International SD and pollution conventions


Canada is a signatory to many international  and bilateral agreements and conventions with food system implications.

Related to sustainable development


Related to climate change
Related to pollution reduction

The agreements include the:

  • Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution and many of its sub-conventions (sulfur, nitrous oxide, etc)
  • Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and associated Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
  • Minamata Convention on Mercury
  • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter 1972
  • International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 as modified by the Protocol of 1978 (MARPOL 73/78)
  • United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
  • US-Canada Air Quality Agreement
  • US-Canada Water Quality Agreement

Foods we'll need to import less (or sustainable diets)

Palm oil

Fad foods such as quinoa