International agreements

Conventions related to food and food rights (e.g., numerous UN conventions)

(Rideout et al 2007)

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,“The right to adequate food is realized when every man, woman and child, alone or in community with others, has physical and economic access at all times to adequate food or means for its procurement.”[1]

[1] General Comment No. 12

UN’s Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food:  “the right to food is the right to have regular, permanent and unrestricted access, either directly or by means of financial purchases, to quantitatively and qualitatively adequate and sufficient food corresponding to the cultural traditions of the people to which the consumer belongs, and which ensure a physical and mental, individual and collective, fulfilling and dignified life free of fear.”[1]  

[1] See the full report on the Rapporteur's Mission to Canada:


United Nations International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families

Conventions related to the environment (e.g., Biosafety protocol, climate change)
Trade agreements (provisions pertinent to food) (e.g., GATT, NAFTA, WTO, CETA, TPP)
UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples