The generally poor history of agricultural land protection in Canada suggests that integrated, multi-tool approaches are required. In general, an integrated approach needs urban growth boundaries, protective zoning and economic incentives to assure the viability of farming. To make this a reality, municipalities need integrated, coordinated plans and provinces have to equip them with the tools to implement those plans properly.
Strengthen language in existing legislation
Amend municipal land use and growth plans to reflect strengthened language and a wider range of tools
Increase provincial oversight of municipal activities to ensure compliance and impose penalties for non-compliance
Agricultural land protection priority skills development for planners
Agricultural impact assessments by municipalities
Includes assessment of natural areas that provide ecological services to agriculture, eg. wetlands, forests, buffer areas.
Modify right to farm legislation and municipal by-laws, and improving Edge Planning tools to minimize farm / non-farm conflicts
Protect urban spaces for commercial production
- agricultural urbanism
- community-based farm districts
- Development cost charges to purchase agricultural land within urban boundaries
- Agricultural enterprise zones
- Producers required to follow sustainable practices
Improved monitoring of processes negatively affecting agricultural land
Municipalities must be legally required to report on agricultural land conversions and fragmentation.