Note that citations have not yet been copy edited for consistent formatting. To open citation URLs in a new window, use right click on your mouse.
Abeliotis, K., Costarelli, V., & Anagnostopoulos, K. (2016). The Effect of Different Types of Diet on Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Greece. International Journal on Food System Dynamics, 7(1), 36-49.
Abdulla, M., Martin, R.C., Gooch, M. and Jovel, E. 2013. The importance of quantifying food waste in Canada. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development 3(2):137–151.
Abergel, E. (2012). The Canadian Biotechnology Advisory Committee: legitimacy, participation, and attempts to improve GE regulation in Canada. In MacRae, R.J. and E. Abergel (eds). Health and sustainability in the Canadian food system: advocacy and opportunity for civil society, pp. 97-126. Vancouver: UBC Press.
Abergel, E. and Barrett, K. 2002. Putting the cart before the horse: a review of biotechnology policy in Canada. Journal of Canadian Studies 37(3):135-161.
Acheson, James M., and James A. Wilson. 1996. “Order out of Chaos: The Case for Parametric Fisheries Management.” American Anthropologist 98 (3): 579–94
Agriculture and Agri-food Canada (aafc). (1998). Canada’s action plan on food security. Ottawa: Agriculture and Agri-food Canada.
Agriculture and Agri-food Canada (AAFC). 2001. Agriculture in harmony with nature: AAFC’s sustainable development strategy 2001–2004; Minister of Public Works and Government Services: Ottawa,
Agriculture and Agri-food Canada (AAFC). 2003, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016. An Overview of the Canadian Agriculture and Agri-food System. AAFC, Ottawa.
Agriculture and Agrifood Canada (AAFC). (2012). National renewal survey - business development program - quantitative and qualitative evaluation, final report. Ottawa: AAFC.
AAFC. (2013). Strategic issues survey wage 4, agricultural producers. Ottawa: AAFC.
AAFC Office of Audit and Evaluation. (2014). Evaluation of the Canadian Agricultural Loans Act Program. Ottawa: AAFC. http://www.agr.gc.ca/eng/about-us/offices-and-locations/office-of-audit-and-evaluation/audit-and-evaluation-reports/agriculture-and-agri-food-canada-evaluation-reports/evaluation-of-the-canadian-agricultural-loans-act-program/?id=1401475853238#a3.0
AAFC. 2014. Potato market information review, 2013-14,
Agriculture Canada. (1989). Nutrition policy statement. Rapport (Newsletter of the National Institute of Nutrition) 4(1), 7.
Ahmed, R. 2019. Planning for Fisheries Co-Management in Canada's Northwest Coast: The case of Prince Rupert, B.C. MES Major Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Albright, L., de Villiers, D. and the Cornell Department of Biological and Environmental Engineering. 2008. Energy Investments and CO2 Emissions for Fresh Produce Imported into New York State Compared to the Same Crops Grown Locally. New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Albany, NY.
Albritton, R. 2009. Let Them Eat Junk: how capitalism creates hunger and obesity. Pluto Press, London.
Albury, D. and Schwartz, J. 1982. Partial Progress: the politics of science and technology. Pluto Press, London.
Aldana, S.G. 2001. Financial impact of health promotion programs: a comprehensive review of the literature. Am J Health Promot. 2001 May-Jun;15(5):296-320.
Alexander, C., Gregson, N., & Gille, Z. (2013). Food waste. In A. Murcott, W. Belasco, & P. Jackson (Eds.). The handbook of food research (pp. 471-484). London: Bloomsbury.
Alford, L. and Berger Richardson, S. 2019. Right-to-Farm Legislation in Canada: Exceptional Protection for Standard Farm Practices. CanLIIDocs 18:131-164.
Alfred, E. (2013). Toronto resident’s guide to waste. Toronto: Toronto Environmental Alliance. http://www.torontoenvironment.org/sites/tea/files/TEA%20-%20Toronto%20Residents%27%20Guide%20to%20Waste%20-%202013%20-%20web.pdf
Allen, P. 2008. Mining for justice in the food system: perceptions, practice and possibilities. Agriculture and Human Values 25(2):157–61.
Alternative Farming Task Force. 1983. Alternative farming task force report. University of Nebraska, Lincoln.
Altieri, M. A. Agroecology: the science of sustainable agriculture; Westview Press: Boulder, CO, 1987, 1995.
American Farmland Trust (2006). Differential Assessment and circuit breaker tax programs, FIC Fact Sheet and Technical Memo. AFT.
American Planning Association (APA). 2007. Policy Guide on Community and Regional Food Planning. APA, https://www.planning.org/policy/guides/adopted/food.htm
Anderson, W. P. 2008. Addressing the Potential for Increased Intermodal Freight Movements Through Canada-US Border Crossings. Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference. Fredricton, NB: Canadian Transportation Research Forum.
Anderson, S. (2014, October 10). High tipping fees driving business to United States: Regional district boasts high diversion rate. Nanaimo Daily News. http://www.nanaimodailynews.com/news/300471211.html?mobile=true
Anderson, K. and Croser, J. 2010. New indicators of how much agricultural policies restrict global trade. J. World Trade 44(5):1109-1126.
Andersen, R. and van de Werfhorst, H.G. (2010). Education and occupational status in 14 countries: The role of educational institutions and labour market coordination. The British Journal of Sociology, 61,2, 336-355.
Andree, P., Coulas, M., and Ballamingie, P. 2018. Governance recommendations from forty years of national food policy development in Canada and beyond. Canadian Food Studies 5(3):6-27.
Andree, P., Coulas, M., and Ballamingie, P. 2019. Canada's National Food Policy: the political basis for co-ordination and integration In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 13-36.
Androich, A. (2011, Jan. 24). CGHRC names new executive director. Canadian Grocer Retrieved from: http://www.canadiangrocer.com/top-stories/cghrc-names-new-executive-director-3477
Anon. 1995. The Netherlands reduces trans fatty acids in foods. Nutrition Week 25(45), 3.
Anon., 2010. How to Leverage Rail/Intermodal for Refrigerated Freight. Inbound Logistics Nov. http://www.inboundlogistics.com/cms/article/how-to-leverage-rail-intermodal-for-refrigerated-freight/
Appleby, M.C., Cussen, V., Garcés, L., Lambert, L., and Turner, J. (eds). 2008. Long Distance Transport and Welfare of Farm Animals . CAB International, Wallingford.
Araral, E., and K. Hartley. 2013. Polycentric governance for a new environmental regime: Theoretical frontiers in policy reform and public administration. In Paper for panel: polycentric public policy and the environment, international conference on public policy, Grenoble, June 26–28, 2013.
Arbuthnott, K. and Schmutz, J. 2013. SaskNotes: PFRA Community Pastures Centre for Policy Alternatives. April 16.
Arnason, R. (2014, Nov. 27). Ag sector fears lack of action on labour front. Western Producer, p. 17.
Arnason, R. (2015, Feb. 12). Hours in the field grow with organics. Western Producer.
Arnason, R (2017, Feb. 23). Are retailers driving consumer demand? (citing data from Food Solutions Group). Western Producer.
Arnason, R. 2019. Time to get touch with rotations? Western Producer, Jan. 17, p. 1.
Arnason, R. 2019. Crop insurance says it needs direction on rotations. Western Producer, Jan. 17, p. 5.
Arnason, R. 2019. CETA frustrates ag exporters. Western Producer, Oct. 10, p. 56.
Arnason, R. 2020. Winter camelina could fill prairie rotation gap. Western Producer, Jan. 2, 2020, p. 9.
Arsenijevich, N. 2014. THE AMERICAN WOMEN’S MOVEMENT AND THE RISE OF INDUSTRIAL FOOD PRODUCTION: A SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP. MES Major Paper, FES, York University.
Ashley, K., Cordell, D., and Mavinic D. (2011). A brief history of phosphorus: From the philosopher’s stone to nutrient recovery and reuse. Chemosphere, 84(6), 737-746.
Atkins, E. 2014. Locomotive shortage hurts railways. Globe and Mail. Oct. 30, 2014. B5.
Atkinson, M. 1993. Governing Canada: institutions and public policy. Harcourt Brace & Co., Toronto.
Bäckstrand, K. (2006). Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships for Sustainable Development: Rethinking Legitimacy, Accountability and Effectiveness. European Environment 16(5), 290-306.
Bahm, A.J. 1979. The Philolopher's World Model. Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.
Bailis, R and J. Baka. 2010. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Land Use Change from Jatropha Curcas-Based Jet Fuel in Brazil Environ. Sci. Technol. 44, 8684–8691.
Baker, J. Lobley, M., & Whitehead, I. (2013). Intergenerational farm transfer research: policy implications. Vol. 2, 19th International Farm Management Congress (pp.238-243). SGGW, Warsaw, Poland.. http://www.ifmaonline.org/pdf/congress/13_NPR_Baker_etal_P238-243v2.pdf
Baker, L. and Thomassin, P.J. 1988. Farm ownership and financial stress. J. Agricultural Economics 36:799-811.
Bancerz, M. 2019. LESSONS FROM DEVELOPING FOOD POLICY THROUGH A MULTISTAKEHOLDER GOVERNANCE NETWORK: A CASE STUDY OF THE CANADIAN FOOD STRATEGY. PhD Dissertation, Ryerson University.
Barber, M. 2008. Instruction to Deliver: Fighting to Transform Britain's Public Services. Methuen, London.
Barham, E. Towards a theory of value-based labeling. Agriculture and Human Values 2002, 19(4), 349–360.
Barling, D., Lang, T., and Caraher, M. 2002. Joined-up food policy? The trials of governance, public policy and the food system. Social Policy and Administration 36:556-574.
Barndt, D. 2008. Tangled Routes: women, work and globalization on the tomato trail. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Lanham.
Barrett, S. E. (2013). Becoming an activist science teacher: A Longitudinal study of an induction intervention. Electronic Journal of Science Education, 17(4).
Baruchisci, M.K. 2017. Trump, Canada and the future of NAFTA. Globe and Mail, April 13
Bas, J.A. 2018. The Impact of School Eating Environments on the Wellbeing of Children Transitioning from Full-Day Childcare to Full-Day Kindergarten. PhD Dissertation, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto.
Batsell, Brown, Ansfield & Paschall, 2002
Batstone, Chris J, and Basil M.H Sharp. 1999. “New Zealand’s Quota Management System: The First Ten Years.” Marine Policy 23 (2): 177–90.
Baumgartner, F.R. and Jones, B. 1993. Agendas and Instability in American Politics. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Bauta Initiative on Canadian Seed Security, “Discussion Paper: Seed Policy in Canada,” (Canada: USC Canada, 2014):2,
Bavington, Dean. 2010. Managed Annihilation: An Unnatural History of the Newfoundland Cod Collapse. Nature, History, Society. Vancouver: UBC Press.
Baxter, J. and Rose, J. 2019. Cities in a time of uncertainty: food and Canadian municipal law. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 73-92.
Bell-Pasht, K.2013. Possibilities for local food procurement in Ontario: Trade agreement restrictions and how other jurisdictions have avoided them. Policies From the Field Series. Sustain Ontario, Toronto. http://sustainontario.com/wp2011/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/PFTF-Kyra-Bell-Pasht-Local-Food-Procurement-Feb.2013-FINAL.pdf.
Bendavid-Val, A. 1991. Regional and Local Economic Analysis for Practitioners. 4th edition. Praeger, New York.
Bennett, J. W. 1986. Research on farmer behaviour and social organization. In: K. Dahlberg (ed.). New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research: neglected dimensions and emerging alternatives. Rowman and Allanheld, Totowa, NJ. Pp. 367--402.
Bentley, S. Fighting global warming at the farmers’ market. Foodshare Toronto: Toronto, 2004.
Berger Richardson, S. 2019. Food safety in Canada: regulatory approaches to public health. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 201-220.
Berger Richardson, S. 2019a. Workshop: What sciene? Questioning the regulatory frame for food safety. Presentation to From Microbes to Multinationals: the many scales of food law and policy. Canadian Association for Food Law and Policy, University of Toronto. Nov. 7-9, 2019.
Berger Richardson, S. and Lambek, N. 2018. Federalism and fragmentation: Addressing the possibiliti8es of a food policy for Canada. Canadian Food Studies 5(3):28-48.
Berkes, Fikret. 2009. “Evolution of Co-Management: Role of Knowledge Generation, Bridging Organizations and Social Learning.” Journal of Environmental Management 90 (5): 1692–1702.
Berkes, Fikret. 2010. “Shifting Perspectives on Resource Management: Resilience and the Reconceptualization of ‘Natural Resources’ and 'management'." MAST 9(1) 13-40.
Berkhout, F. 2002. Technological regimes, path dependency and the environment. Global Environmental Change 12(1):1–4.
Berman, M. 1981. The Reenchantment of the World. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY.
Bernstein, J.T.; Schermel, A.; Mills, C.M.; L’Abbé, M.R. Total and free sugar content of Canadian prepackagedfoods and beverages.Nutrients2016,8, 582
Berry, W. The Unsettling of America: culture and agriculture. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco.
Berstein, H. 2010. Class Dynamics of Agrarian Change. Fernwood, Halifax.
Bittman, M. 2011. How to save a trillion dollars. New York Times. 12 April, 2011.
Blair, D. 2009. The child in the garden: An evaluative review of the benefits of school gardening. The Journal of Environmental Education, 40(2), 15-38.
Blank, S. and Prentice, B. 2012. Widening competition in North American freight transport: the impact of cabotage. The Macdonald-Laurier Institute, Ottawa, ON. http://www.macdonaldlaurier.ca/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Cabotage-Commentary-April-2012.pdf
Blas, E.,; Gilson, L.; Kelly, MP.; Labonté, R.; Lapitan, J.; Muntaner, C.; Ostlin, P.; Popay, J.; Sadana, R.; Sen, G.; Schrecker, T.; Vagri, Z. Addressing social determinants of health inequities: what can the state and civil society do? The Lancet 2008, 372(9650), 1684-1689.
Blay-Palmer, A. Food Fears: from industrial to sustainable food systems; Ashgate: Burlington, VT, 2008.
Blenkarn, D. 1988. Corporate power and political influence. In: R.S. Khemani, D.M. Shapiro and W.T. Stanbury (eds). Mergers, Corporate Concentration and Power in Canada. Institute for Research in Public Policy, Halifax. Pp. 513-519.
Bloom, J. (2010). American wasteland: How America throws away nearly half of its food and what we can do about it. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press.
Bloom, M. (2014). From opportunity to achievement: Canadian food strategy. Ottawa: Conference Board of Canada.
Bloom, J.D. and Hinrichs, C.C. 2011. Moving local food through conventional food system infrastructure: value chain framework comparisons and insights. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 26:13-23.
Boltanski, L., and Chiapello, E. 2005. The new spirit of capitalism. International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society 18:161-88.
Bonanno, A. and Constance, D. 2008. Stories of Globalization: Transational corporations, resistance and the state. Penn State University Press, University Park, PA.
Booth, A. and Halseth, G. “Why the Public Thinks Natural Resources Public Participation Processes Fail: A Case Study of British Columbia Communities,” Land Use Policy 28, no. 4 (2011): 899,
Borad, S.G., Kumar, A., and Singh, A.K. (2017) Effect of processing on nutritive values of milk protein, Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 57:17, 3690-3702
Borras, S.M., and J.C. Franco. 2012. A ‘land sovereignty’ alternative?
Towards a peoples’ counter-enclosure. Discussion paper, Transnational Institute (TNI). https://www.tni.org/en/paper/land-sovereignty-alternative.
Bradley, A. and MacRae. R. 2010. Legitimacy and Canadian farm animal welfare standards development: the case of the National Farm Animal Care Council. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24:19-47.
Brander, J.A. 1988. Mergers, competition policy, and the international environment. In: R.S. Khemani, D.M. Shapiro and W.T. Stanbury (eds). Mergers, Corporate Concentration and Power in Canada. Institute for Research in Public Policy, Halifax. Pp. 109-131.
Brandt, Sylvia, and Ning Ding. 2008. “Impact of Property Rights on Labor Contracts in Commercial Fisheries.” Ocean & Coastal Management 51 (11): 740–48.
Bray, C.E. 1980. Agricultural land regulation in several Canadian provinces. Canadian Public Policy 6(4):591-604.
Brenner, N. and Theodore, N. 2002. From the “New Localism” to the spaces of neoliberalism. Antipode 34(3):341–348.
Brethour, P. 2019. Ottawa aims for June start of new carbon trading system. Globe and Mail, 27 December, B1
Bridger, R. 2009. Air Freight: the impacts. Air Watch, London UK.
Brink, L. 2009. WTO constraints on domestic support in agriculture: Past and future. Canadian J. Agricultural Economics 57:1-21.
BC Ministry of Agriculture and Lands (BCMAL). 2006. BC’s Food Self-reliance: Can BC’s farmers feed our growing population? BCMAL, Victoria, BC.
Britnell, G.E. and Fowke, V.C. 1962. Canadian Agriculture in War and Peace: 1935-1950. Stanford U. Press, Stanford, CA.
Brown, E.M. and Tarasuk, V. 2019. Money speaks: Reductions in severe food insecurity follow the Canada Child Benefit. Preventative Medicine 129.
Brusko, M., DeVault, G., Zahradnik, F., Cramer, C. and Ayers, L. 1985. Profitable farming Now! Regenerative Agriculture Association, Emmaus, PA.
Bryant, C. R., Russwarm, L.H. and McLellan, A.G.1982. The City’s Countryside. Longman, Harlow UK.
Buckingham, D. (2014a). Halsbury’s laws of Canada – Agriculture. Markham, ON: LexisNexis.
Buckingham, D. (2014b). Halsbury’s laws of Canada – Food. Markham, ON: LexisNexis.
Buckingham, D. 2019. It's complicated: food and federalism in Canada. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp.55-72.
Bunce, M. 1982.
Bunce, M. 1985. Agricultural land as a real estate commodity: implications for farmland preservation in the North American urban fringe. Landscape Planning 12:177-192.
Burch D., & Lawrence, G. (2009).Towards a third food regime: Behind the transformation. Agriculture and Human Values, 26, 267-279.
Burnett, K. and Murphy, S. 2013. What place for international trade in food sovereignty? Food Sovereignty: A Critical Dialogue. September 14–15, 2013 Yale University, New Haven, CT. http://www.yale.edu/agrarianstudies/foodsovereignty/pprs/2_Burnett_Murphy_2013.pdf.
Burawoy, Michael. “Toward a Marxist Theory of the Labor Process: Braverman and Beyond.” Politics & Society 8.3-4 (1978): 247-312.
Burt, M. (2014 Oct. 30). Labour market trends: Structural shifts and agriculture specific issues. Presentation to Alberta Labour Summit: Addressing Labour Shortages in the Agriculture and Agri-food Industry. Edmonton, Alberta.
Burton, M., Rigby, D.,Young, T., 2003. Modelling the adoption of organic horticultural technology in the UK using duration analysis. Austral. J. Agric. Res. Econ. 47, 29–54.
Burton, R.J.F., Kuczera, C., Schwarz, G., 2008. Exploring farmers' cultural resistance to voluntary agri-environmental schemes. Sociol. Rur. 48, 16-37.
Busch, L. 1984. Science, technology, agriculture and everyday life. ln: H.K. Schwarzweller (ed.). Research in Rural Sociology and Development: focus on agriculture. JAl Press, Greenwich, CT. Pp. 289-318.
Busch, L. Performing the economy, performing science: from neoclassical to supply chain models in the agrifood sector. Economy and Society 2007, 36, 437-466.
Busch, L. and Lacy, W.B. 1983. Sciene., Agriculture and the Politics of Research. Westview Press, Boulder, Co.
Bush, S.R. et al. 2013. Certify sustainable aquaculture? Science Magazine 341(6150), 1067-1068.
Business for Social Responsibility (BSR). (2013). Analysis of U.S. food waste among food manufacturers, retailers, and wholesalers. Washington, DC: Food Waste Reduction Alliance.
Business Green. (2012, January 9). Could long-lasting M&S strawberries reduce food waste? http://www.businessgreen.com/bg/news/2135806/-lasting-strawberries-reduce-food-waste
Butler Jones, D. 2008. Report of the State of Public Health in Canada. Public Health Agency of Canada, Winnipeg, MB.
Buttel. F.H. 1980. Agriculture, environment, and social change: some emergent issues. ln: F.H. Buttel and B. Newby (eds.). Tbe Rural Sociology of the Advanced Societies. Allanheld, Osmun, Totowa, NJ. Pp 453-488.
Buttel, F. Gillespie, G., Janke, R., Caldwell, B. and Sarrantonio, M. 1986. Reduced-input agricultural systems: rationale and prospects. American J. Altern.tive Agriculture 1:58-64.
Buttel, F.H., Larson, O.F., Gillespie, G.W. 1990. The Sociology of Agriculture. Greenwood, New York.
Buzby, J.C., & Hyman, J. (2012). Total and per capita value of food loss in the United States. Food Policy, 37, 561-570.
Campbell, H. (2002). The rise and rise of Eurep-GAP: European re(invention) of colonial food relations? International J. Sociology of Food and Agriculture, 13(2), 1-19.
Campbell, H. (2009). Breaking new ground in food regime theory: Corporate environmentalism, ecological feedbacks and the food from somewhere regime? Agriculture and Human Values, 26, 309-319.
Campbell, H., Lawrence, G., & Smith, K. (2006). Audit cultures and the Antipodes: The implications of EurepGAP for New Zealand and Australian agri-food industries. In T. Marsden & J. Murdoch (Eds.), Between the local and the global: confronting complexity in the contemporary agri-food sector (Research in rural sociology and development: Vol. 12). (pp. 69-93). Amsterdam: Elsevier
Campbell, A.M. and MacRae, R.J. 2013. Local Food Plus: the connective tissue in local/sustainable food systems. Local Environment 18(5):557-566.
Campbell, T.C. and Campbell, T. 2005. The China Study. BenBella Books, Dallas.
Campigotto, R. 2019. The experiences of Ontario activist teacher candidates who care about food and the environment: changing pre-service learning. PhD Dissertation, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Canada, Government of and Government of British Columbia. 1996. "Tangled Lines: A Federal-Provincial Review of the Mifflin Plan." A report of the Pacific Salmon Revitalization Plan Review Panel. December 1996. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/199880.pdf
Canada against Poverty and Citizens for Public Justice (2016). Dignity for all: a national ant-poverty strategy for Canada. CAP and CPJ.
Canada Press. 2014. Fuel tax hike will likely push airfares higher, officials say. July 20. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/toronto/fuel-tax-hike-will-likely-push-airfares-higher-officials-say-1.2712843
Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council (CAHRC). (2009). Labour market information on recruitment and retention in primary agriculture. Ottawa: CAHRC.
Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council (CAHRC). (2011). Labour market information, focus on small farms in Canada, 2011. Ottawa: CAHRC.
Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council (CAHRC). (2012). On-Farm Work Experience Program, feasibility study. Ottawa: CAHRC.
Canadian Agri-Food Policy Institute. (2011). Canada’s agri-food destination: a new strategic approach. Ottawa: Canadian Agri-Food Policy Institute.
CAPI, 2012. Canada’s Beef Food System, CAPI, Ottawa. http://capi-icpa.ca/pdfs/2012/CAPI_Beef-Food-System_2012.pdf
CBC news online. 2007, May 9. Food labels: The facts about what's in your food. http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/food-supply/index.html.
CBC News. ‘Made in Canada' rules under review. CBC News Online, May 22, 2010. http://www.cbc.ca/news/story/2010/05/21/made-in-canada.html,
CBC News. 2011. 'Buy local' food policies not at risk in EU deal: Ritz. Public institutions will still be able to favour local food suppliers, agriculture minister says. CBC. Oct. 12, 2011.
Canadian Cancer Society (2015).Nutrition and fitness. https://www.cancer.ca/en/prevention-and-screening/live-well/nutrition-and-fitness/?region=on
Cancer Research UK (2014).Statistics on preventable cancers. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/cancer-info/cancerstats/causes/preventable/#Preventable;
Canadian Co-operative Association. 2009. The Lay of the Land: Local food initiatives in Canada. Canadian Co-operative Association, Ottawa. http://www.coopscanada.coop/public_html/assets/firefly/files/files/The_Lay_of_the_Land_Final_June_16_2009.pdf.
Canadian Diabetes Association (2010). Diabetes: Canada at the Tipping Point – Charting a New Path. https://www.diabetes.ca/CDA/media/documents/publications-and-newsletters/advocacy-reports/canada-at-the-tipping-point-english.pdf
Canadian Federation of Agriculture. (2011). Toward a national food strategy: securing the future of food. Ottawa: Canadian Federation of Agriculture.
Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). (undated). Food labelling and advertising. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/food/labelling/eng/1299879892810/1299879939872
Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). (2014a). Chapter 3 - specific registration information by feed type. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/animals/feeds/regulatory-guidance/rg-1/chapter-3/eng/1329319549692/1329439126197?chap=19
Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB). Organic production systems: general principles and management standards, CAN/CGSB-32.310-2006; CGSB: Gatineau, QC, 2006.
Canadian Institutes for Health Information (CIHI). 2011. Analysis in Brief: Seniors and the Health Care Systems: what is the impact of multiple chronic conditions? CIHI.
Canadian Obesity Network (n.d.).Obesity in Canada. http://www.obesitynetwork.ca/obesity-in-canada
Canadian Organic Growers (GOG). 2007. Local and Regional Food Economies in Canada: Status report. Report to Agriculture and Agrifood Canada. COG, Ottawa.
Canadian Organic Producers Marketing Cooperative. 1984. Testimony to the Royal commission on the Economic Union and Development Prospects for Canada. Saskatoon, SK.
Canadian Roundtable for Sustainable Beef (CRSB). (2016). National Beef Sustainability Assessment and Strategy summary report. Calgary, AB: CRSB.
Canadian War Museum. The War Economy and Controls: Wage and Price Controls. http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/newspapers/canadawar/wageprice_e.shtml
Candel, J. & Daugbjerg, C.2019. Overcoming the dependent variable problem in studying food policy. Food Security: On-line first:1-10.
Canter, L.W. Environmental Impact Assessment (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1996), p. 660.
Capra, F. 1982. The Turning Point: science, society and the rising culture. Simon and Shuster, New York.
Carey, R., M. Caraher, M. Lawrence, & S. Friel, 2015. Opportunities and Challenges in developing a Whole-of-Government National Food and Nutrition Policy: Lessons from Australia’s National Food Plan, 19 Pub. Health Nutrition 1. 1-12.
Carothers, Courtney, and Catherine Chambers. 2012. “Fisheries Privatization and the Remaking of Fishery Systems.” Environment and Society 3 (1): 39–59.<
Carter, J. 2015. Ontario Soil more phosphorus rich than previously thought. Western Producer March 12.
Carter-Whitney, M. 2008. Bringing Local Food Home: Legal, regulatory and institutional barriers to local food. Friends of the Greenbelt Foundation, Toronto. http://greenbelt.ca/sites/default/files/research/bringing_local_food_home_-_legal_regulatory_and_institutional_barriers_to_local_food.pdf.
Carus, M. and Dammer, L. 2013. Food or non-food: which agricultural feedstocks are best for industrial uses? Industrial Biotechnology 9(4). August. http://www.bio-based.eu/policy/en
Casey, Keith E., Christopher M. Dewees, Bruce R. Turris, and James E. Wilen. 1995. “The Effects of Individual Vessel Quotas in the British Columbia Halibut Fishery.” Marine Resource Economics 10 (3): 211–30.
Castrelli, J.F. and Vigod, T. 1987. Pesticides in Canada: an examination of federal law and policy. Law Reform Commission of Canada, Ottawa.
Castro, Alfonso Peter, and Erik Nielsen. 2001. “Indigenous People and Co-Management: Implications for Conflict Management.” Environmental Science & Policy 4 (4–5): 229–39.
Catalyst Centre. 1999.
CB Insights. (2014 May 15). How essential skills-training unlocks business value. Canadian Business. http://www.canadianbusiness.com/insights/literacy/
Cech, P. (2016, Feb. 17-18). Presentation to Building a research agenda for food waste in Ontario. Guelph, ON https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z8WGl29p2YY
Center for Disease Control (CDC). (n.d.) Making health easier. Atlanta: CDC. http://www.cdc.gov/makinghealtheasier/
Center for Rural Affairs. 1980. Barriers to Conversion of Small Farms to Ecological Methods. Report to the National Center for Appropriate Teehnology. Center for Rural Affairs, Walthill, NE.
Center for Rural Affairs. 1982. The Path Not Taken: a case study of agricultural research decision-making at the Animal Science Departaent of State University of Nebraska. Center for Rural Affairs, Walthill, NE.
Centre for Rural Economics Research, Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, 2002. Economic evaluation of the Organic Farming Scheme: final report. DEFRA, UK.
Chaleunsouk, L. & Kutsyuruba, B. 2014. Ontario Schools’ Readiness for School Food and Beverage Policy Implementation. Educational Policies and Current Practices , 2014- Volume 1- Issue 1- pp.13-29.
Chalifour, N. and Collin, J. R. 2019. Cultivating healthier, more sustainable food choices through taxation. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 305-324.
Chalifour, N. and Elgie, S. 2017. Wall's carbon pricing fight is constitutional hot air. Globe and Mail. June 14, A13.
Chalifour, N and McLeod-Kilmurray, H. 2016. The Carrots and Sticks of Sustainable Farming in Canada. University of Ottawa Law School Working Paper, WP2016-45.
Chapman, S. 2019. Wasted. Hakai Magazine. July 23, 2019.
Chawla, L., Keena, K., Pevec, I., and Stanley, E. 2014. Green schoolyards as havens from stress and resources for resilience in childhood and adolescence. Health & Place, 28, 1-13.
Cheater, G. (2012). Untitled web page. Ottawa: Farm Management Canada. http://www.fmc-gac.com/content/opening-doors-young-farmers#sthash.EZtERpRL.dpuf
Cheffins, B. (1989). The Development of Competition Policy 1890-1940: A Re-Evaluation of a Canadian and American Tradition. Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 449-490
Chenell, C. 2010. Improving Cooking and Food Preparation Skills: A Synthesis of the Evidence to Inform Program and Policy Development. Ottawa: Public Health Agency of Canada.
Chou, S-Y., Rashad, I., & Grossman, M. (2008). Fast‐food restaurant advertising on television and its influence on childhood obesity. Journal of Law and Economics, 51(4), 599-618.
Chrisafis, A. (2016, Feb. 4). French law forbids food waste by supermarkets. Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/feb/04/french-law-forbids-food-waste-by-supermarkets
Christianson, R. & Morgan, M.L. (2007). Organic food strategy for Ontario: Value-added processing. Prepared for World Wildlife Fund. Toronto, ON: WWF-Canada . http://www.organicagcentre.ca/Docs/GrowLocalOrganic_wwf_Oct-07.pdf
City of Charlotte, NC, 2003. Transit oriented development Districts. Chapter 12, Charlotte Code. Charlotte, NC. http://www.reconnectingamerica.org/assets/Uploads/CharlotteZoningOrdTOD.pdf
City of Toronto. (2017). Supporting a National School Food Program. Toronto. Oct. 2, 2017.
City of Vancouver. (2018). Policy report: Zero waste 2040. Retrieved from
Clark, P. 2011. The role of sustainable public procurement policies and non-governmental certification schemes in the European Union and Canada in the context of trade rules. Policy Brief. Department of Political Science, Carleton University, Ottawa, ON.
Clark, B., & York, R. (2008). Rifts and shifts: Getting to the root of environmental crisis. Monthly Review, 60(6). http://monthlyreview.org/2008/11/01/rifts-and-shifts-getting-to-the-root-of-environmental-crises/
Clark, C., Cousineau, S., Morrow, A. and Waldie, P. 2013. Provinces back proposed free-trade deal with EU. Globe and Mail. Oct. 18, 2013.
Claassen, Roger and Richard D. Horan, 2000. Environmental Payments To Farmers: Issues of Program Design. Ag Outlook, June-July 2000.
Clay PM, et al. Measuring the social and economic performance of catch share programs: Definition of metrics and application to the U.S. Northeast Region ground fishery. Mar. Policy (2013)
Clearwater, R. L., T. Martin and T. Hoppe (eds.) 2016. Environmental sustainability of Canadian agriculture: Agri-environmental indicator report series – Report #4. Ottawa, ON: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
Cliff, M. 2014. Forgot the ugly fruit, meet the ugly fruit bowl! Daily Mail Online July 16. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/food/article-2693000/Forget-ugli-fruit-meet-ugly-fruit-bowl-French-supermarket-introduces-lumpy-misshapen-fruit-vegetables-sold-30-discount-combat-food-waste.html
Coleman, W.D., Grant, W. and Josling T. 2004. Agriculture in the New Global Economy. Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK.
Coleman, William D. 2008. Agricultural trade and the World Trade Organization. In: L. W. Pauly and W. D. Coleman (eds.), Global Ordering: Institutions and autonomy in a changing world. University of British Columbia Press,Vancouver, BC. pp. 64-84. http://www.globalautonomy.ca/global1/servlet/Summary2pdf?fn=RS_Coleman_AOA.
Cohen, J.F., Richardson, S., Parker, E., Catalano, P.J. & Rimm, E.B. (2014). Impact of the new U.S. Department of Agriculture school meal standards on food selection, consumption, and waste. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 46(4), 388-94.
Collet, P. Spinelli, D., Lardon, L., Hélias, A., Steyer, J.P., and Bernard, O. 2013. Life Cycle Assessment of microalgal based biofuel. In: Biofuels from algae Elsevier (Ed.) pp. 287-31.
Collier, D. 1993. The comparative method. In: A.W. Finifter (ed.), Political Science: the state of the discipline II. APSA, Washington. pp. 105-119.
Commission of the European Communities. 2001. The 2001 White Paper on European transport policy. Commission of the European Communities (2001). Brussels. COM(2001) 370 final.
Competition Bureau. (2017). Competition Bureau statement regarding its inquiry into alleged anti-competitive conduct by Loblaw Companies Limited. Retrieved from http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/04310.html
Competition Bureau Canada. (2018, February 19). Competition Bureau Canada. Retrieved from Government of Canada: http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/home
Competition Bureau Canada. (2018, February 22). Abuse of Market Power. Retrieved from Government of Canada: http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/04258.html
Competition Bureau of Canada. (2018, February 22). Abuse of Dominance. Retrieved from Government of Canada: http://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/h_00511.html
Competition Tribunal. (2018, 04 10). Welcome to the Competition Tribunal. Retrieved from Competition Tribunal: http://www.ct-tc.gc.ca/Home.asp
Congressional Research Service. RS20310: Science Behind the Regulation of Food Safety: Risk Assessment and the Precautionary Principle, Mickey Parish Congressional Science Fellow Domestic Social Policy Division Updated August 27, 1999. National Council for Science and the Environment, Washington
Connell, D. et al., 2019. Protecting farmland in Canada: provincial legislative frameworks. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp 113-150.
Consumer and Corporate Affairs Canada. Guide for Food Manufacturers and Advertisers, Revised Edition; Consumer Products Branch, Consumer and Corporate Affairs Canada: Ottawa, 1988.
Constance, D., Choi, J., 2010. Overcoming the barriers to organic adoption in the United States: a look at pragmatic conventional producers in Texas. Sustain. 2, 163-188.
Cooke, S.J. and Murchie, K.J. 2013. Status of aboriginal, commercial and recreationalinlandfisheries in North America: past, present and future. Fisheries Management and Ecology p. 1-13.
Cooke, D., Stanley, C. Carter, H., & Whitehead, P. (2014). Resource efficient and sustainable buying in grocery supply chains (PAD102-309). London: WRAP U.K. http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/Research%20report_Resource%20efficient%20and%20sustainable%20buying%20in%20grocery%20supply%20chains.pdf
Cooper, K. et al. 2000. Environmental Standard Setting and Children’s Health. A Report by the Children’s Health Project — a joint effort of the Canadian Environmental Law Association and the Ontario College of Family Physicians Environmental Health Committee. May 2000
Copes, Parzival. 1986. “A Critical Review of the Individual Quota as a Device in Fisheries Management.” Land Economics 62 (3): 278–91.
Cordain, L., Eaton, S.B., Sebastian, A., Mann, N., Lindeberg, S., Watkins, B.A., O’Keefe, J. H. and Brand-Miller, J. 2005. Origins and evolution of the Western diet: health implications for the 21st century. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 81(2):341-354. http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/81/2/341.full
Cordell, D., Rosemarin, A., Schröder, J.J., & Smit, A.L. (2011). Towards global phosphorus security: A systems framework for phosphorus recovery and reuse options. Chemosphere, 84(6), 747-758.
Costanza, R. 1989. What is ecological economics? J. Ecological Economics 1(1):J-7.
Costa- Pierce, B. 2010. Sustainable Ecological Aquaculture Systems: The Need for a New Social Contract for Aquaculture Development. Marine Technology Society Journal 44(3):88-112.
Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST), 2003. Integrated Pest Management: current and future strategies. CAST, Ames, IA.
Council of Canadians, http://www.canadians.org/action/2012/CETA-resolution.html.
Coughenour. C.M. 2003. Innovating conservation agriculture: the case of no-till cropping. Rur. Sociol. 68, 278-304.
Counihan, C. and Van Esterik, P. 2013. Food and Culture, 3rd edition. Routledge, London.
Courchene, T., and C.R. Telmer. 1998. From Heartland to North American Regional State: the social, fiscal and federal evolution of Ontario. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Cowe, J. 2018. Beyond “An Apple A Day”: Advancing Education for Critical Food Literacy in Ontario’s School System. MES Major Paper, York University, Toronto.
Cranfield, J., Henson, S., Holiday, J., 2010. The motives, benefits, and problems of conversion to organic production. Agric. Hum. Values 27, 291–306.
Creamer, S., and Jessup, E. (2008). Washington State industry outlook and freight transportation forecast: Apple industry. Pullman, WA: Transportation Research Group School of Economic Sciences Washington State University. Retrieved from the Washington State Department of Transportation website: http://www.wsdot.wa.gov/Freight/publications/RegionalandIndustryStudies.htm
Crew, T.E., & Peoples, M.B. (2004). Legume versus fertilizer sources of nitrogen: Ecological tradeoffs and human needs. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 102, 279-297.
Crompton, J.L. 2014. Potential negative outcomes from sponsorship fora sport property. Managing Leisure 19:420-441.
Crosby, D. (2009, April 20). Deadstock change deadly to little guy. Today’s Farmer. http://www.todaysfarmer.ca/2009/04/20/deadstock-change-deadly-to-little-guys
Cross, B. 2014. CP sues Ottawa over rail regulations. WP Sept. 28
Cross, B. 2015. Small shippers want big changes. WP Jan. 29, p. 71
Cross, B. 2015. Gov’t rail car fleet to retire. Western Producer. April 4, p. 29.
Cross, B. 2019. Alberta short line improvements should aid local economy. Western Producer. Sept. 5, 2019, p. 3.
Curran, D. 2019. Foodlands protection in Canada: indigenous ad colonial foodscapes in law. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 151-174.
Cuéllar, A. & Webber, M. (2010).Wasted food, wasted energy: The embedded energy in food waste in the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 44, 6464–6469.
Curry, B. (2015 Feb. 11). Provinces take on Ottawa over funding for job training. Globe and Mail, A1
Dahlberg, K.A. 1986a. Introduction: changing contexts and goals and the need for new evaluative approaches. In: K.A. Dahlberg (ed.). New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research: neglected dimensions and emerging alternatives. Rowman and Allanheld, Totowa, NJ. Pp. 1-30.
Dahlberg, K. 1993. Government policies that encourage pesticide use in the United States. In: D. Pimentel and H. Lehman (eds.). The Pesticide Question: environment, economics and ethics. Chapman and Hall, New York. pp. 281-306.
Daly, H.E. and Cobb, J.B. 1989. For the Common Good. Beacon Press, Boston.
Danbom, D.B. 1986. Publicly sponsored agricultural research in the United States from an historical perspective. In: K.A. Dahlberg (ed.). New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research: neglected dimensions and emerging alternatives. Rowman and Allanhe1d, Totowa, NJ. Pp. 107-131.
Darnhofer, I., Schneeberger, W.,Freyer, B. 2005. Converting or not converting to organic farming in Austria: farmer types and their rationale. Agric. Hum. Values 22, 39–52.
Daugbjerg, C. 2012. The World Trade Organization and organic food trade: Potential for restricting protectionism? Organic Agriculture 2(1):55-66.
Daugbjerg, Carsten, and Kim Mannemar Sønderskov. 2012. Environmental Policy Performance Revisited: Designing Effective Policies for Green Markets. Political Studies 60 (2):399-418.
Daugbjerg, C., Tranter, R., Hattam, C., Holloway, G. 2011. Modelling the impacts of policy on entry into organic farming: evidence from Danish–UK comparisons, 1989–2007. Land Use Policy 28(2), 413-422.
DAVIES RWD, et al. Defining and estimating global marine fisheriesbycatch. Marine Policy (2009),
Davis, B. and Carpenter C. 2009. Proximity of Fast-Food Restaurants to Schools and Adolescent Obesity. Am J Public Health. 2009 March; 99(3): 505–510.
Day, R. 2005. Gramscii is Dead. Pluto Press, London.
Deffuant, G., Huet, S., Bousset, J. P., Henriot, J., Amon, G., Weisbuch, G., 2002. Agent-based simulation of organic farming conversion in Allier department, in: Janssen, M. A. (Ed.), Complexity and Ecosystem Management: the theory and practice of multi-agent systems. Edward Elgar Publishers, Cheltenham, UK, pp. 158-187.
Dempsey, G. 2013. Farmland preservation and Protected Area Management: lessons from the Cuyahoga Valley National Park. MES Major Paper, York University, Toronto, ON.
Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO). 2003a. "Preserving the Independence of the Inshore Fleet in Canada's Atlantic Fisheries." Accessed July 26, 2019. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/library/279610e.pdf
Department of Fisheries and Oceans. 2015. Survey of recreational fishing in Canada. DFO, Ottawa. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/stats/rec/can/2015/doc/2015-rec-fish-eng.pdf
de Rosnay, J. 1979. The Macroscope: a new world ac!entific system. Harper
and Row, New York.
Desmarais, A. et al., 2017. Investor ownership or social investment? Changing farmland ownership in Saskatchewan, Canada. Agriculture and Human Values 34:149–166.
Desjardins, E., MacRae, R.J., and Schumilas, T. 2010. Meeting future population food needs with local production in Waterloo Region: linking food availability and optimal nutrition requirements. Agriculture and Human Values 27:129-140.
Desjardins, E. Lubcynski, J. and Xuereb, M. 2011. Incorporating policies for a healthy food system into land use planning: The case of Waterloo Region, Canada. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development.2(1): 127–140.
Desmarais, A. 2007. La Vía Campesina: globalization and the power of peasants. Fernwood Books, Halifax.
DesRivieres, C., R. Chuenpagdee, C. Mather, Reconnecting people, place, and nature: examining alternative food networks in Newfoundland's fisheries, Agric. Food Secur. 6 (2017) 33,
Dewees, Christopher M. 1998. “Effects of Individual Quota Systems on New Zealand and British Columbia Fisheries.” Ecological Applications 8 (1): S133–38.
de Wit, Y. (2012). Nourishing Young Minds | Toronto Public Health. Toronto.
Dey, A. Robyn McLean, Carla Hick, Shauna MacKinnon, Ilana Marder-Eppstein, Chris Thoreau, Alexandra Lyon. 2018. CANADIAN ORGANIC AND ECOLOGICAL PLANT BREEDING PRIORITIES FOR VEGETABLE CROPS: 2018 Survey Report. The Bauta Family Initiative on Canadian Seed Security.
Dhar, T., & Baylis, K. (2011). Fast-food consumption and the ban on advertising targeting children: The Québec experience. Journal of Marketing Research, 68, 799-813.
Diane McAmmond and Associates. 2000. Food and Nutrition Surveillance in Canada: an environmental scan. Report to health Canada, Ottawa. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/surveill/environmental_scan-eng.php
Dickinson, R.; Carsky, M. L.. The consumer as economic voter. In The Ethical Consumer; Harrison, R.; Newholm, T.; Shaw, D. Eds.: Sage: London, 2005; pp. 25-38
Diesing, P. 1972. Patterns of Discovery in the Social Sciences. Routledge
and Kegan Paul, London
Dietitians of Canada. 2016. Prevalence, Severity and Impact of Household Food Insecurity: A Serious Public Health Issue. Background Paper, Position Statement and Recommendations Dietitians of Canada, Ottawa.
Dings, J. (ed.). 2010. Grounded: How ICAO failed to tackle aviation and climate change and what should happen now. Transport and Environment, Brussels. http://www.transportenvironment.org/sites/te/files/media/2010_09_icao_grounded.pdf
Dixon, G. (2014 Nov. 10). Will Canada Job Grant skills-training funding do the trick? Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/education/will-canada-job-grant-skills-training-funding-do-the-trick/article21510469/
Doberstein, C. 2014, Metagovernance of urban governance networks in Canada: In pursuit of legitimacy and accountability. Canadian Public Administration 56: 584–609.
Doern, G.B. 1996. The evolution of Canadian Policy Studies as art, craft and science. In: L. Dobuzinskis, M. Howlett and D. Laycock (eds.). Policy Studies in Canada: the state of the art. University of Toronto Press, Toronto. pp. 15-26.
Doern, B. and MacDonald, M. 1999. Free - Trade Federalism: Negotiating the Canadian Agreement on Internal Trade. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Doern, G. B. and Toner, G. 1985. The Politics of Energy: the development and implementation of the National Energy Program. Methune, Toronto.
Dombkins, D.H. 2014. Realizing Complex Policy: using a systems-of-systems approach to develop and implement policy. Policy and Complex Systems 1(I):22-60.
Domhoff, G. W. 1990. The Power Elite and the State: how policy is made in America. Aldine De Gruyter , New York.
Downes, C.M., and Collins, B.T. 2003. The Canadian Breeding Bird Survey, 1967–2000. Catalogue No. CW69-9/219E. Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment Canada, Ottawa.
Drewnoski, A. and Barratt-Fornell, A. 2004. Do healthier diets cost more? Nutrition Today 39:161-168.
Driscoll, John, Carrie Robb, and Karin Bodtker. 2009. “Bycatch in Canada's Pacific Groundfish Bottom Trawl Fishery: Trends and Ecosystem Perspectives.” A Report by Living Oceans Society. Living Oceans Society, Sointula, BC
Drost, D., Long, G., Wilson, D., Miller, B., Campbell, W., 1996. Barriers to adopting sustainable agricultural practices. J. Ext. [on line serial], 34(6). Available at http://www.joe.org december 1996 feature 1.(accessed June 1, 2012)
Dryzek, J. 2013 The Politics of the Earth: environmental discourses. Oxford, New York.
Dunham-Jones, E. and Williamson, J. 2009. Retrofitting Suburbia: Urban Design Solutions for Redesigning Suburbs. Wiley, Hoboken, NJ.
Dunklin, Thomas B. 2005. "Over-Escapement: Is there a Problem?" A report for the Wild Salmon Center, Portland, Oregan.
Dutton, D.J, Pierre-Gerlier Forest , Ronald D. Kneebone , Jennifer D. Zwicker. 2018. Effect of provincial spending on social services and health care on health outcomes in Canada: an observational longitudinal study. CMAJ 2018 January 22;190:E66-71.
DuPuis, E. M., Harrison, J. L., & Goodman, D. (2011). Just food? In A.H. Alkon & J.Agyeman (Eds.). Cultivating food justice: Race, class, and sustainability (pp. 283-‐307). Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Dyment, J.E. and Bell, A.C. (2008a). Grounds for movement: Green school grounds as sites for promoting physical activity. Health Education Research, 23(6), 952-962.
Eamer, J., 2006. Keep it simple and be relevant: the first ten years of the Arctic Borderlands Ecological Knowledge Co-op. In: Reid,W.V., Berkes, F., Wilbanks, T., Capistrano, D. (Eds.), Bridging Scales and Knowledge Systems. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and Island Press, Washington DC, pp. 185–206.
Ecofiscal Commission, Canada. 2019. Bridging the Gap: real options for meeting Canada's 2030 GHG reduction targets.
Econometric Research Limited, HCA and MacRae, R.J. (2015). Dollars & sense: opportunities to strengthen Southern Ontario's food system. Toronto and Montreal: Friends of the Greenbelt Foundation, Metcalf Foundation and McConnell Foundation.
Economic Research Service (ERS). (2011). Loss-adjusted food availability data. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Ecotrust Canada and the T. Buck Suzuki Foundation. 2015. "Caught up in Catch Shares." A report by Ecotrust Canada and the T. Buck Suzuki Foundation. http://ecotrust.ca/report/caught-up-in-catch-shares/.
Ecotrust Canada and the T. Buck Suzuki Foundation. 2018. "Just Transactions, Just Transitions: Towards Truly Sustainable Fisheries in British Colombia." A report by Ecotrust Canada and the T. Buck Suzuki Foundation. http://ecotrust.ca/project/just-transactions-just-transitions-towards-truly-sustainable-fisheries-in-british-columbia-2018
Edwards-Jones, G. L. Mila‘ i Canals, N. Hounsome, M. Truninger, G. Koerber, B. Hounsome, P. Cross, E.H. York, A. Hospido, K. Plassmann, I.M. Harris, R.T. Edwards, .A.S. Day, A.D. Tomos, S.J. Cowell and D.L. Jones. 2008. Testing the assertion that “local food is best’: the challenges of an evidence-based approach. Trends in Food Science and Technology 19:265–274.
Egri, C.P., 1999. Attitudes, backgrounds and information preferences of Canadian organic and conventional farmers: implications for organic farming advocacy and extension. J. Sustain. Agric. 13,3,45–72.
Eilers, W., MacKay, R., Graham, L. and Lefebvre, A. (eds). 2010. Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Agri-environmental Indicator Report Series. Report #3. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ontario
EKOS Research Associates, “Survey of Voluntary Sector Organizations for Human Resources and Social Development Canada,” (Ottawa: EKOS Research Associates Inc, 2008): 58
Eliadis, P., Hill, M. and Howlett, M. (eds.). 2005. Designing Government: from instruments to governance. McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal and Kingston.
Elkington, J. (1994). Towards the sustainable corporation: Win–win-win business strategies for sustainable development. California Management Review, 90–100.
Elzen, B., Geels, F.W., Leeuwis, C.S. and Van Mierlo, B., 2011. Normative contestation in transitions ‘in the making’: animal welfare concerns and system innovation in pig husbandry (1970–2008). Research Policy 40:263–275.i
Ekins, P. (ed.). 1986a. The Living Economy: a new economics in the making. Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, UK.
Emerson, K., Nabatchi, T., & Balogh, S. (2011). An Integrative Framework for Collaborative Governance. Journal of Public Administration Research, 1-29.
Employment and Skills Development Canada (ESDC), Strategic Policy and Research Branch. (2010). Summative evaluation of the Sector Council Program. Ottawa: ESDC. http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/publications/evaluations/skills_and_employment/2010/march.shtml
ENCLOSE, 2014. Electric fleets in urban logistics. AustriaTech – Gesellschaft des Bundes für technologiepolitische Maßnahmen GmbH, Raimundgasse 1, A-1020 Vienna, Austria. http://ev-observatory.eu/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/AustriaTech_ElectricFleets_Broshure.pdf
Engelhard, G.; Garson, A.; Dorn, S. Reducing Obesity: policy strategies from the tobacco wars; University of Virginia and Urban Institute: Washington, 2009; p. 41 http://www.urban.org/uploadedpdf/411926_reducing_obesity.pdf Accessed June 19, 2012
Entz, Martin H., Anne P. Kirk, Iris Vaisman, Stephen L. Fox, Jennifer Mitchell Fetch, David Hobson, Helen R. Jensen, and Jane Rabinowicz. 2015. “Farmer Participation in Plant Breeding for Canadian Organic Crop Production: Implications for Adaptation to Climate Uncertainty.” Procedia Environmental Sciences, Agri-culture and Climate Change - Adapting Crops to Increased Uncertainty (AGRI 2015), 29: 238–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2015.07.291
Environmental Protection Agency undated. Airplane emissions. http://www.epa.gov/otaq/aviation.htm#regs
Epstein, D., Nonnecke, B. (2016). Multistakeholderism in Praxis: The Case of the Regional and National Internet Governance Forum (IGF) Initiatives. Policy & Internet 8(2), 148-173.
Escobar, T. 2010. McDonald’s looks for new spuds. Columbia Basin Herald Feb. 5. http://www.columbiabasinherald.com/news/local_business/article_f39d4673-f21f-569e-96de-04adf82615ea.html?mode=print
Erisman, J.W., Sutton, M.A., Galloway, J., Klimont, Z., & Winiwarter, W. (2008). How a century of ammonia synthesis changed the world. Nature GeoScience, 1(28 Sept), 636–639.
ETC Group. 2015. Monsanto/Syngenta: From Gene Giants to Agribehemoths, ETC Group, May 14, 2015
European Commission. 2006. Environmental impact of products: Analysis of the life cycle environmental impacts related to the final consumption of the EU-25. Technical Report EUR 22284 EN. Spain: European Commission, Joint Research
Centre, Institute of Prospective Technological Studies.
European Commission (2011). Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area - Towards a Competitive and Resource Efficient Transport System. Directorate - General for Mobility and Transport. Luxembourg, Publications Office of the European Union.
European Commission (EC). (2012). Directive 2008/98/EC on waste. Brussels: Waste Framework Directive, EC. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/framework/.
European Union. 2011. Opinion of the Committee of the Regions on ‘local food systems’. Official Journal of the European Union. 88th plenary session held on 27 and 28 January, p. 104/5. http://eurlex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2011:104:0001:0006:EN:PDF.
Evans, D. (2011). Blaming the consumer - once again: The social and material contexts of everyday food waste practices in some English households. Critical Public Health, 21(4), 429-440.
Evans, D. (2012). Beyond the throwaway society to ordinary domestic practice: What can sociology say about food waste? Sociology, 46(1), 41-56.
Evans, D., Campbell, H., & Murcott, A. (2013). A brief pre-history of food waste and the social sciences. The Sociological Review, 60(S2), 5-26.
Evola, J. 2018. Developments in climate change policy: Is trade regulation the next step? MES Major Paper, FES, York University, Toronto.
Ewins, A. 1997. Land bank still a good idea says former official. Western Producer January, 2. https://www.producer.com/1997/01/land-bank-still-a-good-idea-says-former-official/
Exner, R. 1990. On-farm research: using the skills of farmers and scientists. Practical Farmers of Iowa and Iowa state University. In: Extending Sustainable Systems. Minnesota State Department of Agriculture, Minneapolis, MN. Pp. 59-68.
FarmStart. 2010. New Farmers and Alternative Markets within the Supply-Managed System. Metcalf Foundation, Toronto. http://www.georgemorris.org/publications/Metcalf_Food_Solutions_Report.pdf
Featherstone, M. and Juanita Rogers. 2008. "The evolution of co-management in the British Columbia red sea urchin fishery" In Case studies in fisheries self-governance. Edited by Ralph E. Townsend, Ross Shotton and Hirotsuga Uchida, 383-396. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 504. Rome, FAO. 2008.
Ferguson, M. and Lavery, T. 2012. Seaway Underutilization: are regulations to blame? McMaster Institute for Transportation and Logistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON. http://mitl.mcmaster.ca/research/documents/marine_regulatory_final.pdf
Ferguson, S., H. Furtan, and J. Carlberg. 2006. The political economy of farmland ownership regulations and land prices. Agricultural Economics 35:59-65.
Finley, Carmel, and Naomi Oreskes. 2013. “Maximum Sustained Yield: A Policy Disguised as Science.” ICES Journal of Marine Science 70 (2): 245–50.
Finlayson, A. 2004. Political science, political ideas and rhetoric. Economy and Society 33(4):528-549.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada. 2017. Sustainability survey for fisheries. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/reports-rapports/regs/sff-cpd/survey-sondage/index-en.html
Fitzpatrick, D. 2011. Small Format Grocery Stores Combating Food Deserts. http://reurbanist.com/2011/11/small-format-grocery-stores-combating-food-deserts/
Fletcher, J., Branen, L., & Price, E. (2005). Building Mealtime Environments and Relationships: An Inventory for Feeding Young Children in Group Settings. Life Sciences, 24.
Foley, J. A., N. Ramankutty, K. A. Brauman, E. S. Cassidy, J. S., Gerber, M. Johnston, N. D. Mueller, C. O’Connell, et al. 2011. Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature 478:337–342.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2001. "Utilization and trade." Fisheries and Aquaculture topics. Topics Fact Sheets. In: FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department [online]. Rome.
FAO. 2004. Uses of Food Consumption and Anthropometric Surveys in the Caribbean. FAO, Rome. http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y5825e/y5825e07.htm
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). (2013). Food wastage footprint: Impacts on natural resources. Rome: FAO. http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/i3347e/i3347e.pdf
FAO. 2011. State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture
Food Ethics Council. 2008. Flying Food: workshop report. Food Ethics Council, London, UK. http://www.foodethicscouncil.org/uploads/publications/airfreightworkshopreport.pdf
Food for LIfe Report. 2019. School Food Nutrition under the Microscope .... at least. Vol 6: 22-23.
Food Processing Human Resource Council (FPHRC). (2011). Who is processing your food? Food and beverage labour market information study. Ottawa: FPHRC.
FoodShare Toronto. (2013). Focus on Food: Pathways to youth employment. Toronto, ON: FoodShare Toronto. http://www.foodshare.net/files/www/FoodSharePublications/FoodShare_Focus_on_Food_Manual_2013.pdf.
Forbes, J. D. (1985). Institutions and influence groups in Canadian farm and food policy. Monographs on Canadian Public Administration #6, Institute of Public Administration #10. Toronto: Institute of Public Administration of Canada.
Forkes J. (2011). Measuring the shape and size of the foodshed (unpublished PhD thesis), Dept. Geography, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
Fortin, P-O. (2014, June 28). Des legumes moches, bons, pas chers. Le Soleil. http://www.lapresse.ca/le-soleil/affaires/agro-alimentaire/201406/27/01-4779518-des-legumes-moches-bons-pas-chers.php
Foster, B. (1999). Marx’s theory of metabolic rift: Classical foundations for environmental sociology. American Journal of Sociology, 105(2), 366-405.
Foster B., & Magdoff, F. (1998). Liebig, Marx, and the depletion of soil fertility: Relevance for today's agriculture. Monthly Review, 50(3), 32.
Fowke V.C. 1946. Canadian Agricultural Policy. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Francis, C.A. and Sahs. W. 1988. Research for sustainable agriculture by U.S. universities. In: P. Allen and D. Van Dusen (eds). Global Perspectives on Agroecology and Sustainable Agricultural Systems. Agroecology Program, University of California, Santa Cruz. Pp. 113-
Francis, Charles A., Twyla E. Hansen, Allison A. Fox, Paula J. Hesje, Hana E. Nelson, Andrea E. Lawseth, and Alexandra English. 2012. . Farmland conversion to non-agricultural uses in the US and Canada: current impacts and concerns for the future. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability Vol. 10 , Iss. 1
Francis, D. 1986. Controlling Interest: who owns Canada? Seal Books, Toronto.
Franco-Arellano, B., Kim, M.A., Vandevijvere, S., Bernstein, J.T., Labonté, M-E., Mulligan, C. and L’Abbé, M. R. 2019. Assessment of Packaged Foods and Beverages Carrying Nutrition Marketing against Canada’s Food Guide Recommendations. Nutrients,11, 411-427.
Frank, R. In the real world of work and wages, trickle-down theories don’t hold up. The New York Times, 12 April 2007. Available online: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/04/12/business/12scene.html?_r=1 (accessed on 14 June 2012).
Freed, K. (1985, February 25). Mulroney's Stance Contrasts With Trudeau's : Canada Woos U.S. Investors--Without Immediate Success. Retrieved March 2018, from Los Angeles Times: http://articles.latimes.com/1985-02-25/business/fi-33517_1_brian-mulroney/2
Frémont, A., and Franc, P. 2010. Hinterland Transportation in Europe: Combined Transport versus Road Transport. Journal of Transport Geography, 18, 548-556.
Friedland, W.H. and Kappel, T. 1979. Production or perish: changing the inequalities of agricultural research priorities. project on Social Impact Assessment and values, University of California, Santa Cruz.
Friedmann, H. (2000). What on earth is the modern world-system? Foodgetting and territory in the modern era and beyond. Journal of World-Systems Research, 6, 480-515.
Friedmann, H. (2005). From colonialism to green capitalism: Social movements and the emergence of food regimes. In F. Buttel & P. McMichael (Eds.). New directions in the sociology of global development (pp. 227-264). Research in rural sociology and development, Volumen 11. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Friedmann, H. 2007. Scaling up: Bringing public institutions and food service corporations into the project for a local, sustainable food system in Ontario. Agriculture and Human Values 24:389-398.
Friedmann, H. (2009). Discussion: Moving food regimes forward: reflections on symposium essays. Agriculture and Human Values, 26, 335-344.
Friedmann, H. and McMichael, P. 1989. Agriculture and the state system: The rise and fall of national agricultures, 1870 to the present. Sociologia Ruralis 19:93-117.
Friel, S., Barosh, L. J., & Lawrence, M. (2013). Towards healthy and sustainable food consumption: an Australian case study. Public Health Nutr, 1-11.
Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Publishing Inc
Fries, JF. 1983. The compression of morbidity. Millbank Memorial Fund Quarterly.
Friesen, B. (2000, January 1). Landfill ban stimulates composting programs in Nova Scotia. Biocycle. http://www.environmental-expert.com/articles/landfill-ban-stimulates-composting-programs-in-nova-scotia-1117
Froy, F. & Giguere, S. (2010). Putting in place jobs that last: A guide to rebuilding quality employment at the local level. OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Working Papers. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Fujimoto, 1. 1977. The communities of the San Joaquin Valley: the relation between scale of farming, water use and the quality of life. Testimony before the Federal Task Force on Westlands, Sacramento, CA. 4 Aug.
Gabriel, Y.; Lang, T. A Brief History of Consumer Activism. In The Ethical Consumer; Harrison, R., Newholm, T., Shaw, D., Eds.; Sage: London, UK, 2005.
Galliot, L. 2014. The latest French fashion: eating ugly fruits and vegetables. Grist July 29 http://grist.org/food/the-latest-french-fashion-eating-ugly-fruits-and-veggies/?utm_source=New+HEN+distribution+list&utm_campaign=d2e388cd4a-HEN_E_Bulletin_140820&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_2682faca70-d2e388cd4a-100598217
Gari, S.R., Newton, A., Icely, J.D. and Delgado-Serrano, M.M. An Analysis of the Global Applicability of Ostrom’s Design Principles to Diagnose the Functionality of Common-Pool Resource Institutions. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1287
Garnett, T. (2006). Fruit and vegetables and U.K. Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Exploring the relationship. Sussex, U.K.: Centre for Environmental Strategy, University of Sussex.
Garnett. T. 2011. Where are the best opportunities for reducing greenhouse gas
emissions in the food system (including the food chain)? Food Policy 36:S23–S32
Garriguet, D. 2006. Overview of Canadians Eating Habits, 2004. Statistics Canada, Ottawa.
Garriguet, D. 2007. Sodium intake. Health Reports 18(3) May
Geerts, H. (2016). Guidelines on Permitted Uses in Ontario's Prime Agricultural Areas. Retrieved February 21, 2017, from http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/landuse/permitteduses.htm
General Accounting Office (GAO), 2001. Agricultural Pesticides: management improvements needed to further promote Integrated Pest Management, GAO 01-815, Washington, DC.
German, Peter M., Adam Ross, Archie Alafriz, Calvin Chrustie, Dale Lysak, Don Panchuk, Doug LePard, Jafer Aftab, Jerome Malysh, Michael Blanchflower and Trevor Dusterhoft. 2019. “Turning the Tide - An Independent Review of Money Laundering in B.C. Real Estate, Luxury Vehicle Sales & Horse Racing," A report produced for the Attorney General of British Columbia. March 16, 2019.
Ghaffari, A., Bunch, M., MacRae, R., & Zhao, J. (2015). Socio-economic support optimization for transition from conventional to organic farming using a spatiotemporal Agent-based Model. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies, 8(3-4), 13-25.
Geels, F.W. 2007. Feelings of discontent and the promise of middle range theory for STS: examples from technology dynamics. Science, Technology & Human Values 32:627–651.
Geels, F.W. 2011. The multi-level perspective on sustainability transitions: responses to seven criticisms Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions 1:24–40.
German, M. 2013. Assessing Food Access Interventions in an Urban Setting; Looking at Mobile Produce Vending Models in Toronto and Chicago. MES Major Paper, FES, York University, Toronto.
Ghaly AE, Ramakrishnan VV, Brooks MS, Budge SM, Dave D (2013) Fish Processing Wastes as a Potential Source of Proteins, Amino Acids and Oils: A Critical Review. J Microb Biochem Technol 5: 107-129.
Gibson, R. (ed.) 2017. Sustainability Assessment: applications and opportunities. Earthscan.
Gidwani, V., & Reddy, R.N. (2011). The afterlives of “waste”: Notes from India for a minor history of capitalist surplus. Antipode, 43(5), 1625-1658.
Giest,S., Howlett,M., Understanding the preconditions of commons governance: The role of network management. Environ. Sci. Policy (2013)
Gille, Z. 2013. From risk to waste: global food waste regimes. The Sociological Review 60(S2):27–46.
Glazier, R. 2012. Do physician compensation reforms affect patient care and outcomes? lessons from the Ontario primary care experience. ICES, Presentation to Accelerating Primary Care, Nov. 20, 2012. http://www.albertapci.ca/NewsEvents/Events/APCC/2012/Documents/024-Glazier.pdf
Glen, B. (2015a Feb. 5). Ag groups pushing for labour changes. Western Producer, p. 46.
Glen, B. (2015b March 26). Truck drivers urgently needed. Western Producer, p. 1.
Gliessman, S.R. Ed. Agroecology: researching the ecological basis for sustainable agriculture, Ecological Studies Series no. 78; Springer-Verlag: New York, 1990.
Goldstein, N. (2013). Community composting in New York City. Biocycle, 54(11). http://www.biocycle.net/2013/11/18/community-composting-in-new-york-city/
Gooch, M., Felfel, A.,& Marenick, N. (2010). Food waste in Canada: Opportunities to increase the competitiveness of Canada’s agri-food sector, while simultaneously improving the environment. Guelph, ON: Value Chain Management Centre.
Gooch, M. & Felfel, A. (2014). The cost of Canada’s annual food waste. Guelph, ON: Value Chain Management International. http://vcm-international.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Food-Waste-in-Canada-27-Billion-Revisited-Dec-10-2014.pdf
Goodwin, E. (2014). Extending our global impact on waste. London: WRAP U.K.
Gottlieb and Joshi (2010). Food Justice. MIT Press
Gouvernement du Québec. 1979. Toward. a Scientific Research Policy for Québec. Editeur Officiel, Québec.
Govender et al (2016). Taking Stock: Sustainable Seafood in Canadian Markets. Sea Choice. http://www.seachoice.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Taking-Stock-FINAL-Report.pdf
Government of Canada. (2013). Competition Law in a Global and Innovative Economy—A Canadian Perspective. 3rd BRICS International Competition Conference. New Delhi: Government of Canada.
Grafton, R. Quentin. 1996. “Individual Transferable Quotas: Theory and Practice.” Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 6 (1): 5–20.
Gramscii, A. 1992. J.A. Buttigieg (ed.). Prison notebooks. Columbia University Press, New York.
Grant, T. (2013 June 3). The continuing decline of the ‘middle-skill’ worker. Globe and Mail. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/economy/jobs/the-continuing-decline-of-the-middle-skill-worker/article12303799/
Green, M. & Maynard, R. (2006). The employment benefits of organic farming. In C. Atkinson, B. Ball, D. H. K. Davies, R. Rees, G. Russell, E. A. Stockdale, C. A. Watson, R. Walker, & D. Younie (Eds.). Aspects of applied biology 79. What will organic farming deliver? (pp. 51-55).
Greenberg, D.H., Michalopoulos, C., & Robins, P.K. (2003). A meta-analysis of government-sponsored training programs. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 57, 31.
Greenstone, M. & Looney, A. (2011). Building America’s job skills with effective workforce programs: A training strategy to raise wages and increase work opportunities. The Hamilton Project Strategy Paper. Washington: Brookings. http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/papers/2011/11/training%20greenstone%20looney/11_training_greenstone_looney.pdf
Gregorich, L.J. and D.R. Coote, 2000. The Health of Our Water: Toward Sustainable Agriculture in Canada (Ottawa: Agriculture and Agri-food Canada, May.
Griffin, M., Sobal, J., & Lyson, T. (2009). An analysis of a community food waste stream. Agriculture and Human Values, 26(1), 67-81.
Gruenewald, D.A. 2003. The best of both worlds: A critical pedagogy of place. Educational Researcher, 32(4), 3-12.
Grunwald, A. 2000. Technology policy between long-term planning requirements and short-ranged acceptance problems: new challenges for technology assessment. In: J. Grin and A. Grunwald (eds.), Vision Assessment: shaping technology in the 21st century society: towards a repertoire for technology assessment. Springer, Berlin. pp. 99–148.
GSGislason and Associates Ltd. 2017. "Linkages between Seafood Harvesting and Processing," A report prepared for Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Accessed July 29, 2019. https://waves-vagues.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/40652816.pdf.
Guelph Food Waste Project (GFWP). (2014). Guelph Food Waste Project research update. https://guelphfoodwaste.com/
Gunders, D. (2012). Wasted: How America is losing up to 40 percent of its food from farm to fork to landfill (Natural Resources Defense Council Issue Paper). Washington: NRDC.
Gunningham, N. Reconfiguring environmental regulation. In Designing Government: from instruments to governance; Eliadis P.; Hill M.; Howlett, M, Eds..; McGill Queen’s University Press: Montreal and Kingston; 2005; pp. 333–352.
Gussow, J.D., Clancy, K.L. Dietary guidelines for sustainability. Journal of Nutrition Education. 1986;18:1–5.
Gustavsson, J., Cederberg, C., Sonesson, U., van Otterdijk, R., & Meybeck, A. (2011). Global food losses and food waste. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). http://www.fao.org/docrep/014/mb060e/mb060e00.pdf.
Guest, 2003. The emergence of social security in Canada. UBC Press
Guthman, J. 2008. Neoliberalism and the making of food politics in California. Geoforum 39(3):1171–1183.
Haas, Andrea R., Danielle N. Edwards, and U. Rashid Sumaila. 2016. “Corporate Concentration and Processor Control: Insights from the Salmon and Herring Fisheries in British Columbia.” Marine Policy 68 (June): 83–90.
Haddow, R. (2002). The changing landscape of Canadian labour market policy. Canadian Policy Research Networks. http://cprn.org/documents/28849_en.pdf
Hadwiger, D.P. 1982. The Politics of Agricultural Research. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.
Hajer, M. 2003. Policy without polity: Policy analysis and the institutional void. Policy Science 36:175-195.
Hallström, E., Carlsson-Kanyama, A., & Börjesson, P. (2015). Environmental impact of dietary change: a systematic review. Journal of Cleaner Production, 91, 1-11.
Hamilton, B. (2005). Agricultural Land Trusts: preserving small farm heritage. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Winnipeg, MB.
Hanway, 1978. Agricultural experiment stations and the Variety Protection Act, Part 2. Crop. add Soil. 30:5-7.
Hanson, N. 2019. “California’s Food Deserts, Insecurity Can Worsen after Wildfires.”
Times-Herald . https://www.timesheraldonline.com/2019/09/03/californias-food-deserts-insecurity-can-worsen-after-wildfires/
Hardy R.W. (1992) Fish Processing By-Products and their Reclamation. In: Pearson A.M., Dutson T.R. (eds) Inedible Meat by-Products. Advances in Meat Research Series, vol 8. Springer, Dordrecht
Harris, J. Bargh, J., & Brownell, K. (2009). Priming effects of television food advertising on eating behavior. Health Psychology, 28(4), 404-413.
Harrison, G., Rathje, W, & Huges, W. (1975). Waste behavior in an urban population. Journal of Nutrition Education, 7(1), 3-16.
Harrison, R., Newholm, T., Shaw, D., Eds.; The Ethical Consumer; SAGE: London, UK, 2005.
Harrison, S. 2014. Kids Growing: Implementing School-Community Gardens in Ontario. MES Major Paper, FES, York University, Toronto.
Harry Cummings and Associates, 2005. Region of Waterloo Food Flow Analysis study. Regional Municipality of Waterloo, Waterloo.
Harvey, D. A Brief History of Neoliberalism. New York: Oxford University Press. 2005.
Harwood, R.R. and Madden, J.P. 1982. Research agenda for the transition to a regenerative food system. Cornucopia Project, Emmaus, PA.
Hatanaka, M., Konefal, J. and Constance, D.H. 2012. A tripartite standards regime analysis of the contested development of a sustainable agriculture standard. Agriculture and Human Values 29:65–78.
Hawkins, R.A. 2010. Boycotts, buycotts and consumer activism in a global context: An overview. MANAGEMENT & ORGANIZATIONAL HISTORY Vol 5(2): 12.
Hawkins, T. R., B. Singh, G. Majeau-Bettez, and A. H. Strømman. 2012. Comparative environmental life cycle assessment of conventional and electric vehicles. Journal of Industrial Ecology Vol. 17, Issue 1, 53-64 and Corrigium, 158–160.
Hawthorne, M. and Richards, A. 2014. EPA finds rail yards transfer pollutants as well as freight. Chicago Tribune June 27. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2014-06-27/news/ct-railyard-diesel-pollution-met-20140627_1_diesel-soot-diesel-pollution-freight
Hay, D. (2000). School-based Feeding Programs: A good choice for children? Victoria. Retrieved from https://foodsecurecanada.org/sites/foodsecurecanada.org/files/hay_-_2000.pdf
Hayden, A. (1999). Sharing the work, sparing the planet: Time, consumption and ecology. Toronto: Between the Lines.
Hazledine, T. 1998. Rationalism rebuffed? Lessons from modern Canadian and New Zealand Competition policy. Review of Industrial Organization 13(1/2): 243-264,
Health Canada. (1976). Report of the Committee on Diet and Cardiovascular Disease. Ottawa: Health Canada.
Health Canada, 2003. Health Canada announces new mandatory nutrition labelling to help Canadians make informed choices for healthy eating" [news release] (Ottawa: Health Canada, January 2, 2003)
Health Canada website. 2008. Food and Nutrition: Nutrition Labeling. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/label-etiquet/nutrition/index-eng.php.
Healthy Kids Panel (2013). No Time To Wait: The Healthy Kids Strategy. Report to the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. Ontario Ministry of Health, Toronto.
Heckman, J.J. (2000). Policies to foster human capital. Research in Economics, 54, 3–56.
Hedley D.D. 2006. Why is there no Canadian food policy in place? Canadian Issues Winter:20–27.
Heffernan, W.D. 1986. Review and evaluation of social externalities. In: K. Dahlberg (ed.). New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research: neglected dimensions and emerging alternatives. Rowman and Allanheld, Totowa, NJ, Pp. 199-220.
Heller, M. C., Keoleian, G. A., & Willett, W. C. (2013). Toward a Life Cycle-Based, Diet-level Framework for Food Environmental Impact and Nutritional Quality Assessment: A Critical
Hendrickson, M.K and W.D. Heffernan. 2002. Opening Spaces through Relocalization: Locating Potential Resistance in the Weakness of the Global Food System. Sociologia Ruralis 42(4):347-369.
Hendrix, P.F. 1987. Strategies for research and management in reduced input agroecosystems. American J. of Alternative Agriculture 2: 166-172.
Hennebry, J. & Preibisch, K. (2010). A model for managed migration? Re-examining best practices in Canada's Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program. International Migration, 50, s1, e19-e40.
Henry, Carol J; Allison, Derek J and Gracia, Alicia C. 2003. “Child Nutrition Programs in Canada and the United States: A Comparative Approach.” Journal of School Health. Vol. 73. No. 2. Pp. 83-85.
Hernandez, K., Engler-Stringer, R., Kirk, S., Wittman, H. and McNicholl, S. 2018. The case for a Canadian national school food program. Canadian Food Studies 5(3): 208-229.
Herrin, M. and Gussow, J.D. 1989. Designing a sustainable diet. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behaviour 21:270-275.
Hessing, M. Howlett, M. and Summerville, T. 2005. Canadian Natural Resource and Environmental Policy: political economy and public policy, 2nd edition. UBC Press, Vancouver.
Higgins, C. and Ferguson, M. 2011. An exploration of the freight village concept and its applicability to Ontario. McMaster Institute for Transportation and Logistics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON. http://mitl.mcmaster.ca/research/documents/MITL_Freight_Villages_January.pdf.
Hightower, J. 1972. Hard Tomatoes, Bard Times: tbe failure of tbe land-qrant complex. Agribusiness Accountabi1ity Project, Washington.
Hill, M. 1994. The Choice of Mode for Regulation: a case study of the Federal Pesticide Registration Review, 1988-1992. PhD Dissertation. Carleton University, Ottawa.
Hill, S.B. 1978. Agricultural chemicals and the soil. ln: Canadian Plains Research Centre (ed.). Cbemical. and Agriculture: problems and alternatives. University of Regin~, Regina, SK. Pp. 18-53.
Hill, 5.B. 1982. A global food and agriculture policy for western countries: laying the foundation. Nutrition and Health 1:108-117.
Hill, S.B. 1984a. Organic farming in Canada. Ecological Agriculture Projects Research Paper #4. Ste-Anne de Bellevue, QC.
Hill, S.B. (1985). Redesigning the food system for sustainability. Alternatives, 12(3/4),32-36.
Hill, S.B. 1986b. Sustainable human development: driving and restraining forces in the food system: a submission to the world commission on environment and development. Regional Priorities 1(2):2-6.
Hill, S.B. & MacRae, R.J. (1988). Developing sustainable agriculture education in Canada. Agriculture and Human Values, 5,4, 92-94.
Hill, S.B. and R.J. MacRae. 1995. Conceptual framework for the transition from conventional to sustainable agriculture. J. Sustainable Agriculture 7:81-87.
Hinrichs, C.C.. The practice and politics of food system localization. Journal of Rural Studies 2003, 19, 33–45, p. 37.
Hobin E, Bollinger B, Sacco J, Liebman E, Vanderlee L, Zuo F, Rosella L, L’Abbe MR, Manson H, Hammond D. Consumers’ Response to an On-Shelf Nutrition Labelling System in Supermarkets: Evidence to Inform Policy and Practice. The Milbank Quarterly 2017; 95(3):494-534
Hodges, R.O. and Schofield, A.M. 1983. Agricologenic disease: a review of the negative impacts of agricultural systems. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 1:269-325.
Hodges, R.J., Buzby, J.C., & Bennett, B. (2011). Postharvest losses and waste in developed and less developed countries: Opportunities to improve resource use. Journal of Agricultural Science, 149, 37-45.
Hoffman, J. 2013. Theorizing power in transition studies: the role of creativity and novel practices in structural change. Policy Sciences 46:257-275.
Holden, M., 2005. Canada's Domestic Agricultural Supports and the WTO. Library of Parliament, Ottawa.
Holmes, Peter, Tom Reilly & Jim Rollo, Border carbon adjustments and the potential for protectionism" (2011) 11:2 Climate Policy 883 at 885.
Honeyman, M.S. 2005. Extensive bedded indoor and outdoor pig production systems in USA: current trends and effects on animal care and product quality. Livestock Production Science 94:15-24.
Honeyman, M.S., & Lammers, P. (2011). Energy use and nutrient cycling in pig production systems. Ames, IA: Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture. http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1386&context=leopold_grantreports
Hooker, C. A. (1994). “Notes toward the definition of agriculture,” Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Supplement 7(1): 62–63.
Hopkins, T. and Wallerstein, I. (1986). Commodity Chains in the World-Economy Prior to
1800. Review (Fernand Braudel Center), (10)1, 157-170.
House of Commons Standing Committee on Agriculture and Agrifood. 2017. Next Agricultural Policy Framework. 42nd Parliament, 1st Session. March.
Howard, A. An Agricultural Testament; Oxford University Press: New York and London, 1943.
Howard, A. The Soil and Health: a study of organic agriculture; Devin-Adair: New York, 1947.
Howard, P. 2007. Organic Industry Structure. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. Available at Web site http://www.msu.edu/~howardp/.
Howard, P.H.; Allen, P. Beyond organic: Consumer interest in new labeling schemes in the central coast of California. International Journal of Consumer Studies 2006, 30, 439–451: 439.
Howe, K. 2017. France’s ‘Double Performance’ Agricultural Policy: Insights for Ontario? Or ‘Don’t mention agroecology or France’. MES Major Paper, FES, York University.
Howlett M. What is a policy instrument? policy tools, policy mixes and policy styles. In Designing Government: from instruments to governance; Eliadis P,; Hill M,; Howlett M, Eds.; McGill Queen’s University Press: Montreal and Kingston, 2005; pp.31–50.
Howlett, M. 2009a. Governance modes, policy regimes and operational plans: A multi-level nested model of policy instrument choice and policy design. Policy Sciences 42 (1):73-89.
Howlett, M. 2009b. Government Communication as a Policy Tool: A Framework for Analysis. The Canadian Political Science Review 3(2) June. http://ojs.unbc.ca/index.php/cpsr/article/viewFile/134/184
Howlett, M., Ramesh, M. and Perl, A. 2010. Studying Public Policy: policy cycles and policy subsystems. Oxford, Toronto.
Hudek, R.E. 2000. “Like product”: The differences in meaning in GATT Articles I and III. In T. Cottier and P. Mavroidis (eds.). Regulatory Barriers and the Principle of Non-discrimination in World Trade Law. University of Michigan Press, Lansing, MI. p. 101-123.
Hutchings and Post (2013). Gutting Canada’s Fisheries Act: No Fishery, No Fish Habitat Protection. Fisheries 33(11): 497-501.
Hutchings, J.A., Côté, I.M., Dodson, J.J., Fleming, I.A., Jennings, S., Mantua, N.J., Peterman, R.M., Riddell, B.E., Weaver, A.J. and VanderZwaag, D.L. 2012. Sustaining Canadian marine biodiversity: responding to the challenges posed by climate change, fisheries, and aquaculture. Expert panel report prepared for the Royal Society of Canada, Ottawa
Institute for Community Economics. 1982. The Community Land Trust Handbook. Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA.
Interdepartmental Steering Group on Food Policy. (1978). Recent developments in Food Strategy. 13 December. Ottawa: Government of Canada.
Ionescu-Ittu, R., Glymour, M. and Kaufman, J.S. 2015. A difference-in-differences approach to estimate the effect of income-supplementation on food insecurity. Preventive Medicine 70:108-116.
Ipsos Public Affairs (2017, April). Community Food Centres Canada: Canadian attitudes towards issues of food access, food insecurity and health.
Ishdorj, Ariun; Crepinsek, Mary Kay and Jensen, Helen H. 2013. “Children’s Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables: Do School Environment and Policies Affect Choices at School and Away from School.” Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy. Vol. 35. No. 2. Pp. 341-359.
Jackman, M. 2000. Constitutional jurisdiction over health in Canada. Health Law Journal 8:95-117. http://www.hli.ualberta.ca/HealthLawJournals/~/media/hli/Publications/HLJ/HLJ8-jackmanfrm.pdf
Jackson, P. 2010. Families and food: beyond the cultural turn? Social Geography 6:51-74.
Jackson, P., Ward, N., & Russell, P. (2006). Mobilising the commodity chain concept in the politics of food and farming. Journal of Rural Studies, 22, 129‐141.
Jackson, W. 1980. New Roots for Agriculture. Unviversity of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Neb.
Jackson, W., Berry, W. and Coulman, B. (eds.). 1984. Meeting the Expectations of the Land. Northpoint Press Book., San Francisco.
Jacobsen, E.; Dulsrud, A. Will consumers save the world? The framing of political consumerism.Agric. Environ. Ethics 2007, 20, 469–482.
Jaenichen, U. & Stephan, G. (2007). The effectiveness of targeted wage subsidies for hard to place workers. IAB Discussion Paper No 16. Nimberg, Germany: German Federal Employment Agency. Retrieved from: http://doku.iab.de/discussionpapers/2007/dp1607.pdf
Jaffe, J. and Gertler, M. 2006. Victual vicissitudes: consumer deskilling and the (gendered) transformation of food systems. Agriculture and Human Values 23:143-162.
Jansen, K. (2000). Labour, livelihoods and the quality of life in organic agriculture in Europe. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 17, 247-278.
Jayawickreme, E. Forgeard, M.J.C., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2012). The engine of well-being. Review of General Psychology, 16,4, 327-342.
Jeffery, B. 2019a. Finding concordance between nutrition law reform and epidemiological estimates of public health impact. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp 221-236.
Jeffery, B. 2019b. A recipe for effective nutrition front-of-pack labeling: lessons from Canada, Codex and the WHO. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp 237-262.
Jeffery, B. 2019c. Re-thinking food taxes. Food for Life Report 6:20.
Jeffery, B. 2019d. Eating the Planet. Food for Life Report 6:18-19.
Johnston, J. The citizen-consumer hybrid: Ideological tensions and the case of Whole Foods Market. Theory Soc. 2008, 37, 229–270.
Johnston, J. & Baker, L. (2005). Eating outside the box: FoodShare’s Good Food Box and the challenge of scale. Agriculture and Human Values, 22, 313-325.
Johnston, J. and Cappeliez, S. 2017. You are what you eat: enjoying (and transforming) food culture. In: Koc, M. et al. (eds). Critical Perspectives in Food Studies, 2nd Ed. Oxford University Press, Don Mills, pp. 34-48.
Jolly, Clara. (2015). Institutionaliser L’Agro-ecologie: Tragectoire d’une Politique d’Ecologisation de l’Agriculture. [Memoire de Master 2 Recherche en science politique, Universite Lille II]. Unpublished.
Jones, A., J Lennert Veerman and David Hammon. 2015. HEALTH AND ECONOMIC IMPACTS OF SUGARY DRINKS IN CANADA. Canadian Cancer Society,Canadian Diabetes Association,Childhood Obesity Foundation, Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada, and Heart & Stroke. https://www.heartandstroke.ca/-/media/pdf-files/canada/2017-heart-month/health-and-economic-impacts-of-sugary-drinks-research.ashx?la=en
Jungbluth, N., Tietje, O., & Scholz, R. (2000). Food purchases: Impacts from the consumers’ point of view investigated with a modular LCA. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 5(3), 134-142.
Jussaume, R., Glenna, L,.2009. Considering structural, individual and social network explanations for ecologically sustainable agriculture: an example drawn from Washington State Wheat Growers. Sustain. 1, 120-132.
Just, F., Heinz, I., 2000. Do ‘soft’ regulations matter? in: Brouwer F., Lowe P. (Eds.), CAP Regimes and the European Countryside: prospects for integration between agricultural, regional, and environmental policies. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, pp. 241-255.
Justicia for Migrant Workers. (2006). The Seasonal Agricultural Workers Program. Retrieved from: http://justicia4migrantworkers.org/saw_new.htm
Karolefski, J. (2015, Nov. 15). The future of demand forecasting: Usage by grocers is lagging. Progressive Grocer. Retrieved from http://www.progressivegrocer.com/departments/technology/future-demand-forcasting.
Keith, I. and Matthei, C. 1983. New developments in social investing. Community Economics 1.
Kelling, K.A. and Klenne, R.M. 1990. Results of the UW "Listening Sessions" on Sustainable agriculture. ln: Extending Sustainable Systems. Minnesota State Department of Agriculture, Minneapolis, MN. Pp. 195-202.
Kent, George. 2003. “Fish Trade, Food Security and the Human Right to Adequate Food." Report of the Expert Consultation on International Fish Trade and Food Security. Casablanca, Morocco, 27 – 30 January 2003. FAO Fisheries Report. No. 708. Rome, FAO.
Kerr, W.A. and Gaisford, J.D. (eds.). 2007. Handbook of International Trade Policy. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.
Kettunen, L. 1986. Self-sufficiency of agriculture in Finland in 1970-83. J. Agric. Sci. Finland 58(4):143-150.
Kierans, E. and Stewart, W. 1988. Wrong end of the rainbow: the collapse of free entreprise in Canada. Collins, Toronto.
King, F.H. Farmers of Forty Centuries: permanent agriculture in China, Korea and Japan; Rodale Press: Emmaus, PA, 1911 (reissued 1990).
King, R., Rollins, T.J., 1995. Factors influencing the adoption of a nitrogen testing program. J. Ext. [On-line serial], 33(4)
Kingdon, J.W. 1984. Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies. Little Brown, Boston.
Kingdon, John W. 1995. Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies, 2nd ed. Harper Collins College, New York.
Kiselbach, D. 2013. Steering Through Canada Cabotage Laws. 2012/2013 Lexpert® CCCA/ACCJE Corporate Counsel Directory and Yearbook. Miller Thompson, Toronto. http://www.millerthomson.com/assets/files/article_attachments2/DLK_2012-07_LexpertCCC.pdf
Kissinger, M. 2012. International trade related food miles – The case of Canada. Food Policy 37 171–178.
Klein, B. P. 1987. Nutritional consequences of minimal processing of fruits and vegetables. J. Food Quality 10:179-193.
Kloppenburg, J.; Stevenson, G.W.; Hendrickson, J. Coming into the foodshed. Agriculture and Human Values 1996,13(1), 33–42.
Kneen, B. 1992. Feeding the family, trading the leftovers. The Ram's Horn 91:1-4.
Kneen, B. (1992). The rape of canola. Toronto: Dundurn.
Kneen, B. (1995). From land to mouth: Second helping: Understanding the food system. Toronto: NC Press. http://www.ramshorn.ca/sites/default/files/LandToMouth.pdf
Kneen, B. and Kneen, C. 1987. Towards the 'decommodification' of land and food. The Ram's Horn 42:1-7.
Knowler, D., Bradshaw, B., 2007. Farmers’ adoption of conservation agriculture: a review of synthesis of recent research. Food Pol. 32, 25-48.
Koc, M. and Bas, J.A. 2012. Canada’s Action Plan for Food Security: the interactions between civil society and the state to advance food security in Canada. In: MacRae, R.J. and Abergel, E. (eds). Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: advocacy and opportunity for civil society. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC. Pp. 173-203.
Koc, M., & Koc, H. (1999). From Staple Store to Supermarket: The Case of TAIUSAS in Izmir, Turkey. For Hunger-proof Cities, 115.
Koc, M., MacRae, R., Desjardins, E. and Roberts, W. 2008. Getting civil about food: the interactions between civil society and the state to advance food security in Canada. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition 3(2):122-144.
Koç, M., R. MacRae, A. Noack and O. Guclu-Ustundag. 2012. What is food studies? Characterizing an emerging academic field through the eyes of Canadian scholars. In: M. Koc, J. Sumner and T. Winson. (eds). Critical Perspectives in Food Studies. Oxford University Press, Don Mills, ON. Pp. 4-15.
Koc, M., A. Noack, R. MacRae, O. Guclu-Ustundag, P. Williams and A.M. Hamelin. 2010. Capturing the outcomes and impacts of SSHRC funding in food studies: 1998–2007. Report submitted to SSHRC, Corporate Performance and Evaluation section
Koch, H. (2009, August). Canada’s enhanced feed ban – 2 years later. Render Magazine. http://www.rendermagazine.com/articles/2009-issues/2009-august/2009-08-international-report/
Koenig, H. 1985. Session summary. ln: T. Edens, C. Fridgen, and S. Battenfield (eds.). Sustainable Agriculture and Integrated Farming Systems. Michigan State University, East Lansing. pp. 43-48.
Kohn, M. (2011). The generation of food waste from supermarkets in Ontario & impacts on the food system (Unpublished master’s thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, ON.
Konforti, L. 2010. International Trade Law and Local Food Policy in Canada. Equiterre, Montreal. http://www.org/en/publication/international-trade-law-and-lfs-policy-in-canada-2010.
Kovach, J., Petzoldt, C., Degni, J., and Tette, J. 1992. A method to measure the environmental impact of pesticides. New York’s Food and Life Sciences Bulletin 139:1–8.
Kramer, K. J. (2000). Food matters: On reducing energy use and greenhouse gas emissions from household food consumption (Doctoral Dissertation). University of Groningen, The Netherlands: Universal Press.
Kroma, M.M., 2006. Organic farmer networks: facilitating learning and innovation for sustainable agriculture. J. Sustain. Agric. 28,4, 5-28.
Krome, M. 1988. The Sourthwest Wisconsin Farmers' Research Network 1986-1987. Wisonconsin Rural Development Center, Black Earth, Wi.
Kuhn, T. 1970. The Structure of Scientific Revolution. 2nd edition. University of Chicago Press, Chicaqo.
Kuminoff, N., Wossink. A., 2010. Why isn’t more US cropland organic? J. Agric. Econ. 61, 240–258.
Kuo, F. E., & Taylor, A. F. (2004). A potential natural treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Evidence from a national study. American Journal of Public Health, 94(9), 1580–1586.
Kuyek, D. 2004. Stolen Seeds: The Privatization of Canada’s Agricultural Biodiversity (British Columbia: The Ram’s Horn, 2004), Part 1, https://foodsecurecanada.org/sites/foodsecurecanada.org/files/stolen_seeds.pdf.
Labour Task Force, CAHRC. (2013). Addressing labour shortages in the agriculture & agri-food industry through a national labour action plan. Ottawa: Canadian Agricultural Human Resource Council. Retrieved from: http://www.cahrc-ccrha.ca/sites/default/files/LTF%20Labour%20Action%20Plan%20-%20Oct%2011%202013.pdf
Lalonde, M. 1974. A new perspective on the health of Canadians. Ottawa: Ministry of Supply and Services Canada.
Lamondin, L. 2019. Updates in Canadian food law and policy: food safety. Presentation to From Microbes to Multinationals: the many scales of food law and policy. Canadian Association for Food Law and Policy, University of Toronto. Nov. 7-9, 2019.
Lampkin, N., 1996. Impact of EC Regulation 2078/92 on the development of organic farming in the European Union, Working Paper #7. Welsh Institute of Rural Studies, University of Aberystwyth, Aberystwyth, Wales.
Langelaan, H.C. Pereira da Silva, F. Thoden van Velzen, U. Broeze, J. Matser, A.M. Vollebregt, M. Schroën, K. 2013. Options for sustainable food processing'as part of the project Technology options for feeding 10 billion people. European Parliament, Brussels http://www.europarl.europa.eu/stoa/webdav/site/cms/shared/STOA%20State%20of%20the%20art%20report%20%27Options%20for%20sustainable%20food%20processing%27.pdf
Larkin, Peter. A. 1977. “An Epitaph for the Concept of Maximum Sustained Yield.” Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 106 (1): 1–11.
Larsen, K. & Gilliland, J. 2008. Mapping the evolution of ‘food deserts’ in a Canadian city: Supermarket accessibility in London, Ontario, 1961-2005. International Journal of Health Geographics, 7, 1-16.
Larsen, K. and Gilliland, J. 2009. A farmer’s market in a food desert: Evaluation impacts on the availability of healthy food. Health and Place, 15, 1158-1162.
Latuskie, K.A. and Shelley, J.J. 2019. Food Safety. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp 175-200.
Lee, Maria & Abbot, Carolyn. “The Usual Suspects? Public Participation Under the Aarhus Convention.” The Modern Law Review 66, no. 1 (2003): 80,
Leinberger, C. 2009. The Option of Urbanism, Investing in a New American Dream. Island Press.
Leiss, W. 1972. The Domination of Nature. George Braziller, New York.
Leo, A. (2007). Are Schools Making the Grade? School Nutrition Policies Across Canada. CSPI.
Leopold, A. 1949. Sand County Almanac. Ballantyne Books, New York.
Lessig, L. The New Chicago School, 27 J. LEGAL STUD. 661, 662 (1998).
Levins, R. and Lewontin, R. 1985. The Dialectical Biologist. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
Levkoe, C., Lowitt, K. and Nelson, C. 2017. “Fish as food”: Exploring a food sovereignty approach to small-scale fisheries. Marine Policy 85:65-70.
Li, N. Dachner, N. and Tarasuk, V.. The impact of changes in social policies on household food insecurity in British Columbia, 2005-2012. Preventive Medicine 2016;93:151-8.
Lieberman, G. A. and Hoody, L. L. (1998). Closing the achievement gap: Using the environment as an integrating context for learning. Poway, CA: Science Wizards.
Light L; Tenney J.; Portnoy B.; Kessler L.; Rodgers AB.; Patterson B.; Mathews O.; Katz E.; Blair JE.; Evans SK.; Tuckemanty, E. Eat for health: a nutrition and cancer control supermarket intervention. Public Health Reports 1989, 104(5), 443-450.
Lightman E, Mitchell A, Wilson B. Poverty is making us sick: A comprehensive survey of income and health in Canada. 2008. http://www.wellesleyinstitute.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/povertyismakingussick.pdf
Lincoln, Y.S. and Guba, E.G. 1985. Naturalistic Inquiry. Sage, Beverley Hillls, CA.
Lindberg, D. 2019. Transforming Buffalo: Plains Cree consitutionalism and food sovereignty. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp.37-54.
Lipinski, B. Hanson, C., Waite, J. Lomax, L., Kitinoja, R., & Searchinger, T. (2013). Reducing food loss and waste (Working paper, installment 2 of Creating a sustainable future). Washington, DC: World Resources Institute and the UN Environment Program,. http://www.worldresourcesreport.org
Lobley, M., Reed, M., & Butler, A. (2005). The impact of organic farming on the rural economy in England. Exeter, UK: Centre for Rural Research, University of Exeter. http://socialsciences.exeter.ac.uk/media/universityofexeter/research/centreforruralpolicyresearch/pdfs/researchreports/Organic_Impacts_final.pdf.
Lockie, S. Responsibility and agency within alternative food networks: Assembling the “citizen consumer”. Hum. Values 2009, 26,
Louden, F.N. and MacRae, R. 2010. Federal regulation of local and sustainable food labels in Canada: A case study of Local Food Plus. Agriculture and Human Values 27(2):177-188.
Lowitt, K. et al. 2019. Indigenous self-determination and food sovereignty through fisheries governance in the Great Lakes region. In: P. Andree et al. Eds. Civil Society and Social Movements in Food System Governance. Routledge
Lucas, A.R., & Cotton, R. (2013). Halsbury’s laws of Canada – Environment (2013 Reissue). , Markham, ON: LexisNexis.
Lynch, A.J. et al. 2016. The social, economic, and environmental importance of inland fish and fisheries. Environmental Reviews, 2016, 24(2): 115-12.
Lynch, S., Greene, C., Kramer-Leblanc, C., (Eds.), 2001. Proceedings of the Third National IPM Symposium: broadening support for 21st century IPM, ERS Miscellaneous Publication 1542. USDA, Washington.
Lynch, D., MacRae, R. & Martin, R. C. 2011. The carbon and Global Warming Potential impacts of organic farming: does it have a significant role in an energy constrained world? Sustainability 3, 322-362.
Lyons, J.E., Randhawa, B.S., & Paulsen, N.A. (1991). The development of vocational education in Canada. Canadian Journal of Education, 16,2, 137-150. http://www.csse-scee.ca/CJE/Articles/FullText/CJE16-2/CJE16-2-02Lyons.pdf
Macdiarmid, J. I., Kyle, J., Horgan, G. W., Loe, J., Fyfe, C., Johnstone, A., & McNeill, G. (2012). Sustainable diets for the future: can we contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by eating a healthy diet? The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 96(3),
Macdonald, D. 2007. Business and Environmental Politics in Canada. Broadview Press, Peterborough, ON.
Macey, A. 2010. Certified Organic Production in Canada, 2004, 2009. Canadian Organic Growers, Ottawa
MacRae, R.J. 2011. A joined up food policy for Canada. J. Hunger and Environmental Nutrition 6:424-457.
MacRae, R.J. 2014. Do trade agreements substantially limit development of local / sustainable food systems in Canada? Canadian Food Studies 1(1):103-125.
MacRae, R.J. and Abergel, E. (eds). 2012. Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: advocacy and opportunity for civil society. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC.
MacRae, R.J. and Abergel, E. 2017. Food policy in Canada. Food Safety Referenc Document, Elsevier.
MacRae, R. and Alden, J. 2002. A Review of Canadian Food Safety Policy, and its Effectiveness in Addressing Health Risks for Canadians. Pollution Probe, Toronto.
MacRae, R.J. and Donahue, K. 2013. Food policy and local governments: innovation from the bottom up. Toronto Food Policy Council and Canadian Agri-food Policy Institute, Toronto and Ottawa.
MacRae, R.J. and M. Winfield. 2016. A little regulatory pluralism with your counter-hegemonic advocacy? An approach to joined up food policy change in Canada. Canadian Food Studies 3(1):140-194.
MacRae, R.J. & the Toronto Food Policy Council. (1999). Not just what, but how: Creating agricultural sustainability and food security by changing Canada’s agricultural policy making process. Agriculture and Human Values, 16, 187-201.
MacRae, R., Frick, B., and Martin, R.C. 2007. Economic and social impacts of organic production systems. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 87(5):1037–1044.
MacRae, R.J., Henning, J. and Hill, S.B. 1993. Strategies to overcome barriers to the development of sustainable agriculture in Canada: the role of agribusiness. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 6:21-53.
MacRae, R. et al. 2002. A Citizens’ Guide to Biotechnology. Canadian Institute for Environmental Law and Policy, Toronto
MacRae, R., Lynch, D., & Martin, R.C. 2010. Improving energy efficiency and GHG mitigation potentials in Canadian organic farming systems. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 34, 549-580.
MacRae, R. J., Langer, J. and Cuddeford, V. 2012. Lessons from 20 years of CSO advocacy to advance sustainable pest management in Canada. In: R.J. MacRae and E. Abergel (eds). Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: advocacy and opportunity for civil society. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC. pp. 127-152.
MacRae, R.J., Lynch, D., & Martin, R.C. (2014a). Will more organic food and farming solve food system problems? Part II: Consumer, economic and community issues. In R.C. Martin & R. MacRae (Eds.). Managing energy, nutrients and pests in organic field crops (pp. 333-362)., Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
MacRae, R.J., Lynch, D. and Martin, R.C. 2014b. Will more organic food and farming solve food system problems? Part II: Consumer, Economic and Community Issues. In: R.C. Martin and R. MacRae (eds.). Managing Energy, Nutrients and Weeds in Organic Farming Systems. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. Pp. 333-361.
MacRae, R.J., Hill, S.B., Henning, J., & Mehuys, G.R. (1989). Agricultural science and sustainable agriculture: A review of the main scientific barriers to sustainable food production and potential solutions. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture, 6, 173-219.
MacRae, R.J., Hill, S.B., Mehuys, G.R. and Henning, J. 1990a. Farm-scale agronomic and economic transition to sustainable agriculture. Advances in Agronomy 43:155-198.
MacRae, R.J., Hill, S.B., Henning, J. and Bentley, A.J. 1990b. Policies, programs and regulations to support the transition to sustainable agriculture in Canada. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture 5(2):76-92.
MacRae, R.J., Martin, R.C., Langer, J., & Jusahz, M. 2009. Ten percent organic within 15 years: policy and programme initiatives to advance organic food and farming in Ontario, Canada. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 24, 120-136.
MacRae, R.J., V. Cuddeford, S.B. Young and M. Matsubuchi-Shaw. 2013. The food system and climate change: an exploration of emerging strategies to reduce GHG emissions in Canada. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems 37(8):933-963.
MacRae, R.J, M. Bunch, A. Ghaffari, and S. Zhao (submitted). Supporting the transition to organic farming: quantifying drivers of organic adoption to support agent-based modelling of wholesale transition. Ecological Modeling
MacRae, R.J., A. Siu, M. Kohn, D. McCallum, M. Matsubuchi-Shaw, T. Hernandez Cervantes and D. Perreault. 2016. Making better use of what we’ve got: strategies to reduce food waste and resource inefficiency in the Canadian food system. Canadian Food Studies 3(2):145-215.
MacRae, R.J., Gallant, E., Patel, S., Michalak, M., Bunch, M., & Schaffner, S. (2010b). Could Toronto provide 10% of its fresh vegetable requirements from within its own boundaries? Matching consumption requirements with growing spaces. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems and Community Development, 2, 105–127.
MacRae, R.J., Szabo, M., Anderson, K., Louden F.N. and Trillo, S. 2012b. Empowering the citizen-consumer: re-regulating consumer information to support the transition to sustainable and health promoting food systems in Canada. Sustainability 4(9):2146-2175.
MacRae, R.J., Nasr, J., Kuhns, J., Baker, L., Christianson, R., Danyluk, M., Snider, A., Gallant, E., Kaill-Vinish, P., Michalak, M., Oswald, J., Patel S. and Wekerle, G. 2012c. Could Toronto provide 10% of its fresh vegetable requirements from within its own boundary? Part II: Policy supports and programme design. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems and Community Development 2(2):147–169.
Madden, J.P. and Tischbein, H. 1979. Toward an agenda for small farm research. American J. Agricultural Economics 61:940-946.
Madden, J.P. 1986. Beyond conventional economics: an examination of the values implicit in the neoclassical economic paradigm as applied to the evaluation of agricultural research. In: K.A. Dahlberg (ed.). New Directions for Agriculture and Agricultural Research: neglected dimensions and emerging issues. Rowman and Allanheld, Totowa, NJ. Pp 221-258.
Madden, J.P. 1988. LISA research and education - challengea to the agricultural economics profeaaion. American J. Agricultural Economics 70:1167-1172.
Magid, J. Eilersen, A.M., Wrisberg, S. & Henze, M. (2006). Possibilities and barriers for recirculation of nutrients and organic matter from urban to rural areas: A technical theoretical framework applied to the medium-sized town Hillerød, Denmark. Ecological Engineering, 28, 44–54. Retrieved from http://cemusstudent.se/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Magid-Urban-Rural-Nutrients-2006.pdf
Maguire, M. (2016). Wasted potential: A food waste reduction strategy for Toronto restaurants (Unpublished master’s thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, ON.
Mahoney, M.J. 1976. Scientist as Subject: the psychological imperative. Ballinger, Cambridge, MA.
Mannan, M. A. (2004). On Food and Nutrition Policy Activities in the USA, Australia, and Norway. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 22(2), 191-202.
Mansfield, Becky. 2004a. “Rules of Privatization: Contradictions in Neoliberal Regulation of North Pacific Fisheries.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 94 (3): 565–84.
Mansfield, Becky. 2004b. “Neoliberalism in the Oceans: ‘Rationalization,’ Property Rights, and the Commons Question.” Geoforum, Themed issue on “Neoliberal nature and the nature of neoliberalism,” 35 (3): 313–26.
Markard, J., Raven, R. and Truffer, B. 2012. Sustainability transitions: an emerging field of research and its prospects. Research Policy 41: 955–967.
Marlow, H. J., Harwatt, H., Soret, S., & Sabaté, J. (2015). Comparing the water, energy, pesticide and fertilizer usage for the production of foods consumed by different dietary types in California. Public Health Nutrition, 18(13), 2425-2432.
Marr, A. (2016, Feb. 17-18). Presentation to Building a research agenda for food waste in Ontario. Guelph, ON. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gQSwyo4hMvs
Marsh, L. 1943. Report on Social Security for Canada. House of Commons Special Committee, Ottawa (also Uof T Press, 1974).
Martin, B., Baker, C.M.A., Manwell, C. and Pugh, C. (eds.). 1986. Intellctual Suppression: Australian case histories, analysis and responses. Angus and Robertson, London.
Martin Prosperity Institute, 2011. Food Deserts and Priority Neighbourhoods in Toronto http://martinprosperity.org/images/stories/jmc/cache/mpi-food-deserts-and-priority-neighbourhoods-in-toronto.pdf
Martinez-Alier, J. with Schüpmann, K. 1987. Ecological Economics: energy, environment, society. Basil Blackwell, Oxford, UK
Martorell, H. (2016). Innovative governance: Canada’s food policy landscape. Montreal: FLEDGE-FSC.
Martorell, H. and Andree, P 2019. The commoning of food governance in Canada. In: Vivero-Pol, J.L. et al. (eds.). Routledge Handbook of Food as a Commons. Routledge, New York. pp. 266-280.
Maslow, A. 1966. The Psycbology of Science. Harper and Row, New York.
Mason, P. and Tim Lang. 2017 Sustainable Diets. Routledge.
Mathewson, F. and Winter, R. 1998. The law and econonics of resale price maintenance. Review of Industrial Organization. 13 (1/2):57-84.
Maxime, D., Arcand, Y., Landry, D., & Marotte, M. (2010). Water use. In W. Eilers, R. MacKay, L. Graham, & A. Lefebvre (Eds.). Environmental sSustainability of Canadian agriculture (Agri-environmental indicator report series — Report #3). Ottawa: Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
Mayer, A. and Mayer, J. 1974. Agriculture, the island empire. Daedalu. 103:83-95.
Mayrand, K., Dionne, S., Paquin, M. and Pageot-Lebel, I. 2003. The Economic and Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Subsidies: An assessment of the 2002 US Farm Bill & Doha Round. Research conducted with the financial support of the North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC). Unisféra International Centre, Montreal. http://ictsd.org/downloads/2008/04/usfarm.pdf.
McAleese, J.D. and Rankin, L.L. 2007. Garden-based nutrition education affects fruit and vegetable consumption in sixth-grade adolescents. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(4): 662-665.
McCallum, C., 2003. Identifying barriers to participation in agri-environmental programs in Ontario. Report to the Christian Farmers Federation of Ontario, Guelph, ON.
McCallum, D., A.M. Campbell and R.J. MacRae. 2014. Can large retailers localize supply chains? A case analysis of the challenges facing one Canadian retailer. Journal of Agriculture Food Systems and Community Development 4(2):163-176.
McCann, E., Sullivan, S. Erickson D. De Young R. 1997. Environmental awareness, economic orientation, and farming practices: a comparison of organic and conventional farmers. Envir. Manag. 21,5, 747–758.
McClanahan, Timothy R., Juan Carlos Castilla, Alan T. White, and Omar Defeo. 2008. “Healing Small-Scale Fisheries by Facilitating Complex Socio-Ecological Systems.” Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries; Dordrecht 19 (1): 33–47.
McClatchy, D. and Abrahamse, D. 1982. The role of farm consolidation in Canadian rural population change, 1961-76. Canadian Farm Economics 16(2/3):7-16.
McColl, S. et al. 2000. Environmental Health Risk Management: A Primer for Canadians. NERAM, Institute for Risk Research, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON
McGill, R. et al., 2015. Are interventions to promote healthy eating equally effective for all? Systematic review of socioeconomic inequalities in impact. BMC Public Health201515:457.
McKenna, M.L. (2010). Policy Options to Support Healthy Eating in Schools. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 101(2)
McKeown, D. (2015). Student Nutrition Program: 2016 Operating Budget Request and Municipal Funding Plan to 2018. City of Toronto.
McKinley, W.P. 1980. Food safety in Canada: past present and future. Association of Official Analytical Chemist 63(2):158–162.
McKnight, C. (2014). Including farmers’ voices in the farm labour debate (unpublished MES Major Paper). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto.
McLeod-Kilmurray, H. and Chalifour, N. 2019. Food systems and sustainability. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp. 93-112.
McMichael, P. (2005). Global development and the Corporate Food Regime. In F.H. Buttel & P. McMichael (Eds.). New directions in the sociology of international development (pp. 269-303). Research in Rural Sociology and Development, Vol. 11. Amsterdam: Elsevier..
McMichael, P. (2009). A food regime genealogy. Journal of Peasant Studies, 36(1), 139–169.
McNicoll, S. (2014). More voices at the table: The case for a national Food Policy Council for Canada (unpublished MES Major Paper). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto.
McQuaig, L. Behind Closed Doors: how the rich won control of Canada’s tax system - and ended up richer; Viking Press: Markham, ON., 1987.
McRae, T., C.A.S. Smith, and L.J. Gregorich (eds.). 2000. Environmental Sustainability of Canadian Agriculture: Report of the Agri-Environmental Indicator Project. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ottawa, Ont.
Meadowcroft, J. 2009. What about the politics? Sustainable development, transition management, and long term energy transitions. Policy Sciences 42:323-340.
Meeker-Lowry, S. 1988. Economics as if the Earth Really Mattered. New Society Publishers, Philadelphia.
Meikle, B. 2018. Envisioning Ontario’s Food and Organic Waste Disposal Ban: A Comparative Case Analysis. MES Major Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Mellor, J.W. 1977. Relating research rosource allocation to multiple goals. !n: T.M. Arndt, D.G. Dalrymple and V.W. Ruttan (eds.). Resource Allocation and Productivity in National and International Agricultural Research. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis. Pp. 478-497.
Melnychuk, Michael C., Emily Peterson, Matthew Elliott, and Ray Hilborn. 2017. “Fisheries Management Impacts on Target Species Status.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114 (1): 178–83.
Mena, C., Adenso-Diaz, B., & Yurt, O. (2011). The causes of food waste in the supplier–retailer interface: Evidences from the UK and Spain. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 55(6), 648-658.
Mendelson, M. & Zon, N. (2013). The training wheels are off: A closer look at the Canada Job Grant. Ottawa: The Caledon Institute. http://www.caledoninst.org/Publications/PDF/1013ENG.pdf
Mendes, W., Nasr, J., with Beatley, T., Born, B., Bouris, K., Caton Campbell, M., Kaufman, J., Lynch, B., Pothukuchi, K., & Wekerle, G. (2011). Preparing future food system planning professionals and scholars: Reflections on teaching experiences. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 2,1, 15–52.
Mergenthaler, M., Weinberger, K., & Qaim, M. (2009). Consumer valuation of food quality and food safety attributes in Vietnam. Review of Agricultural Economics, 31(2), 266-283
Merton, R.K., 1968. Social Theory and Social Structure. The Free Press, New York.
Mesnil, Benoit. 2012. “The Hesitant Emergence of Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) in Fisheries Policies in Europe.” Marine Policy 36 (2): 473–80.
Metrolinx. 2011. GTHA Urban Freight Study: final draft. Metrolinx, Toronto, ON. http://www.metrolinx.com/en/regionalplanning/goodsmovement/GTHA_Urban_Freight_Strategy.pdf
Metro Vancouver (n.d.). Love food hate waste, http://www.lovefoodhatewaste.ca/about/Pages/default.aspx
Mezirow, J. (2009). An overview on transformative learning. In Illeris, K. (Ed.). Contemporary Theories of Learning. New York, NY: Routledge (pp. 90 – 105.)
Micheletti, M. Political Virtue and Shopping: Individuals, Consumerism, and Collective Action, 1st ed.; Palgrave Macmillan: New York, NY, USA, 2003.
Micheletti, M. Why More Women? Issues of Gender and Political Consumerism. In Politics, Products, and Markets: Exploring Political Consumerism Past and Present; Micheletti, M., Follesdal A., Stolle, D., Eds.; Transaction: Piscataway, NJ, USA, 2004; pp. 245–264.
Michelsen, J., Lynggaard, K., Padel, S., and Foster, C. 2001. Organic Farming Development and Agricultural Institutions in Europe: A Study of 6 Countries. Organic Farming in Europe:
Economics and Policy Volume 9. University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.
Midgley, J.L. (2013). The logics of surplus food redistribution. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57(12), 1872-1892.
Milio, N. 1988. An analysis of the Implementation of Norwegian Nutrition Policy, 1981-87. report prepared for the World Health Organization 1990 Conference on Food and Nutrition Policy. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
Milio, N. (1991). Toward Healthy Longevity: Lessons in Food and Nutrition Policy Development from Finland and Norway. Scandinavian Journal of Soc Med, 19, 209-217.
Mill, J.S. 1965. Principles of Political Economy with Some of their Applications to Social Philosophy: the collected works of John Stuart Mill, Vol. 8. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Miller, A. 1982. Tunnel vision in environmental management. The Environmentalist 2:223-231.
Miller, A. 1983a. The influence of personal biases on environmental problem-solving. J. Environmental Manageaent 17:133-142.
Miller. A. 1984. Professiona dissent and environmental management. The
Miller, A. 1985a. Technological thinking: its impact on environmental management. Environmental Management 9:179-190.
Miller, G. 2012. Losing our touch: Annual report 2011/2012, part 2. Toronto, ON: Environmental Commissioner of Ontario (ECO). http://docs.assets.eco.on.ca/reports/environmental-protection/2011-2012/2011-12-AR.2.pdf
Mills, C. W. 2000. The Power Elite, rev. ed. Oxford University, New York.
MMM Group Ltd. 2009. City of Toronto Loading Standards Review. MMM Group, Toronto. http://www1.toronto.ca/city_of_toronto/city_planning/zoning__environment/files/pdf/loading_standards21may09.pdf
Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MOECC). (2015). Draft strategy for a waste free Ontario: Building the circular economy. Toronto, ON: MOECC. http://www.downloads.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/env_reg/er/documents/2015/012-5834_DraftStrategy.pdf
MTO 2012. Building Competitiveness: A Proposed Multimodal Goods Movement Strategy for Ontario. MTO, Toronto. http://www.ebr.gov.on.ca/ERS-WEB-External/displaynoticecontent.do?noticeId=MTE3MTI3&statusId=MTc1MzE5
Mintz, C. (2016, May 11). Not up to scratch. Globe and Mail, L1,3.
Mintz, S. 1985. Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History. New York: Viking-Penguin.
Mintz, M. and Cohen, J.S. 1976. Power, Inc.: public and private rulers and how to make the. accountable. Viking, New York.
Mior, C.(2009). Strategies to reduce waste in patient food services. Toronto, ON: Aramark Healthcare. http://www.greenhealthcare.ca/images/publications/h2010102%20waste%20reduction%20research%20paper.pdf
Mollison, B. 1997. Permaculture: A designer's manual. Tagari Books, Australia.
Monbiot, G. 2007. Heat. Penguin Books, London.
Montpetit, E. and Coleman, W. 1999. Policy communities and policy divergence in Canada: agro-environmental policy development in Quebec and Ontario. Canadian Journal of Political Science 32(4):691-714.
Mooney, P.R. 1983. The Law of the Seed - Another Development and Plant Genetic Resources. 1-2(21):1-176.
Mooney, P.R. 2018. Blocking the Chain: industrial food chain concentration, big data platforms, and food sovereignty solutions. ETC Group, Val David QC.
Moore, J. (2000). Environmental crises and the metabolic rift in world-historical perspective. Organization and Environment, 13(2), 123–157.
Moore, J. (2011). Transcending the metabolic rift: Theory of crisis in the capitalist world-ecology. Journal of Peasant Studies, 38(1), 1-46.
Moore, O. 2006. What farmers’ markets say about the postorganic movement in Ireland. In G.C. Holt and M. Reed (eds). Sociological Perspectives of Organic Agriculture. CABI Publishing, Oxfordshire, UK. p. 18–36.
Morgan, S., 2011. Social learning among organic farmers and the application of the ‘communities of practice framework'. J. Agric. Ed. Ext. 17(1), 99 - 112.
Morgan, K., & Sonnino, R. (2008). The school food revolution : public food and the challenge of sustainable development. London: Earthscan.
Morris, J.L, and Zidenberg-Cherr, S. 2002. Garden-enhanced nutrition curriculum improves fourthgrade school children’s knowledge of nutrition and preferences for some vegetables. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 102(1), 91-93.
Morris, J., Matthews, S., & Morawski, C. (2011). Review of LCAs on organics management methods & development of an environmental hierarchy. Edmonton, AB: Alberta Environment, https://extranet.gov.ab.ca/env/infocentre/info/posting.asp?assetid=8350&categoryid=20
Morris, C., Potter, C., 1995. Recruiting the new conservationists: farmers’ adoption of agri-environmental schemes in the UK. J. Rur. Stud. 11, 51–63.
Mosby, I. 2014. Food will win the war. UBC
Moscovitch and Albert. 1987. The Benevolent State: the growth of welfare in Canada.
Moubarac JC, Martins AP, Claro RM, Levy RB, Cannon G, Monteiro CA (2013). Consumption of ultra-processed foods and likely impact on human health. Evidence from Canada. Public Health Nutrition 12: 2240-8.
Mukhopadhya, K. and Thomassin, P. 2012. Economic impact of adopting a healthy diet in Canada. J Public Health 20:639–652.
Myers, K., Smith Fowler, H., Leonard, D., Conte, N., & Gyarmati, D. (2011). Career development services and skills development programs: Gaps, innovations and opportunities. Ottawa: Social Research and Demonstration Corporation. http://www.srdc.org/media/8394/cds_report_en.pdf
Nadasdy, P. (2005). The anti-politics of TEK: the institutionalization of co-management discourse and practice. Anthropologica, 215-232.
Nadar, R., Green, M. and Seligman, J. 1976. Taming the Giant Corporation. Norton, New York.
Nagendra, H., & Ostrom, E. (2012). Polycentric governance of multifunctional forested landscapes. International Journal of the Commons, 6(2).
National Association of Clean Water Agencies (NACWA), the Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF), & the Water Environment Federation (WEF). (2013). Water resources utility of the future . . . blueprint for action. Washington and Alexandria, VA: NACWA, WERF, WEF. http://www.nacwa.org/images/stories/public/2013-01-31waterresourcesutilityofthefuture-final.pdf
National Corn Growers Association, 2013. World of Corn: unlimited possibilities. http://www.ncga.com/upload/files/documents/pdf/WOC%202013.pdf
National Council of Welfare. 2011. The Dollars and Sense of Solving Poverty. Volume 130, Autumn 2011. http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2011/cnb-ncw/HS54-2-2011-eng.pdf
National Farmers Union (NFU). 2005. The farm crisis and corporate profits. Saskatoon, SK: NFU. http://www.nfu.ca/briefs/2005/corporate_profits.pdf
National Farmers Union (NFU). 2016. Strengthening Supply Management. NFU Brief, Saskatoon, SK. Jan.
National Food Policy Framework: Overview. (2005). Draft—work in progress, 21 November 2005.
National Inventory Report 1990-2014, exec summ. Trends in Canadian GHG emissions by IPCC category
National Seafood Sector Council. (2005). Overview of the food processing industry. Ottawa: NSSC. http://www.fphrc.com/uploads/products/product-pdf/FoodreportEng%20-%20Executive%20Summary%202005.pdf
National Zero Waste Council. (2016). Reducing food waste & cutting Canada’s carbon emissions: Policies for reaping the environmental, economic and social benefits. Ottawa: NZWC. http://www.nzwc.ca/Documents/NZWCSubmissionOnPan-anadianFrameworkForCombattingClimateChange.pdf
Newbold, B. and Campos, S. 2011. Media and Social Media in Public Health Messages: A Systematic Review. McMaster Institute of Environment & Health, McMaster U, Hamilton. http://www.mcmaster.ca/mihe/documents/publications/Social%20Media%20Report.pdf
New Democratic Party (NDP). (2014, March 3). It’s time for action to reduce food waste: NDP. Retrieved from http://www.ndp.ca/news/its-time-action-to-reduce-food-waste-ndp
New South Wales Food Authority, (2010). Shelf-life testing: ‘Use-by’ dates for food safety. Retrieved from http://ucfoodsafety.ucdavis.edu/files/49285.pdf
New Zealand Government. (2012). How to determine the shelf-life and date marking of food: A draft guidance document (MPI Discussion Paper No: 2012/27). Wellington, NZ: Government of New Zealand. Retrieved from http://www.foodsafety.govt.nz/elibrary/industry/determine-shelf-life-of-food/
Nielsen, S. J., & Popkin, B.M. (2003). Patterns and trends in food portion sizes, 1977-1998. Journal of the American Medical Association, 289(4), 450-453.
Nishi, S.K.; Jessri, M.; L’Abbé, M. 2018. Assessing the dietary habits of Canadians by eating location and occasion:Findings from the Canadian community health survey, cycle 2.2.Nutrients,10, 682
Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture. 1975. On Norwegian Nutrition and Food Policy. Report #32 to the Storting, Oslo.
Nowak, P., Padgett, S., Hoban, T., 1996. Practical considerations in assessing barriers to IPM adoption, in: Lynch, S., Greene, C., Kramer-Leblanc, C.. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Third National IPM Symposium: broadening support for 21st century IPM. ERS Miscellaneous Publication 1542, USDA, Washington, pp. 93-114.
Nowatchin, E.A. (2014). Educational Food Landscapes: Developing Design Guidelines for School Gardens. Unpublished Masters Thesis, MLA, University of Guelph.
Nutting, P.A. Health promotion in primary medical care: Problems and potential, Preventive Medicine, Volume 15, Issue 5, September 1986, Pages 537-548
O’Brien, M. 2013. A ‘lasting transformation’ of capitalist surplus: from food stocks to feedstocks. The Sociological Review 60(S2):192–211.
Oceana (2016). Here’s the Catch: How to Restore Abundance to Canada’s Oceans. http://www.oceana.ca/en/publications/reports/heres-catch-how-restore-abundance-canadas-oceans
Oceana (2017). Fishery Audit 2017: unlocking Canada's potential for abundant oceans. http://fisheryaudit.ca/
Oceana . 2018. Fishery Audit 2018: unlocking Canada's potential for abundant oceans. http://fisheryaudit.ca/
O'Hara, B. 1993. Working Harder isn't Working: a detailed plan for implementing a four-day workweek in Canada. New Star Books, Vancouver.
O’Neil, P. (2014 Oct. 3). Stephen Harper takes aim at temporary foreign worker program. The Vancouver Sun. http://www.vancouversun.com/news/Stephen+Harper+takes+temporary+foreign+worker+program/9396893/story.html#ixzz3U7FEADtV
Ontario Association of Food Banks, 2008. The Cost of Poverty–An Analysis of the Economic Cost of Poverty in Ontario. November 2008. http://www.oafb.ca/tiny_mce/plugins/filemanager/pics_cms/61/261/CostofPoverty.pdf
Ontario Hospital Association. (n.d.) Findings of the green hospital champion fund energy and waste audit program: Opportunities for Ontario’s hospitals. Retrieved from http://www.oha.com/CurrentIssues/keyinitiatives/eHealth/PublishingImages/GHCF%20Audit%20Findings%20Report%20FINAL.pdf
Ontario Ministry of Education. (2009). Acting Today, Shaping Tomorrow: A Policy Framework for Environmental Education in Ontario Schools.
Ontario Ministry of the Environment (OMOE). (2012). Guideline for the production of compost in Ontario, part 2. Toronto, ON: OMOE. Retrieved from https://dr6j45jk9xcmk.cloudfront.net/documents/1230/101-production-of-compost-en.pdf
Ontario Ministry of the Environment. (2012a). Ontario compost quality standards. Toronto, ON: OMOE. Retrieved from https://www.ontario.ca/page/ontario-compost-quality-standards
Ontario Ministry of the Environment. (2013). Waste reduction strategy. Toronto, ON: OMOE.
Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, 2006. Growth Plan for the GGH https://www.placestogrow.ca/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=9&Itemid=14
Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. (2014). Provincial Policy Statement. Province of Ontario.
Ontario Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. (2019). Zoning bylaws. Province of Ontario.
Ontario Municipal Board Review, "Brampton Official Plan (208)" case I09100173;R9100553208. Report 30-1, 1993
Ontario Public Interest Research Group (OPIRG). 1990. Supermarket Tour. Toronto, ON: OPIRG.
OECD. 2004. Producer and Consumer Support Estimates, 1986-2003 Database: user’s guide. OECD, Paris
OECD. Agrienvironmental performance in OECD countries since 2008: Canada country report; OECD: Paris, 2008.
OECD. (2013). OECD skills outlook 2013: First results from the survey of adult skills. Paris: OECD Publishing.
OECD. (2014). Employment and skills strategies in Canada: OECD reviews on local job creation. Paris: OECD Publishing. http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/employment/employment-and-skills-strategies-in-canada_9789264209374-en#page69
OECD. 2015. Fiscal sustainability of health systems. Paris (France): OECD Publishing; 2015.
Orr, D. (2004). Earth in Mind: On education, Environment, and the Human Prospect. Washington: Island Press.
Osborne, David, and Ted Gaebler. 1992. Reinventing Government: How the Entrepreneurial Spirit Is Transforming the Public Sector. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt LLP. (2007). Canadian Competition Law. Washington DC: Association of Corporate Counsel. Retrieved from https://www.acc.com/chapters/canada/upload/canadacomp1.pdf
Osorio, Arturo & Corradini, Maria & Williams, Jerome. (2013). Remediating Food Deserts, Food Swamps, and Food Brownfields: Helping the Poor Access Nutritious, Safe, and Affordable Food. AMS Review. 3.
Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Ostrom, E. 2000. "Private and Common Property Rights." In Encyclopedia of Law and Economics, Vol. II: Civil Law and Economics. B. Bouckaert & G. De Geest, eds. Cheltenham, England: Edward Elgar.
Ostrom, E. (2010). Beyond Markets and States: Polycentric Governance of Complex Economic Systems. The American Economic Review, 641-672.
Ostry, A. 2006. Nutrition Policy in Canada, 1870-1939. UBC Press,Vancouver.
Ostry, A. and Morrison, K. 2013. A method for estimating the extent of regional food self-sufficiency and dietary ill health in the Province of British Columbia, Canada. Sustainability 5(11):4949-4960. http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/5/11/4949/htm
Otero, G. and Pechlaner, G. 2010. The neoliberal food regime: Neoregulation and the new division of labor in North America. Rural Sociology 75(2):179-208.
Otero, G. & Preibisch, K. (2010). Farmworkers’ health and safety: Challenges for BC. A final research report for Simon Fraser University. http://www.sfu.ca/~otero/docs/Otero%20and%20Preibisch%20Final%20Nov-‐2010.pdf.
Otis, T. and Fournier, F. 1989. Priorités de recherche en agriculture biologique. Direction Générale de la Recherche, Secteur de l'Est, Agriculture Canada, St-Jean, OC.
Padel, S., 2001. Conversion to organic farming: a typical example of the diffusion of an innovation? Sociol. Rur. 41, 40-61.
Padel, S. 2008. Values of organic producers converting at different times: results of a focus group study in five European countries. Int. J. Agric. Resour. Gov. Ecol. 7, 63-77.
Parfitt, J., Barthel, M., & Macnaughton, S. (2010). Food waste within food supply chains: Quantification and potential for change to 2050. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365(1554), 3065-3081.
Parizeau, K., von Massow, M., & Martin, R. (2015). Household-level dynamics of food waste production and related beliefs, attitudes, and behaviours in a municipality in Southwestern Ontario. Waste Management, 35, 207-217.
Parkhurst, A.M. and Francis, C.A. 1986. Rssearch methods in multiple cropping. ln: C.A. Prancis (ed.). Multiple Cropping Systems. Macmillan Publishinq, New York.
Parks, S. & Gowdy, J. (2013). What have economists learned about valuing nature? A review essay. Ecosystem Service, 3, e1-e10.
Parliament of Canada. (2011 March). Government response to the seventh report of the standing committee on agriculture and agri-food, entitled “Young farmers: the future of agriculture”. http://www.parl.gc.ca/HousePublications/Publication.aspx?DocId=5051365&Mode=1&Parl=40&Ses=3&Language=E
Parr, J.P., Papendick, R.I. and Youngberg, I.G. 1983. Organic farming in the United States: principles and perspectives. Agro-ecosystems 8:183-201.
Parra-Lopez, C., De-Haro-Gimenez, T.,Calatrava-Requena, J., 2007. Diffusion and adoption of organic farming in the southern Spanish olive groves. J. Sustain. Agric. 30,105–151.
Parulekar, P. (2012 Jan/Feb). Work: Other paths to a Canadian career. Canadian Newcomer, 42. http://www.cnmag.ca/issue-42/1095-canadian-grocery-hr-council
Patel, S. and MacRae, R. 2012. Community Supported Agriculture in the city: the case of Toronto. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems and Community Development 2(4):85-100.
Patriquin, D.G., Hill, N.M., Baines, D., Bishop, M. and Allen, G. 1986. Observations on a mixed farm during the transition to biological husbandry. Biological Agriculture and Horticulture 4:69-154.
Pattberg, P., Widerberg, O. (2016). Transnational Multistakeholder Partnerships for Sustainable Development: Conditions for Success. Ambio 45, 42-51.
Pauly, Daniel, Reg Watson, and Jackie Alder. 2005. “Global Trends in World Fisheries: Impacts on Marine Ecosystems and Food Security.” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 360 (1453): 5–12.
Peck, J., and Tickell, A. 2002. Neoliberalizing space. Antipode 34(3):380–404.
Peel Region. (2016, Sept 14). News Release. Retrieved from https://www.peelregion.ca/news/archiveitem.asp?year=2016&month=8&day=14&file=2016814.xml
People’s Food Policy Project. (2011). Setting the table: a people’s food policy for Canada. Ottawa: People’s Food Policy Project.
Pérez M P, Palacio J, Santolaria M P, Aceña M C, Chacón G, Gascón M, Calvo P, Zaragoza S, Beltran J A, Garcia-Belenguer S. 2002. Effect of transport time on welfare and meat quality in pigs. Meat Sci. 61: 425-433.
Perreault, D. (2015). Selling unattractive food to decrease waste and encourage sustainable consumer behaviour in France: Lessons for Québec food retailers (Unpublished master’s thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, ON.
Pfeiffer, Lisa, and Trevor Gratz. 2016. “The Effect of Rights-Based Fisheries Management on Risk Taking and Fishing Safety.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113 (10): 2615–20.
Philippon, T. 2019. The US only pretends to have free markets. The Atlantic. Oct. 29
Pham, Ngoc Dieu Cindy. 2019. Let's Talk About Seeds: Recommendations for More Meaningful Public Participation in Canadian Seed Polic. MES Major Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University.
Picard, A. 2018. To improve Canada's health, we must rethink our spending strategy. Globe and Mail, Jan. 22: A4.
Phillips, Catherine. “Canada’s Evolving Seed Regime: Relations of Industry, State, and Seed Savers.” Environment 36, no. 1 (2008): 5-18.
Pimentel, D., Williamson, S., Alexander, C. E., Gonzalez-Pagan, O., Kontak, C., & Mulkey, S. 2008. Reducing energy inputs in the US food system. Human Ecology, 36, 459-471.
Pimentel, D. A. Marklein, M.A. Toth, M.N. Karpoff, G.S. Paul, R. McCormack, J. Kyriazis and T. Krueger. 2009. Food vs. biofuels: environmental and economic costs. Human Ecology 37:1–12.
Pineiro, G., E G. Jobbagy, J Baker, B. C. Murray and R.B. Jackson. 2009. Set asides can be better energy investments than corn ethanol. Ecological Applications 19:277–282.
Pinkerton, Evelyn. 1989. Co-Operative Management of Local Fisheries: New Directions for Improved Management and Community Development. Vancouver B.C.: University of British Columbia Press
Pinkerton, Evelyn W. 1994. “Local Fisheries Co-Management: A Review of International Experiences and Their Implications for Salmon Management in British Columbia.” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51 (10): 2363–78.
Pinkerton, Evelyn, and Reade Davis. 2015. “Neoliberalism and the Politics of Enclosure in North American Small-Scale Fisheries.” Marine Policy 61 (November): 303–12.
Pinkerton, Evelyn, and Danielle N. Edwards. 2009. “The Elephant in the Room: The Hidden Costs of Leasing Individual Transferable Fishing Quotas.” Marine Policy 33 (4): 707–13.
Pinkerton, Evelyn, Marc Allain, David Decker, and Ken Carew. 2018. “Atlantic and Pacific Halibut Co-Management Initiatives by Canadian Fishermen’s Organizations.” Fish and Fisheries 19 (6): 984–95.
Pirog, R.; Van Pelt, T.; Enshayan, K.; Cook. E. Food, Fuel, and Freeways: an Iowa perspective on how far food travels, fuel usage, and greenhouse gas emissions. Iowa State University, Leopold Center for Sustainable Agriculture Ames, Iowa, 2001.
Plumptre, T. W. (1988). Beyond the Bottom Line: Management in Government. Halifax, NS: Institute for Research in Public Policy.
Porter, C. 2009 (June 21). Follow that strawberry: From west to feast. Toronto Star, Section IN.
Porter, M.E., & Kramer, M.R. (2011). Creating shared value. Harvard Business Review, 89 (1/2): 62-77.
Pothukuchi, K., & Kaufman, J.L. 2000. The food system: A stranger to the planning field. APA Journal, 66, 113-124.
Powers, S., Jablonski, M. (2015). The Real Cyber War: The Political Economy of Internet Freedom. Urbana, US: University of Illinois Press.
Prabhu, M.A. 1971. Freight rate regulation in Canada. McGill Law Journal 17: 292-359. http://lawjournal.mcgill.ca/userfiles/other/2685761-prabhu.pdf
Prasada, P., Bredahl, M.E., & Wigle, R. (2010). Market impacts of technological change in Canadian agriculture. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 58(2), 235-247
Preibisch, K. (2007). Local produce, foreign labor: Labor mobility programs and global trade competitiveness in Canada. Rural Sociology, 72,3, 418-449.
Prentice, S. (1989). Workers, Mothers, Reds: Toronto’s Postwar Daycare Fight. Studies in Political Economy, 30(Autmn), 115–141.
Pretty, J.N., Brett, C., Gee, D., Hine, R., Mason, C.F., Morison, J.I.L., Raven, H., Rayment, M., and van der Bijl, G. 2000. An assessment of the total external costs of UK agriculture. Agricultural Systems 65:113–136.
Price, A. (2009, June 19). ‘Humanure’ victory: Green toilet wins Austin City approval. Common Dreams. http://www.commondreams.org/news/2009/06/19/humanure-victory-green-toilet-wins-austin-city-approval
Pritchard, B. 2009. The long hangover from the second food regime: a world-historical interpretation of the collapse of the WTO Doha Round. Agriculture and Human Values 26:297–307.
Proulx, D. (2014, July 29). Fruits et legumes moches: Des milliers de tonnes jetées au Québec. Groupe TVA. Retrieved from http://argent.canoe.ca/nouvelles/fruits-et-legumes-moches-des-milliers-de-tonnes-jetees-au-Québec-29072014
Puhan Z. 1992. New applications of membrane processes. IDF Special Issue No. 9201–New Applications of Membrane Processes. International Dairy Federation, Brussels, Belgium: pp. 23–32
Quested, T., & Johnson, H. (2009). Household food and drink waste in the UK. London: WRAP U.K. Retrieved from http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/Household_food_and_drink_waste_in_the_UK_-_report.pdf
Quimby, Barbara, and Arielle Levine. 2018. “Participation, Power, and Equity: Examining Three Key Social Dimensions of Fisheries Comanagement.” Sustainability 10 (9): 3324.
Cooperator April 19, 2001.
Rathje, W., & Murphy, C. (1992). Rubbish: The archaeology of garbage. New York: Harper Collins.
Rayner, S. Wicked Problems: Clumsy Solutions, First Jack Beale Memorial Lecture, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia (2006)
Reason, P. and Rowan, J. 1981. Issues of validity in new paradigm reaearch. In: P. Reason and J. Rowan (eds.). Human Inquiry: A sourcebook of new paradigm research. John Wiley, London. Pp. 239-250.
Regional Municipality of York, (2013). Review of Bill 91, proposed Waste Reduction Act, 2013. Retrieved from http://archives.york.ca/councilcommitteearchives/pdf/sep%2019%20es%20review.pdf
Reid, Rebecca. 2019. Evidence. Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans, 128 First Session, 42 Parliament. Jan. 30, 2019. https://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/FOPO/meeting-128/evidence
Reimer, A., Thompson, A., Prokopy, L., 2012. The multi-dimensional nature of environmental attitudes among farmers in Indiana: implications for conservation adoption. Agric. Hum. Values 29, 29–40.
Renting, H., Marsden, T.K. and Banks, J. 2003. Understanding alternative food networks: exploring the role of short food supply chains in rural development. Environment and Planning A 35(3): 393-411.
Ribal, J., Fenollosa, M. L., García-Segovia, P., Clemente, G., Escobar, N., & Sanjuán, N. (2016). Designing healthy, climate friendly and affordable school lunches. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(5), 631-645.
Richards, C., Bjørkhaug, H., Lawrence, G. & Hickman, E. (2013). Retailer-driven agricultural restructuring: Australia, the UK and Norway in comparison. Agriculture and Human Values, 30(2), 235-245.
Rideout, K. G. Riches, A. Ostry, D. Buckingham and R. MacRae. 2007. Bringing home the right to food in Canada: challenges and possibilities for achieving food security. Public Health Nutrition 10(6):566-573.
Ringen, K. 1977. The Norwegian food and nutritional policy. American J. Public Health 67:550-551.
Rittel, H., Webber, M. (1973). Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. Policy
Sciences 4, 155-169.
Roberts, W. 2014. Life of Bryan: working the magic of sustainable food’s sweet spot, Part I. Canadian Food Studies 1:20-26.
Roberts, W. 2014. Life of Bryan: working the magic of sustainable food’s sweet spot, Part II. Canadian Food Studies 2:9-15
Roberts, W., MacRae, R. and Stahlbrand, L. 1999. Real Food for a Change. Random House, Toronto.
Roberts KC, Shields M, de Groh M, Aziz A, Gilbert JA. Overweight and obesity in children and adoles-cents: Results from the 2009 to 2011 Canadian Health Measures Survey. Health Rep. 2012 Sep; 23(3):37-41.
Robertson, G.P. G. Philip Robertson, Virginia H. Dale, Otto C. Doering, Steven P. Hamburg, Jerry M. Melillo, Michele M. Wander, William J. Parton, Paul R. Adler, Jacob N. Barney, Richard M. Cruse, Clifford S. Duke, Philip M. Fearnside, Ronald F. Follett, Holly K. Gibbs, Jose Goldemberg, David J. Mladenoff, Dennis Ojima, Michael W. Palmer, Andrew Sharpley, Linda Wallace, Kathleen C. Weathers, John A. Wiens, Wallace W. Wilhelm. 2008. Sustainable biofuels redux. Science 322 (Oct. 3):49–50.
Robertson, J. 1987. A new economics by the year 2000: strategy for change. New Economy. 3:3-5.
Robicheau, S. (2012). Helping good things grow: Creating nurturing policies and programs for new farmers through civil society–government collaboration. In: R. MacRae & E. Abergel (Eds), Health and sustainability in the Canadian food system: Advocacy and opportunity for civil society (pp. 243-270). Vancouver, British Columbia: UBC Press.
Robson, I. 2017. Omnitrax not solely to blame for derailing Port of Churchill. NFU Opinion Editorial. December 19, 2017.
Rocha, C. (2001). Urban food security policy: The case of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Journal for the Study of Food and Society, 5,1, 36-47.
Rocha, C. and Lessa, I. 2010. Urban Governance for Food Security: The Alternative Food System in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. International Planning Studies 14(4).
Rodefield, R.D., Flora, J., Voth, O., Fujimoto, I. and Converse, J. (eds.). 1978. Change in rural America: causes, consequences and alternatives. C.V. Moseby, St. Louis, MO.
Rodrigue, J.P. 2012. The Containerization of Commodities: integrating inland ports with gateways and corridors in Western Canada. The Van Horne Institute, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB. http://www.vanhorne.info/files/vanhorne/The%20Containerization%20of%20Commodities%2C%20Integrating%20Inland%20Ports%20with%20Gateways%20and%20Corridors%20in%20Western%20Canada.pdf
Rogers, E.M. 1995. Diffusion of Innovations, fourth ed. The Free Press. NewYork.
Rogers, R. A. 1995. The oceans are emptying: fish wars and sustainability. Montréal: Black Rose Books
Rosenblatt, S. (2009). The feasibility of a restaurant transition to a sustainable meat supply-chain: A case study of two Toronto restaurants (Unpublished master’s thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, ON.
Ross, T.W. 1998. Introduction: the evolution of competition law in Canada. Review of Industrial Organization 13(1/2):1-23
Rosset, P. 2004. Agricultural Subsidies and Trade Issues: The key alternatives. Carnegie Council on Ethics and International Affairs, New York.
Rotz, S. 2017. ‘They took our beads, it was a fair trade, get over it’: Settler colonial logics, racial hierarchies and material dominance in Canadian agriculture. Geoforum 82:158-169.
Rourke, P. 2011. Implications of the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). Paper presented to the Canada-EU Transatlantic Dialogue Workshop, Sustainable Local Food Systems in Europe and the Americas: Lessons for policy and practice. Carleton University, Ottawa. March 3, 2011.
Rowan, M.S. William Hogg, and Patricia Huston, 2007. Integrating Public Health and Primary Care Health Policy. August; 3(1): e160–e181.
Roy, J. and Langford, J. 2008. Integrating Service Delivery AcrossLevels of Government: Case Studiesof Canada and Other Countries. IBM Centre for the Business of Government.
Rühli, E., Sachs, S., Schmitt, R., Schneider, T. (2015). Innovation in Multistakeholder Settings: The Case of a Wicked Issue in Health Care. Journal of Business Ethics..
Russell, J. (2004). Best Practices for Child Nutrition Programs: a review of the literature.
Rutledge, J. G. (2009). Feeding the Future: The Global Emergence of School Lunch Programs. University of Minnesota.
Rutledge, J. G. (2016). Feeding the future : the emergence of school lunch programs as global social policy. Rutgers University Press.
Ruttan, V.W. 1982. Agricultura1 Research Policy. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN.
Rutten, M. M. (2013). What economic theory tells us about the impacts of reducing food losses and/or waste: Implications for research, policy and practice. Agriculture and Food Security, 2, 1-13.
Rzewnieki, P.E., Thompson, R., Lesoing, G.W., Elmire, R.W., Francis, C.A., Parkhurst, A.R.A. and Moomaw, R.S. 1988. On-farm experiment designs and implications for locating research sites. American J. Alternative Agriculture 3:168-174.
Sabatier, P.A. and Jenkins-Smith, H.C. 1999. The Advocacy Coalition Framework: an assessment. In: P. A. Sabatier (ed.). Theories of the Policy Process. Westview Press, Boulder, CO. pp. 117–68.
Sabry, Z.I. (1975). The cost of malnutrition in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health 66, 291–3.
Sachs, C. 1992. Reconsidering diversity in agriculture and food systems: an ecofeminist approach. Agriculture and Human Values 9(3):4-10.
Sadeghirad, B. et al., 2016. Infuence of unhealthy food and beverage marketing on children's dietary intake and preferences: a systematic reiview and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Obesity Reviews 17(10):945.
Salter, L. et al. 1988. Mandated Science: Science and Scientists in the Making of Standards. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA.
Samuel, H. (2016, March 15). Italy set to pass new law to fight food waste. Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/12194549/Italy-set-to-pass-new-law-to-fight-food-waste.html
Sanders, J., Stolze, M. and Padel, S. (eds). 2011. Use and efficiency of public support measures addressing organic farming. Institute of Farm Economics, Braunschweig, Germany.
Sandwell, C 2012. An exploration of the challenges facing local food processing Ontario and the role of the food movement in supporting the development of sustainable infrastructure. MES Major Paper, FES, York University, Toronto.
Satin, M. 1987. When 'The People' is no longer enough New Options 45:1-2,8.
Sautereau, N. 2009. Soutenir le developpement de L’AB: conseils et dispositifs incitatifs a la conversion, in : Lamine, C., Bellon S. (Eds), Transitions vers l’Agriculture Biologique: pratiques et accompagnements pour des systemes innovants. Educagri Editions, Dijons, France, pp. 195-218.
Savan, B. 1988. Science under Siege: the myth of objectivity in scientific research. CBC Enterprises, Toronto.
Savoie, D.J. 1999. Government from the Centre: the concentration of power in Canadian politics. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Savoie, D.J., 2003. Breaking the Bargain: public servants, ministers and parliament. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Saxe, H. (2014). The New Nordic Diet is an effective tool in environmental protection: it reduces the associated socioeconomic cost of diets. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 99(5), 1117- 1125.
Saxe, H., Larsen, T., & Mogensen, L. (2013). The global warming potential of two healthy Nordic diets compared with the average Danish diet. Climatic Change, 116(2), 249-262.
Scarborough, P., Allender, S., Clarke, D., Wickramasinghe, K., & Rayner, M. (2012). Modelling the health impact of environmentally sustainable dietary scenarios in the UK. European journal of clinical nutrition, 66(6), 710-715.
Schmitz, A. 2008. Canadian agricultural programs and policy in transition. Canadian J. Agricultural Economics 56 (2008) 371–391.
Schneider, F. (2008, May 11-15). Wasting food: An insistent behaviour. Presentation to Waste – The social context 2008: Urban issues and solutions. Edmonton, Alberta. http://www.ifr.ac.uk/waste/Reports/Wasting%20Food%20-%20An%20Insistent.pdf
Schneider, M., & McMichael, P. (2010). Deepening, and repairing the metabolic rift. Journal of Peasant Studies, 37(3), 461-484.
Scholz, A. (2009). Strategies and recommendations for new entrant and intergenerational transfer program needs. Saskatoon, SK: APAS. http://www.awellfedworld.com/articles/APAS%20Final%20Report%202%20Oct%2031-09.pdf
Schrecker, T. 1984. The Political Economy of Environmental Hazards. Law Reform Commission of Canada, Ottawa
Schumacher, E. 1973. Small is Beautiful: economics as if people mattered. Abacus, Sphere Books. London.
Scott Wolfe Management. (2005). Food processing – a strategic Canadian industry. Ottawa: CAPI. http://www.capi-icpa.ca/archives/pdfs/PapID12_RHyde.pdf
Scourboutakos, M.J. and L'Abbe, M.R. 2013. Sodium Levels in Canadian Fast-food and Sit-down Restaurants. Can J Public Health 2013;104(1):2-8.
Scourboutakos, M.J., Semnani-Azad, Z. and L'Abbe, M.R. Restaurant Meals: Almost a Full Day’s Worth of Calories, Fats, and Sodium. JAMA Internal MedicineJuly 22, 2013 Volume 173, Number 14: 1373-1374.
Scourboutakos, M.J., Orr, S., Hobin, E., Murphy, S.A., Manson, H. and L'Abbe, M.R. 2019. Assessing the Early Impact of Menu-Labeling on Calories in Chain Restaurants in Ontario, Canada. American Journal of Preventive Medicine Volume 56, Issue 6, June 2019, Pages e195-e203
Seccombe, W. (2007). A home-grown strategy for Ontario agriculture. Toronto: Toronto Food Policy Council. http://www1.toronto.ca/city_of_toronto/toronto_public_health/healthy_families/nutrition/toronto_food_policy_council/files/pdf/omafra_policy_shift.pdf
Seccombe, W. (2013, March 19). Mid-size compost strategy: Comment at the Public Works and Infrastructure Committee. Retrieved from http://tfpc.to/uncategorized/mid-size-compost-strategy-by-wally-seccombe-presented-to-the-public-works-and-infrastructure-committee-march-19-2013
Seed, B. 2014. Sustainability in the Qatar national dietary guidelines, among the first to incorporate sustainability principles. Public Health Nutrition (Oct):1-8.
Seed, B. and Rocha, C. 2018. Can we eat our way to a healthy and ecologically-sustainable food system? Canadian Food Studies 5(3):182-207.
Segsworth, R. 2005. PROGRAM EVALUATION IN THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA: PLUS ÇA CHANGE ... The Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation 20(3):175–197.
Sethi, S.P. 1977. Up Against the Corporate Wall: modern corporations and social issues of the Seventies. 3rd. ed. Prentice Hall, Englewood
Sharma, A. 2015. The challenge faced by nutrition scientists. Globe and Mail 15/06/15 L7
Sharpe, A. & Gibson, J. (2005). The apprenticeship system in Canada. Ottawa: Centre for the Study of Living Standards. http://www.csls.ca/reports/csls2005-04.PDF
Sharpe, A. & Haddow, R. (Eds.). (1997). Social partnerships for training: Canada's experiment with labour force development boards. Ottawa and Kingston, ON: Caledon Institute for Social Policy and School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University.
Shehata, H. et al. (2018) DNA barcoding as a regulatory tool for seafood authentication in Canada. Food Control, 92, 147-153.
Shelley, J.J. and McPhail,M.L. 2019. Food advertising and marketing to children. In: McLeod-Kilmurray, H. et al. (eds). Food Law and Policy in Canada. Thompson Reuters, Toronto, pp 263-288.
Shelton, Peter A., and Alan F. Sinclair. 2008. “It’s Time to Sharpen Our Definition of Sustainable Fisheries Management.” Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 65 (10): 2305-.
Shewfelt, R. L. 1990. Sources of variation in the nutrient content of agricultural commodities from the farm to consumer. J. Food Quality 13:37-54.
Shrybman, S. 2009. Letter to the BC Municipal Government and Service Employees Union regarding municipal food procurement policies. March 4, 2009.
Shrybman, S. 2010. Municipal procurement implications of the proposed Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada and the European Union. Legal opinion prepared by Steven Shrybman (Sack Goldblatt Mitchell LLP) for the Centre for Civic Governance at Columbia Institute. May 28, 2010.
Shields M. (2005). Nutrition: findings from the Canadian Community Health Survey. Measured obesity: overweight Canadian children and adolescents. Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada.
Shiva, V. 1997, Biopiracy: the Plunder of Nature and Knowledge, South End Press, Cambridge Massachusetts
Silver, Jennifer. 2019. Evidence. Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans, 128 First Session, 42 Parliament. Feb. 5, 2019. https://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/FOPO/meeting-130/evidence
Simes, J. 2019. Conservation program offers cheaper land. Western Producer, Sept. 26, 2019, p. 50.
Sinclair, S. 2011. Municipalities, progressive purchasing policies and the Canada-EU Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA). Trade and Investment Series Briefing Paper. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, Ottawa.
Singer, B.D. Advertising and Society; Addison-Wesley: Don Mills, ON, 1986.
Singh, D., Lalani, H., Kralj, B. Newman, E. Goodyear, J., Hellyer, D., and Tepper, J. 2010. Ontario Needs-based Physician Simulation Model. HealthForce Ontario, Toronto. http://www.healthforceontario.ca/UserFiles/file/PolicymakersResearchers/needs-based-model-report-oct-2010-en.pdf
Sriram U. and Tarasuk, V. Changes in household food insecurity rates in Canadian metropolitan areas from 2007 to 2012. Can J Public Health. 2015 Apr 29;106(5)
Sitek. M. 2010. The New Institutionalist approaches to health care reform: lessons from reform experiences in Central Europe. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 35(4):569-593.
Siu, A. (2015). An analysis of food waste in Ontario’s domestic fresh strawberry supply chain (Unpublished master’s thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, ON.
Skogstad G. 1987. The Politics of Agricultural Policy-Making in Canada. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.
Skogstad, G. 2008. Canadian agricultural programs and paradigms: The influence of international trade agreements and domestic factors. Canadian J. Agricultural Economics 56(4):493-507.
Skogstad, G. 2008a. Policy networks and policy communities: conceptualizing state-societal relationships in the policy process. In: Linda White et al. (eds.). The Comparative Turn in Canadian Political Science. Vancouver: UBC Press. pp. 205-220.
Skogstad, G. 2012. Effecting paradigm change in the Canadian agriculture and food sector: towards a multifunctionality paradigm. In: R.J. MacRae, and E. Abergel (eds). Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: advocacy and opportunity for civil society. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC. pp. 17-38.
Smil, V. 2001. Feeding the world: A challenge for the twenty-first century. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
Smil, V. 2004. Improving efficiency and reducing waste in our food system. Environmental Sciences 1(1), 17-26.
Smith, A., 2007. Translating sustainabilities between green niches and socio-technical regimes. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 19:427–450.
Smith, F. 2009. Agriculture and the WTO: Towards a New Theory of International Agricultural Trade Regulation. Edward Elgar Publishing, Northampton, Massachusetts.
Sodium Working Group, 2010. Sodium Reduction Strategy for Canada. Health Canada, Ottawa.
Soil Association. (2006). Organic works: Providing more jobs through organic farming and local food supply. Bristol, UK: Soil Association.
Soper, K. Rethinking the ‘Good Life’: The citizenship dimension of consumer disaffection with consumerism. Consum. Cult. 2007, 7, 205–229.
Sparling, D et al. 2005. Consolidation in the Canadian Agri-food Sector and the Impacts on Farm Incomes. CAPI, Ottawa
Sparling, D. & Cheney, E. (2014). The performance of Canada’s food manufacturing industry. Ottawa and London, ON: CAPI and Ivey. http://www.capi-icpa.ca/pdfs/2014/CAPI-PFRP_P3a.pdf
114957 Canada Ltée (Spraytech, Société d’arrosage) v. Hudson (Town),  2 S.C.R. 241, 2001 SCC 40
Specht, J. (2013). Food waste fighter: An interview with Jonathan Bloom. Food Tank. http://foodtank.org/news/2013/06/food-waste-fighter-an-interview-with-jonathan-bloom
Sproul-Jones, M. 1996. Institutions and constitutions: public choice in Canada. In: L. Dobuzinskis, M. Howlett and D. Laycock (eds.). Policy Studies in Canada : the state of the art. UofT Press, Toronto. pp. 149-169.
St. Martin, Kevin. 2007. “The Difference That Class Makes: Neoliberalization and Non-Capitalism in the Fishing Industry of New England.” Antipode 39 (3): 527–49.
Stackowiak, S. 2013. Pathways For Change: 10 theories to inform advocacy and policychange efforts. ORS Impact.
Stahlbrand, L. 2017. Can Values-based Food Chains Advance Local and Sustainable Food Systems? Evidence from Case Studies of University Procurement in Canada and the UK. International Journal of Sociology of Agriculture and Food 24:77-98.
Stanford, J. (2010, November 12). A deliberate, strategic approach to foreign investment. Retrieved March 2018, from The Globe and Mail: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/a-deliberate-strategic-approach-to-foreign-investment/article1241719
Stapleton, J. (2008a). Income security for working-age adults in Canada: Let’s consider the model under our nose. Toronto, ON: Metcalf Foundation.
Stapleton, J. (2008b). Why is it so tough to get ahead? How our tangled social programmes pathologize the transition to self-reliance. Toronto, ON: Metcalf Foundation.
Stapleton, J. (2008c). Why don’t we want the poor to own anything? Our relentless social policy journey toward destitution for the 900,000 poorest people in Ontario. Toronto, ON: Metcalf Foundation.
Statistics Canada. 1988. 1987 Apparent Per Capita Food Consumption in Canada. Part I. Catalogue #32-229. Supply and Services, Ottawa.
Statistics Canada. 1999 Health Reports. Statistics Canada, Ottawa. 82-003 XIE
Statistics Canada. 2005. Hofman, N., Filoso, G. and Schofield,M. The loss of dependable agricultural land in Canada. Statistics Canada.Retrieved November 24, 2012 http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/21-006-x/21-006-x2005001-eng.pdf
Statistics Canada. 2009. Rail in Canada. Statistics Canada, Ottawa. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/52-216-x/2009000/t048-eng.htm
Statistics Canada. (2009). Human activity and the environment: Annual statistics (Section 1: Food in Canada). Ottawa, ON: Statistics Canada. Retrieved from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/16-201-x/2009000/part-partie1-eng.htm
Statistics Canada. 2011. Farm Operating Expenses and Depreciation Charges. Catalogue No. 1-012-X. Statistics Canada, Ottawa.
Statistics Canada, 2013, 2014, Human Activity and the Environment: Agriculture in Canada, Catalogue no. 16-201-X, Ministry of Industry, Ottawa.
Stec, S. & Susan Casey-Lefkowitz, The Aarhus Convention: An Implementation Guide, (Geneva: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, 2000):4
Steinman, J. 1019. Grocery Story; the promise of food co-ops in the age of grocery giants. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, BC.
Stevenson, R., Wals, A., & Dillon, J. B. (2013). Introduction: An orientation to Environmental Education and the handbook. In R. Stevenson, M. Brody, J. Dillon, & A. Wals, International Handbook of Research on Environmental Education (pp. 1-576). New York: Routledge Publishers.
Stewart, James, and Kim Walshe. 2008. “Compliance Costs and the Small Fisher: A Study of Exiters from the New Zealand Fishery.” Marine Policy 32 (1): 120–31.
Stockford, A. 2017. Organic Alliance says crop insurance needs an update on organic production. Manitoba Cooperator Nov. 8, 2017. https://organicbiz.ca/organic-alliance-says-crop-insurance-needs-update-organic-production/
Stokstad, E. 2019. Controversial European policy bans ships from throwing unwanted fish overboard. Science Magazine Jan. 4 https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/01/controversial-european-policy-bans-ships-throwing-unwanted-fish-overboard.
Stone, C.N. 1989. Regime Politics. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence, KS.
Strandberg, C. (2009). The role of human resource management in corporate social responsibility: Issue brief and roadmap. Report for Industry Canada. Ottawa: Industry Canada. https://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/csr-rse.nsf/vwapj/CSR_and_HR_Management1.pdf/$file/CSR_and_HR_Management1.pdf
Strauss, M. (2018). Sobeys, Metro fight back, seek names of Weston witnesses in bread-fixing probe. Globe and Mail. 02/02/2018
Streeck, W., and Thelen, K. 2005. Introduction: institutional change in advanced political economies. In: W. Streeck and K. Thelen (ed.). Beyond Continuity: Institutional Change in Advanced Political Economies. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 1-39.
Stolle, D.; Hooghe, M. Consumers as Political Participants? Shifts in Political Action Repertoires in Western Societies. In Politics, Products, and Markets: Exploring Political Consumerism Past and Present; Micheletti, M., Follesdal A., Stolle D., Eds.; Transaction: Piscataway, NJ, 2004; 265–288.
Strashok, C., Dale, A., Herbert, Y., & Foon, R. (2010). Greening Canadian hospitals (Community Research Connections Discussion Paper #7). Victoria, BC: Royal Roads University. https://crcresearch.org/files-crcresearch_v2/File/Discussion_Paper-7_Greening_Canadian_Hospitals.pdf
Stuart, T. (2009). Waste: Uncovering the global food scandal. New York: W.W. Norton.
Studnicki-Gizbert, K. 2014. Transportation Regulation. The Canadian Encyclopedia http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/transportation-regulation/
Sturgeon, G. (2013 Oct. 2). Grocers look to grind down wages as Walmart, Target take aim. Global News. http://globalnews.ca/news/878544/grocers-look-to-grind-down-wages-as-walmart-target-take-aim/
Sumaila, U. Rashid. 2010. “A Cautionary Note on Individual Transferable Quotas.” Ecology and Society 15 (3).
Summers, L. and Balls, E. 2015. Report of the Commission on Inclusive Prosperity. Center for American Prosperity, Washington.
Sumner, J. (2008). Eating as a pedagogical act: Food as a catalyst for adult education for sustainability. Kursiv - Journal fuer politische Bildung, 4, 23-37.
Sumner, Jennifer. “Learning for Life: Food Literacy and Adult Education.” Canadian Association for the Study of Adult Education: Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference. Ed. Susan Brigham. Waterloo, ON: University of Waterloo, 2012. 316 – 323.
Sumner, J. 2015. Learning to eat with attitude: Critical food pedagogies. In Swan, E.,
and Flowers, R. (Eds.) Food Pedagogies. London: Ashgate.
Sumner, J., and Wever, C. (2016). Pedagogical encounters: Food and learning in the school and community. In Brady, J., Anderson, C., and Levkoe, C. (Eds.) Conversations in Food Studies: Transgressing Boundaries Through Critical Inquiry. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press.
Sundar A. 2012 (and 2017, 2nd edition). The crisis in the fishery: Canada in global context. In: Koc M, Winson T, Sumner J, eds. Critical Perspectives in Food Studies, Toronto: Oxford University Press.
Sun Media, (2009, April 3). Deadstock removal crisis. The Post. http://www.thepost.on.ca/2009/04/03/deadstock-removal-crisis
Sustain Ontario. A Discussion about Food Literacy Within the Context of the Local Food Act. Draft for Discussion. Toronto: Sustain Ontario & Ontario Edible Education Network, June 2014.
Sustain UK. Pictorial representations for sustainability scoring. Discussion paper from Sustain: The alliance for better food and farming, London, UK. June 2007. http://www.sustainweb.org/resources/files/reports/Pictorial%20representations%20for%20sustainability%20scoring.pdf
Suzuki, O. 1987. Study forest not trees: Nobelist. Globe and Mail. 14 March.
Swenerton, Douglas M. 1994. A History of Pacific Fisheries Policy. Program Planning and Economics Branch of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Pacific Region. http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/165966.pdf
Swinbank A. 2006. Like products, animal welfare and the world trade organization. J. World Trade 40(4):687–711.
Tainter, J. 1988. The collapse of complex societies. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Taras, H.L.; Sallis, J.F.; Patterson, T.L.; Nader, P.R.; Nelson, J.A. Television’s influence on children’s diet and physical activity. Developmental Behaviour Paediatrics 1989, 10, 176-80.
Tarasuk V, Mitchell A, Dachner N. Household food insecurity in Canada 2012. Research to identify policy options to reduce food insecurity (PROOF). 2014.
Tarasuk, V., Dachner, N., Loopstra, R. (2014). Food banks, welfare, and food insecurity in Canada. Emerald. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/BFJ-02-2014-0077/full/html#loginreload
Tarasuk V, Cheng J, de Oliveira C, Dachner N, Gundersen C, Kurdyak P. Association between household food insecurity and annual health care costs. CMAJ. 2015 Oct 6;187(14):E429-36. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.150234. Epub 2015 Aug 10.
Tauxe, R. 1997. Emerging Food borne Diseases: an evolving public health challenge.
Emerging Infectious Diseases 3(4): 425–434.
Taylor, Jennifer ; Evers, Susan ; McKenna, M. (2005). Determinants of Healthy Eating in Children and Youth. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 96(S), S20–S26.
Tegtmeier, E.M. and Duffy, M.D. 2004. External costs of agricultural production in the United States. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 2:1-20.
Tencer, D. Canada Budget 2012: CFIA cuts mean food labelling lies will have to be policed by consumers. Huffington Post 03/30/2012.
Terry, L.A., Mena, C., Williams, A, Jenney, N., & Whitehead, P. (2011). Fruit and vegetable resource maps (Project code RSC008). London: WRAP U.K. http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/Resource_Map_Fruit_and_Veg_final_6_june_2011.fc479c40.10854.pdf
Thang, T. C., Linh, B., & Thi, D. (2015). How to Support Poor Vietnamese Consumers to Deal with Food Price Volatility and Food Safety Issues. IDS Bulletin, 46(6), 84-89.
The Johnson Foundation at Wingspread. (2014). The road toward smarter nutrient management in municipal water treatment. Racine, WI: The Johnson Foundation at Wingspread. http://www.johnsonfdn.org/sites/default/files/conferences/whitepapers/14/03/10/cnw_smarter_nutrient_management_0.pdf
The Nielsen Company. 2006. Review of Certified Organic Food Products at Retail in Canada. Prepared for the Organic Agriculture Centre of Canada, 20 November 2006.
Thompson, R. and Thompson, S. 1985. A farmer'a approach to on-farm reaearch. Thompson's On-farm Research, Boone, lA.
Thorkelson, J. 2019. Evidence. Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans, 128 First Session, 42 Parliament. Feb. 5, 2019. https://www.ourcommons.ca/DocumentViewer/en/42-1/FOPO/meeting-130/evidence
Tickner, J. 1997. Precautionary Principle. The Networker: The Newsletter of the Science and Environmental Health Net. 2(4), May.
Tobin, T. (2016). Blog: What we can do about Canada’s food waste problem. http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/tommy-tobin/canada-food-waste_b_11071690.html
Tomiyama, A., (2016). Vietnamese meat giant puts food safety on the front burner. Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved from: https://asia.nikkei.com/Business/Vietnamese-meat-giant-puts-food-safety-on-the-front-burner
Toronto Atmospheric Fund (TAF). 2012. Urban Freight Consolidation for the Health Care Sector in Downtown Toronto: feasibility study. Toronto Atmospheric Fund, Toronto.
Toronto Food Strategy. 2013. Toronto Food Strategy Update. Toronto Public Health, Toronto, ON http://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2013/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-62765.pdf
Toronto Food Policy Council (TFPC). (1994). Reducing urban hunger in Ontario: Policy responses to support the transition from food charity to local food security (TFPC Discussion Paper #1). Toronto: TFPC, http://www1.toronto.ca/city_of_toronto/toronto_public_health/healthy_families/nutrition/toronto_food_policy_council/files/pdf/tfpc_hunger.pdf
Toronto Food Policy Council. TFPC. 1994. Health, wealth and the environment: the impacts of the CUSTA, GATT and NAFTA on Canadian food security. TFPC Discussion Paper #2. TFPC, Toronto.
Toronto Food Policy Council. 1995. Stories of Food Microenterprises and Implications for Community Economic Development. TFPC. Discussion Paper #5, Toronto.
Toronto Food Policy Council. 1996. Food retail access and food security for Toronto’s low-income citizens. TFPC Discussion Paper #7, TFPC, Toronto.
TFPC, 1997. If the Health Care system believed you are what you eat. Discussion paper #3. TFPC, Toronto.
Toronto Food Policy Council. Making consumers sovereign, Discussion Paper #9; Toronto Food Policy Council: Toronto, 1998.
Toronto Workforce Innovation Group (TWIG). (2009). Planning to succeed in Toronto: Integrated workforce planning examples from the US and Europe. Toronto: TWIG.
Townsend, Ralph. and Ross Shotton. 2008. "Fisheries self-governance: new directions in fisheries management," In Case studies in fisheries self-governance. Edited by Ralph E. Townsend, Ross Shotton and Hirotsuga Uchida 1-20. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 504. Rome, FAO. 2008.
Transport Canada, 2012a. Transport in Canada 2012. Minister of Public Works and Government Services, Ottawa. https://www.tc.gc.ca/media/documents/policy/Transportation_in_Canada_2012_eng_ACCESS.pdf
Transport Canada, 2012b. Transport in Canada 2011. Minister of Public Works and Government Services, Ottawa. http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/policy/anre-menu-3020.htm
Transport Canada. 2013.Departmental Sustainable Development Strategy 2012–2013: Reporting Update. TC, Ottawa. http://www.tc.gc.ca/media/documents/policy/2012-2013_REPORTING_UPDATE_-_DEPARTMENTAL_SUSTAINABLE_DEVELOPMENT_STRATEGY.pdf
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (2005). Review of the Governance Framework for Canada’s Crown Corporations. Retrieved from: http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/report/rev-exa/gfcc-cgse-eng.pdf
Troughton, M.J. 1985. The indultrialization of Canadian and US agriculture. J. Geography November / December:255-263.
Tsilhqot’in Nation v. British Columbia 2014 SCC 44
Tuan, A. (2012). Vietnam: The Law on Price. Mondaq.Retrieved from: http://www.mondaq.com/x/191868/Trade+Regulation+Practices/The+Law+on+Price
Tupper, J., & Whitehead, P. (2011). Reducing food waste through retail supply chain collaboration (Project code RSC010-‐001). London: WRAP U.K., http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/WRAP_IGD_supply_chain_report.pdf
Turnbull, S. 1986. Co-operative land banks. ln: P. Ekins (ed.). The Living Economy: a new economics in the making. Routledge and Kegan Paul,
London, UK. Pp. 181-189.
Tyszler, M., Kramer, G. and Blonk, H., 2016. Just eating healthier is not enough: studying the environmental impact of different diet scenarios for Dutch women (31–50 years old) by linear programming. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(5), pp.701-709.
United Food and Commercial Workers (UFCW). (2011). The status of migrant farm workers in Canada, 2010-2011. http://www.ufcw.ca/templates/ufcwcanada/images/awa/publications/UFCW-Status_of_MF_Workers_2010-2011_EN.pdf.
UFCW & the Agricultural Workers Alliance. (2014). The great Canadian ripoff. http://www.ufcw.ca/templates/ufcwcanada/images/media/pdfs/MigrantWorkersReport2014_email.pdf.
U.K. Food Standards Agency. (2011). Guidance on the application of date labels to food. London, U.K: DEFRA. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/69316/pb132629-food-date-labelling-110915.pdf
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). (2013, June 05). Cutting food loss and waste will benefit people and the environment, says new study on World Environment Day.. United Nations Environment Programme News Centre. http://www.unep.org/NewsCentre/default.aspx?DocumentID=2718&ArticleID=9527&l=en
UN Special Rapporteur on Right to Food. (2012). Mission to Canada, May 6-12, 2012: Aide-Memoire. Geneva: United Nations.
US Congress Office of Technology Assessment. 1986. Technology, Public Policy and the Changing Structure of American Agriculture. Superintendent of Documents,
USDA. 1980. Report and Recommendations on Organic Farming. Superintendent of Documents, Washington.
USDA. 1981. A time to choose: summary report on the structure of agriculture. Superintendent of Documents, Washington.
USDA. (2003). Agricultural fact book 2001-2002. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. http://www.usda.gov/
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) (2017) Vietnam Retail Foods Sector Report 2016. Retrieved from:https://gain.fas.usda.gov/Recent%20GAIN%20Publications/Retail%20Foods_Hanoi_Vietnam_3-7-2017.pdf
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). (2014). Reducing food waste for businesses. Washington, DC: U.S.EPA. http://www.epa.gov/foodrecovery
US Surgeon General. The Surgeon General's Report on Nutrition and Health, DHHS (PHS) Publication No. 88-50210; Washington: US Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General, 1988.
Upward, A. (2013). Towards an ontology and canvas for strongly sustainable business models: A systemic design science exploration (unpublished MES thesis). Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto.
Upward, A., & Jones, P. H. (2015). An ontology for strongly sustainable business models: Defining an enterprise framework compatible with natural and social science. Organization & Environment, Special Issue: Business Models for Sustainability: Entrepreneurship, Innovation, and Transformation (On-Line First), 1-27
Uzea, N., Gooch, M., & Sparling, D. (2014). Developing an industry led approach to addressing food waste in Canada. Guelph, ON: Network for Business Sustainability. http://nbs.net/wp-content/uploads/Addressing-Food-Waste-in-Canada.pdf
Vallianatos, M., Gottlieb, R., and Haase, M.A. 2004. Farm-to-school: Strategies for urban health, combating sprawl, and establishing a community food systems approach. Journal of Planning Education and Research, 23, 414-423.
van Amstel, M.; de Brauw, C.; Driessen, P.; Glasbergen, P. The reliability of product-specific eco-labels as an agrobiodiversity management instrument. Biodiversity Conservation 2007, 16, 4109–4129.
Van Bers, C. 1991. Sustainable Agriculture in Canada: a scenario of the future. M.A. Thesis, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON.
Van Bers, C. and Robinson, J. 1993. Farming in 2031: a scenario of sustainable agriculture in Canada. J. Sustainable Agriculture 4:41-65.
Vanclay, F., Lawrence, G., 1994. Farmer rationality and the adoption of environmentally sound practices: a critique of the assumptions of traditional agricultural extension. Eur. J. Agr. Educ. Ext., 1, 59-90.
Vandermeer, J. 1981. Agricultural resarch and saocial conflict: tomatoes in the Midwest. Science for the People Jan/Feb: 5-8,25-30.
van Dooren, C., & Aiking, H. (2016). Defining a nutritionally healthy, environmentally friendly, and culturally acceptable Low Lands Diet. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, 21(5), 688-700.
Vandusen, T. (2010, March 3). Pressure rising for deadstock disposal. Ottawa Sun. http://www.ottawasun.com/news/ottawa/2010/03/03/13101686.html
Van Lent, J. (2014 Oct. 30). Skill and career development in agriculture. Presentation to Ag Labour Summit, Edmonton, AB. http://www.cahrc-ccrha.ca/sites/default/files/ABLab3-SkillsandCareerDevPanel-Lakeland-JosieVanLent.pdf
Verma, A. (2012). Skills for competitiveness: Country report for Canada. OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Working Papers, 2012/03. Paris: OECD Publishing.
Vermeulen, S.J. et al. 2012. Climate Change and Food Systems. Annu. Rev. Environ. Resour. 2012. 37:195–222.
Veugelers, P. J., Schwartz, M. E. (2010). Comprehensive
school health in Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 101(S2), S5-8.
Victor, P. Managing Without Growth: slower by design, not disaster; Edward Elgar: Northampton, MA, 2008.
Victora, C.G., Huttley, S.R. Fuchs, S.C. and Olinto, M.T.A. 1997. The role of conceptual frameworks in epidemiological analysis: a hierarchical approach. International Journal of Epidemiology 26(1):224-227. http://ije.oxfordjournals.org/content/26/1/224.full.pdf
Vidoni, M. (2011). Community composting in Toronto: Closing the food-waste loop (unpublished MA Thesis), University of Toronto, Toronto, ON. http://tfpc.to/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Community-Composting-in-Toronto-2012-DRAFT-reduced-1.pdf
Vieux, F., Darmon, N., Touazi, D., & Soler, L. G. (2012). Greenhouse gas emissions of self-selected individual diets in France: Changing the diet structure or consuming less? Ecological Economics, 75(0), 91-101.
Vine, M. and Eliot, S. 2014. Exploring the school nutrition policy environment in Canada using the ANGELO framework. Health Promot Pract. 2014 May;15(3):331-9.
Vine, M., Eliot, S. and Raine, K. 2014. Exploring Implementation of the Ontario School Food and Beverage Policy at the Secondary-School Level: A Qualitative Study. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, 2014, 75(3): 118-124.
Visser, M. 1986. Much Depends on Dinner. McLelland and Steward, Toronto.
Vogeler, I. 1981. The myth of the family farm: agribusiness dominance of US agriculture. Westview Press, Boulder, CO.
Vorley, W.T., Keeney, D.R., Loechlin, D., Mayhew, M.M., Ozdemiroglu, E., Pearce, D.W., Pretty, J. N., & Tinch, R. (1995). Can the pesticide industry benefit from sustainable agriculture? Research and practice: Learning to build sustainable industries for sustainable societies. Fourth International Conference of the Greening of Industry Network, Toronto, ON.
Voß, J-P., and Bornemann, B. 2011. The politics of reflexive governance: challenges for designing adaptive management and transition management. Ecology and Society 16(2):9.
Voß, J-P., Smith, A. and Grin, J. 2009. Designing long-term policy: rethinking transition management. Policy Science 42:275–302.
Vranes, E 2011. Climate labelling and the WTO: The 2010 EU ecolabelling programme as a test case under WTO law. In: C. Herrmann and J.P. Terhechte (eds.). European Yearbook of International Economic Law, vol 2. Springer, Berlin. pp 205–237.
Waddell, S., 2005. Societal learning and change: how governments, business and civil society are creating solutions to complex multi-stakeholder problems. Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf Publishing.
Wagner, T., & Arnold, P. (2008). A new model for solid waste management: An analysis of the Nova Scotia MSW strategy. Journal of Cleaner Production.
Wagstaff, H. 1987. Husbandry methods and farm systems in industrialized countries which use lower levels of external inputs: a review. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 19: 1-27.
Walker, R.E., Fryer, C.S., Butler, J., Keane, C.R., Krista, A., &Burke, J.G. (2011). Factors Influencing Food Buying Practices in Residents of a Low-Income Food Desert and A low-Income Food Oasis. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 5(3), 247-267.
Wallace Center. 2003. Workshop on Performance-based Environmental Policies for Agriculture, Washington, D.C., March 20-21, 2003. http://www.winrock.org/events/wallace/pepa/schedule.cfm (multiple presentations)
Wallack, L.; Montgomery, K. Advertising for all by the year 2000: public health implications for less developed countries. J. Public Health Policy 1992, 13(2), 204-223.
Wallerstein, I. (1983). Historical Capitalism. London: Verso.
Walters, Carl J., Paul LeBlond, Brian Riddell. 2004. Does over-escapement cause salmon stock collapse? Technical Paper. Vancouver, BC: Pacific Fisheries Resource Conservation Council.
Waltner-Toews, D. 1992. Food, Sex and Salmonella. NC Press, Toronto
Ward, J.R., Benfield, F.K. and Kinsinger, A.E. 1989. Reaping the Revenue Code: why we need sensible tax reform for sustainable agriculture. Natural Resources Defence Council (NRDC), New York.
Wardhaugh, B. 2013. Crisis Cartels: “Orderly” Downsizing and the Public Interest, Working Paper, Queen’s University, Belfast, Ireland. Presentation to The Public-Interest Defense in Cartel Offenses December 12th, 2013 Amsterdam, The Netherland
Warkentin, B.P. 1976. Agriculture, food and renewable resources in a Conserver Society. Conserver Society Project Vol. 2, Study 3. GAMMA, Montreal.
Warkentin, B.P. and Gertler, M. 1977. Canadian Agriculture in the Year 2001: scenarios for a resource-efficient agriculture and an eco-agriculture. Unpublished report submitted to the Science Council of Canada. Macdonald Stewart Institute of Agriculture, Ste-Anne de Bellevue, QC.
Warnock, J.W. 1982. Reliance on Food Inputs: an analysis of the short and long-term prospects for continued food imports to B.C. Peace Valley Environmental Association, Dawson Creek, B.C.
Warnock, J.W. 1984. Canadian grain and the industrial food system. Presentation to Learned Societies Conference, Guelph, ON. 10 June.
Warren, M. 2015. “Are You Living in an Unhealthy Food Swamp? | The Star.” thestar.com.
Water Environment Research Foundation (WERF). (2011). Nutrient recovery: State of the knowledge. Alexandria, VA: WERF.
Waterer, D. 1993. Production of vegetable crops in Saskatchewan. Summary of presentation to the CSA "Quick Start" Workshop, Fort Qu'Appelle, SK. November 13, 1993.
Waters, W.G. 2005. Canada’s Statement on National Transport Policy. Unpublished report, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC. http://www.sauder.ubc.ca/Faculty/Research_Centres/Centre_for_Transportation_Studies/~/media/Files/Faculty%20Research/Publications/Waters%20-%20National%20Transport.ashx
Watson, E. (2014, July 7). Why do we waste so much food, and what can we do about it? Food Navigator USA. Retrieved from http://www.foodnavigator-usa.com/Manufacturers/Why-do-we-waste-so-much-food-and-what-can-we-do-about-it
Watson, M., & Meah, A. (2013). Food, waste and safety: negotiating conflicting social anxieties into the practices of domestic provisioning. The Sociological Review, 60(S2), 102–120.
Weber, C.L. & Matthews, H.S. 2008. Food-miles and the relative climate impacts of food choices in the United States. Environmental Science and Technology, 42, 3508–3513.
Weersink, Alfons, John Livernois, Jason F. Shogren and James S. Shortle, 1998. Economic Instruments and Environmental Policy in Agriculture. Canadian Public Policy 24(3), 309-327.
Weidner,T. Aidong Yang, Michael W. Hamm, 2019, “Consolidating the current knowledge on urban agriculture in productive urban food systems: Learnings, gaps and outlook”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 209,1637-1655
Weis, T. A political ecology approach to industrial food production, Koc, M., Sumner, J. and Winson, A. (eds). 2012. Critical Perspectives in Food Studies. Oxford University Press. pp. 104-121
Welsh, J.; MacRae, R.J. Food citizenship and community food security: Lessons from Toronto, Canada. Can. J. Dev. Stud. 1998, 19, 237–255.
Welsh, R., Rivers, R.Y., 2011. Environmental management strategies in agriculture. Agric. Hum. Values 28(3), 297-302.
Wenger, E., McDermott, R., and Snyder,W.M., 2002. Cultivating communities of practice: a guide to managing knowledge. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.
Wever, C. 2015. Cultivating Critical Learning: Critical Food Pedagogy in FoodShare’s School Grown Program. MES Major Paper, FES, York University.
White, E. 2014a. Railways need crop forecasting assistance to plan service. Western Producer April 24, 2014, p. 8
White, E. 2014b. Grain industry officials seek long-term rail plan. Western Producer Sept. 4.
White, E. 2015a. Small shippers lose in rail system plan. Western Producer March 5. p.1
White, E. 2015b. Canola’s magic number? WP March 12:p.1;
White, E. 2015c. Reinvestment needed for growth. WP, March 12, p. 5.
Wiber, Melanie G. 2000. “Fishing Rights as an Example of the Economic Rhetoric of Privatization: Calling for an Implicated Economics.” Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue Canadienne de Sociologie 37 (3): 267–88.
Wiebe, N. (2012). Crisis in the food system: the farm crisis. In M. Koc, J. Sumner, & A.Winson (Eds). Critical Perspectives in Food Studies (pp. 155-170). Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press.
Wiebe, N. and Wipf, K. 2011. Nurturing food sovereignty in Canada. In H. Wittman, A. Desmarais and N. Wiebe (eds.). Food Sovereignty in Canada. Fernwood Publishing, Winnipeg, MB. p. 1-12.
Wiedenfeld, David A., Rory Crawford, and Caroline M. Pott. 2015. Workshop Report: Reducing the Bycatch of Seabirds, Sea Turtles, and Marine Mammals in Gillnets. National Conservation Training Center, Shepherdstown, West Virginia, USA 21-23 January 2015. https://www.birdlife.org/sites/default/files/Workshop-Report_Reducing-Bycatch-in-Gillnets_Jan-2015_BirdLife_ABC.pdf.
Wilkomirski, B. et al. 2011. Railway transportation as a serious source of organic and inorganic pollution. Water Air Soil Pollut. 218(1-4): 333–345.
Willer, H. and Lernoud, J. 2017. The World of Organic Agriculture – Statistics and Emerging Trends 2017. FiBL and IFOAM, Bonn, Germany.
Williams, D.R., & Dixon, P.S. 2013 Impact of Garden-Based Learning on Academic Outcomes in Schools: Synthesis of Research Between 1990 and 2010. Review of Educational Research, 83(2), 211–235.
Williams, P. L., McIntyre, L., Dayle, J. B., & Raine, K. (2003). The “wonderfulness” of children’s feeding programs. Health Promotion International, 18(2), 163–170.
Wilsford, D. 1994. Path dependency, or why history makes it difficult but not impossible to reform health care systems in a big way. Journal of Public Policy 14(3):251-283.
Wilson, A., Levkoe, C.Z., Andree, P., Blay-Palmer, A., Boulet, A., Brockington, M., Ferguson, R., Galloway, T., Martin, D., Martorell, H., Robidoux, M., Skinner, K., Spring, A., Wesche, S. 2019. Cultivating Food Sovereignty and Sustainable Food Systems in the North: A Review and Recommendations. Montreal, Quebec: Food Secure Canada.
Wilson, S. (2013). Nature on the Edge: Natural Capital and Ontario's Growing Golden Horseshoe. http://www.davidsuzuki.org/publications/reports/2013/natureon-the-edge-natural-capital-and-ontarios-growing-golden-horseshoe/
Wilson, N., Nghiem, N., Mhurchu, C. N., Eyles, H., Baker, M. G., & Blakely, T. (2013). Foods and dietary patterns that are healthy, low-cost, and environmentally sustainable: a case study of optimization modeling for New Zealand. PLoS One, 8(3), e59648.
Wilthagen, T. (1998). Flexicurity: A new paradigm for labour market policy reform? WZB Discussion Paper, No. FS I 98-2. https://www.econstor.eu/dspace/bitstream/10419/43913/1/24640552X.pdf
Winchester, S. 2010. Atlantic. Harper Collins
Winfield, M. 2012. The experience of Canadian environmental CSOs: lessons from the Green Side. In: R.J. MacRae and E. Abergel (eds.). 2012. Health and Sustainability in the Canadian Food System: advocacy and opportunity for civil society. UBC Press, Vancouver, BC. pp. 70-93.
Winfield, M. 2012a. Blue-Green Province: the environment and the political economy of Ontario. UBC Press, Vancouver.
Winfield, M. and Dolter, B. 2014. Energy, economic and environmental discourses and their policy impact: the case of Ontario’s Green Energy and Green Economy Act. Energy Policy 68 423-435.
Winfield, M. and MacWhirter, B. 2013 (in peer review). Competing paradigms, hard path inertia and the search for sustainability in Ontario electricity policy. Sustainable Energy Initiative Working Paper, Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto. http://sei.info.yorku.ca/files/2013/03/CompetingParadigms-03-12-2013.pdf
Winson, A. 1993. The Intimate Commodity: food and the development of the agro-industrial complex in Canada. Garamond, Toronto.
Winson, A. 2013. The Industrial Diet: The Degradation of Food and the Struggle for Healthy Eating. UBC Press, Vancouver.
Wixted, B. and Beaudry, C. 2012. "Capturing the impacts" of research: A discussion paper on implications emerging from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council “Capturing Impacts” initiative. A report for SSHRC.
Wolfson, H.C. 1988. Notes on corporate concentration and Canada's income tax. ln: R.S. Khamani, D.M. Shapiro and W.T. Stanbury (ed.). Mergers, Corporate Concentration and Power in Canada. Institute for Research in Public Policy, Halifax. Pp. 299-318.
Woodford, M.R. & Susan Preston, “Strengthening Citizen Participation in Public
Policy-Making: A Canadian Perspective,” Parliamentary Affairs 66, no. 2 (2011):346,
World Bank Group, Ecofys, and Vivid Economics, State and Trends of Carbon Pricing 2017 (Washington DC: November 2017),
World Trade Organization Committee on Agriculture - Notification - Canada - Domestic support 2012. https://docs.wto.org/dol2fe/Pages/FE_Search/FE_S_S009-DP.aspx?language=E&CatalogueIdList=115467,115478,105485,103879,85772,85534,98817,110203,105535,102180&CurrentCatalogueIdIndex=4&FullTextSearch
WORM, B., et al. (2006) Impacts of biodiversity loss on ocean ecosystem services. Science, 314, 787–790
WRAP U.K. (n.d.). Love food hate waste organic case studies, Retrieved from http://www2.gov.bc.ca/assets/gov/environment/waste-management/recycling/organics/casestudies/cs_1_wrap.pdf
WRAP U.K. (2011, March 22). New report highlights water and carbon impact of wasted food. London: WRAP UK. http://www.wrap.org.uk/content/new-report-highlights-water-and-carbon-impact-wasted-food
WRAP U.K. (2011a). Solutions for the retail supply chain. London: WRAP UK. http://www.wrap.org.uk/content/solutions-retail-supply-chain
WRAP U.K. (2012). Freezing guidance to prevent food waste. London: WRAP UK. http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/Info%20Sheet%20Freezing%20final.pdf
WRAP U.K. (2014). Running a whole chain resource efficiency project. London: WRAP UK. http://www.wrap.org.uk/content/pathfinder-projects
Williams, P., Leach, B., Christensen, K., Armstrong, G., Perrin, D., Hawkins, R., …. Scholes, P. (2011). The composition of waste disposed of by the UK hospitality industry (Project code: RES093-00). London: WRAP UK. http://www.wrap.org.uk/sites/files/wrap/The_Composition_of_Waste_Disposed_of_by_the_UK_Hospitality_Industry_FINAL_JULY_2011_GP_EDIT.54efe0c9.11675.pdf
WWF. 2002. The Nature Audit. WWF, Toronto.
World Wildlife Fund. 2003. Recommendations for Prioritizing Risk Reduction Strategies Based on Toxicity Loading by Commodity, by Region, and by Pesticide. WWF-Canada, Toronto.
WWF. 2004. Advanced Environmental Farm Planning in Canada: Thoughts on Concepts, Tools, and Implementation. Report to Agriculture and Agrifood Canada, Ottawa.
Wright, E.O., Rogers, J., 2010. American Society: How It Really Works. W.W. Norton & Company, New York.
Wylie-Toal, B. (2013, Sept. 13). Food and health care: does local fit? Presentation to OMAFRA. http://www.mysustainablecanada.org/attachments/article/222/Local%20Food%20Symposium%20Presentation%20Slides.pdf
Wynen, E. (2003). What are the key issues faced by organic producers? In OECD (Ed.). Organic agriculture: Sustainability, markets and policies (pp. 207-220). Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing
Zielinski, S. 2017. Most fish turned into fishmeal are species that we could be eating. Science News Feb. 27.
Zizys, T. (2011). Working better: Creating a high-performing labour market in Ontario. Toronto:Metcalf Foundation. http://metcalffoundation.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/working-better.pdf
Zizys, T. 2015. Good Food, Good Jobs: Seeking Better Employment Outcomes in the food sector in Toronto. Food Strategy Team, Toronto Public Health and the Toronto Food Policy Council, Toronto.
Zolo 1993 (in MacRae et a;/. 2012)
Zorc, A. Nutrition experts divided over trans fats. Community Nutrition Institute 1996, 26 (32, Aug. 23/96), 4-5.
Zullo, R., Bi, X., Xiaohan, Y., & Siddiqui, Z. (2013). The fiscal and social effects of state alcohol control systems. Institute for Research on Labor, Employment, and the Economy, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Zurek et al. 2018. Sustainability