, 13(11), e0206877. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0206877
Nutting, P.A. Health promotion in primary medical care: Problems and potential, Preventive Medicine, Volume 15, Issue 5, September 1986, Pages 537-548.
Nyamende, N. E., Domtchouang, F. R., Belay, Z. A., Keyser, Z., Oyenihi, A., & Caleb, O. J. (2021). Alternative postharvest pre-treatment strategies for quality and microbial safety of 'Granny Smith' apple. Heliyon, 7(5), e07104.
Oates, L and M. Cohen. 2011. Assessing diet as a modifiable risk factor for pesticide exposure. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 8(6): 1792–1804.
O’Brien, M. 2013. A ‘lasting transformation’ of capitalist surplus: from food stocks to feedstocks. The Sociological Review 60(S2):192–211.
Oceana (2016). Here’s the Catch: How to Restore Abundance to Canada’s Oceans. http://www.oceana.ca/en/publications/reports/heres-catch-how-restore-abundance-canadas-oceans
Oceana (2017). Fishery Audit 2017: unlocking Canada's potential for abundant oceans. http://fisheryaudit.ca/
Oceana . 2018. Fishery Audit 2018: unlocking Canada's potential for abundant oceans. http://fisheryaudit.ca/
Oelhaf, R. 1978. Organic agriculture: economic and ecological comparisons
with conventional methods. Allanheld, Osman, Montclair, NJ.
0elhaf, R. 1983. The economic feasibility of widespread adoption of organic farming. ln: D. Knorr (ed.). Suatainabl. Food Systems. AVI Publishing, Westport, CT. Pp. 156-172.
Oerke, E. & Dehne, H. Global crop production and the efficacy of crop protection – current situation and future trends. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 103, 203–215 (1997).
O'Hara, B. 1993. Working Harder isn't Working: a detailed plan for implementing a four-day workweek in Canada. New Star Books, Vancouver.
O’Neil, P. (2014 Oct. 3). Stephen Harper takes aim at temporary foreign worker program. The Vancouver Sun. http://www.vancouversun.com/news/Stephen+Harper+takes+temporary+foreign+worker+program/9396893/story.html#ixzz3U7FEADtV
Ontario Association of Food Banks, 2008. The Cost of Poverty–An Analysis of the Economic Cost of Poverty in Ontario. November 2008. http://www.oafb.ca/tiny_mce/plugins/filemanager/pics_cms/61/261/CostofPoverty.pdf
Ontario Hospital Association. (n.d.) Findings of the green hospital champion fund energy and waste audit program: Opportunities for Ontario’s hospitals. Retrieved from http://www.oha.com/CurrentIssues/keyinitiatives/eHealth/PublishingImages/GHCF%20Audit%20Findings%20Report%20FINAL.pdf
Ontario Ministry of Education. (2009). Acting Today, Shaping Tomorrow: A Policy Framework for Environmental Education in Ontario Schools.
Ontario Ministry of the Environment (OMOE). (2012). Guideline for the production of compost in Ontario, part 2. Toronto, ON: OMOE. Retrieved from https://dr6j45jk9xcmk.cloudfront.net/documents/1230/101-production-of-compost-en.pdf
Ontario Ministry of the Environment. (2012a). Ontario compost quality standards. Toronto, ON: OMOE. Retrieved from https://www.ontario.ca/page/ontario-compost-quality-standards
Ontario Ministry of the Environment. (2013). Waste reduction strategy. Toronto, ON: OMOE.
Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change. (2017). Ontario Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change DISCUSSION PAPER: ADDRESSING FOOD AND ORGANIC WASTE IN ONTARIO. http://www.downloads.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/env_reg/er/documents/2017/013-0094_DiscussionPaper.pdf
Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, 2006. Growth Plan for the GGH https://www.placestogrow.ca/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=9&Itemid=14
Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. (2014). Provincial Policy Statement. Province of Ontario.
Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. (2019). Zoning bylaws. Province of Ontario.
Ontario Municipal Board Review, "Brampton Official Plan (208)" case I09100173;R9100553208. Report 30-1, 1993
Ontario Public Interest Research Group (OPIRG). 1990. Supermarket Tour. Toronto, ON: OPIRG.
Oosterveer, P. and D.A. Sonnenfeld (2012) Food, globalization, and sustainability. London: Earthscan.
Opriş, O., Florina Copaciu, Maria Loredana Soran, Dumitru Ristoiu, Ülo Niinemets, Lucian Copolovici. 2013. Influence of nine antibiotics on key secondary metabolites and physiological characteristics in Triticum aestivum: Leaf volatiles as a promising new tool to assess toxicity. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 87:70-79.
OECD. 2004. Producer and Consumer Support Estimates, 1986-2003 Database: user’s guide. OECD, Paris
OECD. Agrienvironmental performance in OECD countries since 2008: Canada country report; OECD: Paris, 2008.
OECD. (2013). OECD skills outlook 2013: First results from the survey of adult skills. Paris: OECD Publishing.
OECD. (2014). Employment and skills strategies in Canada: OECD reviews on local job creation. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/employment/employment-and-skills-strategies-in-canada_9789264209374-en#page69
OECD. 2015. Fiscal sustainability of health systems. Paris (France): OECD Publishing; 2015.
Orr, D. (2004). Earth in Mind: On education, Environment, and the Human Prospect. Washington: Island Press.
Osborne, David, and Ted Gaebler. 1992. Reinventing Government: How the Entrepreneurial Spirit Is Transforming the Public Sector. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt LLP. (2007). Canadian Competition Law. Washington DC: Association of Corporate Counsel. Retrieved from https://www.acc.com/chapters/canada/upload/canadacomp1.pdf
Osorio, Arturo & Corradini, Maria & Williams, Jerome. (2013). Remediating Food Deserts, Food Swamps, and Food Brownfields: Helping the Poor Access Nutritious, Safe, and Affordable Food. AMS Review. 3.
Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ostrom, E. 2000. "Private and Common Property Rights." In Encyclopedia of Law and Economics, Vol. II: Civil Law and Economics. B. Bouckaert & G. De Geest, eds. Cheltenham, England: Edward Elgar.
Ostrom, E. (2010). Beyond Markets and States: Polycentric Governance of Complex Economic Systems. The American Economic Review, 641-672.
Ostry, A. 2006. Nutrition Policy in Canada, 1870-1939. UBC Press,Vancouver.
Ostry, A. and Morrison, K. 2013. A method for estimating the extent of regional food self-sufficiency and dietary ill health in the Province of British Columbia, Canada. Sustainability 5(11):4949-4960. http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/5/11/4949/htm
Otero, G. and Pechlaner, G. 2010. The neoliberal food regime: Neoregulation and the new division of labor in North America. Rural Sociology 75(2):179-208.
Otero, G. & Preibisch, K. (2010). Farmworkers’ health and safety: Challenges for BC. A final research report for Simon Fraser University. http://www.sfu.ca/~otero/docs/Otero%20and%20Preibisch%20Final%20Nov-‐2010.pdf.
Otis, T. and Fournier, F. 1989. Priorités de recherche en agriculture biologique. Direction Générale de la Recherche, Secteur de l'Est, Agriculture Canada, St-Jean, OC.
Padel, S., 2001. Conversion to organic farming: a typical example of the diffusion of an innovation? Sociol. Rur. 41, 40-61.
Padel, S. 2008. Values of organic producers converting at different times: results of a focus group study in five European countries. Int. J. Agric. Resour. Gov. Ecol. 7, 63-77.
(2020) UK farmers’ transition pathways towards agroecological farm redesign: evaluating explanatory models, Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 44:2, 139-163.
Pai, S., Ai, N., & Zheng, J. (2019). Decentralized community composting feasibility analysis for residential food waste: A Chicago case study. Sustainable Cities and Society, 50, 101683.
Palupi. E., A. Jayanegara, A. Ploeger and J. Kahl. 2012. Comparison of nutritional quality between conventional and organic dairy products: a meta-analysis. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 92 (14): 2774–2781.
Pancer, E., Philp, M., Poole, M. and Noseworthy, T.J. (2021), Content Hungry: How the Nutrition of Food Media Influences Social Media Engagement. Journal of Consumer Psychology.
Papargyropoulou, E., Rodrigo Lozano, Julia K. Steinberger, Nigel Wright, Zaini bin Ujang. 2014. The food waste hierarchy as a framework for the management of food surplus and food waste, Journal of Cleaner Production, 76,106-115.
Parfitt, J., Barthel, M., & Macnaughton, S. (2010). Food waste within food supply chains: Quantification and potential for change to 2050. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365(1554), 3065-3081.
Parizeau, K., von Massow, M., & Martin, R. (2015). Household-level dynamics of food waste production and related beliefs, attitudes, and behaviours in a municipality in Southwestern Ontario. Waste Management, 35, 207-217.
Parizeau, K., von Massow, M., & Martin, R. (2021). Directly observing household food waste generation using composition audits in a Canadian municipality. Waste Management 135(7):229-233.
Parkhurst, A.M. and Francis, C.A. 1986. Rssearch methods in multiple cropping. ln: C.A. Prancis (ed.). Multiple Cropping Systems. Macmillan Publishinq, New York.
Parkinson, D. and Lundy, M. 2021. As inflation its 18-year high, when is it no longer 'transitory'?. Globe and Mail, Oct 26, B1.
Parks Canada Agency. (2021a). Contributing to biodiversity conservation. https://www.pc.gc.ca/en/nature/science/conservation/biodiversite-biodiversity
Parks Canada Agency. (2021b). Recovery Strategy and Action Plan for the Black-tailed Prairie Dog (Cynomys ludovicianus) in Canada. Species at Risk Act Recovery Strategy Series. Parks Canada Agency, Ottawa. vi + 51 pp. https://wildlife-species.canada.ca/species-risk-registry/virtual_sara/files/plans/Rsap-Btpd-v00-2021Aug-Eng1.pdf
Parks, S. & Gowdy, J. (2013). What have economists learned about valuing nature? A review essay. Ecosystem Service, 3, e1-e10.
Parliament of Canada. (2011 March). Government response to the seventh report of the standing committee on agriculture and agri-food, entitled “Young farmers: the future of agriculture”. http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?DocId=5051365&Mode=1&Parl=40&Ses=3&Language=E
Parr, J.P., Papendick, R.I. and Youngberg, I.G. 1983. Organic farming in the United States: principles and perspectives. Agro-ecosystems 8:183-201.
Parra-Lopez, C., De-Haro-Gimenez, T.,Calatrava-Requena, J., 2007. Diffusion and adoption of organic farming in the southern Spanish olive groves. J. Sustain. Agric. 30,105–151.
Parulekar, P. (2012 Jan/Feb). Work: Other paths to a Canadian career. Canadian Newcomer, 42. http://www.cnmag.ca/issue-42/1095-canadian-grocery-hr-council
Patel, R. (2012). Stuffed and starved: The hidden battle for the world food system . Melville House Pub.
Patel, S. and MacRae, R. 2012. Community Supported Agriculture in the city: the case of Toronto. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems and Community Development 2(4):85-100.
Patriquin, D.G., Hill, N.M., Baines, D., Bishop, M. and Allen, G. 1986. Observations on a mixed farm during the transition to biological husbandry. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 4:69-154.
Pattberg, P., Widerberg, O. (2016). Transnational Multistakeholder Partnerships for Sustainable Development: Conditions for Success. Ambio 45, 42-51.
Pauer, E. et al., 2019. Assessing the Environmental Sustainability of Food Packaging: An Extended Life Cycle Assessment including Packaging-Related Food Losses and Waste and Circularity Assessment. Sustainability 11:925-946.
Pauly, Daniel, Reg Watson, and Jackie Alder. 2005. “Global Trends in World Fisheries: Impacts on Marine Ecosystems and Food Security.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 360 (1453): 5–12.
Peake, L., Brandmayr, C. and Klein, B. 2018. Completing the circle: Creating effective UK markets for recovered resources. Green Alliance, London.
Pearce, D.W. and Turner, R.K. (1993) Market-based approaches to solid waste management. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 8(1-2), pp.63-90.
Peck, J., and Tickell, A. 2002. Neoliberalizing space. Antipode 34(3):380–404.
Peckett, M. K. (1999). Anishnabe homeland history, traditional land and resource use of Riding Mountain, Manitoba. http://mspace.lib.umanitoba.ca/xmlui/handle/1993/2015
Peel Region. (2016, Sept 14). News Release. Retrieved from https://www.peelregion.ca/news/archiveitem.asp?year=2016&month=8&day=14&file=2016814.xml
Peñalvo, J. L., Cudhea, F., Micha, R., Rehm, C. D., Afshin, A., Whitsel, L., Wilde, P., Gaziano, T., Pearson-Stuttard, J., O'Flaherty, M., Capewell, S., & Mozaffarian, D. (2017). The potential impact of food taxes and subsidies on cardiovascular disease and diabetes burden and disparities in the United States. BMC medicine, 15(1), 208.
People’s Food Policy Project. (2011). Setting the table: a people’s food policy for Canada. Ottawa: People’s Food Policy Project.
Pérez M P, Palacio J, Santolaria M P, Aceña M C, Chacón G, Gascón M, Calvo P, Zaragoza S, Beltran J A, Garcia-Belenguer S. 2002. Effect of transport time on welfare and meat quality in pigs. Meat Sci. 61: 425-433.
Perreault, D. (2015). Selling unattractive food to decrease waste and encourage sustainable consumer behaviour in France: Lessons for Québec food retailers (Unpublished master’s thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, ON.
Peters, B.G. and Pierre, J. (2014), “Food Policy as a Wicked Problem: Contending with Multiple Demands and Actors”, World Food Policy, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 2-9.
Pfeiffer, Lisa, and Trevor Gratz. 2016. “The Effect of Rights-Based Fisheries Management on Risk Taking and Fishing Safety.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (10): 2615–20.
Philippon, T. 2019. The US only pretends to have free markets. The Atlantic. Oct. 29
Pham, Ngoc Dieu Cindy. 2019. Let's Talk About Seeds: Recommendations for More Meaningful Public Participation in Canadian Seed Polic. MES Major Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Phillips, Catherine. “Canada’s Evolving Seed Regime: Relations of Industry, State, and Seed Savers.” Environment 36, no. 1 (2008): 5-18.
Phocas F, Belloc C, Bidanel J, Delaby L, Dourmad JY, Dumont B, Ezanno P,Fortun-Lamothe L, Foucras G, Gonzales-Garcia E, Hazard D, Larzul C, Lubac S,Mignon-Grasteau S, Moreno CR, Tixier-Boichard M and Brochard M. 2016a. Review: Towards the agroecological management of ruminants, pigs andpoultry through the development of sustainable breeding programmes: I.Selection goals and criteria. Animal 10(11): 1749-1759.
Phocas, F., C. Belloc, J. Bidanel, L. Delaby, J.Y. Dourmad, B. Dumont, P. Ezanno, L. Fortun-Lamothe, G. Foucras, B. Frappat, E. González-García, D. Hazard, C. Larzul, S. Lubac, S. Mignon-Grasteau, C.R. Moreno, M. Tixier-Boichard, M. Brochard, 2016b. Review: Towards the agroecological management of ruminants, pigs and poultry through the development of sustainable breeding programmes. II. Breeding strategies, Animal, 10(11): 1760-1769
Picard, A. 2018. To improve Canada's health, we must rethink our spending strategy. Globe and Mail, Jan. 22: A4.
Piketty, T. 2014. Capitalism in the 21st Century. Harvard University Press.
Pim, L. 1979. Additive Alert. Doubleday, Toronto.
Pimentel, D., Williamson, S., Alexander, C. E., Gonzalez-Pagan, O., Kontak, C., & Mulkey, S. 2008. Reducing energy inputs in the US food system. Human Ecology, 36, 459-471.
Pimentel, D. A. Marklein, M.A. Toth, M.N. Karpoff, G.S. Paul, R. McCormack, J. Kyriazis and T. Krueger. 2009. Food vs. biofuels: environmental and economic costs. Human Ecology 37:1–12.
Pineiro, G., E G. Jobbagy, J Baker, B. C. Murray and R.B. Jackson. 2009. Set asides can be better energy investments than corn ethanol. Ecological Applications 19:277–282.
Piñeiro, V., Arias, J., Dürr, J., Elverdin, P., Ibáñez, A. M., Kinengyere, A., Opazo, C. M., Owoo, N., Page, J. R., Prager, S. D., & Torero, M. (2020). A scoping review on incentives for adoption of sustainable agricultural practices and their outcomes. Nature Sustainability, 3(10), 809–820.
Pinkerton, Evelyn. 1989. Co-Operative Management of Local Fisheries: New Directions for Improved Management and Community Development. Vancouver B.C.: University of British Columbia Press
Pinkerton, Evelyn W. 1994. “Local Fisheries Co-Management: A Review of International Experiences and Their Implications for Salmon Management in British Columbia.” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51 (10): 2363–78.
Pinkerton, Evelyn, and Reade Davis. 2015. “Neoliberalism and the Politics of Enclosure in North American Small-Scale Fisheries.” Marine Policy 61 (November): 303–12.
Pinkerton, Evelyn, and Danielle N. Edwards. 2009. “The Elephant in the Room: The Hidden Costs of Leasing Individual Transferable Fishing Quotas.” Marine Policy 33 (4): 707–13.
Pinkerton, Evelyn, Marc Allain, David Decker, and Ken Carew. 2018. “Atlantic and Pacific Halibut Co-Management Initiatives by Canadian Fishermen’s Organizations.” Fish and Fisheries 19 (6): 984–95.
Pinto, AD and G Bloch. 2017. Framework for building primary care capacity to address the social determinants of health. Canadian Family Physician 63 (11), e476-e482.
Pirog, R.; Van Pelt, T.; Enshayan, K.; Cook. E. Food, Fuel, and Freeways: an Iowa perspective on how far food travels, fuel usage, and greenhouse gas emissions. Iowa State University, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture Ames, Iowa, 2001.
Plochberger, K. 1989. Feeding experiments: a criterion for quality estimation of biologically and conventionally produced foods. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 27:419–428.
Plumptre, T. W. (1988). Beyond the Bottom Line: Management in Government. Halifax, NS: Institute for Research in Public Policy.
Polanyi, K. 1944. The Great Transformation. Farrar and Rinehart. New York.
Polis, G.A. and Strong, D.R., 1996. Food web complexity and community dynamics.AmericanNaturalist 147 (50), 813–846.
Pollan, M. (2007). The omnivore's dilemma: A natural history of four meals . New York: Penguin Publishing Group.
Poore, J. and Nemecek, T. 2018. Reducing food’s environmental impacts through producers and consumers. Science 360:987-992.
Poppe, C. et al. 1995. Drug resistance and biochemical characteristics of Salmonella from turkeys. Can J Vet Res 59: 241–248.
Porter, C. 2009 (June 21). Follow that strawberry: From west to feast. Toronto Star, Section IN.
Porter, M.E., & Kramer, M.R. (2011). Creating shared value. Harvard Business Review, 89 (1/2): 62-77.
Pothukuchi, K., & Kaufman, J.L. 2000. The food system: A stranger to the planning field. APA Journal, 66, 113-124.
Powers, S., Jablonski, M. (2015). The Real Cyber War: The Political Economy of Internet Freedom. Urbana, US: University of Illinois Press.
Prabhu, M.A. 1971. Freight rate regulation in Canada. McGill Law Journal 17: 292-359. http://lawjournal.mcgill.ca/userfiles/other/2685761-prabhu.pdf
Prasada, P., Bredahl, M.E., & Wigle, R. (2010). Market impacts of technological change in Canadian agriculture. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 58(2), 235-247.
Pratt, S. 2020. Aquaculture decline rocks soybean demand. Western Producer May 28, p.7.
Pratt, S. 2020. Malting barley acres drop as COVID hits beer sales. Western Producer June 11, p. 5.
Pratt, S. 2020. Farm supports below OECD average. Western Producer, July 16, p.3.
Pratt, S. 2020. WTO in crisis mode as free trade regime unravels: CAFTA. Western Producer. Dec. 26, p. 15.
Pratt, S. 2021. Hybrid wheat makes a splash. Western Producer, July15, p. 1.
Pratt, S. 2021. Shipping container crisis deepens. Western Producer, July 22, p. 1.
Pratt, S. 2021. Grain sector dodges a bullet on trucker shortage. Western Producer, Oct. 28, p. 13.
Pratt, S. 2021. China cuts phosphate exports to build batteries. Western Producer, Nov. 11, p. 3.
Pratt, S. 2021. Unpaid oil, gas taxes mount, leaving Sask. RMs in lurch. Western Producer Nov. 18, p. 3.
Preibisch, K. (2007). Local produce, foreign labor: Labor mobility programs and global trade competitiveness in Canada. Rural Sociology, 72,3, 418-449.
Prentice, S. (1989). Workers, Mothers, Reds: Toronto’s Postwar Daycare Fight. Studies in Political Economy, 30(Autmn), 115–141.
Pretty, J.N., Brett, C., Gee, D., Hine, R., Mason, C.F., Morison, J.I.L., Raven, H., Rayment, M., and van der Bijl, G. 2000. An assessment of the total external costs of UK agriculture. Agricultural Systems 65:113–136.
Pretty, J.N., Noble, A.D., Bossio, D., Dixon, J., Hine, R.E., Penning de Vries, F.W.T. & Morison, J.I.L. 2006. Resource-conserving agriculture increases yields in developing countries. Environmental Science and Technology (Policy Analysis) 40(4): 1114-1119
Price, A. (2009, June 19). ‘Humanure’ victory: Green toilet wins Austin City approval. Common Dreams. http://www.commondreams.org/news/2009/06/19/humanure-victory-green-toilet-wins-austin-city-approval
Pritchard, B. 2009. The long hangover from the second food regime: a world-historical interpretation of the collapse of the WTO Doha Round. Agriculture and Human Values 26:297–307.
Proulx, D. (2014, July 29). Fruits et legumes moches: Des milliers de tonnes jetées au Québec. Groupe TVA. Retrieved from http://argent.canoe.ca/nouvelles/fruits-et-legumes-moches-des-milliers-de-tonnes-jetees-au-Québec-29072014
Puhan Z. 1992. New applications of membrane processes. IDF Special Issue No. 9201–New Applications of Membrane Processes. International Dairy Federation, Brussels, Belgium: pp. 23–32.
Puma MJ, Bose S, Chon SY, Cook BI. Assessing the evolving fragility of the global food system. Environ Res Lett. 2015;10(2):024007.
Qualman, D. 2021. Fertilizer Canada report goes astray. Western Producer Oct. 28, p. 11.
Qualman, D. et al. 2013. Environmental Scan: Conventional and Indigenous Food Systems and Gaps in the Regina Area, SK. Regina Community Food Systems Steering Committee, Regina.
Qualman, D., Akram-Lodhi, A. H., Desmarais, A. A., & Srinivasan, S. (2018). Forever young? The crisis of generational renewal on Canada’s farms. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur l’alimentation, 5(3), 100–127.
Quested, T., & Johnson, H. (2009). Household food and drink waste in the UK. London: WRAP U.K. Retrieved from http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/Household_food_and_drink_waste_in_the_UK_-_report.pdf
Quierolo, M. 2020. Planning for a public markets network in the City of Toronto. MES Major Project, FES, York University
Quimby, Barbara, and Arielle Levine. 2018. “Participation, Power, and Equity: Examining Three Key Social Dimensions of Fisheries Comanagement.” Sustainability 10 (9): 3324.
QUINN, B. (2006). Transit-Oriented Development: Lessons from California. Built Environment (1978-), 32(3), 311-322.
Rachlis, M. and Kushner, C. 1994. Strong Medicine: how to save Canada's health care system. Harper/Collins, Toronto.
Radwanski, A. 2020. Ottawa is taking "great interest" in carbon tariffs. Globe and Mail. Oct. 20, B2.
Radwanski, A. 2022. As time runs out, here's what we need to do to prepare for climate disaster. Globe and Mail, Jan. 11. A1.
Ragusa, A., Alessandro Svelato, Criselda Santacroce, Piera Catalano, Valentina Notarstefano, Oliana Carnevali, Fabrizio Papa, Mauro Ciro Antonio Rongioletti, Federico Baiocco, Simonetta Draghi, Elisabetta D'Amore, Denise Rinaldo, Maria Matta, Elisabetta Giorgini. 2021. Plasticenta: First evidence of microplastics in human placenta. Environment International 146:106274.
Raine, K., McIntyre, L. Dayle, J.B. (2003). The failure of charitable school- and community-based nutrition programmes to feed hungry children. Critical Public Health13(2), 155-169.
Raine KD, Atkey, K, Olstad DL, Ferdinands AR, Beaulieu D, Buhler S, Campbell N, Cook B, L’Abbé MR, Lederer A, Mowat D, Maharaj J, Nykiforuk C, Shelley J, Street J. Healthy food procurement and nutrition standards in public facilities: evidence synthesis and consensus policy recommendations. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada. 2018;38(1).
Ramiller, A. and Schmidt, P. 2018. Scale limits to sustainability: Transdisciplinary evidence from three Danish cases. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions 27:48-58.
Ramond-Roquin, A. et al., 2019. Chronic disease prevention and management programs in primary care: Realist synthesis of 6 programs in Quebec. Canadian Family Physician 65:559-566.
, J., , , , . (2016) Comparison of Antioxidant Activities and High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Analysis of Polyphenol from Different Apple Varieties. International Journal of Food Properties 19:11, 2396-2407.
Rance, L. 2001. Food system safe but complacency makes it vulnerable. Manitoba
Cooperator April 19, 2001.
Rao, M, Afshin, A, Singh, G, Mozaffarian, D (2013). Do healthier foods and diet patterns cost more than healthier options? A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open 3(12): 1-16.
Raphael D. Social determinants of health: Canadian perspectives. 3rd ed. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press Inc.; 2016
Rathje, W., & Murphy, C. (1992). Rubbish: The archaeology of garbage. New York: Harper Collins.
Rattunde, F., Weltzien, E., Sidibé, M. et al. Transforming a traditional commons-based seed system through collaborative networks of farmer seed-cooperatives and public breeding programs: the case of sorghum in Mali. Agric Hum Values (2020).
Rayner, S. Wicked Problems: Clumsy Solutions, First Jack Beale Memorial Lecture, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia (2006)
Reason, P. and Rowan, J. 1981. Issues of validity in new paradigm reaearch. In: P. Reason and J. Rowan (eds.). Human Inquiry: A sourcebook of new paradigm research. John Wiley, London. Pp. 239-250.
Reed, M.S., Fazey, I., Stringer, L.C., Raymond, C.M., Akhtar-Schuster, M., Begni, G., Bigas, H., Brehm, S., Briggs, J., Bryce, R., Buckmaster, S., Chanda, R., Davies, J., Diez, E., Essahli, W., Evely, A., Geeson, N., Hartmann, I., Holden, J., Hubacek, K., Ioris, A.A.R., Kruger, B., Laureano, P., Phillipson, J., Prell, C., Quinn, C.H., Reeves, A.D., Seely, M., Thomas, R., van der Werff Ten Bosch, M.J., Vergunst, P. and Wagner, L. (2013), KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT FOR LAND DEGRADATION MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT: AN ANALYSIS OF CONTEMPORARY THINKING. Land Degrad. Develop., 24: 307-322.
Reganold, J., Wachter, J. Organic agriculture in the twenty-first century. Nature Plants 2, 15221 (2016).
Regional Municipality of York, (2013). Review of Bill 91, proposed Waste Reduction Act, 2013. Retrieved from http://archives.york.ca/councilcommitteearchives/pdf/sep%2019%20es%20review.pdf
Reguly, E. 2021. Suez Canal debacle highlights the price of cost cutting. Globe and Mail. March 30, B3.
Reid, Rebecca. 2019. Evidence. Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans, 128 First Session, 42 Parliament. Jan. 30, 2019. https://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/FOPO/meeting-128/evidence
Reimer, A., Thompson, A., Prokopy, L., 2012. The multi-dimensional nature of environmental attitudes among farmers in Indiana: implications for conservation adoption. Agric. Hum. Values 29, 29–40.
Reiss ER, Drinkwater LE. Cultivar mixtures: a meta-analysis of the effect of intraspecific diversity on crop yield. Ecological Applications. 2018;28(1):62–77
Relton, C., Strong, M., & Holdsworth, M. (2012). Plastic food packaging encourages obesity. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 344, e3824.
Renting, H., Marsden, T.K. and Banks, J. 2003. Understanding alternative food networks: exploring the role of short food supply chains in rural development. Environment and Planning A 35(3): 393-411.
Report of the Joint Committee on the Use of Antibiotics in Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Presented to Parliament by the Secretary of State for Social Services, Secretary of State for Scotland, the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, and the Secretary of State for Wales. London, Her Majesty'sbStationery Office. November, 1969.
Reuteman, R. (2011). Superfruits — Super Sales and Super Claims .
Reuters, 2021. Concerns grow about global food inflation. Western Producer, Feb 18, 56.
Reuters, 2021. Shipping fleet decarbonizes. Western Producer, Sept., 2, p. 48.
Ribal, J., Fenollosa, M. L., García-Segovia, P., Clemente, G., Escobar, N., & Sanjuán, N. (2016). Designing healthy, climate friendly and affordable school lunches. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(5), 631-645.
Richards, C., Bjørkhaug, H., Lawrence, G. & Hickman, E. (2013). Retailer-driven agricultural restructuring: Australia, the UK and Norway in comparison. Agriculture and Human Values, 30(2), 235-245.
Riches, G. 1986. Food Banks and the Welfare Crisis. Lorimer, Toronto.
Riches, G. 2018. Food Bank Nations: Poverty, Corporate Charity and the Right to Food. Routledge.
Rideout, K. G. Riches, A. Ostry, D. Buckingham and R. MacRae. 2007. Bringing home the right to food in Canada: challenges and possibilities for achieving food security. Public Health Nutrition 10(6):566-573.
Riley, S. 2019. Hidden danger: life for farmers atop Alberta's 400,000 km of pipelines. The Narwhal Nov. 20.
Ringen, K. 1977. The Norwegian food and nutritional policy. American J. Public Health 67:550-551.
Risch, S. J. (2009). Food Packaging History and Innovations. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 57(18), 8089–8092
Rittel, H., Webber, M. (1973). Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. Policy
Sciences 4, 155-169.
Roberts, W. 2014. Life of Bryan: working the magic of sustainable food’s sweet spot, Part I. Canadian Food Studies 1:20-26.
Roberts, W. 2014. Life of Bryan: working the magic of sustainable food’s sweet spot, Part II. Canadian Food Studies 2:9-15
Roberts, W., MacRae, R. and Stahlbrand, L. 1999. Real Food for a Change. Random House, Toronto.
Roberts KC, Shields M, de Groh M, Aziz A, Gilbert JA. Overweight and obesity in children and adoles-cents: Results from the 2009 to 2011 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Health Rep. 2012 Sep; 23(3):37-41.
Robertson, G.P. G. Philip Robertson, Virginia H. Dale, Otto C. Doering, Steven P. Hamburg, Jerry M. Melillo, Michele M. Wander, William J. Parton, Paul R. Adler, Jacob N. Barney, Richard M. Cruse, Clifford S. Duke, Philip M. Fearnside, Ronald F. Follett, Holly K. Gibbs, Jose Goldemberg, David J. Mladenoff, Dennis Ojima, Michael W. Palmer, Andrew Sharpley, Linda Wallace, Kathleen C. Weathers, John A. Wiens, Wallace W. Wilhelm. 2008. Sustainable biofuels redux. Science 322 (Oct. 3):49–50.
Robertson, J. 1987. A new economics by the year 2000: strategy for change. New Economy. 3:3-5.
Robicheau, S. (2012). Helping good things grow: Creating nurturing policies and programs for new farmers through civil society–government collaboration. In: R. MacRae & E. Abergel (Eds), Health and sustainability in the Canadian food system: Advocacy and opportunity for civil society (pp. 243-270). Vancouver, British Columbia: UBC Press.
Robin, T. (2019). Our hands at work: Indigenous food sovereignty in Western Canada.Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(Suppl. 2),85–99.
Robin (Martens), T. and Cidro, J. 2020. Rebuilding Cultural Identity and Indigenous Food Sovereignty with Indigenous Youth through Traditional Food Access and Skills in the City. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 135-152.
Robson, I. 2017. Omnitrax not solely to blame for derailing Port of Churchill. NFU Opinion Editorial. December 19, 2017.
Rocha, C. (2001). Urban food security policy: The case of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Journal for the Study of Food and Society, 5,1, 36-47.
Rocha, C. and Lessa, I. 2010. Urban Governance for Food Security: The Alternative Food System in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. International Planning Studies 14(4).
Rodefield, R.D., Flora, J., Voth, O., Fujimoto, I. and Converse, J. (eds.). 1978. Change in rural America: causes, consequences and alternatives. C.V. Moseby, St. Louis, MO.
Rodrigue, J.P. 2012. The Containerization of Commodities: integrating inland ports with gateways and corridors in Western Canada. The Van Horne Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. http://www.vanhorne.info/files/vanhorne/The%20Containerization%20of%20Commodities%2C%20Integrating%20Inland%20Ports%20with%20Gateways%20and%20Corridors%20in%20Western%20Canada.pdf
Rogers, E.M. 1995. Diffusion of Innovations, fourth ed. The Free Press. NewYork.
Rogers, R. A. 1995. The oceans are emptying: fish wars and sustainability. Montréal: Black Rose Books
Rogers, R.A. 2020. Rough and Plenty: a memorial. WLU Press, Waterloo.
Rogge, K.S. and Reichardt, K. 2016. Policy mixes for sustainability transitions: An extended concept and framework for analysis. Research Policy, 45(8),1620-1635.
Roman-Alcalá, A. 2013. Occupy the Farm: A Study of Civil Society Taccs to CulvateCommons and Construct Food Sovereignty in the United States. Conference paper for discussion at:Food Sovereignty: A Crical Dialogue Internaonal Conference, Program in Agrarian Studies, Yale University. September 14-15, 2013.
Roman-Alcalá, A. 2017. Looking to food sovereignty movements for postgrowth
theory. ephemera: theory & politics in organization 17(1): 119-145.
Rooney, A. and Vallianatos, H. 2021. Evidence of Degrowth Values in Food Justice in a Northern Canadian Municipality. Environmental Values (online first).
Röös E, Carlsson G, Ferawati F, Hefni M, Stephan A, Tidåker P, Witthöft C (2020). Less meat, more legumes: prospects and challenges in the transition toward
sustainable diets in Sweden. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 35, 192 –205.
Roppel, C. et al. 2006. Farm Women and Canadian Agricultural Policy. Status of Women Canada, Ottawa.
Roselli, M., A. Finamore, E. Brasili, G. Capuani, H. L. Kristensen, C. Micheloni and E. Mengheri. 2012. Impact of organic and conventional carrots on intestinal and peripheral immunity. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 92 (14):2913-2922.
Rosenblatt, S. (2009). The feasibility of a restaurant transition to a sustainable meat supply-chain: A case study of two Toronto restaurants (Unpublished master’s thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, ON.
Rosenbloom, D., 2017. Pathways: an emerging concept for the theory and governance of low-carbon transitions. Global Environmental Change 43, 37–50.
Rosenbloom, D., 2018. Framing low-carbon pathways: A discursive analysis of contending storylines surrounding the phase-out of coal-fired power in Ontario. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions 27, 129–145.
Ross, T.W. 1998. Introduction: the evolution of competition law in Canada. Review of Industrial Organization 13(1/2):1-23.
Rosset, P. 2004. Agricultural Subsidies and Trade Issues: The key alternatives. Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, New York.
Rostagno, M., 2009, Can stress in farm animals increase food safety risks? Foodborne Pathogens and Disease 6, 767-776.
Rotz, S. 2017. ‘They took our beads, it was a fair trade, get over it’: Settler colonial logics, racial hierarchies and material dominance in Canadian agriculture. Geoforum 82:158-169.
Rourke, P. 2011. Implications of the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). Paper presented to the Canada-EU Transatlantic Dialogue Workshop, Sustainable Local Food Systems in Europe and the Americas: Lessons for policy and practice. Carleton University, Ottawa. March 3, 2011.
Rowan, M.S. William Hogg, and Patricia Huston, 2007. Integrating Public Health and Primary Care Health Policy. August; 3(1): e160–e181.
Rowan, Troy N., Harly J. Durbin, Christopher M. Seabury, Robert D. Schnabel, Jared E. Decker. Powerful detection of polygenic selection and evidence of environmental adaptation in US beef cattle. PLOS Genetics, 2021; 17 (7).
Roy, J. and Langford, J. 2008. Integrating Service Delivery AcrossLevels of Government: Case Studiesof Canada and Other Countries. IBM Centre for the Business of Government.
Ruetz, A. T., & McKenna, M. L. (2021). Characteristics of Canadian school food programs funded by provinces and territories. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur l’alimentation, 8(3).
Rühli, E., Sachs, S., Schmitt, R., Schneider, T. (2015). Innovation in Multistakeholder Settings: The Case of a Wicked Issue in Health Care. Journal of Business Ethics..
Russel, D.A. and Williams, G.G. (1977), History of Chemical Fertilizer Development. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 41: 260-265.
Russell, J. (2004). Best Practices for Child Nutrition Programs: a review of the literature.
Rutledge, J. G. (2009). Feeding the Future: The Global Emergence of School Lunch Programs. University of Minnesota.
Rutledge, J. G. (2016). Feeding the future : the emergence of school lunch programs as global social policy. Rutgers University Press.
Ruttan, V.W. 1982. Agricultura1 Research Policy. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
Rutten, M. M. (2013). What economic theory tells us about the impacts of reducing food losses and/or waste: Implications for research, policy and practice. Agriculture and Food Security, 2, 1-13.
Ryan, R. L. (2006). Comparing the attitudes of local residents, planners, and developers about preserving rural character in New England. Landscape and Urban Planning , 75(1-2), 5-22.
Rzewnieki, P.E., Thompson, R., Lesoing, G.W., Elmire, R.W., Francis, C.A., Parkhurst, A.R.A. and Moomaw, R.S. 1988. On-farm experiment designs and implications for locating research sites. American J. Alternative Agriculture 3:168-174.
Saatkamp, Helmut W., Luuk S.M. Vissers, Peter L.M. van Horne, and Ingrid C. de Jong 2019. "Transition from Conventional Broiler Meat to Meat from Production Concepts with Higher Animal Welfare: Experiences from The Netherlands" Animals 9, no. 8: 483.
Sabatier, P.A. and Jenkins-Smith, H.C. 1999. The Advocacy Coalition Framework: an assessment. In: P. A. Sabatier (ed.). Theories of the Policy Process. Westview Press, Boulder, CO. pp. 117–68.
Sabry, Z.I. (1975). The cost of malnutrition in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health 66, 291–3.
Sachs, C. 1992. Reconsidering diversity in agriculture and food systems: an ecofeminist approach. Agriculture and Human Values 9(3):4-10.
Sadeghirad, B. et al., 2016. Infuence of unhealthy food and beverage marketing on children's dietary intake and preferences: a systematic reiview and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Obesity Reviews 17(10):945.
Saha, M. and Matthew J. Eckelman, Growing fresh fruits and vegetables in an urban landscape: A geospatial assessment of ground level and rooftop urban agriculture potential in Boston, USA, Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 165, 2017, Pages 130-141,
Sala, E., Mayorga, J., Bradley, D. et al. Protecting the global ocean for biodiversity, food and climate. Nature (2021).
Salter, L. et al. 1988. Mandated Science: Science and Scientists in the Making of Standards. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA.
Salvatori G, Forleo MB, Martino F, Di Iuorio E, Piccinelli R, Di Cesare C. The dietary adequacy of organic vs conventional food consumers. Progr Nutr [Internet]. 2021 Jul. 2 [cited 2021 Oct. 21];23(2):e2021067.
Samuel, H. (2016, March 15). Italy set to pass new law to fight food waste. Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/12194549/Italy-set-to-pass-new-law-to-fight-food-waste.html
Sánchez-Bayo, F. and Kris A.G. Wyckhuys, 2019. Worldwide decline of the entomofauna: A review of its drivers, Biological Conservation, 232:8-27.
Sand, P.H. (2000). The Precautionary Principle: A European Perspective. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 6 (3): 445-458.
Sandberg, A., Wekerle, G., Gilbert, L. (2013) Residents Speak for the Moraine. The Oak Ridges Moraine Battle .Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Pp. 91-181
Sanders, J., Stolze, M. and Padel, S. (eds). 2011. Use and efficiency of public support measures addressing organic farming. Institute of Farm Economics, Braunschweig, Germany.
Sandlos, J. (2008). Not Wanted in the Boundary: The Expulsion of the Keeseekoowenin Ojibway Band from Riding Mountain National Park. Canadian Historical Review, 89(2), 189–221. https://doi.org/10.3138/chr.89.2.189
Sandwell, C 2012. An exploration of the challenges facing local food processing Ontario and the role of the food movement in supporting the development of sustainable infrastructure. MES Major Paper, FES, York University, Toronto.
Sankoff, P. (2019). Canada's Experiment with Industry Self-Regulation in Agriculture: Radical Innovation or Means of Insulation. Can. J. Comp. & Contemp. L., 5, 299.
Saraiva, J.L., Maria F. Castanheira, Pablo Arechavala-López, Jenny Volstorf and Billo Heinzpeter Studer. 2019. Domestication and welfare in farmed fish. In: F. Teletchea (ed.). Animal Domestication. Intechopen, https://www.intechopen.com/books/animal-domestication.
Sarmah, A.K., Michael T. Meyer, Alistair B.A. Boxall. 2006. A global perspective on the use, sales, exposure pathways, occurrence, fate and effects of veterinary antibiotics (VAs) in the environment. Chemosphere 65(5): 725-759.
Satin, M. 1987. When 'The People' is no longer enough New Options 45:1-2,8.
Sautereau, N. 2009. Soutenir le developpement de L’AB: conseils et dispositifs incitatifs a la conversion, in : Lamine, C., Bellon S. (Eds), Transitions vers l’Agriculture Biologique: pratiques et accompagnements pour des systemes innovants. Educagri Editions, Dijons, France, pp. 195-218.
Savan, B. 1988. Science under Siege: the myth of objectivity in scientific research. CBC Enterprises, Toronto.
Savoie, D.J. 1999. Government from the Centre: the concentration of power in Canadian politics. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Savoie, D.J., 2003. Breaking the Bargain: public servants, ministers and parliament. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Savory A, Butterfield J. 1999. Holistic management: a new frame- work for decision making. Washington, DC: Island Press
Saxe, H. (2014). The New Nordic Diet is an effective tool in environmental protection: it reduces the associated socioeconomic cost of diets. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 99(5), 1117- 1125.
Saxe, H., Larsen, T., & Mogensen, L. (2013). The global warming potential of two healthy Nordic diets compared with the average Danish diet. Climatic Change, 116(2), 249-262.
Scarborough, P., Allender, S., Clarke, D., Wickramasinghe, K., & Rayner, M. (2012). Modelling the health impact of environmentally sustainable dietary scenarios in the UK. European journal of clinical nutrition, 66(6), 710-715.
Schiff, R., & Brunger, F. (2013). Northern food networks: Building collaborative efforts for food security in remote Canadian Aboriginal communities. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 3(3), 31–45.
Schiffer, B., A Daxenberger, K. Meyer, H. Meyer. 2001. The fate of trenbolone acetate and melengestrol acetate after application as growth promoters in cattle: environmental studies. Environmental Health Perspectives 109:1145-1151.
Schmitz, A. 2008. Canadian agricultural programs and policy in transition. Canadian J. Agricultural Economics 56 (2008) 371–391.
Schneider, F. (2008, May 11-15). Wasting food: An insistent behaviour. Presentation to Waste – The social context 2008: Urban issues and solutions. Edmonton, Alberta. http://www.ifr.ac.uk/waste/Reports/Wasting%20Food%20-%20An%20Insistent.pdf
Schneider, M., & McMichael, P. (2010). Deepening, and repairing the metabolic rift. Journal of Peasant Studies, 37(3), 461-484.
Schnitter R, Berry P. The Climate Change, Food Security and Human Health Nexus in Canada: A Framework to Protect Population Health. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Jul 16;16(14):2531.
Scholz, A. (2009). Strategies and recommendations for new entrant and intergenerational transfer program needs. Saskatoon, SK: APAS. http://www.awellfedworld.com/articles/APAS%20Final%20Report%202%20Oct%2031-09.pdf
Schot, J. and Kanger, L. 2018. Deep transitions: Emergence, acceleration, stabilization and directionality. Research Policy 47:1045-59.
Schrecker, T. 1984. The Political Economy of Environmental Hazards. Law Reform Commission of Canada, Ottawa.
Schrock, Greg, Ellen M. Bassett, and Jamaal Green. "Pursuing Equity and Justice in a Changing Climate: Assessing Equity in Local Climate and Sustainability Plans in U.S. Cities." Journal of Planning Education and Research 35.3 (2015): 282–95.
Schumacher, E. 1973. Small is Beautiful: economics as if people mattered. Abacus, Sphere Books. London.
2019. Detection of Various Microplastics in Human Stool: A Prospective Case Series. Ann Intern Med. 171:453-457. [Epub ahead of print 3 September 2019].
Schwartzkopf-Genswein, K.S., et al., 2012, Road transport of cattle, swine and poultry in North America and its impact on animal welfare, carcass and meat quality: A review, Meat Science 92, 227-243
Schweitzer, J.-P., Petsinaris, F. and Gionfra, C. (2018) Justifying plastic pollution: how Life Cycle Assessments are misused in food packaging policy. Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), Brussels. A study by Zero Waste Europe and Friends of the Earth Europe for the Rethink Plastic Alliance.
Science Citoyennes, 2012. Visions paysannes de la recherche dans le contexte de la sélection participative (projet REPERE). Paris: Fondation Sciences Citoyennes.
Scott Wolfe Management. (2005). Food processing – a strategic Canadian industry. Ottawa: CAPI. http://www.capi-icpa.ca/archives/pdfs/PapID12_RHyde.pdf
Scourboutakos, M.J. and L'Abbe, M.R. 2013. Sodium Levels in Canadian Fast-food and Sit-down Restaurants. Can J Public Health 2013;104(1):2-8.
Scourboutakos, M.J., Semnani-Azad, Z. and L'Abbe, M.R. Restaurant Meals: Almost a Full Day’s Worth of Calories, Fats, and Sodium. JAMA Internal MedicineJuly 22, 2013 Volume 173, Number 14: 1373-1374.
Scourboutakos, M.J., Orr, S., Hobin, E., Murphy, S.A., Manson, H. and L'Abbe, M.R. 2019. Assessing the Early Impact of Menu-Labeling on Calories in Chain Restaurants in Ontario, Canada. American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 56, Issue 6, June 2019, Pages e195-e203
Scrinis, G. 2013. Nutritionism: the science and politics of nutrition advice. Columbia University Press, New York.
Seccombe, W. (2007). A home-grown strategy for Ontario agriculture. Toronto: Toronto Food Policy Council. http://www1.toronto.ca/city_of_toronto/toronto_public_health/healthy_families/nutrition/toronto_food_policy_council/files/pdf/omafra_policy_shift.pdf
Seccombe, W. (2013, March 19). Mid-size compost strategy: Comment at the Public Works and Infrastructure Committee. Retrieved from http://tfpc.to/uncategorized/mid-size-compost-strategy-by-wally-seccombe-presented-to-the-public-works-and-infrastructure-committee-march-19-2013
Secord, P. 2019. Can Cities Help Feed Cities: can 10% of Toronto’s honey available for consumption be met with urban apiaries? MES Major Paper, FES, York University, Toronto.
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. (2012). Introduction. https://www.cbd.int/intro/
Seed, B. 2014. Sustainability in the Qatar national dietary guidelines, among the first to incorporate sustainability principles. Public Health Nutrition (Oct):1-8.
Seed, B. and Rocha, C. 2018. Can we eat our way to a healthy and ecologically-sustainable food system? Canadian Food Studies 5(3):182-207.
Segsworth, R. 2005. PROGRAM EVALUATION IN THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA: PLUS ÇA CHANGE ... The Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation 20(3):175–197.
Senate of Canada. 1984. Soil at Risk. Supply and Services, Ottawa.
Sethi, S.P. 1977. Up Against the Corporate Wall: modern corporations and social issues of the Seventies. 3rd. ed. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
Settee, P. 2020. The Impact of Climate Change on Indigenous Food Sovereignty. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 211-228.
Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). 2020. Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto.
Settee, P. and Shukla, S. 2020. Introduction. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 1-15.
Shaban, R. 2021. Canada's efficiency defence may enable Rogers-Shaw merger. Globe and Mail, March 17, p. B4.
Shackleton, C.; Hurley, P.T.; Dahlberg, A.C.; Emery, M.R.; Nagendra, H. Urban foraging: A UbiquitousHuman Practice Overlooked by Urban Planners, Policy, and Research.Sustainability2017,9, 1884
Shahid, S. 2021. Low - income Canadian households will suffer the most from soaring inflation, G&M Sept. 17, A13.
Shangguan, S., Ashkan Afshin, Masha Shulkin, Wenjie Ma, Daniel Marsden, Jessica Smith, Michael Saheb-Kashaf, Peilin Shi, Renata Micha, Fumiaki Imamura, Dariush Mozaffarian. 2019. American Journal of Preventive MedicineReview Article| Volume 56, ISSUE 2, P300-314, February 01, 2019.
Sharma, A. 2015. The challenge faced by nutrition scientists. Globe and Mail 15/06/15 L7
Sharpe, A. & Gibson, J. (2005). The apprenticeship system in Canada. Ottawa: Centre for the Study of Living Standards. http://www.csls.ca/reports/csls2005-04.PDF
Sharpe, A. & Haddow, R. (Eds.). (1997). Social partnerships for training: Canada's experiment with labour force development boards. Ottawa and Kingston, ON: Caledon Institute for Social Policy and School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University.
Sharratt, A. 2021. Many Canadians with disabilities struggle to secure benefits that could lift them out of poverty. Globe and Mail Oct. 19, B8.
Shehata, H. et al. (2018) DNA barcoding as a regulatory tool for seafood authentication in Canada. Food Control, 92, 147-153.
Shelley, J.J. and McPhail,M.L. 2019. Food advertising and marketing to children. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp 263-288.
Shelton, Peter A., and Alan F. Sinclair. 2008. “It’s Time to Sharpen Our Definition of Sustainable Fisheries Management.” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 65 (10): 2305-.
Shepard, M. 2013. Restoration Agriculture. Acres USA.
Shewfelt, R. L. 1990. Sources of variation in the nutrient content of agricultural commodities from the farm to consumer. J. Food Quality 13:37-54.
Shields M. (2005). Nutrition: findings from the Canadian Community Health Survey. Measured obesity: overweight Canadian children and adolescents. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada.
Shin, A., Donegan, H., Leendertse, E (Producers). Shin, A. (Director). (2018). Superfood Chain [Documentary]. Canada.
Shiva, V. 1997, Biopiracy: the Plunder of Nature and Knowledge, South End Press, Cambridge Massachusetts.
Shlot D et al. 2018. Revisiting the carrageenan controversy: Do we really understand the digestive fate and safety of carrageenan in our foods? Food & Function 9:1344-52
Shrybman, S. 2009. Letter to the BC Municipal Government and Service Employees Union regarding municipal food procurement policies. March 4, 2009.
Shrybman, S. 2010. Municipal procurement implications of the proposed Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada and the European Union. Legal opinion prepared by Steven Shrybman (Sack Goldblatt Mitchell LLP) for the Centre for Civic Governance at Columbia Institute. May 28, 2010.
Shukla, S., Alfaro, J., Cochrane, C., Garson, C., Mason, G., Dyck, J., Beudin-Reimer, B., & Barkman, J. (2019). Nimíciwinán, nipimátisiwinán – “Our food is our way of life”: On-Reserve First Nation perspectives on community food security and sovereignty through oral history in Fisher River Cree Nation, Manitoba. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 6(2), 73-100.
Shukla, S. and Settee, P. 2020. Synthesis: Revitalizing the Past, Nourishing the Present, and Feeding the Future. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 269-283..
Siebrasse, N. 2010. Intellectual Property Protection for Higher Life Forms: Current Law and Policy Issues. The Integrated Assessment Journal Bridging Sciences & Policy 10(1), Pp. 23-39.
Sievers-Glotzbach, S., Christinck, A. Introduction to the symposium: seed as a commons—exploring innovative concepts and practices of governing seed and varieties. Agric Hum Values 38, 499–507 (2021)
Sievers-Glotzbach, S., Tschersich, J., Gmeiner, N., Kliem, L., & Ficiciyan, A. (2020). Diverse Seeds – Shared Practices: Conceptualizing Seed Commons. International Journal of the Commons, 14(1), 418–438.
Silver, Jennifer. 2019. Evidence. Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans, 128 First Session, 42 Parliament. Feb. 5, 2019. https://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/FOPO/meeting-130/evidence
Simes, J. 2019. Conservation program offers cheaper land. Western Producer, Sept. 26, 2019, p. 50.
Simes, J. 2020. Racism: not someone else's problem. Western Producer, June 28, p. 38.
Simms, S. (2017). Review of changes made in 2012 to the Fisheries Act: Enhancing the protection of fish and fish habitat and the management of Canadian fisheries. 86. https://www.ourcommons.ca/Content/Committee/421/FOPO/Reports/RP8783708/foporp06/foporp06-e.pdf
Simpson, L. (2016). Land & reconciliation: Having the right conversations. Electric City Magazine.
Simon, P.A. et al. Proximity of fast food restaurants to schools: Do neighborhoodincome and type of school matter? Preventive Medicine 47 (2008) 284–288
Simpson, Ian. 2016. "Analysis of Commercial Fishing Licenses and Quota Values," A report prepared for the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Pacific Region. December 31, 2016. Accessed July 26, 2019. http://salishseas.ca/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/2016_Valuation_Study_CMG_-REVISED.compressed.pdf
Sinclair, S. 2011. Municipalities, progressive purchasing policies and the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). Trade and Investment Series Briefing Paper. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Ottawa.
Sinclair, P., Leung, B., and Maurer, D. 2021. Container crisis not just about ships. Western Producer Feb. 18, p. 11.
Singer, B.D. Advertising and Society; Addison-Wesley: Don Mills, ON, 1986.
Singh, D., Lalani, H., Kralj, B. Newman, E. Goodyear, J., Hellyer, D., and Tepper, J. 2010. Ontario Needs-based Physician Simulation Model. HealthForce Ontario, Toronto. http://www.healthforceontario.ca/UserFiles/file/PolicymakersResearchers/needs-based-model-report-oct-2010-en.pdf
Sitek. M. 2010. The New Institutionalist approaches to health care reform: lessons from reform experiences in Central Europe. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 35(4):569-593.
Siu, A. (2015). An analysis of food waste in Ontario’s domestic fresh strawberry supply chain (Unpublished master’s thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, ON.
Skogstad G. 1987. The Politics of Agricultural Policy-Making in Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Skogstad, G. 2008. Canadian agricultural programs and paradigms: The influence of international trade agreements and domestic factors. Canadian J. Agricultural Economics 56(4):493-507.
Skogstad, G. 2008a. Policy networks and policy communities: conceptualizing state-societal relationships in the policy process. In: Linda White et al. (eds.). The Comparative Turn in Canadian Political Science. Vancouver: UBC Press. pp. 205-220.
Skogstad, G. 2012. Effecting paradigm change in the Canadian agriculture and food sector: towards a multifunctionality paradigm. In: R.J. MacRae, and E. Abergel (eds). Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: advocacy and opportunity for civil society. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC. pp. 17-38.
Slack, E. and Bird, R. 2015 How to Reform the Property Tax: Lessons from around the World. IMFG Papers on Municipal Finance and Governance 21. Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto.
Smart, A. 2020. Fish farms in Discovery Islands to be phased out by July 2022. Times Colonist, Dec. 17.
Smil, V. 2001. Enriching the Earth: Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch, and the Transformation of World Food Production. MIT Press, MA.
Smil, V. 2001. Feeding the world: A challenge for the twenty-first century. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
Smil, V. 2004. Improving efficiency and reducing waste in our food system. Environmental Sciences 1(1), 17-26.
Smith, A., 2007. Translating sustainabilities between green niches and socio-technical regimes. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 19:427–450.
Smith, F. 2009. Agriculture and the WTO: Towards a New Theory of International Agricultural Trade Regulation. Edward Elgar Publishing, Northampton, Massachusetts.
Smith, R. 2020. Plastic People. Globe and Mail July 18, O6.
Smth, R. and Lourie. B. 2010. Slow Death by Rubber Duck. Vintage Canada.
Smith, P. et al. in Clim. Chang. 2014 Mitig. Clim. Chang. Contrib. Work. Gr. III to Fifth Assess. Rep. Intergov. Panel Clim. Chang. (Edenhofer, O. et al.) (Cambridge University Press, 2014).
Smith-Spangler, C., M.L. Brandeau, G.E. Hunter, J.C. Bavinger, M. Pearson, et al. 2012. Are organic foods safer or healthier than conventional alternatives? A systematic review. Annals of Internal Medecine 157: 348–366.
Sobal J, Bisogni CA. Constructing food choice deci-sions.Ann Behav Med. 2009;38(suppl_1):s37-s46.
Soderholm, D. 2015. Planning for Urban Agriculture in Canadian Cities. MA Planning, U. Waterloo, Waterloo, ON.
Sodium Working Group, 2010. Sodium Reduction Strategy for Canada. Health Canada, Ottawa.
Soil Association. (2006). Organic works: Providing more jobs through organic farming and local food supply. Bristol, UK: Soil Association.
Soma, T., & Wakefield, S. (2011). The emerging role of a food system planner: Integrating food considerations into planning. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 2 (1), 53–64.
Soper, K. Rethinking the ‘Good Life’: The citizenship dimension of consumer disaffection with consumerism. Consum. Cult. 2007, 7, 205–229.
Sparling, D et al. 2005. Consolidation in the Canadian Agri-food Sector and the Impacts on Farm Incomes. CAPI, Ottawa
Sparling, D. & Cheney, E. (2014). The performance of Canada’s food manufacturing industry. Ottawa and London, ON: CAPI and Ivey. http://www.capi-icpa.ca/pdfs/2014/CAPI-PFRP_P3a.pdf
114957 Canada Ltée (Spraytech, Société d’arrosage) v. Hudson (Town),  2 S.C.R. 241, 2001 SCC 40
Specht, J. (2013). Food waste fighter: An interview with Jonathan Bloom. Food Tank. http://foodtank.org/news/2013/06/food-waste-fighter-an-interview-with-jonathan-bloom
Spence, C., Okajima, K., Cheok, A. D., Petit, O., & Michel, C. (2016). Eating with our eyes: From visual hunger to digital satiation. Brain and Cognition, 110, 53-63.
Spring, A., Carter, B., & Blay-Palmer, A. (2018). Climate change, community capitals, and food security: Building a more sustainable food system in a northern Canadian boreal community. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 5(2), 111-141.
Springmann, M., Spajic, L., Clark, M.A. et al. 2020. The healthiness and sustainability of national and global food based dietary guidelines: modelling study. BMJ 370:m2322.
Sproul-Jones, M. 1996. Institutions and constitutions: public choice in Canada. In: L. Dobuzinskis, M. Howlett and D. Laycock (eds.). Policy Studies in Canada : the state of the art. UofT Press, Toronto. pp. 149-169.
Sriram U. and Tarasuk, V. Changes in household food insecurity rates in Canadian metropolitan areas from 2007 to 2012. Can J Public Health. 2015 Apr 29;106(5)
St. Martin, Kevin. 2007. “The Difference That Class Makes: Neoliberalization and Non-Capitalism in the Fishing Industry of New England.” Antipode 39 (3): 527–49.
Stackowiak, S. 2013. Pathways For Change: 10 theories to inform advocacy and policychange efforts. ORS Impact.
Stahlbrand, L. 2016. A TYPOLOGY OF “INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE MIDDLE” IN UNIVERSITY FOOD PROCUREMENT IN ENGLAND AND CANADA: ELABORATING THE “TO” IN “FARM TO CAFETERIA. Raízes 36(2):32-44.
Stahlbrand, L. 2017. Can Values-based Food Chains Advance Local and Sustainable Food Systems? Evidence from Case Studies of University Procurement in Canada and the UK. International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 24:77-98.
Stahlbrand, L. (2019). Disruptive innovation and operationalization in local and sustainable food systems: Examining the University of Toronto-Local Food Plus partnership. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur l’alimentation, 6(1), 120–139.
Stanford, J. (2010, November 12). A deliberate, strategic approach to foreign investment. Retrieved March 2018, from The Globe and Mail: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/a-deliberate-strategic-approach-to-foreign-investment/article1241719
Stapleton, J. (2008a). Income security for working-age adults in Canada: Let’s consider the model under our nose. Toronto, ON: Metcalf Foundation.
Stapleton, J. (2008b). Why is it so tough to get ahead? How our tangled social programmes pathologize the transition to self-reliance. Toronto, ON: Metcalf Foundation.
Stapleton, J. (2008c). Why don’t we want the poor to own anything? Our relentless social policy journey toward destitution for the 900,000 poorest people in Ontario. Toronto, ON: Metcalf Foundation.
Stapleton, J. (2018). A fortune left on the table: Why should low-income adults have to pass up government benefits? Open Policy Ontario.
Starhawk, 2011. The Empowerment Manual: a guide for collaborative groups. New Society Publishers.
Statistics Canada. 1988. 1987 Apparent Per Capita Food Consumption in Canada. Part I. Catalogue #32-229. Supply and Services, Ottawa.
Statistics Canada. 1999 Health Reports. Statistics Canada, Ottawa. 82-003 XIE
Statistics Canada. 2005. Hofman, N., Filoso, G. and Schofield,M. The loss of dependable agricultural land in Canada. Statistics Canada.Retrieved November 24, 2012 http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/21-006-x/21-006-x2005001-eng.pdf
Statistics Canada. 2009. Rail in Canada. Statistics Canada, Ottawa. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/52-216-x/2009000/t048-eng.htm
Statistics Canada. (2009). Human activity and the environment: Annual statistics (Section 1: Food in Canada). Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/16-201-x/2009000/part-partie1-eng.htm
Statistics Canada. 2011. Farm Operating Expenses and Depreciation Charges. Catalogue No. 1-012-X. Statistics Canada, Ottawa.
Statistics Canada. (2011). Map 1– Total farm area as a percentage of ecodistrict area, 2011. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/daily-quotidien/141113/mc-a001-eng.htm
Statistics Canada, 2013, 2014, Human Activity and the Environment: Agriculture in Canada, Catalogue no. 16-201-X, Ministry of Industry, Ottawa.
Statistics Canada. (2018). Overweight 626 and obese adults, 2018. https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/82-625-x/2019001/article/00005-eng.htm
Stec, S. & Susan Casey-Lefkowitz, The Aarhus Convention: An Implementation Guide, (Geneva: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, 2000):4
Steensels, J., Gallone, B., Voordeckers, K., and Verstrepen, K.J. 2019. Domestication of Industrial Microbes. Current Biology 29, R381–R393
Steinman, J. 1019. Grocery Story; the promise of food co-ops in the age of grocery giants. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, BC.
Steinmetz, Z., Wollmann, C., Schaefer, M., Buchmann, C., David, J., Tröger, J., … Schaumann, G. E. (2016). Plastic mulching in agriculture. Trading shortterm agronomic benefits for longterm soil degradation. Science of the Total Environment, 550, 690–705.
Stephens, P., & Hinton, L. (2021). The state of post-secondary food studies pedagogy in Canada: An exploration of philosophical and normative underpinnings. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur l’alimentation, 8(4).
Stephens, P., Knezevic, I., & Best, L. (2019). Community financing for sustainable food systems. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 6(3), 60-87.
Stephenson G, Gwin L, Schreiner C, Brown S (2021, Firstview). Perspectives on organic transition from transitioning farmers and farmers who decided not to transition. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 1–11.
Stephenson, R.L., Melanie Wiber, Stacey Paul, Eric Angel, Ashleen Benson, Anthony Charles, Omer Chouinard, Dan Edwards, Paul Foley, Dan Lane, Jim McIsaac, Barb Neis, Courtenay Parlee, Evelyn Pinkerton, Mark Saunders, Kevin Squires, and U. Rashid Sumaila (2019). Integrating diverse objectives for sustainable fisheries in Canada. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 76(3): 480-496.
Stevenson, R. B. (2007). Schooling and environmental/sustainability education: From discourses of policy and practice to discourses of professional learning. Environmental Education Research, 13(2), 265–285.
Stevenson, R., Wals, A., & Dillon, J. B. (2013). Introduction: An orientation to Environmental Education and the handbook. In R. Stevenson, M. Brody, J. Dillon, & A. Wals, International Handbook of Research on Environmental Education (pp. 1-576). New York: Routledge Publishers.
Stewart, James, and Kim Walshe. 2008. “Compliance Costs and the Small Fisher: A Study of Exiters from the New Zealand Fishery.” Marine Policy 32 (1): 120–31.
Stock, P., C. Rosin and M. Carolan (2015) Food utopias: Reimagining citizenship, ethics and community. New York: Routledge.
Stockdale, E. A., N. H. Lampkin, .M. Hovi, R. Keatinge, E. K. M. Lennartsson, D. W. Macdonald, S. Padel, F. H. Tattersal, M. S. Wolfe and C. A. Watson. 2001. Agronomic and environmental implications of organic farming systems. Advances in Agronomy 70: 261-327.
Stockford, A. 2017. Organic Alliance says crop insurance needs an update on organic production. Manitoba Cooperator Nov. 8, 2017. https://organicbiz.ca/organic-alliance-says-crop-insurance-needs-update-organic-production/
Stokstad, E. 2019. Controversial European policy bans ships from throwing unwanted fish overboard. Science Magazine Jan. 4 https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/01/controversial-european-policy-bans-ships-throwing-unwanted-fish-overboard.
Stolhandske, S., & Evans, T. L. (2017). On the Bleeding Edge of Farming the City: An Ethnographic Study of Small-scale Commercial Urban Farming in Vancouver. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 7(2), 29-49.
Stolle, D.; Hooghe, M. Consumers as Political Participants? Shifts in Political Action Repertoires in Western Societies. In Politics, Products, and Markets: Exploring Political Consumerism Past and Present; Micheletti, M., Follesdal A., Stolle D., Eds.; Transaction: Piscataway, NJ, 2004; 265–288.
Stone, C.N. 1989. Regime Politics. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.
Strandberg, C. (2009). The role of human resource management in corporate social responsibility: Issue brief and roadmap. Report for Industry Canada. Ottawa: Industry Canada. https://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/csr-rse.nsf/vwapj/CSR_and_HR_Management1.pdf/$file/CSR_and_HR_Management1.pdf
Strashok, C., Dale, A., Herbert, Y., & Foon, R. (2010). Greening Canadian hospitals (Community Research Connections Discussion Paper #7). Victoria, BC: Royal Roads University. https://crcresearch.org/files-crcresearch_v2/File/Discussion_Paper-7_Greening_Canadian_Hospitals.pdf
Strauss, M. (2018). Sobeys, Metro fight back, seek names of Weston witnesses in bread-fixing probe. Globe and Mail. 02/02/2018
Streeck, W., and Thelen, K. 2005. Introduction: institutional change in advanced political economies. In: W. Streeck and K. Thelen (ed.). Beyond Continuity: Institutional Change in Advanced Political Economies. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-39.
Stroink, M.L. and C.H. Nelson. 2013. Complexity and food hubs: five case studies from Northern Ontario. Local Enviroment 18(5): 620-635.
Stuart, T. (2009). Waste: Uncovering the global food scandal. New York: W.W. Norton.
Studnicki-Gizbert, K. 2014. Transportation Regulation. The Canadian Encyclopedia http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/transportation-regulation/
Sturgeon, G. (2013 Oct. 2). Grocers look to grind down wages as Walmart, Target take aim. Global News. http://globalnews.ca/news/878544/grocers-look-to-grind-down-wages-as-walmart-target-take-aim/
Suchman, M. C. (1995). Managing legitimacy: Strategic and institutional approaches. Academy of Management Review, 20(3), 571–610.
suiki?st [Terbasket, P.] (2019). Syilx perspective on original foods: Yesterday, today, and tomorrow. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(Suppl. 1), 49–54.
Sullivan, K. 2021. The impacts of COVID-19: Presentation to the 2021 Conference of the Canadian Association of Food Law and Policy, Vancouver. May 15.
Sumaila, U. Rashid. 2010. “A Cautionary Note on Individual Transferable Quotas.” Ecology and Society 15 (3).
Summers, L. and Balls, E. 2015. Report of the Commission on Inclusive Prosperity. Center for American Prosperity, Washington.
Sumner, J. (2008). Eating as a pedagogical act: Food as a catalyst for adult education for sustainability. Kursiv - Journal fuer politische Bildung, 4, 23-37.
Sumner, Jennifer. “Learning for Life: Food Literacy and Adult Education.” Canadian Association for the Study of Adult Education: Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference. Ed. Susan Brigham. Waterloo, ON: University of Waterloo, 2012. 316 – 323.
Sumner, J. 2015. Learning to eat with attitude: Critical food pedagogies. In Swan, E., and Flowers, R. (Eds.) Food Pedagogies. London: Ashgate.
Sumner, J., and Wever, C. (2016). Pedagogical encounters: Food and learning in the school and community. In Brady, J., Anderson, C., and Levkoe, C. (Eds.) Conversations in Food Studies: Transgressing Boundaries Through Critical Inquiry. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press.
Sundar A. 2012 (and 2017, 2nd edition). The crisis in the fishery: Canada in global context. In: Koc M, Winson T, Sumner J, eds. Critical Perspectives in Food Studies, Toronto: Oxford University Press.
Sun Media, (2009, April 3). Deadstock removal crisis. The Post. http://www.thepost.on.ca/2009/04/03/deadstock-removal-crisis
Sustain Ontario. A Discussion about Food Literacy Within the Context of the Local Food Act. Draft for Discussion. Toronto: Sustain Ontario & Ontario Edible Education Network, June 2014.
Sustain UK. Pictorial representations for sustainability scoring. Discussion paper from Sustain: The alliance for better food and farming, London, UK. June 2007. http://www.sustainweb.org/resources/files/reports/Pictorial%20representations%20for%20sustainability%20scoring.pdf
Sustainability Transitions Research Network, A mission statement and research agenda for the Sustainability Transitions Research Network, 2010, www.transitionsnetwork.org/files/STRN_research_agenda_20_August_2010(2).pdf
Suzuki, O. 1987. Study forest not trees: Nobelist. Globe and Mail. 14 March.
Swenerton, Douglas M. 1994. A History of Pacific Fisheries Policy. Program Planning and Economics Branch of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Pacific Region. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/165966.pdf
Swinbank A. 2006. Like products, animal welfare and the world trade organization. J. World Trade 40(4):687–711.
Tabuchi, H., Corkery, M. and Mureithi, C. 2020. Kenya is key to Big Oil's plan to flood Africa with plastic. Globe and Mail. Aug. 31, 2020, B4
Tainter, J. 1988. The collapse of complex societies. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Taleb, N.N. 2007. The black swan: The impact of the highly improbable (Vol. 2). Random House
Tamini, L.D. 2011. A nonparametric analysis of the impact of agri-environmental advisory activities on best management practice adoption: A case study of Québec. Ecological Economics 70(7):1363-1374.
Tandel K. R. (2011). Sugar substitutes: Health controversy over perceived benefits. Journal of pharmacology & pharmacotherapeutics, 2(4), 236–243.
Taras, H.L.; Sallis, J.F.; Patterson, T.L.; Nader, P.R.; Nelson, J.A. Television’s influence on children’s diet and physical activity. Developmental Behaviour Paediatrics 1989, 10, 176-80.
Tarasuk V, Mitchell A. (2020) Household food insecurity in Canada, 2017-18. Toronto: Research to identify policy options to reduce food insecurity (PROOF).
Tarasuk V, Mitchell A, Dachner N. Household food insecurity in Canada 2012. Research to identify policy options to reduce food insecurity (PROOF). 2014.
Tarasuk, V., Dachner, N., Loopstra, R. (2014). Food banks, welfare, and food insecurity in Canada. Emerald. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/BFJ-02-2014-0077/full/html#loginreload
Tarasuk V, Cheng J, de Oliveira C, Dachner N, Gundersen C, Kurdyak P. Association between household food insecurity and annual health care costs. CMAJ. 2015 Oct 6;187(14):E429-36. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.150234. Epub 2015 Aug 10.
Tarasuk, V., Na, L. Dachner, N. and Mitchell, A. 2019. Household Food Insecurity in Ontario during a Period of Poverty Reduction, 2005–2014. Canadian Public Policy 43(1):93-104.
Tasiopoulou, S, A.M. Chiodini, .F Vellere and S. Visentin. 2007. Results of the monitoring program of pesticide residues in organic food of plant origin in Lombardy (Italy). Journal of Environmental Science and Health B 42:835–841.
Tatebe, K., N. Robert, R. Liu, A. dela Rosa, E. Wirsching, and K. Mullinix. 2018. Protection is Not Enough: Policy Precedents to Increase the Agricultural Use of BC’s Farmland. Richmond, British Columbia: Institute for Sustainable Food Systems, Kwantlen Polytechnic University.
Tauxe, R. 1997. Emerging Food borne Diseases: an evolving public health challenge. Emerging Infectious Diseases 3(4): 425–434.
Taylor, D. 2016 .Planning Market Networks: A Comparative Study of Toronto & Barcelona. MES Major Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Taylor, Jennifer ; Evers, Susan ; McKenna, M. (2005). Determinants of Healthy Eating in Children and Youth. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 96(S), S20–S26.
Taylor, N., Noseworthy, T. J., & Pancer, E. (2019). Supersize my chances: Promotional lotteries impact product size choices. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 29(1), 79-88
Tegtmeier, E.M. and Duffy, M.D. 2004. External costs of agricultural production in the United States. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 2:1-20.
Temple, D and Manteca,X. 2020. Animal Welfare in Extensive Production Systems Is Still an Area of Concern. Front. Sustain. Food Syst., 22 4:545902
Tencer, D. Canada Budget 2012: CFIA cuts mean food labelling lies will have to be policed by consumers. Huffington Post 03/30/2012.
Tendall, D. M., Joerin, J., Kopainsky, B., Edwards, P., Shreck, A., Le, Q. B., Kruetli, P., Grant, M., & Six, J. (2015). Food system resilience: Defining the concept. Global Food Security, 6,17–23.
Terry, L.A., Mena, C., Williams, A, Jenney, N., & Whitehead, P. (2011). Fruit and vegetable resource maps (Project code RSC008). London: WRAP U.K. http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/Resource_Map_Fruit_and_Veg_final_6_june_2011.fc479c40.10854.pdf
Thang, T. C., Linh, B., & Thi, D. (2015). How to Support Poor Vietnamese Consumers to Deal with Food Price Volatility and Food Safety Issues. IDS Bulletin, 46(6), 84-89.
The Economist, 2020. Covid-19 has led to a pandemic of plastic pollution. The Economist International, June 22.
The Johnson Foundation at Wingspread. (2014). The road toward smarter nutrient management in municipal water treatment. Racine, WI: The Johnson Foundation at Wingspread. http://www.johnsonfdn.org/sites/default/files/conferences/whitepapers/14/03/10/cnw_smarter_nutrient_management_0.pdf
The Nielsen Company. 2006. Review of Certified Organic Food Products at Retail in Canada. Prepared for the Organic Agriculture Centre of Canada, 20 November 2006.
Third, L. C., Browne, D. R., & Lapointe, N. W. R. (2021). Project Review Under Canada’s 2012 Fisheries Act: Risky Business for Fisheries Protection. Fisheries, 46(6), 288–297.
Thompson, R. and Thompson, S. 1985. A farmer'a approach to on-farm reaearch. Thompson's On-farm Research, Boone, lA.
Thompson, S. and Pritty, P. 2020. Damming Food Sovereignty of Indigenous Peoples: A Case Study of Food Security at O-Pipon-Na-Piwin Cree Nation. In: Settee, P. and Shukla, S. (eds.). Indigenous Food Systems: concepts, cases and conversations. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto. pp. 195-210.
Thorkelson, J. 2019. Evidence. Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans, 128 First Session, 42 Parliament. Feb. 5, 2019. https://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/FOPO/meeting-130/evidence
Tickner, J. 1997. Precautionary Principle. The Networker: The Newsletter of the Science and Environmental Health Net. 2(4), May.
Tin, Huynh Quang, Nguyen Hong Cuc, Tran Tanh Be, Normita Ignacio, and Trygve Berg. 2011. Impacts of seed clubs in ensuring local seed systems in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 35 (8): 840–854.
Tobin, T. (2016). Blog: What we can do about Canada’s food waste problem. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/tommy-tobin/canada-food-waste_b_11071690.html
Toews, O. (2018). Stolen city: Racial capitalism and the making of Winnipeg . Arp Books
Tomiyama, A., (2016). Vietnamese meat giant puts food safety on the front burner. Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved from: https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Vietnamese-meat-giant-puts-food-safety-on-the-front-burner
Toronto Atmospheric Fund (TAF). 2012. Urban Freight Consolidation for the Health Care Sector in Downtown Toronto: feasibility study. Toronto Atmospheric Fund, Toronto.
Toronto Food Strategy. 2013. Toronto Food Strategy Update. Toronto Public Health, Toronto, ON http://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2013/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-62765.pdf
Toronto Food Policy Council (TFPC). (1994). Reducing urban hunger in Ontario: Policy responses to support the transition from food charity to local food security (TFPC Discussion Paper #1). Toronto: TFPC, http://www1.toronto.ca/city_of_toronto/toronto_public_health/healthy_families/nutrition/toronto_food_policy_council/files/pdf/tfpc_hunger.pdf
Toronto Food Policy Council. TFPC. 1994. Health, wealth and the environment: the impacts of the CUSTA, GATT and NAFTA on Canadian food security. TFPC Discussion Paper #2. TFPC, Toronto.
Toronto Food Policy Council. 1995. Stories of Food Microenterprises and Implications for Community Economic Development. TFPC. Discussion Paper #5, Toronto.
Toronto Food Policy Council. 1996. Food retail access and food security for Toronto’s low-income citizens. TFPC Discussion Paper #7, TFPC, Toronto.
TFPC, 1997. If the Health Care system believed you are what you eat. Discussion paper #3. TFPC, Toronto.
Toronto Food Policy Council. Making consumers sovereign, Discussion Paper #9; Toronto Food Policy Council: Toronto, 1998.
Toronto Workforce Innovation Group (TWIG). (2009). Planning to succeed in Toronto: Integrated workforce planning examples from the US and Europe. Toronto: TWIG.
Toth, J.D., Yucheng Feng, Zhengxia Dou. 2011. Veterinary antibiotics at environmentally relevant concentrations inhibit soil iron reduction and nitrification. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 43(12):2470-2472.
Townsend, Ralph. and Ross Shotton. 2008. "Fisheries self-governance: new directions in fisheries management," In Case studies in fisheries self-governance. Edited by Ralph E. Townsend, Ross Shotton and Hirotsuga Uchida 1-20. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 504. Rome, FAO. 2008.
Transport Canada, 2012a. Transport in Canada 2012. Minister of Public Works and Government Services, Ottawa. https://www.tc.gc.ca/media/documents/policy/Transportation_in_Canada_2012_eng_ACCESS.pdf
Transport Canada, 2012b. Transport in Canada 2011. Minister of Public Works and Government Services, Ottawa. http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/policy/anre-menu-3020.htm
Transport Canada. 2013.Departmental Sustainable Development Strategy 2012–2013: Reporting Update. TC, Ottawa. http://www.tc.gc.ca/media/documents/policy/2012-2013_REPORTING_UPDATE_-_DEPARTMENTAL_SUSTAINABLE_DEVELOPMENT_STRATEGY.pdf
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (2005). Review of the Governance Framework for Canada’s Crown Corporations. Retrieved from: http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/report/rev-exa/gfcc-cgse-eng.pdf
Troughton, M.J. 1985. The indultrialization of Canadian and US agriculture. J. Geography November / December:255-263.
Tsao, R. 2007. Extraction, Separation, Detection, and Antioxidant Activity of Apple Polyphenols. ACS Symposium Series Vol. 956. pp 302-324. American Chemical Society
Tsilhqot’in Nation v. British Columbia 2014 SCC 44
Tuan, A. (2012). Vietnam: The Law on Price. Mondaq.Retrieved from: http://www.mondaq.com/x/191868/Trade+Regulation+Practices/The+Law+on+Price
Tugault-Lafleur,C.N.,Black,J.L.,andBarr,S.I.2017.“ExaminingSchool-day Dietary Intakes Among Canadian Children.” Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 42(10): 1064–107
Tufts University. 1993. Does health insurance cover dietary counselling? Tufts University Diet and Nutrition Letter. 11(8):7-8. Oct.
(2021, online first) Who Misses Lunch on School Days in Canada?, Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition.
Tupper, J., & Whitehead, P. (2011). Reducing food waste through retail supply chain collaboration (Project code RSC010-‐001). London: WRAP U.K., http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/WRAP_IGD_supply_chain_report.pdf
Turcotte, A., Kermany, N., Foster, S., Proctor, C. A., Gilmour, S. M., Doria, M., Sebes, J., Whitton, J., Cooke, S. J., & Bennett, J. R. (2021). Fixing the Canadian Species at Risk Act: Identifying major issues and recommendations for increasing accountability and efficiency. FACETS, 6, 1474–1494.
Turnbull, S. 1986. Co-operative land banks. ln: P. Ekins (ed.). The Living Economy: a new economics in the making. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, UK. Pp. 181-189.
Tweedle, A. and Aldridge, H. 2019. Welfare in Canada, 2018. Maytree Foundation.
Tyszler, M., Kramer, G. and Blonk, H., 2016. Just eating healthier is not enough: studying the environmental impact of different diet scenarios for Dutch women (31–50 years old) by linear programming. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(5), pp.701-709.
UNESCO, C. 2005. The precautionary principle. UNESCO World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST). Paris: UNESCO.
UNICEF Canada (2017). Oh Canada! Our kids deserve better: UNICEF report card 14, Canadian youth companion.
United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW). (2011). The status of migrant farm workers in Canada, 2010-2011. http://www.ufcw.ca/templates/ufcwcanada/images/awa/publications/UFCW-Status_of_MF_Workers_2010-2011_EN.pdf.
UFCW & the Agricultural Workers Alliance. (2014). The great Canadian ripoff. http://www.ufcw.ca/templates/ufcwcanada/images/media/pdfs/MigrantWorkersReport2014_email.pdf.
U.K. Food Standards Agency. (2011). Guidance on the application of date labels to food. London, U.K: DEFRA. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69316/pb132629-food-date-labelling-110915.pdf
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). (2013, June 05). Cutting food loss and waste will benefit people and the environment, says new study on World Environment Day.. United Nations Environment Programme News Centre. http://www.unep.org/NewsCentre/default.aspx?DocumentID=2718&ArticleID=9527&l=en
UN Special Rapporteur on Right to Food. (2012). Mission to Canada, May 6-12, 2012: Aide-Memoire. Geneva: United Nations.
US Congress Office of Technology Assessment. 1986. Technology, Public Policy and the Changing Structure of American Agriculture. Superintendent of Documents,
USDA. 1980. Report and Recommendations on Organic Farming. Superintendent of Documents, Washington.
USDA. 1981. A time to choose: summary report on the structure of agriculture. Superintendent of Documents, Washington.
USDA. (2003). Agricultural fact book 2001-2002. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. http://www.usda.gov/
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) (2017) Vietnam Retail Foods Sector Report 2016. Retrieved from:https://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Retail%20Foods_Hanoi_Vietnam_3-7-2017.pdf
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2014). Reducing food waste for businesses. Washington, DC: U.S.EPA. http://www.epa.gov/foodrecovery
US Surgeon General. The Surgeon General's Report on Nutrition and Health, DHHS (PHS) Publication No. 88-50210; Washington: US Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General, 1988.
Unwin, J. 2014. Consultation Report on the Validity and Capacity for the Canadian Institute of Planners to facilitate a national planning for food systems platform. MES Major Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Upward, A. (2013). Towards an ontology and canvas for strongly sustainable business models: A systemic design science exploration (unpublished MES thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto.
Upward, A., & Jones, P. H. (2015). An ontology for strongly sustainable business models: Defining an enterprise framework compatible with natural and social science. Organization & Environment, Special Issue: Business Models for Sustainability: Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Transformation (On-Line First), 1-27
Uzea, N., Gooch, M., & Sparling, D. (2014). Developing an industry led approach to addressing food waste in Canada. Guelph, ON: Network for Business Sustainability. http://nbs.net/wp-content/uploads/Addressing-Food-Waste-in-Canada.pdf
Vail, D. and Rozyne, M. 1982. Contiradictions in organic soil management practices: evidence from thirty-one farma in Maine, U.S.A. ln: S.B. Hill and P. Ott (eds.). Basic Techniques in Ecological Farming. Birkhauaer Verlag, Basel, Switzerland. Pp. 32-40.
Valley, W., Anderson, M., Blackstone, N.T., Sterling, E., Betley, E., Akabas, S., Koch, P., Dring, C., Burke, J. and Spiller, K., 2020. Towards an equity competency model for sustainable food systems education programs. Elem Sci Anth, 8(1), p.33.
Vallianatos, M., Gottlieb, R., and Haase, M.A. 2004. Farm-to-school: Strategies for urban health, combating sprawl, and establishing a community food systems approach. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 23, 414-423.
van Amstel, M.; de Brauw, C.; Driessen, P.; Glasbergen, P. The reliability of product-specific eco-labels as an agrobiodiversity management instrument. Biodiversity Conservation 2007, 16, 4109–4129.
Van Bers, C. 1991. Sustainable Agriculture in Canada: a scenario of the future. M.A. Thesis, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON.
Van Bers, C. and Robinson, J. 1993. Farming in 2031: a scenario of sustainable agriculture in Canada. J. Sustainable Agriculture 4:41-65.
Vanclay, F., Lawrence, G., 1994. Farmer rationality and the adoption of environmentally sound practices: a critique of the assumptions of traditional agricultural extension. Eur. J. Agr. Educ. Ext., 1, 59-90.
Vandergeest, P., Melissa Marschke, Mallory MacDonnell. 2021. Seafarers in fishing: A year into the COVID-19 pandemic. Marine Policy 134:104796.
Vandermeer, J. 1981. Agricultural resarch and saocial conflict: tomatoes in the Midwest. Science for the People Jan/Feb: 5-8,25-30.
van Dooren, C., & Aiking, H. (2016). Defining a nutritionally healthy, environmentally friendly, and culturally acceptable Low Lands Diet. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(5), 688-700.
Van Praet, N. 2022. Bronfman's firm, Quebec organizations partner on new fund for food industry. Globe and Mail, Jan. 26, B3.
Vandusen, T. (2010, March 3). Pressure rising for deadstock disposal. Ottawa Sun. http://www.ottawasun.com/news/ottawa/2010/03/03/13101686.html
Van Lent, J. (2014 Oct. 30). Skill and career development in agriculture. Presentation to Ag Labour Summit, Edmonton, AB. http://www.cahrc-ccrha.ca/sites/default/files/ABLab3-SkillsandCareerDevPanel-Lakeland-JosieVanLent.pdf
Vargas, Alexandre M., Ana P. de Moura, Rosires Deliza, and Luís M. Cunha 2021. "The Role of Local Seasonal Foods in Enhancing Sustainable Food Consumption: A Systematic Literature Review" Foods 10, no. 9: 2206.
Yates, J., Deeney, M., White, H., Joy, E., Kalamatianou, S., & Kadiyala, S. (2019). PROTOCOL: Plastics in the food system: Human health, economic and environmental impacts. A scoping review. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 15(1-2).
Venter, O., Brodeur, N. N., Nemiroff, L., Belland, B., Dolinsek, I. J., & Grant, J. W. A. (2006). Threats to Endangered Species in Canada. BioScience, 56(11), 903–910. https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2006)56[903:TTESIC]2.0.CO;2
Venter, O., Magrach, A., Outram, N., Klein, C. J., Possingham, H. P., Di Marco, M., & Watson, J. E. M. (2018). Bias in protected-area location and its effects on long-term aspirations of biodiversity conventions. Conservation Biology, 32(1), 127–134.
Verma, A. (2012). Skills for competitiveness: Country report for Canada. OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Working Papers, 2012/03. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Verma, J.T. 2021. Could smaller, more sustainable cod fishing make a comeback in Canada? Globe and Mail, March 25, A10.
Vermeulen, S.J. et al. 2012. Climate Change and Food Systems. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 2012. 37:195–222.
Veugelers, P. J., Schwartz, M. E. (2010). Comprehensive
school health in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 101(S2), S5-8.
Victor, P. Managing Without Growth: slower by design, not disaster; Edward Elgar: Northampton, MA, 2008.
Victora, C.G., Huttley, S.R. Fuchs, S.C. and Olinto, M.T.A. 1997. The role of conceptual frameworks in epidemiological analysis: a hierarchical approach. International Journal of Epidemiology 26(1):224-227. http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/content/26/1/224.full.pdf
Vidoni, M. (2011). Community composting in Toronto: Closing the food-waste loop (unpublished MA Thesis), University of Toronto, Toronto, ON. http://tfpc.to/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Community-Composting-in-Toronto-2012-DRAFT-reduced-1.pdf
Vieux, F., Darmon, N., Touazi, D., & Soler, L. G. (2012). Greenhouse gas emissions of self-selected individual diets in France: Changing the diet structure or consuming less? Ecological Economics, 75(0), 91-101.
Vigar V, Myers S, Oliver C, Arellano J, Robinson S and Leifert C. A Systematic Review of Organic Versus Conventional Food Consumption: Is There a Measurable Benefit on Human Health? Nutrients. 2019; 12 (1): 7.
Villares, J., Segovia, M. (2006). The family meal: somewhat more than eating together. Acta Pediatrica Espanola, 64 (11), 554.
Vine, M. and Eliot, S. 2014. Exploring the school nutrition policy environment in Canada using the ANGELO framework. Health Promot Pract. 2014 May;15(3):331-9.
Vine, M., Eliot, S. and Raine, K. 2014. Exploring Implementation of the Ontario School Food and Beverage Policy at the Secondary-School Level: A Qualitative Study. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, 2014, 75(3): 118-124.
Vinnari, M. and Vinnari, E. 2014. A Framework for Sustainability Transition: The Case of Plant-Based Diets. J Agric Environ Ethics 27:369–396
Visser, M. 1986. Much Depends on Dinner. McLelland and Steward, Toronto.
Vivero-Pol, J. L. (2017). Food as commons or commodity? Exploring the links between normative valuations and agency in food transition. Sustainability . 9(3), 442.
Vivero-Pol, J. L., Ferrando, T. De Schutter, O. and Mattei, U. (eds.). 2019. Routledge handbook of food as a commons. Routledge, London.
Vitiello, D., Brinkley, C. (2014). The Hidden History of Food System Planning. Journal of Planning History, 13(2), 91-112.
Vogel C, Crozier S, Penn-Newman D, Ball K, Moon G, Lord J, et al. (2021) Altering product placement to create a healthier layout in supermarkets: Outcomes on store sales, customer purchasing, and diet in a prospective matched controlled cluster study. PLoS Med 18(9): e1003729.
Vogeler, I. 1981. The myth of the family farm: agribusiness dominance of US agriculture. Westview Press, Boulder, CO.
Vogtmann, H. 1984. Organic farming practices in Europe. ln: D.M. Kral (ed. ). Organic farming: current techology and its role in a sustainable agriculture. ASA Special Publication #46. ASA/CSSA/SSSA, Madison, WI. Pp. 19-36.
Vogttmann, H., Boehncke, E., Woodward, L. and Lampkin, N. 1986. Converting
to Organic Farming. Elm Farm Reaearch Centre, Newbury, OK.
Vorley, W.T., Keeney, D.R., Loechlin, D., Mayhew, M.M., Ozdemiroglu, E., Pearce, D.W., Pretty, J. N., & Tinch, R. (1995). Can the pesticide industry benefit from sustainable agriculture? Research and practice: Learning to build sustainable industries for sustainable societies. Fourth International Conference of the Greening of Industry Network, Toronto, ON.
Voß, J-P., and Bornemann, B. 2011. The politics of reflexive governance: challenges for designing adaptive management and transition management. Ecology and Society 16(2):9.
Voß, J-P., Smith, A. and Grin, J. 2009. Designing long-term policy: rethinking transition management. Policy Science 42:275–302.
Voulvoulis, N. and Kirkman, R. 2019. SHAPING THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY: TAXING THE USE OF VIRGIN RESOURCES: the case for a plastic packaging tax in the UK. Imperial College London.
Young, C.W., S.V. Russell, C.A. Robinson, and P.K. Chintakayala. 2017. Sustainable retailing—Influencing consumer behaviour on food waste. Business Strategy and the Environment 27 (1): 1–15.
Vranes, E 2011. Climate labelling and the WTO: The 2010 EU ecolabelling programme as a test case under WTO law. In: C. Herrmann and J.P. Terhechte (eds.). European Yearbook of International Economic Law, vol 2. Springer, Berlin. pp 205–237.
Waddell, S., 2005. Societal learning and change: how governments, business and civil society are creating solutions to complex multi-stakeholder problems. Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf Publishing.
Waddock, S. (2021). Art, Leadership, and System Transformation. Academia Letters, Article 834.
Wagner, T., & Arnold, P. (2008). A new model for solid waste management: An analysis of the Nova Scotia MSW strategy. Journal of Cleaner Production.
Wagstaff, H. 1987. Husbandry methods and farm systems in industrialized countries which use lower levels of external inputs: a review. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 19: 1-27.
Walker, B. (ed.). 2008. The history of immigration and racism in Canada. Canadian Scholars Press, Toronto.
Walker, B. and Salt, D., 2006.Resilience thinking: sustaining ecosystems and people in a changingworld. Washington, DC: Island Press.
Walker, R.E., Fryer, C.S., Butler, J., Keane, C.R., Krista, A., &Burke, J.G. (2011). Factors Influencing Food Buying Practices in Residents of a Low-Income Food Desert and A low-Income Food Oasis. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 5(3), 247-267.
Wallace, C.A., Lynda Holyoak, Susan C. Powell, Fiona C. Dykes,. 2014. HACCP – The difficulty with Hazard Analysis. Food Control 35(1):233-240.
Wallace Center. 2003. Workshop on Performance-based Environmental Policies for Agriculture, Washington, D.C., March 20-21, 2003. http://www.winrock.org/events/wallace/pepa/schedule.cfm (multiple presentations)
Wallack, L.; Montgomery, K. Advertising for all by the year 2000: public health implications for less developed countries. J. Public Health Policy 1992, 13(2), 204-223.
Wallcraft, S. 2021. Electrifying last-mile deliveries. Corporate Knights. Summer:24-26.
Wallerstein, I. (1983). Historical Capitalism. London: Verso.
Walker, T. R., & Xanthos, D. (2018). A call for Canada to move toward zero plastic waste by reducing and recycling single-use plastics. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 133, 99–100.
Walters, C.J. and Holling, C.S. 1984. Resilience and adaptability in ecological management systems: why do policy models fail? !n: G.R. Conway (ed.). Pest and Patbogen Control strategic, tactical, and policy models. John Wiley, Chichester, UK. Pp. 470-479.
Walters, Carl J., Paul LeBlond, Brian Riddell. 2004. Does over-escapement cause salmon stock collapse? Technical Paper. Vancouver, BC: Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council.
Waltner-Toews, D. 1992. Food, Sex and Salmonella. NC Press, Toronto.
Waltz, E. Courts upbraid USDA for 'lax review' of GM crops. Nat Biotechnol 27, 970 (2009).
Wang, Tong, Hailong Jin, Urs Kreuter, Richard Teague, 2021. Expanding grass-based agriculture on marginal land in the U.S. Great Plains: The role of management intensive grazing, Land Use Policy, 104, 105155
Waples, R.S., K. Hindar, and J.J. Hard. 2012. Genetic risks associated with marine aquaculture. U.S. Dept. Commer., NOAA Tech. Memo. NMFS-NWFSC-119, 149 p.
Ward C.E. 2010. Assessing Competition in the U.S. Beef Packing Industry. Choices 25(2):1-14.
Ward, J.R., Benfield, F.K. and Kinsinger, A.E. 1989. Reaping the Revenue Code: why we need sensible tax reform for sustainable agriculture. Natural Resources Defence Council (NRDC), New York.
Wardhaugh, B. 2013. Crisis Cartels: “Orderly” Downsizing and the Public Interest, Working Paper, Queen’s University, Belfast, Ireland. Presentation to The Public-Interest Defense in Cartel Offenses December 12th, 2013 Amsterdam, The Netherland
Warkentin, B.P. 1976. Agriculture, food and renewable resources in a Conserver Society. Conserver Society Project Vol. 2, Study 3. GAMMA, Montreal.
Warkentin, B.P. and Gertler, M. 1977. Canadian Agriculture in the Year 2001: scenarios for a resource-efficient agriculture and an eco-agriculture. Unpublished report submitted to the Science Council of Canada. Macdonald Stewart Institute of Agriculture, Ste-Anne de Bellevue, QC.
Warnock, J.W. 1982. Reliance on Food Inputs: an analysis of the short and long-term prospects for continued food imports to B.C. Peace Valley Environmental Association, Dawson Creek, B.C.
Warnock, J.W. 1984. Canadian grain and the industrial food system. Presentation to Learned Societies Conference, Guelph, ON. 10 June.
Warren, M. 2015. “Are You Living in an Unhealthy Food Swamp? | The Star.” thestar.com.
Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF). (2011). Nutrient recovery: State of the knowledge. Alexandria, VA: WERF.
Waterer, D. 1993. Production of vegetable crops in Saskatchewan. Summary of presentation to the CSA "Quick Start" Workshop, Fort Qu'Appelle, SK. November 13, 1993.
Waters, W.G. 2005. Canada’s Statement on National Transport Policy. Unpublished report, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC. http://www.sauder.ubc.ca/Faculty/Research_Centres/Centre_for_Transportation_Studies/~/media/Files/Faculty%20Research/Publications/Waters%20-%20National%20Transport.ashx
Watkins, E., S. Gionfra, J-P. Schweitzer, M. Pantzar, C. Janssens and P. ten Brink (2017) EPR in the EU Plastics Strategy and the Circular Economy: A focus on plastic packaging. Instittute for European Environmental Policy, Brussels.
Watson, E. (2014, July 7). Why do we waste so much food, and what can we do about it? Food Navigator USA. Retrieved from http://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/Manufacturers/Why-do-we-waste-so-much-food-and-what-can-we-do-about-it
Watson, J. (2016). Prairie Crossing: Creating an American Conservation Community . University of Illinois Press.
Watson, K. 2020. Agrihoods: A contemporary planning strategy to shorten a community’s food supply chain MES Major Paper, Faculty of Environmental and Urban Change, York University.
Watson, M., & Meah, A. (2013). Food, waste and safety: negotiating conflicting social anxieties into the practices of domestic provisioning. The Sociological Review, 60(S2), 102–120.
Weber, C.L. & Matthews, H.S. 2008. Food-miles and the relative climate impacts of food choices in the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 3508–3513.
Weersink, Alfons, John Livernois, Jason F. Shogren and James S. Shortle, 1998. Economic Instruments and Environmental Policy in Agriculture. Canadian Public Policy 24(3), 309-327.
Re-examining the implications of COVID-19 on the Canadian dairy and poultry sectors. Can J Agr Econ. 2021; 69: 215– 224., , , & .
Weidner,T. Aidong Yang, Michael W. Hamm, 2019, “Consolidating the current knowledge on urban agriculture in productive urban food systems: Learnings, gaps and outlook”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 209,1637-1655.
Weiler, A. 2021. Workers' Rights: updates in Canadia food law and policy. Presentation to the 2021 Conference of the Canadian Association of Food Law and Policy, Vancouver. May 13.
Weis, T. A political ecology approach to industrial food production, Koc, M., Sumner, J. and Winson, A. (eds). 2012. Critical Perspectives in Food Studies. Oxford University Press. pp. 104-121.
Weissman, E., Robinson, J. & Cecio, W. The promise and pitfalls of mobile markets: an exploratory survey of mobile food retailers in the United States and Canada. Agric Hum Values 37, 895–906 (2020).
Welsh, J.; MacRae, R.J. Food citizenship and community food security: Lessons from Toronto, Canada. Can. J. Dev. Stud. 1998, 19, 237–255.
Welsh, R., Rivers, R.Y., 2011. Environmental management strategies in agriculture. Agric. Hum. Values 28(3), 297-302.
Wendimu, M., Desmarais, A., & Martens, T. (2018). Access and affordability of "healthy" foods in northern Manitoba? The need for Indigenous food sovereignty. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 5(2), 44-72.
Wenger, E., McDermott, R., and Snyder,W.M., 2002. Cultivating communities of practice: a guide to managing knowledge. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Wesche, S., O’Hare-Gordon, M., Robidoux, M., & Mason, C. (2016). Land-Based programs in the Northwest Territories: Building Indigenous food security and well-being from the ground up. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 3(2), 23-48.
Wever, C. 2015. Cultivating Critical Learning: Critical Food Pedagogy in FoodShare’s School Grown Program. MES Major Paper, FES, York University.
Wezel, A., S. Bellon, T. Dore, C. Francis, D. Vallod, and C. David. 2009. Agroecology as a science, a movement and a practice. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 29(4):503-15.
White, E. 2014a. Railways need crop forecasting assistance to plan service. Western Producer April 24, 2014, p. 8
White, E. 2014b. Grain industry officials seek long-term rail plan. Western Producer Sept. 4.
White, E. 2015a. Small shippers lose in rail system plan. Western Producer March 5. p.1
White, E. 2015b. Canola’s magic number? WP March 12:p.1;
White, E. 2015c. Reinvestment needed for growth. WP, March 12, p. 5.
White, E. 2020. CO2 shortage another threat for food processors. Western Producer April 30, p. 56.
White, E. 2020. Farmers fume over CETA failings. WP, Oct. 1, p. 1,3.
White. E. 2020. Financing hog barn conversions can be overwhelming. WP Oct. 1, p.5.
White, E. 2020. Industry develops canola's fish feed potential. Western Producer Sept 3, p. 7.
White, E. 2021. Trucking industry faced COVID backlash from fearful public. Western Producer, Jan. 7, 15.
White, E. 2021. Food service giant executes pandemic pivot. Western Producer, Jan. 14, p. 44.
White, E. 2021. Food firms weather COVID. Western Producer Feb. 18, 56.
White, E. 2021. Alarm grows over EU's 'farm to fork' policy. Western Producer, Nov. 18, p. 9.
Wiber, Melanie G. 2000. “Fishing Rights as an Example of the Economic Rhetoric of Privatization: Calling for an Implicated Economics.” Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue Canadienne de Sociologie 37 (3): 267–88.
Wiebe, N. (2012). Crisis in the food system: the farm crisis. In M. Koc, J. Sumner, & A.Winson (Eds). Critical Perspectives in Food Studies (pp. 155-170). Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press.
Wiebe, N. and Wipf, K. 2011. Nurturing food sovereignty in Canada. In H. Wittman, A. Desmarais and N. Wiebe (eds.). Food Sovereignty in Canada. Fernwood Publishing, Winnipeg, MB. p. 1-12.
Wieczorek, AJ, Hekkert, MP (2012) Systemic instruments for systemic innovation problems: a framework for policy makers and innovation scholars. Science and Public Policy 39:74–87.
Wiedenfeld, David A., Rory Crawford, and Caroline M. Pott. 2015. Workshop Report: Reducing the Bycatch of Seabirds, Sea Turtles, and Marine Mammals in Gillnets. National Conservation Training Center, Shepherdstown, West Virginia, USA 21-23 January 2015. https://www.birdlife.org/sites/default/files/Workshop-Report_Reducing-Bycatch-in-Gillnets_Jan-2015_BirdLife_ABC.pdf.
Wien, F. (2017). Tackling Poverty in Indigenous Communities in Canada. Prince George, BC: National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health
Wilkomirski, B. et al. 2011. Railway transportation as a serious source of organic and inorganic pollution. Water Air Soil Pollut. 218(1-4): 333–345.
Willer, H. and Lernoud, J. 2017. The World of Organic Agriculture – Statistics and Emerging Trends 2017. FiBL and IFOAM, Bonn, Germany.
Willett, W., J. Rockström, B. Loken, M. Springmann, T. Lang, S. Vermeulen, et al. 2019. Food in the Anthropocene: The EAT–lancet commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems. The Lancet 393 (10170): 447–492.
Williams, D.R., & Dixon, P.S. 2013 Impact of Garden-Based Learning on Academic Outcomes in Schools: Synthesis of Research Between 1990 and 2010. Review of Educational Research, 83(2), 211–235.
Williams, P. L., McIntyre, L., Dayle, J. B., & Raine, K. (2003). The “wonderfulness” of children’s feeding programs. Health Promotion International, 18(2), 163–170.
Williams-Davidson, T-L. 2021. Supernatural Oceans: A Worldview for Enlightened Oceans Governance and Territorial Food Systems. Presentation to the Canadian Association of Food Law and Policy Conference, May 12, 2021.
Williamson, C.S. 2007. Is organic food better for you? Nutrition Bulletin 32: 104-108.
Wilmers, N. “Wage Stagnation and Buyer Power: How Buyer-Supplier Relations Affect U.S. Workers’ Wages, 1978 to 2014,” American Sociological Review, Vol. 83, Issue 2, pp. 213-242 (2018)
Wilsford, D. 1994. Path dependency, or why history makes it difficult but not impossible to reform health care systems in a big way. Journal of Public Policy 14(3):251-283.
Wilson, A. K. (2021). Will gene-edited and other GM crops fail sustainable food systems?. In Rethinking Food and Agriculture (pp. 247-284). Woodhead
Wilson, A. and Martorell, H. 2017. Supporting New Farmers through Agricultural Policy. Fledge and Food Secure Canada. https://foodsecurecanada.org/sites/foodsecurecanada.org/files/files/discussion_paper_supporting_new_farmers_through_agricultural_policy_.pdf
Wilson, A., Levkoe, C.Z., Andree, P., Blay-Palmer, A., Boulet, A., Brockington, M., Ferguson, R., Galloway, T., Martin, D., Martorell, H., Robidoux, M., Skinner, K., Spring, A., Wesche, S. 2019. Cultivating Food Sovereignty and Sustainable Food Systems in the North: A Review and Recommendations. Montreal, Quebec: Food Secure Canada.
Wilson, S. (2013). Nature on the Edge: Natural Capital and Ontario's Growing Golden Horseshoe. http://www.davidsuzuki.org/publications/reports/2013/natureon-the-edge-natural-capital-and-ontarios-growing-golden-horseshoe/
Wilson, N., Nghiem, N., Mhurchu, C. N., Eyles, H., Baker, M. G., & Blakely, T. (2013). Foods and dietary patterns that are healthy, low-cost, and environmentally sustainable: a case study of optimization modeling for New Zealand. PLoS One, 8(3), e59648.
Wilson-Rayboult, J. A small step forward. Globe and Mail, April 24, O3.
Wilthagen, T. (1998). Flexicurity: A new paradigm for labour market policy reform? WZB Discussion Paper, No. FS I 98-2. https://www.econstor.eu/dspace/bitstream/10419/43913/1/24640552X.pdf
Winchester, S. 2010. Atlantic. Harper Collins
Winfield, M. 2012. The experience of Canadian environmental CSOs: lessons from the Green Side. In: R.J. MacRae and E. Abergel (eds.). 2012. Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: advocacy and opportunity for civil society. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC. pp. 70-93.
Winfield, M. 2012a. Blue-Green Province: the environment and the political economy of Ontario. UBC Press, Vancouver.
Winfield, M. and Dolter, B. 2014. Energy, economic and environmental discourses and their policy impact: the case of Ontario’s Green Energy and Green Economy Act. Energy Policy 68 423-435.
Winfield, M. and MacWhirter, B. 2013 (in peer review). Competing paradigms, hard path inertia and the search for sustainability in Ontario electricity policy. Sustainable Energy Initiative Working Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto. http://sei.info.yorku.ca/files/2013/03/CompetingParadigms-03-12-2013.pdf
Winson, A. 1993. The Intimate Commodity: food and the development of the agro-industrial complex in Canada. Garamond, Toronto.
Winson, A. 2013. The Industrial Diet: The Degradation of Food and the Struggle for Healthy Eating. UBC Press, Vancouver.
Winson, A., Choi, J.Y., Hunter, D. et al. Ecolabeled seafood and sustainable consumption in the Canadian context: issues and insights from a survey of seafood consumers. Maritime Studies (2021).
Winter, E. (2020). Obscuring the Veil: Food Advertising as Public Pedagogy. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur l’alimentation, 7(1), 126–153.
Wixted, B. and Beaudry, C. 2012. "Capturing the impacts" of research: A discussion paper on implications emerging from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council “Capturing Impacts” initiative. A report for SSHRC.
Woese, K., D. Lang, C. Boess and K. W. BogI. 1997. A comparison of organically and conventionally grown foods – results of a review of the relevant literature. J. Science of Food and Agriculture 74: 281-293.
Woiwode, C., Schäpke, N., Bina, O. et al. Inner transformation to sustainability as a deep leverage point: fostering new avenues for change through dialogue and reflection. Sustain Sci (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11625-020-00882-y
Wojkowski, P.A., 2004. Landscape Agroecology. Food Products Press, New York, NY.
Wolfson, H.C. 1988. Notes on corporate concentration and Canada's income tax. ln: R.S. Khamani, D.M. Shapiro and W.T. Stanbury (ed.). Mergers, Corporate Concentration and Power in Canada. Institute for Research in Public Policy, Halifax. Pp. 299-318.
Wood, D. 2019. Employment insurance: next steps on the road to renewal. Atkinson Foundation, Toronto.
Woo-Durand, C., Matte, J.-M., Cuddihy, G., McGourdji, C. L., Venter, O., & Grant, J. W. A. (2020). Increasing importance of climate change and other threats to at-risk species in Canada. Environmental Reviews, 28(4), 449–456.
Woodford, M.R. & Susan Preston, “Strengthening Citizen Participation in Public
Policy-Making: A Canadian Perspective,” Parliamentary Affairs 66, no. 2 (2011):346,
World Bank Group, Ecofys, and Vivid Economics, State and Trends of Carbon Pricing 2017 (Washington DC: November 2017),
World Commission on Environment and Development. 1987. Our Common Future.
Oxford University Press, Toronto.
World Trade Organization Committee on Agriculture - Notification - Canada - Domestic support 2012. https://docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S009-DP.aspx?language=E&CatalogueIdList=115467,115478,105485,103879,85772,85534,98817,110203,105535,102180&CurrentCatalogueIdIndex=4&FullTextSearch
WORM, B., et al. (2006) Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science, 314, 787–790
Worm, B., Lotze, H. K., Jubinville, I., Wilcox, C., & Jambeck, J. (2017). Plastic as a Persistent Marine Pollutant. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 42(1), 1–26.
Worthington, V. 2001. Nutritional quality of organic versus conventional fruits, vegetables and grains. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 7:161-173.
WRAP U.K. (n.d.). Love food hate waste organic case studies, Retrieved from http://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/environment/waste-management/recycling/organics/casestudies/cs_1_wrap.pdf
WRAP U.K. (2011, March 22). New report highlights water and carbon impact of wasted food. London: WRAP UK. http://www.wrap.org.uk/content/new-report-highlights-water-and-carbon-impact-wasted-food
WRAP U.K. (2011a). Solutions for the retail supply chain. London: WRAP UK. http://www.wrap.org.uk/content/solutions-retail-supply-chain
WRAP U.K. (2012). Freezing guidance to prevent food waste. London: WRAP UK. http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/Info%20Sheet%20Freezing%20final.pdf
WRAP U.K. (2014). Running a whole chain resource efficiency project. London: WRAP UK. http://www.wrap.org.uk/content/pathfinder-projects
Williams, P., Leach, B., Christensen, K., Armstrong, G., Perrin, D., Hawkins, R., …. Scholes, P. (2011). The composition of waste disposed of by the UK hospitality industry (Project code: RES093-00). London: WRAP UK. http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/The_Composition_of_Waste_Disposed_of_by_the_UK_Hospitality_Industry_FINAL_JULY_2011_GP_EDIT.54efe0c9.11675.pdf
WWF. 2002. The Nature Audit. WWF, Toronto.
World Wildlife Fund. 2003. Recommendations for Prioritizing Risk Reduction Strategies Based on Toxicity Loading by Commodity, by Region, and by Pesticide. WWF-Canada, Toronto.
WWF. 2004. Advanced Environmental Farm Planning in Canada: Thoughts on Concepts, Tools, and Implementation. Report to Agriculture and Agrifood Canada, Ottawa.
WWF. (2017). Living Planet Report Canada: A National Look at Wildlife Loss. https://wwf.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/02/WEB_WWF_REPORT_v3.pdf
Wright, E.O., Rogers, J., 2010. American Society: How It Really Works. W.W. Norton & Company, New York.
Wrigley N, Warm D, Margetts B. Deprivation, Diet, and Food-Retail Access: Findings from the Leeds ‘Food Deserts’’ Study.’ Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space. 2003;35(1):151-188.
Wylie-Toal, B. (2013, Sept. 13). Food and health care: does local fit? Presentation to OMAFRA. http://www.mysustainablecanada.org/attachments/article/222/Local%20Food%20Symposium%20Presentation%20Slides.pdf
Wynen, E. (2003). What are the key issues faced by organic producers? In OECD (Ed.). Organic agriculture: Sustainability, markets and policies (pp. 207-220). Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing
Xanthos, D. and T.R. Walker. International policies to reduce plastic marine pollution from single-use plastics (plastic bags and microbeads): A review / Marine Pollution Bulletin 118 (2017) 17–26
Yang, W., and Weersink, A. (2004). Cost-effective targeting of riparian buffers. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 52(1), 17–34.
Yang, W., Sheng, C., and Voroney, P. (2005). Spatial targeting of conservation tillage to improve water quality and carbon retention benefits. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 53(4), 477–500.
Yates, A. G., Culp, J. M., and Chambers, P. A. (2012). Estimating nutrient production from human activities in subcatchments of the Red River , Manitoba. Journal of Great Lakes Research, 38, 106–114.
Yates, J., Megan Deeney, Howard White, Edward Joy, Sofia Kalamatianou, Suneetha Kadiyala. 2019. PROTOCOL: Plastics in the food system: Human health, economic and environmental impacts. A scoping review. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2019;15:e1033.
Young, M. E., & Mulvale, J. (2009). Possibilities and prospects: The debate over a guaranteed income. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives.
Yu, J. and Chen, L. 2008.The Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Fossil Energy Requirement of Bioplastics from Cradle to Gate of a Biomass Refinery. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2008, 42, 18, 6961–6966.
Zanoli, R., D. Bambelli and D. Vairo. 2000. Organic Farming by 2010: Scenarios for the Future. Organic Farming in Europe: Economics and Policy, Volume 8. Hohenheim, Germany: University of Hohenheim.
Zbeetnoff, D., McTavish, B., McPhee, M., Timmenga, H., Wolfe, L., and Ferguson, A. 2014. Developing Agricultural Impact Assessment Guidelines for the Metro Vancouver Region. Prepared for Metro Vancouver Planning, Policy and Environment. Environmental Farm Planning Ltd, White Rock, BC.
Zielinski, S. 2017. Most fish turned into fishmeal are species that we could be eating. Science News Feb. 27.
Ziff, B. and Jiang, K. 2012. SCORCHED EARTH: THE USE OF RESTRICTIVE COVENANTS TO STIFLE COMPETITION. Winsor Yearbook of Access to Justice 30(2): 79-92.
Zizys, T. (2011). Working better: Creating a high-performing labour market in Ontario. Toronto:Metcalf Foundation. http://metcalffoundation.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/working-better.pdf
Zizys, T. 2015. Good Food, Good Jobs: Seeking Better Employment Outcomes in the food sector in Toronto. Food Strategy Team, Toronto Public Health and the Toronto Food Policy Council, Toronto.
Zolo 1993 (in MacRae et a;/. 2012)
Zorc, A. Nutrition experts divided over trans fats. Community Nutrition Institute 1996, 26 (32, Aug. 23/96), 4-5.
Zullo, R., Bi, X., Xiaohan, Y., & Siddiqui, Z. (2013). The fiscal and social effects of state alcohol control systems. Institute for Research on Labor, Employment, and the Economy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Zurek et al. 2018. Sustainability
Zwolińska, J.; Żakowska-Biemans, S. Is an Animal Welfare Label Enough? Role of Farm Animal Welfare Voluntary Labelling Schemes in the Development of Sustainable Livestock Production. Proceedings 2021, 73, 8.