This section examines how to make the food system more energy efficient, given a very negative input - output ratio, and heavy dependence on fossil fuels. It also examines energy generation along the supply chain. Energy projects on agricultural land that are not targeted for on-farm use are discussed under Goal 5, Agricultural Land Protection. Energy from food waste projects are also discussed under Goal 5, Reducing food waste. Large biofuel initiatives that use agricultural crops as feedstock are discussed under Goal 5 Sustainable Bioproducts and also Goal 5 Sustainable Transportation.
co-products from input manufacturing that reduce energy footprint
2021 federal budget proposes $50 million for more efficient grain dryers. Existing $185 million Agricultural Climate Solutions program, and the $165 million Agricultural Clean Technology Program. Plus in 2021 budget an additional $200 million to Agricultural Climate solutions for improving nitrogen management, increasing adoption of cover cropping, and normalizing rotational grazing. $60 million over the next two years, from the Nature Smart Climate Solutions Fund to target the protection of existing wetlands and trees on farms, including through a reverse auction pilot program. Allocate $10 million over the next two years, from the Agricultural Clean
Technology Program toward powering farms with clean energy and moving
Distribution and transportation
Retail, including online orders for home delivery and box schemes
Waste management including sewage systems
Alot of processing waste, rendering waste and dead stock can be used for creating biodiesel or renewable diesel. Canada has been slow to develop capacity using these feedstocks and has been in a perverse trading system, where for example, animal fat from processing plants is sent to Singapore and the renewable diesel produced from that fat is then shipped back to Canada. A number of plants are in development or planning expansions and this will hopefully come on-stream in the next few years to reduce this situation (Arnason, 2021).
Integrated strategies across food supply chains
Canadian Farm Resilience Administration, and governments buying the shares in the top 10 oil and gas companies NFU and Qualmann (2021)