Aboriginal food production

 

Spiritual / ecological connection to the earth; Land is living, food vs land sovereignty

Whitewashed Hope , https://bit.ly/IndigenousWorldViews, A message from 10+ Indigenous leaders and organizations, Regenerative Agriculture & Permaculture offer narrow solutions to the climate crisis

"Indigenous peoples speak of our role AS Nature. (Actually, Indigenous languages often don't have a word for Nature, only a name for Earth and our Universe.) As cells and organs of Earth, we strive to fulfill our roles as her caregivers and caretakers. We often describe ourselves as "weavers", strengthening the bonds between all beings......

Indigenous cultures view the Earth as a communion of beings and not objects: All matter and energy is alive and conscious. Mountains, stones, water, and air are relatives and ancestors. Earth is a living being whose body we are all a part of. Life does not only occur when these elements are brought together; Life always is. No “thing” is ever dead; Life forms and transforms.

Indigenous cultures often share the view that there is no good, bad, or ideal—it is not our role to judge. Our role is to tend, care, and weave to maintain relationships of balance. We give ourselves to the land: Our breath and hands uplift her gardens, binding our life force together. No one is tainted by our touch, and we have the ability to heal as much as any other lifeform.

Among Indigenous cultures, people belong to land rather than land belonging to people. Healing of land MUST include healing of people and vice versa. Recognizing and processing the emotional traumas held in our bodies as descendants of assaulted, enslaved, and displaced peoples is necessary to the healing of land. Returning our rights to care for, harvest from, and relate to the land that birthed us is part of this recognition."

Historical - 3 sisters etc. the Haudenosaunee farmed long before European arrival, particularly corn, beans, and squash  (Monture, R. (2014). We share our matters: Two centuries of writing and resistance at Six Nations of the Grand River. Winnipeg: University of Manitoba Press.4)

 

Aquaculture - 50 communities (https://dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquaculture/consultations/loi-eng.html)

Large scale farming on the Prairies

NorthStar Agriculture have been retained by the First Nation of Na-Cho Nyak Dun to help develop and manage their 320 acre farm

Urban agriculture

Personal and community gardens, containers, aquaponics and greenhouses are emerging in the territories.  Challenges include lack of funding, agricultural expertise, and physical spaces for production, and for aquaponics specifically,  regulations that take time to navigate, issues with heating, and delays with transporting key equipment north. Ross, P., & Mason, C. (2020). Examining Local Food Procurement, Adaptive Capacities and Resilience to Environmental Change in Fort Providence, Northwest Territories. Canadian Food Studies / La Revue Canadienne Des études Sur L’alimentation, 7(1), 20-43.

Many projects that need scaling up and out to advance indigenous food sovereignty (Robin, T. (2019). Our Hands at Work: Indigenous Food Sovereignty in Western Canada. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(B), 85-99

Sumner et al (2019) identified numerous local and indigenous led initiatives, including  "community gardens and greenhouses (58), followed by co-operatives (42), school gardens (17), food markets (9), community-based food programs (9), harvesting and hunting initiatives (5), education and training (5), institutional food (4), community kitchens (2), procurement initiatives (2), and single initiatives including but not limited to a food aid program, a food bank, a food distribution center, a combined food market–community garden–greenhouse, and a harvesting and a hunting initiative focused on food aid." "the Northern Manitoba Food, Culture, and Community Collaborative (NMFCCC), a not-for-profit organization made up of an interconnected group of people, communi-ties, organizations, and governments, which pro-vides financial and technical support to Indige-nous-led food initiatives. In a recent report, the NMFCCC (2017) highlighted 20 projects and thanked the many allies and partners who sup-ported them. Another example of leadership and support is the partnership between Indigenous communities and CHEP Good Food Inc" "Of the 167 alternative food procurement initiatives we identified, 42 were Indigenous co-ops,"

Indigenous seed production

The threats posed by game farms

Redesign.  A 2050 food system vision for Treaty 4

Canadian Agricultural Partnership programs to build up local food production and processing in the Territories

Beaufort Delta Small Scale Foods ProgramProvides funding and support for the

installation and establishment of gardens and greenhouses , as well as information
and skills seminars
"GNWT launched the first -ever territorial Agriculture Strategy in 2017 – The Business of Food: A Food Production Plan (GNWT, 2017), which includes actions under six pillars (Planning; Community Leadership, Partners and Collaboration; Regulatory Measures; Training and Capacity Building; Resources; and Food Production)." Kenny et al., 2018
Tsawwassen First Nation - KPU farm school.TFN has about 640 acres (260 hectares) of agriculturalland that potentiallycould be farmedby TFN citizens for their community and the larger Metro Vancouver market. Farming not always viewed positively by First Nations because of a history of suppression, lack of supports provided to others, and working in vegetable gardens in Residential schools a form of punishment. Mullinix, K. (2015). Guest Editorial: Working with Indigenous Peoples to Foster Sustainable Food Systems. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 5(4), 3-6.